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研究生:施靜慧
研究生(外文):Ching-Hui Shih
論文名稱:多國籍企業所有權型態、技術能力與經營績效關係之研究-以在台之英美日子公司為例
論文名稱(外文):A comparative study on the ownership structure, technological capacity, and performance of multi-national enterprises-taking American, British, and Japanese companies as examples
指導教授:林彩梅林彩梅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsai-Mei Lin
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:國際企業管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:111
中文關鍵詞:多國籍企業所有權型態技術能力經營績效
外文關鍵詞:multi-national enterprisesownership structuretechnological capabilitiesbusiness performance
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近年來各國的多國籍企業蓬勃發展,期望藉由海外投資,增加企業的經營績效,本研究旨在探討多國籍企業所有權型態、技術能力與經營績效之關係,目的:1.外來投資究應採取何種所有權型態,能獲致較佳之經營績效2.台灣近年來高科技產業得天獨厚所擁有優越之技術能力,能否繼續為外商創造較高之經營績效3.外來投資持有股權越高,是否技術移轉越多,擁有之技術能力越強,經營績效也越佳4.英美日多國籍企業對所有權型態、技術能力與經營績效是否具干擾關係。本研究結果發現:1.外來投資採取不同所有權型態,與經營績效呈顯著差異,持有股權越高,無論在資金調度或策略之運用上,可以彈性運用,不易受到地主國干預,所以會有一較佳之經營績效2.技術能力對經營績效具顯著效果,當外來投資擁有之技術能力越高,造成企業製程或產品之創新,因而提昇企業之競爭優勢,進而影響企業之經營績效3.所有權型態與技術能力對經營績效具有交互影響效果,當外來投資持有股權越高,技術移轉越多,導致擁有之技術能力越強,促使獲利能力或銷售狀況提升,經營績效也越佳4.在台之英美日多國籍企業,對地主國所有權型態、技術能力與經營績效產生干擾效果。
Multi-national enterprise has been expanding in recent years. The aim is to enhance the performance of the business through overseas investments. This study takes on this unresolved issue by studying the effects of different types of ownership structure as well as technological capabilities on business performance.
The purpose of this study is to understand: 1. What types of ownership structure lead to better business performance? 2. Can Taiwan’s high-tech industries’ technological capabilities continue to create better business performance? 3. Does the business per-formance correspond proportionally to higher technological capabilities as a result of higher percentage of foreign ownership? 4. Do multi-national enterprises from America, Great Britain, and Japan cause interference on the ownership structure, technological capabilities, and business performance?
Statistical analysis shows that 1. Each multi-national enterprise adopts a different type of ownership structure, which does show a significant difference on performance. As the percentage of ownership goes higher, business performs better, on account of more flexible capital transfer and business strategies. 2. The higher the technological advantage, the better the performance. Foreign investment’s higher technological capa-bilities brings in new manufacturing process or new products, which enhance the com-petitive edge and, thus, better business performance. 3. The different types of ownership structure have an interference effect on the technological capabilities and business per-formance. When a foreign company holds a higher percentage of ownership, it tends to transfer more technologies to upgrade the company’s technological capabilities and, as a result, promotes better sales and earning. 4. Those British, American, and Japanese multi-national enterprises have an interference effect on indigenous ownership structure, technological capabilities and business performance.
內容目錄
中文摘要 ..................... iii
英文摘要 ..................... iv
誌謝辭  ..................... vi
內容目錄 ..................... vii
表目錄  ..................... ix
圖目錄  ..................... xii
第一章  緒論................... 1
  第一節  研究背景............... 1
  第二節  研究問題與目的............ 3
第三節 研究重要性與限制........... 4
第二章  文獻回顧................. 6
  第一節  影響海外投資之理論.......... 6
  第二節  多國籍企業.............. 16
  第三節  所有權策略.............. 17
第四節 經營績效............... 26
第五節 所有權策略與經營績效......... 30
第六節 技術能力............... 33
第三章 研究方法................. 36
第一節 研究架構............... 36
第二節 研究變數與衡量工具.......... 38
第三節 研究假設............... 40
第四節 樣本與資料蒐集............ 44
第五節 資料分析方法與分析性架構....... 45
第四章 研究結果................. 48
第一節 樣本結構分析............. 48
第二節 信度與效度分析............ 59
第三節 所有權型態與經營績效之分析...... 63
第四節 技術能力與經營績效之分析....... 68
第五節 所有權型態與技術能力對經營績效之交互影
響分析................ 74
第六節 在台之英美日子公司對所有權型態、技術能
力與經營績效之干擾分析........ 78
第五章  結論與建議................ 83
  第一節  結論................. 83
  第二節  建議................. 91
參考文獻 ..................... 95
附錄  研究問卷.................. 108
表目錄
表 2- 1 OLI理論與海外投資活動............. 9
表 2- 2 學者對多國籍企業與經營績效關係之研究結果. 27
表 2- 3 海外投資經營績效衡量指標彙總表........ 29
表 2- 4 所有權策略與經營績效關係彙總表........ 32
表 4- 1 樣本公司來台年資分佈情形........... 49
表 4- 2 樣本公司在台資本額分佈情形.......... 49
表 4- 3 樣本之員工人數分佈.............. 50
表 4- 4 樣本之行業別分佈............... 51
表 4- 5 樣本之國別分佈................ 51
表 4- 6 樣本之研發人員人數分佈............ 52
表 4- 7 樣本之研發費用佔營業額比率分佈........ 53
表 4- 8 樣本擁有之專利權個數分佈........... 53
表 4- 9 在台之英美日子公司持有股權分配情形...... 55
表 4-10 在台之英美日子公司經營績效分配情形..... 56
表 4-11 在台之英美日子公司來台年資分佈情形..... 57
表 4-12 在台之英美日子公司來台行業別分佈情形..... 58
表 4-13 在台之英美日子公司來台研發費用佔營業額比率分佈情形..................... 59
表 4-14 經營績效量表之效度與信度分析......... 61
表 4-15 技術能力量表之效度與信度分析......... 62
表 4-16 多國籍企業經營績效之敘述性統計....... 64
表 4-17 所有權型態與經營績效之ANOVA分析結果.... 64
表 4-18 所有權型態與投資報酬率之ANOVA分析結果... 66
表 4-19 所有權型態與投資營業成長率之ANOVA分析結果. 66
表 4-20 所有權型態與投資市場占有率之ANOVA分析結果. 66
表 4-21 所有權型態與未來海外投資意願之ANOVA分析結果..................... 67
表 4-22 所有權型態與經營績效多重比較之分析結果.... 67
表 4-23 各變數之相關分析............... 70
表 4-24 技術能力與經營績效樣本迴歸分析結果...... 70
表 4-25 技術能力與投資報酬率樣本迴歸分析結果..... 72
表 4-26 技術能力與投資營業成長率樣本迴歸分析結果... 73
表 4-27 技術能力與投資市場占有率樣本迴歸分析結果... 73
表 4-28 技術能力與未來海外投資意願樣本迴歸分析結果.. 73
表 4-29 所有權型態與技術能力對經營績效之交互影響結果...................... 75
表 4-30 所有權型態與技術能力對投資報酬率之交互影響結果...................... 77
表 4-31 所有權型態與技術能力對投資營業成長率交互影響結果...................... 77
表 4-32 所有權型態與技術能力對投資市場佔有率交互影響結果...................... 77
表 4-33 所有權型態與技術能力對未來海外投資意願交互影響...................... 78
表 4-34 在台之英美日子公司對所有權型態與經營績效的干擾分析結果................... 80
表 4-35 不同國籍對所有權型態與經營績效多重比較之分析結果......................80
表 4-36 在台之英美日子公司對技術能力與經營績效的干擾分析結果.................... 81
表 4-37 不同國籍對技術能力與經營績效之干擾分析結果.. 81
表 5- 1 研究假設一實證結果彙總表........... 85
表 5- 2 研究假設二實證結果彙總表........... 87
表 5- 3 研究假設三實證結果彙總表........... 88
表 5- 4 研究假設四實證結果分析表........... 91
表 5- 5 研究假設五實證結果分析表........... 91
圖目錄
圖 2- 1 國際產業分工理論............... 12
圖 2- 2 進入模式之層級分類.............. 19
圖 2- 3 決定所有權型態之考慮因素........... 21
圖 2- 4 進入模式選擇架構............... 22
圖 3- 1 研究架構................... 37
圖 3- 2 統計分析架構................. 47
圖 4- 1 所有權型態與經營績效統計圖.......... 65
圖 4- 2 技術能力與經營績效統計圖........... 71
圖 4- 3 在台英美日子公司所有權型態與技術能力對經營績效之交叉影響統計圖................... 76
圖 4- 4 在台之英、美、日不同國籍子公司對技術能力與經營績效干擾統計圖................ 82
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