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研究生:陳詩凱
研究生(外文):Shih-Kai Chen
論文名稱:二相主動式電力濾波器研製
論文名稱(外文):Implementation of a two-phase active power filter
指導教授:楊宗銘楊宗銘引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chung-Ming Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:132
中文關鍵詞:主動式電力濾波器Le Blanc接線變壓器前饋補償控制電流諧波抑制功率因數
外文關鍵詞:active power filterLe Blanc connection transformerfeedforward compensationcurrent harmonics eliminationpower factor
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本論文主旨在研製一二相並聯型主動式電力濾波器,使用Le- Blanc接線變壓器將三相電源轉換成二相電源。二相並聯型主動式電力濾波器的控制目標包含消除線路電流諧波、改善系統功率因數及平衡二相電源的負載電流。本論文以數位訊號處理器TMS320F2812作為整個系統的控制器核心,並使用一些不平衡非線性負載進行實測。藉由感測電壓、電流訊號,使用DSP控制器計算出二相電源之補償電流,並以磁滯電流控制法決定開關切換模式。本論文使用的非線性負載為單相半橋轉換器,而台灣大部份的電氣機車使用此轉換器作為第一級電力整流電路。本論文針對此種負載,提出一前饋補償方法,用以改善所提二相主動式電力濾波器在電氣機車加速及減速期間之暫態響應。模擬與實驗的結果均證實,本文所提出之理論及系統架構確實具有可行性。
The subject of this thesis is to implement a two-phase active power filter (APF) which employed Le Blanc connection transformer to transfer a three-phase source to a two-phase source. The control goals of the APF include eliminating harmonics in the line current, improving power factor of the system, and balancing the load currents of the two-phase source. TMS320F2812 is used as the core controller and some unbalanced nonlinear load are used in this thesis. By sensing the voltage and current signals, the DSP controller calculates the compensation currents for the two-phase source, and then determines the switching patterns with the hysteresis method. The single-phase semi-converter, which is the front power stage of most electric locomotive in Taiwan, is used as the nonlinear load in the proposed system. To deal with this kind of load, this thesis proposes a feedforward compensation that can improve the transient response of the APF during the accelerating and decelerating periods of the electric locomotives. Both simulation and experimental results show the effectiveness of the proposed system.
摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖索引 VII
表索引 XIV
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 本論文之主要貢獻 3
1.3 論文內容介紹 4
第二章 平衡二相主動式電力濾波器系統 5
2.1 三相轉二相變壓器接線 5
2.1.1 接線變壓器 6
2.1.2 接線變壓器 8
2.1.3 史考特接線變壓器 10
2.1.4 Le Blanc接線變壓器 12
2.2 二相系統主動式電力濾波器架構 16
2.2.1 串聯型主動式電力濾波器架構 17
2.2.2 並聯型主動式電力濾波器架構 18
2.3 Le Blanc結合並聯型主動式電力濾波器架構 19
2.4 非線性負載種類 22
2.4.1 二極體整流性負載 23
2.4.2 相位控制整流性負載 25
第三章 系統數學模型與控制方法 28
3.1 並聯型主動式電力濾波器電路操作模式 28
3.2 二相主動式電力濾波器控制方法 31
3.2.1 二相主動式電力濾波器補償電流產生原理 32
3.2.2 直流鏈電壓控制 35
3.2.3 磁滯電流控制法 36
3.2.4 數位低通濾波器及比例積分控制器 38
3.3 相位控制延遲角度前饋補償方法 40
3.4 系統狀態方程式 44
第四章 實體製作 47
4.1 硬體電路製作 47
4.1.1 電壓、電流感測回授電路 48
4.1.2 電壓型變流器電路 50
4.1.3 功率開關元件驅動電路 51
4.2 軟體規劃 52
4.2.1 數位訊號處理器 52
4.2.2 類比/數位轉換比值轉換設計 54
4.2.3 程式流程介紹 55
第五章 系統模擬與實作結果 59
5.1 電氣機車模擬 59
5.1.1 電氣機車之加速及減速模擬 60
5.2 不平衡線性負載之模擬與實作 69
5.2.1 不平衡R-L串聯負載之模擬與實作 69
5.3 不平衡非線性負載之模擬與實作 80
5.3.1 參數一及參數二之不平衡非線性負載模擬結果 81
5.3.2 參數一及參數二之不平衡非線性負載實作結果 93
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 105
6.1 結論 105
6.2 未來研究方向 105
參考文獻 107
附錄 112
作者簡介 114
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