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研究生:李黎明
研究生(外文):Lee Li Ming
論文名稱:軍事戰略基本原理的〈力空時〉分析:Luttwak〈矛盾邏輯〉之研究
論文名稱(外文):Exploring Fundamental Principles of Force, Space and Time in Military Strategy: A Study on the Luttwak's “Paradoxical Logic”
指導教授:劉必榮劉必榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liu Birong
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:東吳大學
系所名稱:政治學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:200
中文關鍵詞:矛盾邏輯戰略原理理論研究
外文關鍵詞:“forcespace and time” paradoxical logicstrategic principletheory study.
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:153
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
美國著名戰略學者Edward N. Luttwak,為自克勞塞維茨以來,首度提出具有原創性軍事戰略抽象理論概念的當代戰略理論學者。惟作為其核心概念的「矛盾邏輯」(paradoxical logic),迄無完整的可操作性的解釋,以致於尚未成為普遍的共識。
本文認為,藉用牛頓力學的「力、空、時」三個基本變數,來理解戰略存在於物理世界內的意義,可以對Luttwak「矛盾邏輯」意涵作出更進一步的詮釋,並進而可以推論出對軍事戰略實際運用的若干初步法則。
此種觀點的主要基礎,乃由於軍事戰略行為所依存的物理世界中,「力」在「時、空」因素中的變化情形,大致呈現正弦波的曲線變化性質所導致。
本文於緒論之後,首先就「力、空、時」做為戰略分析變數的適用性,進行詳細的論證。其次,就Luttwak矛盾邏輯的主要內容做一舖陳,並詳述理論對話的內容。繼之,以「力、空、時」做為主要變數,予以分析並解釋矛盾邏輯的意涵。最後以主要戰略經典文獻以及「第二次海灣戰爭」的實戰案例分析,做為最後的理論驗證。
本文的結論認為,以「力、空、時」三項因素,解釋矛盾邏輯的意義,可以獲致軍事戰略原理的進一步理解。
American researcher Dr. Edward N. Luttwak is a contemporary strategic theory master who proposed an original concept of military strategic abstract theory for the first time since Karl Von Clausewitz, as paradoxical logic, its core concept, has not had a complete reasonable interpretation so that no common view has formed on it as of yet.
Therefore, this study holds that, by the fundamental variables “force, space and time” in Newtonian Mechanics, we might be able to get a glimpse of the existential meaning of strategy in the physical world, that a further interpretation of paradoxical logic becomes possible, and that thereby some preliminary rules of actual application of military strategy can be inferred.
The concept is principally based on the fact that in the physical world upon which military behavior depends to exist, force roughly changes in a sine wave curve against time and space.
Following the introduction in this study, the appropriateness of “force, space and time” as variables of strategic analysis is verified in detail. Next, the précis of the Luttwak's paradoxical logic is described, along with some dialogue between theories. After that, through the three variables, the implication of paradoxical logic is analyzed and interpreted. Finally, an analysis on an actual combat concludes the theoretical verification.
This study argues that by interpreting paradoxical logic through “force, space and time,” a further result of military strategic principles is possible.
目次
圖次 v
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 問題意識 2
壹、軍事戰略與國際關係 2
貳、研究的動機 4
參、研究的目的與問題 7
肆、本研究在理論上的意義 9
第二節 概念界定 12
壹、軍事戰略 12
貳、矛盾邏輯 13
參、基本原理 14
第三節 研究方法 15
第四節 文獻檢閱 19
第二章 「力、空、時」作為分析變數的立論基礎 27
第一節 「力、空、時」作為戰略分析因素的論點 27
第二節 戰略分析因素的其他論點 33
第三節 力、空、時作為分析變數的詮釋 38
壹、戰略中的通俗觀點 38
貳、力學原理中的意義 41
參、戰略中的力、空、時意涵 44
第四節 力、空、時作為分析變數的評估 48
壹、概念在理論中的意義 48
貳、力、空、時作為分析概念之評估 50
參、概念有效性與實用之考量 51
第三章 Luttwak理論的內涵及其批判 53
第一節 Luttwak的生平與著作簡介 53
第二節 Luttwak「矛盾邏輯」的主要內涵 58
壹、戰略的矛盾邏輯 58
貳、戰略的層次 62
參、大戰略 70
第三節 論者對「矛盾邏輯」的批判 75
壹、第一階段的對話 76
貳、第二階段的對話 81
參、第三階段的對話 84
第四節 本文的分析 86
第四章 Luttwak「矛盾邏輯」的「力、空、時」解析 93
第一節 摩擦 94
第二節 趨於一致、飽和與逆轉 102
第三節 行軍路線與奇襲 110
第四節 臨界條件 116
第五節 對理論的延伸分析 121
第五章 經典戰略理論的再解釋 129
第一節 經典戰略理論的回顧 129
第二節 畢羅戰略原理的「矛盾邏輯」解釋 133
第三節 約米尼戰略原理的「矛盾邏輯」解釋 136
第四節 克勞塞維茨戰略原理的「矛盾邏輯」解釋 141
第六章 第二次海灣戰爭的戰略分析 147
第一節 相關著作檢閱 147
第二節 初期戰略計劃分析 151
第三節 實際作戰戰略分析 154
第四節 後戰時期的戰略分析 161
第七章 結論 167
一、第一部份 167
二、第二部份 169附錄 177
附錄一 Luttwak生平與著作一覽表 177
附錄二 Luttwak 20070510-Luttwak 179
參考書目 181























































圖次
圖1 戰力與時間關係圖 96
圖2 戰力與時間關係曲線圖-1 97
圖3 戰力與時間關係曲線圖-2 98
圖4 戰力與空間關係曲線圖 101
圖5 「力-時」理想曲線趨勢圖 105
圖6 「力-時」理想曲線趨勢對比圖 105
圖7 「力-空」理想曲線趨勢圖 106
圖8 「力-空」理想曲線趨勢對比圖 106
圖9 總產量曲線圖 108
圖10 「力-時」規模經濟曲線圖 108
圖11 「力-空」規模經濟曲線圖 109
圖12 核武「力-時」關係圖 126
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二、中文書目
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Clausewitz, Carl Philip Gottlieb von。1980。鈕先鍾譯。《戰爭論》。台北:軍事譯粹社。
Hempel, Carl G..。1977。何秀煌譯。《科學的哲學》。台北:三民書局。
Babbie, Earl。1998。李美華等譯。《社會科學研究方法》。台北:時英出版社。
Luttwak, Edward N.。1991。李長浩譯。《戰略—戰爭與和平的邏輯》。台北:國防部史政編譯局。
Luttwak, Edward N.。1990。軍事科學院外國軍事研究部譯。《戰略:戰爭與和平的邏輯》。北京︰解放軍出版社。
Tooke, Lamar & Ralph Allen。1997。張羽譯。《戰略直覺與戰爭藝術》。台北:國防部史政編譯局。
Struford, Melvin J.。1981。〈戰略之基本結構〉。萬承烈譯。陳文尚、雷家驥編《戰略理論研究》:33-40。台北:聯鳴文化公司。
Struford, Melvin J.。1981。〈戰略之基本結構〉。萬承烈譯。陳文尚、雷家驥編《戰略理論研究》:33-40。台北:聯鳴文化公司。
Frank, Philipp。1979。謝力中譯。《科學的哲學》。台北:世界書局。
Hoffmann, Stanley。1990。林偉成、劉曉紅、劉南平譯。《當代國際關係理論》。北京:中國社會科學出版社。
丁肇強。1984。《軍事戰略》。台北:中央文物供應社。
中國科技教育資源網。2005。http://www.ster.cn/xinxi/kejiaozixun/yjqy/200511/4581_2.html. 2007/06/08.
王玉峰。2005。〈時間、空間:永無止境的探索〉。《江蘇科技大學學報(社會科學版)》5,3:8-12。
王洽南譯。1982。〈戰略一詞的今日解〉。《中華戰略學刊》秋季刊:228。
王高成主編。2005年。《廿一世紀第一戰:2003年第二次波灣戰爭-陸上戰役篇》。台北:老戰友出版社。
王聰智。2000。〈科技倫理與功利主義的反思〉。《哲學與文化》27,4:382-407。
孔祥寧。2004。〈足球比賽進攻中的時空爭奪〉。《中國體育科技》40,6:54-57。
包麗麗。2006。〈「似非而是」還是「似是而非」〉。《甘肅社會科學》2006,6:93-95。
任玉平。2003。〈經濟學的時空觀〉。《山西青年管理幹部學院學報》16,3:33-35。
江雪秋。2003。《從政治作戰構面析論美伊戰爭》。台北:政戰學校軍社中心。
呂亞力。1994。《政治學方法論》。台北:三民書局。
何秀煌。1984。《邏輯》。台北:東華書局。
宋德忠、林世華、陳淑芬、張國恩。1998。〈知識結構的測量:徑路搜尋法與概念構圖法的比較〉。《教育心理學報》30,2:123-142。
李長浩譯。1993。《認識戰爭:戰鬥的歷史與理論》。台北:國防部史政編譯局。
李烈炎。1988。《時空學說史》。湖北:人民出版社。
李啟明。1997。〈Beaufre戰爭緒論之研析〉。《戰略精萃》。台北:中華戰略學會。
李偉芳。2004。〈Paradox(似非而是的雋語)與Oxymoron(矛盾修辭)的比較與翻譯〉。《西安教育學院學報》2004,3:86-87。
李黎明。2000。〈美國對新世紀中共戰爭思維之假設:『不對稱戰爭』概念之發軔〉。《共黨問題研究》2000,3:18-26。
沈文欽。2007。〈何謂為學術而學術-純學術觀的類型學考察〉。《北京大學教育評論》2007,1:66-60。
沈明室譯。1999。《戰鬥力:德國與美國陸軍的表現(1939-1945)》。台北:麥田出版。
阮明淑、溫達茂。2002。〈ontology 應用於知識組織之初探〉。《佛教圖書館館訊》32:6-17。
吳建德、沈明室等。2003。《美伊戰爭與臺海安全》。台北:時英出版社。
周翔編。2003。《美伊論戰》。台北:青年日報出版社。
周曉光。2006。〈戰略哲學論略〉。《 雲南社會科學》2006,1:22-26。
岳天。1997。〈制定戰略的理則程序與考量因素〉。《認識戰略》:62-96。台北:中華戰略學會。
林碧炤。1999。《國際政治與外交政策》。台北:五南出版公司。
邱伯浩。2003。《美伊戰爭中無形戰力解析》。台北:政戰學校軍社中心。
洪成完。2000。〈概念、範疇與遵循規則〉。《東吳哲學學報》5:85-147。
施正權。1992。〈建構一般戰略理論之可能趨向的分析〉。《世界新聞傳播學院學報》:37-66。
孫振青。1987。《康德的批判哲學》。台北:黎明文化事業公司。
高金鈿編。1995。《國際戰略學概論》。北京:國防大學出版社。
高涌泉。2001。〈科學知識〉。《物理雙月刊》23,5:579-583。
國防部編。1978。《領袖蔣公教戰訓詞精要》。台北:國防部。
國防部史政編譯局譯。1997。《軍事發展的新思潮軍事發展的新思潮》。台北:國防部史政編譯局。
陳秉璋。1988。《社會學理論》。台北:三民書局。
陳偉寬。1993。〈論戰略三要素『力、空、時』之運用〉。《空軍學術月刊》443:48-56。
陳壽�琚C1983。〈Foch元帥的軍事思想〉。《中華戰略學刊》春季刊:199。
陳漢華。2003。《二次波灣戰爭專題研究論文》。台北:國防大學戰略中心。
許如亨。2004。《美伊戰爭之政治作戰研究》。台北:政戰學校。
許激。2004。〈管理學原理〉。http://www.manage9.com/type.asp?news_id=19。
許豔。2005。〈談談摩擦力〉。《保山師專學報》24,5:63-65。
莫大華。1998。〈Luttwak戰略理論初探〉。《中華戰略學刊》春季刊:105-136。
黃振華。1976。《康德哲學論文集》。台北:作者出版。
張林宏。2002。〈美國戰略思想源流考〉。《國際政治研究》2002,4:135-146。
張樸。1983。〈地緣戰略學的內涵與功能〉。《中華戰略學刊》冬季刊:59-63。
項退結編譯。1989。《西洋哲學辭典》。台北:華香園出版社。
鈕先鍾編。1977。《第一次世界大戰》。台北:燕京文化事業股份有限公司。
鈕先鍾。1988。《戰略研究與戰略思想》。台北:軍事譯粹社。
鈕先鍾。1995。《西方戰略思想史》。台北:麥田出版公司。
鈕先鍾譯。1996。《戰略緒論》。台北:麥田出版公司。
鈕先鍾。1998。《戰略研究入門》。台北:麥田出版。
單秋成。2007。《靜力學》。台北:滄海書局。http://www.tsanghai.com.tw/me0285/webpp/C7intro2.files/frame.htm.
馮建三編。2003。《戰爭沒有發生?: 2003年美英出兵伊拉克評論與紀實》。台北:台灣社會研究雜誌社。
解俊民。《中國大百科全書》。http://203.72.198.245/web/Content.asp?ID=44484#^0263)。
楊向奎。1994。〈再論時間與空間〉。《中國社會科學院研究生院學報》1994,3:1-8。
楊志雄。1999。〈坦克與反坦克武器交戰模型建構及效用分析-系統模擬方法之應用〉。國防管理學院資源管理研究所碩士論文。
楊振寧。2003。〈我所認識的廿世紀物理學家〉。《物理雙月刊》25,5:712-730。
楊萬邦譯。1991。〈空間、時間和神性〉。《世界哲學寶庫》。北京:新華書店。
管志宏。2007。《物理學》第四章。http://ccw2.ocit.edu.tw/jhkuan25/UserFiles/Physics4-5.doc. 2008/02/14。
鄧友超譯。2004。〈解釋學與認知科學〉。《華東師範大學學報》(教育科學版)2004,1:35-43。
劉廣華。2003。〈「二次波灣戰爭」正名之研析〉。台北:國防大學。http://www.ndu.edu.tw/upload_research/第二次海灣戰爭正名之研析.htm. 2007/06/21。
操鳳玲。2002。〈模糊語言的語用基礎—範疇的模糊性〉。《安慶師範學院學報》(社會科學版)21,6:97-99。
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