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研究生:陳瑞惠
研究生(外文):Jui-Hui Chen
論文名稱:台灣地區消費者真實生活成本水準之研究-GeneralizedFechner-Thurstone(GFT)直接效用函數之應用
論文名稱(外文):Study on Taiwan Consumers' True Cost of Living:An Application of the Generalized Fechner-Thurstone(GFT) Direct Utility Function
指導教授:劉邦典劉邦典引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pang-Tien Lieu
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:企業管理系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:Konyus生活成本指數消費者價格指數Generalized Fechner-Thurstone直接效用函數拉氏價格指數丕氏價格指數Superlative價格指數Tornqvist價格指數Fisher ideal價格指數
外文關鍵詞:Konyus cost of living indexConsumer price indexGeneralized Fechner-Thurstone direct utility funLaspeyres pricePaasche price indexSuperlative price indexTornqvist price indexFisher ideal price index
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本文主要於考量當消費者嗜好結構不再維持固定不變的假設下,探討1951-2001年期間台灣地區消費者真實生活成本水準與成長變動之趨勢。研究方法則根據Basmann et al.(1985a, 1985b)所提出之Generalized Fechner-Thurstone (GFT)直接效用函數,考量消費者嗜好結構可變動與不可變動之下,分別構建之Konyus真實生活成本指數--GFT(Pk1) 與GFT(Pk0),來衡量分析近50年台灣地區消費者真實生活成本的水準與成長變動。研究結果顯示,忽略消費者嗜好結構的變動,通常會導致對台灣地區消費者真實生活成本水準與成長幅度的低估。當將嗜好結構的變動納入考量時,如同Phlips and Sanz-Ferrer (1975)與Heien and Dunn (1985)對美國所作之實證結果,即拉氏價格指數是低估,而不是高估台灣地區1980s及1990s年代的真實生活成本水準與成長幅度。基於以上之研究發現,當需要應用生活成本調整條款於所有相關政策時,另一種指數如本研究之非參數型真實生活成本指數(nonparametric TCLI) – GFT(Pk1)可能比一般之拉氏價格指數更為適合。因此,本研究將建議政府統計相關單位亦應考量將此非參數型真實生活成本指數 – GFT(Pk1)與拉氏CPI一起定期編制及發佈,以供比較參考。
This paper studies cost of living standards and variations in growth trends for consumers in Taiwan between 1951 and 2001 by considering consumer’s preference to be or not to be a variable. The comparison and analysis are made by using the two Konyus TCLIs with constant preferences and variable preferences constructed on the basis of the Generalized Fechner-Thurstone (GFT) direct utility function -- GFT(Pk0) and GFT(Pk1), as well as the Laspeyres and Paasche price indexes. This study shows that ignoring changes in preference structure frequently leads to the underestimation of the consumer’s true cost of living standards and growth scales in Taiwan. When changes in preference structure are taken into consideration, as was done in studies by Phlips and Sanz-Ferrer (1975) and Heien and Dunn (1985) in the U.S., the Laspeyres price index may underestimate, not overestimate, the true cost of living standards and the growth scale in Taiwan for the 1980s and 1990s. Based on the above findings, when it is necessary to apply the cost of living adjustment clause to all relevant programs, an alternative index such as the nonparametric TCLI – GFT(Pk1) studied in this paper may be more appropriate than the usual Laspeyres CPI. Therefore, it would be suggested that the statistical authorities in Taiwan should also consider routinely compiling and publishing the nonparametric TCLI – GFT(Pk1), together with the Laspeyres CPI.
中文摘要 --------Ⅰ
英文摘要 Ⅱ
誌  謝 Ⅲ
圖表索引 Ⅵ
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與目的 1
第二節 研究內容與範圍 6
第三節 研究方法 8
第四節 研究流程與架構 9
第五節 研究預期成果 11
第六節 研究限制 13
第二章 生活成本水準相關文獻回顧 14
第一節 拉氏消費者價格指數之衡量 14
第二節 真實生活成本指數之衡量 18
第三節 嗜好變動與真實生活成本之衡量 25
第三章 理論與實證模型的建立 28
第一節 嗜好變動與真實生活成本指數 28
第二節 GFT直接效用函數與真實生活成本指數 32
第四章 實證結果與分析 38
第一節 1951-2001年台灣地區消費者生活成本水準
與變動之分析 40
第二節 不同期間台灣地區生活成本水準與變動比
較分析 55
第三節 與相關實證研究結果比較 66
第五章 結論與建議 70
註 釋 ----------------------------------------------------------- 75
參考文獻 78
附 錄 一 86
附 錄 二 91
附 錄 三 92
附 錄 四 94
附 錄 五 96
附 錄 六 97
作者簡介 98
授 權 書 99
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7.張植榕(2002),台灣地區家計單位群體生活成本的估計與比較,國立台灣科技大學企業管理系博士論文。
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