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研究生:黃耀德
研究生(外文):Huang-Yao Te
論文名稱:產業協同供應鏈供應商管理存貨之研究-以台灣TFT-LCD廠商為例
論文名稱(外文):Vendor-Managed Inventory in an Industrial Collaboration Supply Chain-The case of TFT-LCD Companies in Taiwan
指導教授:邱煥能邱煥能引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huan-Neng Chiu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:亞洲大學
系所名稱:經營管理學系碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:供應商管理存貨薄型液晶顯示器結構方程模式
外文關鍵詞:vendor-managed inventoryTFT-LCDstructural equation modeling
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供應商管理存貨系統是企業為了因應庫存成本的降低、供料服務水準的提高、以及能夠滿足市場需求的系統。本計畫透過相關文獻及訪談廠商高階經理人員後彙總出五構面與三十個研究變項,並建構VMI的運作流程圖及研究架構圖。本計畫使用問卷調查台灣三家薄型液晶顯示器(thin-film transistor liquid-crystal display, TFT-LCD)製造商相關人員,將所蒐集的資料利用結構方程模式和AMOS軟體進行分析,探討影響VMI績效之因素,以及進行廠商間實施VMI績效之差異分析。本計畫模型配適度及整體模式配適度皆達到標準,顯示本計畫的理論模型正確。研究結果發現:1.資訊技術對VMI績效有直接影響。2.夥伴關係對作業執行有直接影響。3.績效衡量對財務會計有直接影響。4.核心廠與供應商間的夥伴關係程度、資訊分享程度及市場需求穩定性,對提升VMI績效有很大的影響。此外,本計畫的實證結果與業界的觀點和實際情形非常吻合,印證本計畫實證結果的正確性,希望藉由本計畫案例提供未來計畫導入VMI的廠商之重要參考依據。
A vendor-managed inventory (VMI) system can be used by a firm to lower inventory cost, increase the service level of materials supply, and satisfy the market demand. In this project, we select five dimensions and thirty research variables through reviewing the literature and visiting top managers of three Taiwanese TFT-LCD companies which have implemented VMI systems. This research draws a flowchart in which the relevant VMI operations are presented. In addition, a research framework is formulated. This study uses questionnaires to collect data from respondents in the three TFT-LCD companies and then analyzes it through formulating a theoretical structural equation model and solving the model using AMOS statistic software. The purpose is to explore the factors that affect the VMI performance and make comparisons among the three TFT-LCD companies on VMI performance. The results indicate that the proposed theoretical model has a high degree of goodness-of-fit and has been shown that it is correct. We also find that 1. Information technology and impact directly on the VMI performance. 2. Partnership has direct influence on the operational implementation. 3. VMI performance also affect directly on financial accounting.4.The degrees of partnership, information sharing, and demand stability impact significantly on the improvement of the VMI performance. Most importantly, the results of this empirical study are shown to be correct since they are extremely similar to the view points of practitioners and real-world practices. We expect to provide practitioners who plan to install VMI systems in the future with the experience of the three empirical cases.
中文摘要-I
英文摘要-II
目 錄-III
表 目 錄-V
圖 目 錄-VI
第一章 緒論-1
第一節 研究背景與動機-1
第二節 研究目的與問題描述-2
第三節 研究範圍、限制與流程-3
第二章 文獻探討-5
第一節 供應商管理存貨(VMI)之定義文獻探討-5
第二節 供應商管理存貨(VMI)相關文獻探討-8
第三節 供應商管理存貨(VMI)的運作架構-10
第四節 台灣TFT-LCD產業分析-18
第五節 台灣三家TFT-LCD廠商簡介-22
第三章 研究方法-25
第一節 研究設計-25
第二節 研究工具-38
第四章 實證研究與結果分析-48
第一節 樣本資料分析-48
第二節 信度與效度分析-49
第三節 台灣三家TFT-LCD廠商實施VMI差異分析-51
第四節 結構方程模型分析-55
第五節 實證結果與供應商認知之印證分析-61
第五章 結論與建議- 64
第一節 結論-64
第二節 建議-66
第三節 未來研究方向-67
參考文獻-68
附錄:「產業協同供應鏈供應商管理存貨之研究-以台灣 TFT-LCD廠為例」研究問卷-75
一、中文文獻
王裕文(1998),半導體設備供應商備用零件存貨導入VMI 之研究,國立交通大學工業工程與管理學系碩士班碩士論文。

邱皓政(2003),結構方程模式―LISREL 的理論、技術與應用,台北:雙葉書廊有限公司。

林宏澤(2003),構築高效能供應鏈的秘訣電子化VMI的導入策略,科技專刊,1(1),52-55。

林震岩(2006),多變量分析:SPSS的操作與應用,台北:智勝文化有限公司。

周貝珊(2002),供應鏈中應用VMI之價值研究,淡江大學資訊管理學系碩士論文。

高韓英(2006),探索供應鏈協同合作之決策與實施:電信業之個案研究,運籌研究集刊,9(1),55-62。

張心馨、莊雙喜(2007),電子化夥伴關係管理對通路權力、協同商務關係及通路合作績效之研究,資訊管理學報,14(1),209-235。

陳耀茂(2004),共變異數構造分析的AMOS 使用手冊,台北:鼎茂圖書出版有限公司。

陳銘崑(2002),供應鏈管理對企業電子化應用的整合效益,工業自動化與電子化,8(1),4-10。

張榮圳(2000),供應鏈管理資訊分享模式之研究,國立中山大學資訊管理學研究所碩士論文。

黃彥達譯(Wild, T. (2003)原著)(2004),庫存管理,藍鯨出版有限公司。

黃富聰撰、邱煥能指導(2002),多階層供應鏈長鞭效應之研究,國立台灣科技大學工業管理研究所碩士論文。

黃威智(2002),信任與關係承諾對供應鏈組織耦合度的影響:資訊產業為例,國立清華大學科技管理研究所碩士論文。

葉詠滋(2003),影響供應鏈策略及其效益之相關因素研究---以台灣製造業為例,國立成功大學國際企業研究所碩士班論文。

游象傳(2004),供應商夥伴關係與e化程度對供應商績效之影響-以某顯示器製造商之供應商為例,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。

廖能惠(2007),私立高中職學校經營策略、執行力與經營績效之關聯研究,亞洲大學經營管理研究所碩士論文。

翟志剛(1998),商業快速回應輔導案例-供應商管理存貨,經濟部商業司。

鄭穎聰(1999),供應鏈長鞭效應因應政策之研究,台北科技大學生產系統工程與管理研究所碩士論文。

潘美玲(2004),全球產業的鑲嵌與群聚:台灣液晶顯示器(TFT-LCD)產業的建立與發展,台灣社會學年會。

盧舜年和鄒坤霖(2002) ,供應鏈管理的第一本書,商周出版。

現代物流/物流技術與戰略(2005),六月第15期。

周士雄(2007),全球資訊科技產業發展研討會,2007年12月,取自 http://innovation4.tdp.org.tw/content/application/mncd/common_info/guest-cnt-browse.php?cnt_id=511

二、英文文獻
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Axaster, S. (2001). A Note on Stock Replenishment and Shipment Scheduling for Vendor-Managed Inventory Systems. Management Science, 47(9), 1306-1310.

Bagozzi, R. P. & Y. Yi. (1988). On the Evaluation of Structural Equation Models. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 16(1), 74-94.

Basta, N. (2003). Vendor-Managed Inventory Forges Supply-Chain Links, Adhesives Age, 46(3), 23-24.

Beamon, B. M. (1999). Measuring supply chain performance, International Journal of Operations & Production Management,19(3), 275-292.

Bentler, P. M. & G. D. Bonett. (1980). Significance Tests and Goodness of Fit in the Analysis of Covariance Structures. Psychological Bulletin, 88(3),588-606.

Bentler, P. M. (1990). Comparative fit indices in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 107(1), 238-246.

Betts, M. (1994). Manage My Inventory or Else. Computer World, 28(5), 93-95.

Benedit, C. & H. Margeridis. (1999) . Chain Reaction. Charter, 70(2), 46-49.

Bleeke, J. & D. Ernst. (1991). The Way to Win in Cross-border Alliances. Harvard Business Review, 69(6), 127-135.

Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural equation modeling with latent variables. New York: John Wiley.

Browne, M. W. & R. Cudeck. (1993). Alternative Ways of Assessing Model Fit ,Testing Structural Equation Models. Newbury Park, CA, Sage.

Breckler, S. J. (1990). Application of Covariance Structure Modeling in Psychology: Cause for Concern? Psychological Bulletin, 107(1), 260-273.

Byson, S., T. Corsi, & V. Alexander. (2003). The e-supply chain portal: a core business model, Transportation Research Part E, 39(2), 175-192.

Cachon, G.P. & P. H. Zipkin. (1999). Competitive and Cooperative Inventory Policies in a Two-Stage Supply Chain. Management Science, 45(7), 936–953.

Cachon, G. P. & M. Fisher. (2000). Supply Chain Inventory Management and the Value of Shared Information. Management Science, 46(8), 1032-1049.

Chin, W. W. & P. Todd. (1995). On the Use, Usefulness, and Ease of Use of Structural Equation Modeling in MIS Research: A note of caution. MIS Quarterly, 19(2), 237-246.

Chaouch, B. A. (2001). Stock Levels and Delivery Rates in Vendor-Managed Inventory Programs. Production and Operations Management, 10(1), 31-44.

Danese, P ., P. Romano. & A. Vinelli. (2004). Managing Business Processes Across Supply Networks: The Role of Coordination Mechanisms, Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, 10(1), 195-177.

De Toni, A. F. & E. Zamolo. (2005). From a Traditional Replenishment System to Vendor-Managed Inventory: A Case Study from the Household Electrical Appliances Sector. International Journal of Production Economics, 96(1), 63-79.

Disney, S. M. & D.R. Towill. (2003). The Effect of Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) Dynamics on the Bullwhip Effect in Supply Chains. International Journal of Production Economics, 85(2), 199-215.

Dong, Y. & K. Xu. (2002). A Supply Chain Model of Vendor Managed Inventory. Transportation Research Part E, 38(2), 75-95.

Dong, Y., K. Xu, & M. Dresner. (2007). Environmental Determinants of VMI Adoption: An Exploratory Analysis. Transportation Research Part E, 43(4) 355-369.

Dreyer, D. (2000). Performance Measurement: A Practitioner's Perspective, Supply Chain Management Review, 5(5), 62-68.

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Fornell, C. & D. F. Larcker. (1981). Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39-50.

Gosain, S., A. Malhotra, & E. Omar. A. (2005). Coordinating for Flexibility in e-Business Supply Chains, Journal of Management Information Systems, 21(3), 7-46.

Hair, J. F., R. E. Anderson., R. L. Tatham & W. C. Black. (1998). Multivariate Data Analysis. 5th ed., Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

Heizer, J. & B. Render.(2004). Principles of Operations Management. 4th edition, Pearson Prentice-Hall.

Holmström, J. (1998a).Implementing Vendor-Managed Inventory the Efficient Way: A Case Study of Partnership in the Supply Chain. Production and Inventory Management Journal, 39(3), 1-5.

Holmström, J. (1998b). Business Process Innovation in the Supply Chain-A Case Study of Implementing Vendor Managed Inventory. European Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 4(2-3), 127-131.

Holmström, J., K. Framling, R. Kaipia, & J. Saranen. (2002). Collaborative Planning of Forecasting and Replenishment:New Solutions Needed for Mass Collaboration. Supply Chain Management, 7(3), 136-145.

Hoyle, R. H. (1995). Structural Equation Modeling: Concepts, Issues and Applications. London: SAGE Publications.

Hutt, M.D., R. E. Stafford, B. A. Walker, & P.H. Reingen. (2000). Case Study: Defining the Social Network of a Strategic Alliance. Sloan Management Review, 41(1), 51-62.

Huang, X., N. S. Geoffrey, & A. Brown. (2004). Measuring New Product Success: an Empirical Investigation of Australian SMEs. Industrial Marketing Management, 33(2), 117-123.

Jöreskog, K. G. (1969). A General Approach to Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Psychometric society. 34(1), 183-202.

Kulp, S. C., H. L. Lee. & E. Ofek. (2004). Manufacturer Benefits from Information Integration with Retail Customers. Management Science. 50(4), 431-444.

Kuk, G. (2004). Effectiveness of Vendor-Managed Inventory in the Electronic Industry: Determinants and Outcomes. Information & Management, 41(5), 645-654.

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Lee, J. & Y. Kim. (1999). Effect of Partnership Quality on Information Systems (IS) Outsourcing Success: Conceptual Framework and Empirical Validation, Journal of Management Information Systems, 15(4), 29-61.

Malhotra,Y.(2004). Integrating Knowledge Management Technologies in Organizational Business Processes: Getting Real Time Enterprises to Deliver Real Business Performance,Journal of Knowledge Management.

Mclvor, R. & M. McHugh. (2000). Partnership Sourcing: An Organization Change Management Perspective. The Journal of Supply Chain Management, 36(3), 12-20.

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Shah, J. B. (2002). ST, HP VMI Program Hitting Its Stride. Electronic Buyers’ News, 42(4), 42-43.

Skjoett-Larsen, T., C. ThernØe. & C. Anderesen. (2003). Supply Chain Collaboration: Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Evidence. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 33(6), 531-549.

Stefansson, G. (2002). Business-to-Business Data Sharing: A Source for Integration of Supply Chains. International Journal of Production Economics, 75(1), 135-146.

Tyan, J. & H. M. Wee. (2003). Vendor Managed Inventory: A Survey of the Taiwanese Grocery Industry. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 9(1), 11-18.

Vokurka, R. J. (1998). Supplier Partnership: A Case Study. Production and Inventory Management Journal, 39(1), 30-36.

Waller, M., M. E. Johnson, & T. Davis. (1999). Vendor-Managed Inventory in the Retail Supply Chain. Journal of Business Logistics, 20(1), 183-203.

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Xu, K., Y. Dong, & P. T. Evers. (2001). Towards Better Coordination of the Supply Chain. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 37(1), 35-54.

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Zhang, T., L. Liang, Y. Yugang, & Y. Yu. (2007). An Integrated Vendor-Managed Inventory Model for a Two-Echelon System with Order Cost Reduction. International Journal of Production Economics, 109(1-2), 241-253.

三、網路文獻
中華映管股份有限公司http://www.cptt.com.tw/cptt/chinese/index.php

友達光電股份有限公司http://auo.com/auoDEV/?ls=tc

奇美電子股份有限公司
http://www.cmo.com.tw/opencms/cmo/index.html?__locale=zh_TW
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