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研究生:陳敬珉
研究生(外文):Chin-Ming Chen
論文名稱:利用超臨界轉酯化反應生產生質柴油程序之分析與控制
論文名稱(外文):Analysis and Control of the Production of Biodiesel via the Supercritical Transesterification Process
指導教授:周宜雄
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:超臨界轉酯化生產生質柴油之程序分析與控制
外文關鍵詞:Analysis and Control of the Production of Biodie
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  • 被引用被引用:1
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隨著石油日漸短缺、及溫室效應影響,生質能源成為很熱門的研究議題,在生質能源方面分兩部分:一個是生質酒精,另一個是生質柴油,而本研究主要探討廢食用油在超臨界下做轉酯化反應生產生質柴油,首先選擇適合的熱力學與動力學模式來描述程序,並使用Aspen Plus 來進行模擬。在控制策略上提出兩種控制策略,一個是溫度控制,另一個組成控制,在這兩個策略中,都能維持住產品的品質。
With the decreasing of petroleum and greenhouse effect day by day. Bio-energy became to a very popular studying. There are two parts of bio-energy. One is bioalcohol, another is biodiesel. In this research, we investigates wasting cooking oil to the production of Biodiesel via the Supercritical Transesterification Process. Suitable thermodynamic and kinetic model parameters are used to describe this process. Two control strategies are studied for control. One is temperature control strategy, another is composition control strategy. Two of them can maintain the purities of products.
第一章 前言
1-1 研究背景........................................................1
1-2 研究動機........................................................2
1-3 研究目的........................................................5
1-4 文獻回顧........................................................7
1-5 本論文章節安排..................................................12

第二章 程序模擬
2-1 程序說明.........................................................13
2-2 穩態模擬.........................................................19
2-2-1 熱力學參數........................................................19
2-2-2 動力學參數........................................................23
2-2-3 模擬結果與討論....................................................24
2-3-3 動態模擬..........................................................28
2-3-1 動態模擬考慮......................................................28
2-3-2 動態模擬裝置設定..................................................30
2-3-3 模擬結果與討論....................................................30

第三章 程序控制設計
3-1 整廠控制與設計.....................................................42
3-2 控制結構..........................................................44
3-3 設定點控制 .........................................................52
3-4 干擾排除控制......................................................67
3-5 結果與討論........................................................84

第四章 未來展望與結論......................................................85
[英文]
[1]Aspen plus, Release 2006,Aspen Technology, INC.
[2]Aspen Dynamics, Release 2006, Aspen Technology, INC.
[3] Bender M.: Economic feasibility review for community-scale farmer cooperatives for biodiesel. Bioresource technology 70(1999)81-87
[4] Cao W.,Han H.,Zhang J.: Preparation of biodiesel from soybean oil using supercritical methanol and co-solvent. Fuel 84(2005)347-351
[5]Demirbas A.: Biodiesel production Via non-catalytics SCF method and biodiesel fuel characteristics. Energy Conversion and Management 47 (2006) 2271-2282
[6] Demibas A.: Biodiesel from sunflower oil in supercritical method with calcium oxid. Energy Conversion and Management 48 (2007) 937-941
[7] Fogler H.S.: Elements of chemical reaction engineering. 1986. Prentice Hall Inc, New Jersey.
[8]Froment G.F.,Bischoff K .B.: Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design. 2nd edition . 1990. John Wiley & Sons, Inc .
[9] Kasteren J.M.N.,Nisworo A.P.: Aprocess modle to estimate the cost of industrial scale biodiesel production from waste cooking oil by supercritical transesterification. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 50 (2007)442-458
[10] Kusdiana D.,Saka S.: Kinetics of transesterification in rapeseed oil to biodiesel fuel as treated in supercritical methanol. Fuel 80 (2001) 693-698
[11] Korbitz W.: Biodiesel production in Europe and north America, an encouraging prospect .Renewable Energy 16(1999)1078-1083
[12] Kusdiana D.,Saka S.: Effects of water on biodiesel fuel production by supercritical methanol treatment. Bioresource technology 91(2004) 289-295
[13] Kusdiana D., Saka S.: Methyl Esterification of free fatty acids of rapeseed oil as treated in supercritical methanol. Journal of Chemical Enginerring of Japan, vol 34, no 3, pp 383-387(2001)
[14] Minami E.,Saka S.: Kinetics of hydrolysis and methyl esterification for biodiesel production intwo-step supercritical method process. Fuel 85 (2006) 2479-2483.
[15] Madras G.,Kolluru C., Kumar R.: Synthesis of biodiesel in supercritical fluids. Fuel 83 (2004) 2029-2033.
[16] Saka S.,Kusdiana D.: Biodiesel fuel from rapeseed oil as prepared in supercritical methanol. Fuel 80 (2001) 225-231
[17] Schwab A.W., Bagby M.O., Freedman B.: Preparation and properties of diesel fuels from vegetables oils. Fuel 66 (1987)1372–1378
[18] Warabi Y., Kusdiana D., Saka S.: Reactivity of triglycerides and fatty acids of rapeseed oil in supercritical alcohols. Bioresource Technology 91 (2004)283-287 .
[中文]
[19] 賴朝琴,「從農業廢棄物米糠生產生質柴油之研究」,國立台灣科技大學工程研究所碩士論文(2004)。
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