(18.206.238.77) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/12 01:28
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

: 
twitterline
研究生:吳靜思
研究生(外文):Chin-szu Wu
論文名稱:都市居民知覺居住環境品質、鄰里依附與知覺恢復性之相關性研究—以台中市為例
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Relationships between Perceived Residential Environment Quality, Neighborhood Attachment and Perceived Restoration of Urban Residents—A Case of Taichung City
指導教授:葉源鎰葉源鎰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yuan-i Yeh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:靜宜大學
系所名稱:觀光事業學系研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:觀光休閒學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008/07/
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:156
中文關鍵詞:鄰里依附知覺居住環境品質注意力恢復理論知覺恢復性
外文關鍵詞:Perceived restorationAttention restoration theoryNeighborhood attachmentPerceived residential environment quality
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:22
  • 點閱點閱:953
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:274
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
「住」是每個人的基本需求,尤其在都市生活中的人們,日常生活裡並非時常有機會接觸大自然,而居住環境是大多數人每天必須面對到的環境。在工作一整天身心俱疲的情況下,居住環境不僅是提供人們一個靜養、睡眠的場所,更重要的是提供了人們轉移忙碌工作注意力的機會,使得人們在生理及心理上獲得某種程度的休息與恢復,進而促進心理福祉與健康。本研究擬以台中市之居住者為研究對象,旨在探討國內都市地區居住者所知覺到的居住環境品質特徵,知覺居住環境品質與知覺恢復性之間的關聯性與都市居住環境做為恢復性環境之潛力。本研究以Bonaiuto, M., Fornara, F. &; Bonnes, M.(2003)的知覺居住環境品質(R-PREQ)理論,Kaplan與Kaplan(1989)的注意力恢復理論(ART),與Purcell T., Peron E., &; Berto R.(2001)的恢復量表(R-PRS)為基礎,嘗試建構適用於國內都市居住者對於其居住環境的知覺品質量表,並探討知覺居住環境品質在知覺恢復性上的相關預測能力。本研究之知覺居住環境品質構面包含:(1)建築與城鎮規劃空間;(2)道路可及性系統;(3)綠地空間;(4)鄰居與互動關係;(5)福利設施;(6)遊憩設施;(7)商業設施;(8)大眾運輸設施;(9)生活步調;(10)環境健康及(11)維護保養;鄰里依附(R-NA)作為中介變項;在知覺恢復性方面,其構面包含:(1)遠離感;(2)一致感;(3)範圍感;(4)魅力感;(5)相容性;(6)熟悉感及(7)偏好感。資料分析工具係採用社會科學統計軟體SPSS10.0與LISREL8.5,藉由描述性統計分析、驗證性因素分析及結構方程式進行資料分析及研究推論。
本研究以台中市進階型健康社區(福瑞社區及水源地社區)為主要範圍,於民國96年1月起至96年6月止採立意抽樣調查,共取得139份有效樣本進行分析。研究結果發現:一、知覺居住環境品質11個構面正向且直接影響知覺居住環境品質的形成,其中遊憩設施為影響最大的構面;二、知覺恢復性7個構面正向且直接影響知覺恢復性的形成,其中魅力感的影響最大;三、知覺居住環境品質正向且直接影響鄰里依附;四、鄰里依附正向且直接影響知覺恢復性;五、知覺居住環境品質對於知覺恢復性具有高度的影響力,影響途徑可分為直接效果以及透過鄰里依附作為中介變項的間接效果。根據研究結果,本研究建議未來公私部門在進行都市計畫通盤檢討或都市規劃設計時,應考量遊憩設施及綠地空間作為提升居住環境品質的重要指標,並且可加強空間及機能方面的規劃來提高對居住環境的依附程度並促進恢復產生。
In urban area, people spend much more time in residential environment rather than natural environment through their daily life. After working all day long, residential environment not only provide people a place to rest, but also give them an opportunity to distract the direct attention, in which people may get restoration from mental fatigue.
This study aims to establish the features of urban resident’s perceived residential environment quality in Taiwan, and investigate the relationships between resident’s perceived residential environment quality and perceived restoration. The concepts and variables of revised-perceived residential environment quality(R-PREQ), attention restoration theory (ART), and revised- perceived restoration scale(R-PRS) were employed by this study to build a model and further to explore the relationships between the above variables. The R-PREQ variables including (1) architectural/town-planning; (2) organizations of accessibility and roads; (3) green areas; (4) people and social relations; (5) social-health-assistance services; (6) cultural-recreational services; (7) commercial services; (8) transportation; (9) lifestyle; (10) pollution; and (11) maintenance/ care, the intermediary variable of neighborhood attachment, and variables of R-PRS including (1) being away; (2) fascination; (3) coherence; (4) scope; (5) compatibility; (6) familiarity; and (7) preference, were investigated and analyzed through using descriptive analysis and structural equation modeling(SEM).
A total of one hundred and thirty nine samples of residents living in the advanced healthy community in Taichung city were investigated through purposive sampling during January – June 2007. The findings of the study indicated that: (1) 11 features of R-PREQ were significantly reflected to R-PREQ, and cultural-recreational services provides the greatest effect upon R-PREQ among all these features. (2) 7 features of R-PRS were significantly reflected to R-PRS, and fascination provides the greatest effect upon R-PRS among all these features. (3) R-PREQ was positively related to R-NA, and it is verified that R-PREQ has predictability on R-NA. (4) R-NA was positively related to R-PRS, and theses perceptions were mainly expressed on preference, scope, and familiarity. (5) R-PREQ has positively great effect upon R-PRS, and R-NA brought an indirect effect acting as an intermediate variable. (6) In terms of urban management implications, the study suggested that cultural-recreational services and green areas were important indicators to promote people’s perceived residential environment quality in urban areas. Moreover, strengthening a spatial and functional planning can raise people’s emotional bonding to residential environment and furthermore, perceived their restorations.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究內容與流程 3
第二章 文獻回顧
第一節 知覺居住環境品質 5
第二節 知覺恢復性與恢復性環境之相關性探討 14
第三節 居住環境之恢復潛力 22
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究架構與假設 23
第二節 研究變項定義及衡量方法 25
第三節 抽樣設計 31
第四節 資料分析方法 33
第五節 整體適配度的評鑑 34
第四章 資料分析結果
第一節 樣本描述 39
第二節 研究變項的常態性檢視 45
第三節 量表模式之評鑑 49
第四節 結構模式與假設檢定 122
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 結果與討論 130
第二節 研究建議 133


參考文獻 132

附錄一 知覺居住環境品質(R-PREQ)與鄰里依附(R-NA)原文與譯文對照表 138
附錄二 知覺恢復性(R-PRS)原文與譯文對照表 144
附錄三 知覺居住環境品質與知覺恢復性之研究問卷 146
危芷芬(譯)(1995)。F. T. McAndrew著。環境心理學。台北:五南。
吳業威(1988)。台灣新市鎮國宅社區居住環境品質之研究--以林口國宅社品為個案。國立交通大學管理研究碩士論文,未出版,新竹。
邱皓政(2000)。量化研究與統計分析:SPSS 中文視窗版資料分析範例解析。台北:五南。
邱皓政(2004)。結構方程模式:LISREL的理論、技術與應用。台北:雙葉。
胡國強、關復勇(1992)。環境品質之觀察者評量系統。中山社會科學季刊,7 (1), 56-69。
許健龍(1993)。理想居住環境品質之評估探討。逢甲大學土地管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中。
陳清江(2002)。眷村居民居住品質滿意度與對社區改建需求之研究-以高雄市明建新村為例。國立中山大學公共事務管理研究所在職專班碩士論文。全國博碩士論文摘要,90NSYS5636014。
黃芳銘(2006)。結構方程模式:理論與應用。台北:五南。
黃芳銘、楊世安(2006)。家庭因素對國小學童環境行為影響模式之研究。師大學報,51(1), 159-183.
曾慈慧(2002)。景觀環境與福祉及復癒關係之研究。國立臺灣大學園藝學研究所博士論文。全國博碩士論文摘要,91NTU00378015。
郭瑞坤、余泰魁(1990)。高雄市鹽埕區住宅環境品質之研究-供給者與需求者認知比較分析。中華管理評論,1(1), 133-148。
劉松癸(2002)。居住環境品質概念性模式與量表的建構。南華大學環境管理研究所碩士論文。全國博碩士論文摘要,90NHU00700009。
蔡耀慶(2003)。社區與鄰里商業中心區位規劃模型之設計與應用。國立台北大學都市計劃研究所碩士論文。全國博碩士論文摘要,92NTPU0347010。
薛惠珍(1999)。台北市新興地居住環境品質之研究--忠孝東路四段之實例研討,國立政治大學地政研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
聶筱秋、胡中凡(譯)(2003)。P. A. Bell, T. C. Greene, J. D. Fisher, & A. Baum著。環境心理學。台北縣:桂冠。
Altman, I. & Rogoff, B. (1987). World views in psychology: trait, interactionist, organismic, and transactional approaches. In D. Stokols & I. Altman (Eds), Handbook of Environmental Psychology (Vol. 1) (pp7-40). New York: John Wiley.
Altman, I. & Wandersman, A. (Eds) (1987). Neighborhood and community environment. Human Behavior and Environment. New York: Plenum Press.
Bentler, P. M., & Wu, E. J. C. (1983). EQS: Windows user’s guide. Los Angeles: BMDP Statistical Sofeware.
Bollen, K.A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. New York: John Wiley and Son.
Bonaiuto, M., Aiello, A., Perugini, M., Bonnes, M. & Ercolani, A. P. (1999). Multidimensional perception of residential environment quality and neighborhood attachment in the urban environment〔Electronic version〕. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19(4), 331-352.
Bonaiuto, M., Fornara, F. & Bonnes, M. (2003). Indexes of perceived residential environment quality and neighbourhood attachment in urban environments: a confirmation study on the city of Rome〔Electronic version〕. Landscape and Urban Planning, 65(1-2), 41-52.
Bonaiuto, M., Fornara, F., & Bonnes, M. (2006). Perceived residential environmental quality in middle- and low-extension Italian cities. European review of applied psychology, 56(11), 23-34.
Bullock, H.E., Harlow, L.L., & Mulaik, S.A. (1994). Causation issues in structural equation modeling research. Structural Equation Modeling, 1, 253–267.
Carp, F. M., Zawadski, R. T. & Shokrkon, H. (1976). Dimensions of urban environment quality. Environment & Behavior, 8(2), 239-264.
Carp, F. M. & Carp, A. (1982). Perceived environmental quality of neighborhoods: development of assessment scales and their relation to age and gender. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 2,295-312.
Craik, K. H. & Zube, E. H. (1976). The development of perceived environmental quality indices. In K. H. Craik & E. H. Zube (eds), Perceiving Environmental Quality. New York: Plenum Press.
de Kort, Y. A. W., Gal, R. M. & Staats, H. (n.d.). Restoration in place: the impact of social context and the type of setting on restorative effects. Retrieved December, 9, 2004, from Eindhoven University of Technology, Department of Technology Management Web site: http://fp.tm.tue.nl/medewerk/y.kort/Restoration%20in% 20social%20context%20AbstractIAPS.pdf
Diamantopoulos, A., & Siguaw, J. A. (2000). Introducing LISREL: A guide for the uninitiated. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Ding, L., Velicer, W., & Harlow, L. 1995. Effect of estimation methods, number of indicators per factor and improper solutions on structural equation modeling fit indices. Structural Equation Modeling, 2(2): 119-143.
Frey, J. E. (1981). Preferences, satisfactions, and the physical environments of urban neighborhoods. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Fried, M. (1982). Residential attachment: sources of residential and community satisfaction. Journal of Social Issues, 38(3), 107-119.
Fuhrer, U., Kaiser, F. G., & Hartig, T. (1993). Place attachment and mobility during leisure time. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 13, 309-321.
Gifford, R. (1987). Environmental Psychology: Principles and Practice. Massachusetts: Allyn and Bacon.
Ha, M & Weber, M. J. (1994). Residential quality and satisfaction: toward developing residential quality indexes. Home Economics Research Association, 22(3), 296-308.
Han, K. T. (2003). A reliable and valid self-rating measure of the restorative quality of natural environments〔Electronic version〕. Landscape and Urban Planning, 64, 209-232.
Hartig, T. (n.d.). Toward Understanding the Restorative Environment as a Health Resource. Retrieved November, 17, 2004, from http://www.openspace.eca.ac.uk/ conference/proceedings/PDF/Hartig.pdf
Hartig, T., Korpela, K. M., Evans, G. W., & Gäling, T. (1996). Validation of a measure of perceived of perceived environenvironmental restorativeness (Göteborg University Psychological Report, 26:7). Retrieved October, 4, 2004, from http://www.psy.gu.se/download/gpr967.pdf
Hartig, T., Kaiser, F., & Bowler, P. A. (1997). Further development of a measure of perceived environment restorativeness (Uppsala University Housing Research Working Paper No.5). Retrieved October, 4, 2004, from http://www.ibf.uu.se/PUBL/Wp/Wp5.pdf
Hartig, T. (2003). Guest editor''s introduction〔Electronic version〕. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23, 103-107.
Hartig, T., Johansson, G., & Kylin, C. (2003). Residence in the social ecology of stress and restoration〔Electronic version〕. Journal of Social Issues, 59(3), 611-636.
Herzog, T. R., Black, A. M., Fountaine, K. A., & Knotts, D. J. (1997). Reflection and attentional recovery as distinctive benefit of restorative environments〔Electronic version〕. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 17(2), 165-170.
Hidalgo, M. C. & Hernandez, B. (2001). Place attachment: conceptual and empirical questions〔Electronic version〕. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 21, 273-281.
Jöreskog, K., & Sörbom, D. (1989). LISREL 7: A Guide to the program and applications. Chicago: SPSS Inc.
Kaplan, S., & Kaplan, R. (1982). Cognition and environment: Functioning in an uncertain world. New York: Praeger.
Kaplan, S. (1983). A model of person-environment compatibility〔Electronic version〕. Environment & Behavior, 15(3), 311-332.
Kaplan, R., & Kaplan, S. (1989). The Experience of Nature: a psychological perspective. NY: Cambridge University Press.
Kaplan, R., & Kaplan, S. (1990). Restorative experience: the healing power of nearby nature. In M. Francis and R. Hester (eds), The Meaning of Gardens. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Kaplan, S., Bardwell, L. V., & Slakter, D. B. (1993). The museum as a restorative environment. Environment & Behavior, 25(6), 725-742.
Kaplan, S. (1995). The restorative benefits of nature: Toward an integrative framework〔Electronic version〕. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 15(3), 169-182.
Kaplan, S. (2001). Meditation, restoration, and the management of mental fatigue〔Electronic version〕. Environment and Behavior, 33(4), 480-506.
Kelly, J. R. & Kelly, J. R. (1994). Multiple dimensions of meaning in the domains of work, family, and leisure. Journal of Leisure Research, 26,250-274. Retrieved October, 17, 2005, from EBSCOhost database.
Kenny, D. A. (1979). Correlation and causality. New York: Wiley.
Kline, Rex B. (1998). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: The Guilford Press.
Korpela, K., & Hartig, T. (1996). Restorative qualities of favorite places〔Electronic version〕. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 16(3), 221-233.
Korpela, K., Hartig, T., Kaiser, F. G. & Fuhrer, U. (2001). Restorative experience and self-regulation in favorite places. Environment & Behavior, 33(4), 572-589.
Korpela, K. , Kyttä, M., & Hartig, T. (2002). Restorative experience, self-regulation, and children’s place preferences〔Electronic version〕. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 22(4), 387-398.
Laumann, K., Gärling, T., & Stormark, K. M. (2001). Rating scale measures of restorative components of environments〔Electronic version〕. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 21(1), 31-44.
Lawrence, R. J., Lambert, C. & Malquarti, Y. (2004, July). The residential context of health in Geneva, methodological questions. Paper presented at the ENHR Conference, Cambridge, UK. Retrieved October, 17, 2005, from http://www. enhr2004.org/files/papers/Lawrence,%20R.%20et%20al.%20-%20The%20Residential%20Context%20of%20Health.pdf
Lercher, P. (2002, April). Which health outcomes should be measured in health related environmental quality studies? In Environmental Quality and Human Well-being: Outcomes of a shop. (Ministry of Public Housing, Physical Planning and the Environment RIVM-project No. 650930). Retrieved October, 22, 2005, from http://www.rivm.nl/bibliotheek/rapporten/630950001.pdf
Marans, R. W. (1976). Perceived quality of residential environments. In K. H. Craik & E. H. Zube (eds), Perceiving Environmental Quality. New York: Plenum.
Hair, Jr., J. F., Anderson, R., Tatham,R. L., & Black, W. C. 1998. Multivariate Data Analysis, 5th ed. New York: Prentice Hall International Editions.
Neuman, W. L. (2003). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches, 5th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Noar, S.M. (2003). The role of structural equation modeling in scale development. Structural Equation Modeling, 10(4), 622-647.
Purcell T., Peron E., & Berto R. (2001). Why do preferences differ between scene types〔Electronic version〕? Environment and Behavior, 33(1), 93-106.
Saegert, S. (1985). The role of housing in the experience of dwelling. In I. Altman & C. M. Werner (eds), Home Environments (pp287-309). New York: Plenum.
Schwirian, K. P. & Schwirian, P. M. (1993). Neighboring, residential satisfaction, and psychological well-being in urban elders〔Electronic version〕. Journal of Community Psychology, 21, 285-299.
Scopelliti, M. & Giuliani, M. V. (2004). Choosing restorative environments across the lifespan: A matter of place experience〔Electronic version〕. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24(4), 423-437.
Staats, H. & Hartig, T. (2004). Alone or with a friend: a social context for psychological restoration and environment preferences〔Electronic version〕. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24, 199-211.
Stokols, D. (1987). Conceptual strategies of environmental psychology. In D. Stokols & I. Altman (Eds), Handbook of Environmental Psychology (Vol. 1) (pp41-70). New York: John Wiley.
Tognoli, J. (1987). Residential environments. In D. Stokols & I. Altman (Eds) Handbook of Environmental Psychology (Vol. 1) (pp655-690). New York: John Wiley.
Ulrich, R. S. (1983). Aesthetic and affective response to natural environment. In I. Altman & J. F. Wohlwill (Eds.), Behavior and the natural environment (pp. 85-125). New York: Plenum.
Ulrich, R. S. & Addoms, D. L. (1981). Psychological and recreational benefits of a residential park. Journal of Leisure Research, 13, 43-65.
van den Berg, A. E., Koole, S. L., & van der Wulp, N. Y.(2003). Environmental preference and restoration: (How) are they related〔Electronic version〕? Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23(2), 135-146.
van Poll, R. (1997). The Perceived Quality of the Urban Residential Environment: a Multi-Attribute Evaluation. Retrieved October, 17, 2005, from the University of Groningen Web site: http://dissertations.ub.rug.nl/faculties/science/1997/h.f.p.m. van.poll/
World Health Organization (1946). Constitution. Geneva, Switzerland: Author.
World Health Organization (2004, June). Review of evidence on housing and health. Paper presented at the Fourth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health, Budapest, Hungary. Retrieved October, 17, 2005, from http://www.euro. who .int/document/HOH/ebackdoc01.pdf
Zube, E. H., Vining, J., Law, C. S. & Bechtel, R. B. (1985). Perceived Urban Residential Quality: a cross-cultural study. Environment and Behavior, 17(3),327-350.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔