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研究生:吳佳容
研究生(外文):Chia-Jung Wu
論文名稱:學用不符對薪資的影響
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Job-Education Mismatch on Wage
指導教授:田弘華田弘華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hung-Hua Tien
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:世新大學
系所名稱:經濟學研究所(含碩專班)
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:64
中文關鍵詞:適度教育過度教育不足教育教育與職業不相稱
外文關鍵詞:adequate educationovereducationundereducationjob-education mismatch
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論文摘要:

本論文旨在探討「學用不符對薪資的影響」。本文利用名瑟方程式及過度教育下的名瑟方程式,以最小平方法(OLS)進行估計,探討各自變項與薪資報酬間的關係。文中分析所用的資料係取自中央研究院社會學研究所「台灣地區社會變遷基本調查計畫」第四期第三次「社會階層組」的調查資料。

研究結果顯示:
一、在過度教育的評量判斷結果上,「自我評估法」和「標準差法」兩種測量工具有明顯的差異。「自我評估法」有較高的過度教育比例,而「標準差法」則有較低的過度教育比例。
二、年齡、工作經驗、教育年數、是否具有專業技術與薪資報酬呈現正向關係:工作經驗平方與薪資報酬呈現負向關係。另外,性別、地區與公司規模的大小亦是影響薪資報酬的重要因素。
三、不足教育年數與薪資報酬間有負向關係,適度教育年數、過度教育年數與薪資報酬間有正向關係,與過去相關文獻相符。
四、以「自我評估法」為測量工具時,適度教育年數的薪資報酬高於過度教育年數的薪資報酬,而適度教育年數的薪資報酬低於不足教育年數的薪資報酬,與過去相關文獻相符。以「標準差法」為測量工具時,適度教育年數的薪資報酬高於過度教育年數的薪資報酬,而適度教育年數的薪資報酬高於不足教育年數的薪資報酬,與過去文獻結果不同。
五、以「自我評估法」為測量工具時,在相同教育年數的情形下,過度教育者的薪資報酬低於適度教育者;而不足教育者的薪資報酬高於適度教育者,與過去相關文獻結果相符。但以「標準差法」為測量工具時,在相同教育年數的情形下,過度教育者的薪資報酬高於適度教育者;而不足教育的薪資報酬低於適度教育者,與過去文獻結果不同。
Abstract

The main purpose of this thesis is to explore “The impact of Job-Education Mismatch on Wage.” This article uses Mincer equation and the Mincer equateion under overeducation, with ordinary least squares (OLS) for estimation to evaluate the relationship between the independent variables and wage. Data used for analysis in the dissertation is used from the survey data from “social strata” in the third instance and fourth period of the “Taiwan societal changes basic survey program” from the Institute of Sociology at the Academia Sinica.

Results of this study show:
1. In the estimate results of overeducation, the two measurement tools of “self-assessment” and “mean realized matches” showed significant differences. “Self-assessment” showed higher ratios of overeducation, and “mean realized” shows lower ratios of overeducation.
2. Age, work experience, education year, whether with professional technique show a positive correlation with wage: the square of work experience shows a negative relationship with wage. Furthermore, gender, region, and size of companies are also important factors influencing wage.
3. There is a negative correlation between undereducation years and wage. There is a positive correlation between wage and adequate education years and overeducation years, and this is consistent with past literature.
4. When using “self-assessment” as a measurement tool, the wage for those with adequate education years are higher than that of those with overeducation years, and the wage of those with adequate education years are lower than that of those with undereducation years, and this is consistent with past literature. When using “mean realized matches” as a measurement tool, it is found that the wage of those with adequate education years are higher than that of those with overeducation years. Wage of those with adequate education years are higher than those with undereducation years, unlike in past literature.
5. When using “self-assessment” as the measuring tool, when there is the same number of education year, the wage of those with overeducation are lower than that of those with adequate education; Those with undereducation had higher wage than those with adequate education, and this is consistent with past literature. However, when using “mean realized matches” as the measurement tool, when there is the same number of education year, the wage of those with overeducation is higher than those with adequate education, while wage of those with undereducation are lower than that of those with adequate education; this is different from past literature.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機
第二節 研究方法
第三節 本文架構
第二章 文獻回顧
第一節 引言
第二節 過度教育的測量
第三節 理論模型
第四節 實證結果
第三章 實證模型
第一節 資料庫說明
第二節 研究方法
第三節 使用變數說明
第四章 實證結果
第一節 基本統計量
第二節 比較兩種不同測量工具之結果
第三節 薪資決定模型結果分析
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 結論
第二節 檢討與建議
參考文獻
附錄
表2-1 過度教育發生機率的文獻彙總
表2-2 過度教育的工資效果文獻彙整
表3-1 名瑟方程式薪資決定模型變數之說明
表4-1 基本統計量
表4-2 實際教育程度與現職教育程度不相稱分配表
表4-3 薪資決定模型分析結果
表4-4 本文與使用相同資料庫探討過度教育薪資效果議題之文獻異同分析
一、中文部分
台灣地區社會變遷基本調查計畫(2002),中央研究院社會學研究所。
詹凱玲(2004)。台灣地區超額教育與薪資報酬,東華大學國際經濟所未出版之碩士論文。
莊禮菡(2005)。由過度教育看學歷與工作經驗的抵換關係,東華大學國際經濟所未出版之碩士論文。
葉秀珍、蔡瑞明、莊致嘉(2005)。「教育與職業不相稱」對薪資的影響:「標準差法」與「自我評量法」兩種不相稱測度方法之比較,人口學刊第30期,頁65-95。
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廖茂榮(2002)。教育投資與薪資所得之實證模型驗證,東吳大學經濟所未出版之碩士論文。
王昭蓉(2000)。台灣地區民眾失業率與高教低就之研究。台東:國立台東師院教育研究所未出版之碩士論文。
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葉秀珍(2001)。台灣地區低度就業成因之變遷分析,發表於台灣社會學會年會「生活/社會新視界:理論與實踐的對話」學術研討會。台北:輔仁大學社會工作學系。

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