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研究生:張晟
研究生(外文):Cheng Chang
論文名稱:模組化產品設計之裝配性評價法研究
論文名稱(外文):Studies on Modularity for Product Design by Assembly Evaluation Method
指導教授:王中行王中行引用關係
指導教授(外文):C.S.Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:工業設計學系
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:121
中文關鍵詞:同步工程IDEFAPIMDFA/MAEM模組化產品多樣性
外文關鍵詞:Concurrent EngineeringIDEFAPIMDFA/MAEMProduct Variety of Modular Product Design.
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在產品開發過程中,設計階段佔整個產品開發時間最久也影響後續製程最大,本研究中運用同步工程的方式,讓產品在設計的同時就能評估後續的產品製造及產品裝配,以減少後續產品必須進行設計變更之次數及降低設計修改幅度。
研究中以IDEF(Integrated Computer-Aided Manufacturing DEFinition)規劃同步產品開發流程,在初期設計時運用CAD軟體Solid Works API(Application Programmed Interface)進行快速建模,並於產品評估階段導入裝配性評價法(Assemblability Evaluation Method, AEM),運用此方法於設計初期時評估產品之易裝配性,再藉由資深工程師根據其製造限制及製造程序經驗,建立MDFM評估標準,並以程式語言撰寫MDFA/M(Modular Design for Assembly and Manufacturing)輔助評估程式。產品通過MDFA/M評估後,運用模組化設計共同零組件,建構產品模組化多樣性,即可節省Redesign的時間,縮短產品開發時程,使企業達到產品開發時間縮短之目的,研究中以評估自行車花轂及車架作為研究案例說明。
本研究中所完成的具體成果如下:
1. 使用IDEF規劃出視覺化同步產品開發流程,其可清楚呈現產品設計及評估流程。
2. 利用程式語言結合SolidWorks API發展輔助系統,進行快速建模,減少重覆繪製的動作進而縮短產品設計時間。
3. 應用裝配性評價法(AEM)評估產品之易裝配性,並撰寫MDFA/M評估程式,以增加設計端及製造端之間的互動及溝通,減少後續產品設計變更次數及修改幅度。
4. 運用模組化設計之共用零組件特性,以自行車花轂及車架產品設計為研究案例,因應客戶之不同需求達到產品模組化多樣性,並有效縮短產品開發時程。
In a product development process, the product design phase spends most of the product development time and also influences the following manufacturing process the most. This study applies the method of Concurrent Engineering to evaluate product manufacturing and assembly elements when designing products. It can help to decrease the number of design alteration and the range of design adjustment in follow-up product development phases.
In this study, it uses IDEF (Integrated Computer-Aided Manufacturing DEFinition) to plan a concurrent product development process. In the preliminary design phase, this study applies the CAD software — SolidWorks API (Application Programming Interface) to construct the rapid model builds up. This study applies Assemblability Evaluation Method (AEM) in the product evaluation phase. This method is used for evaluating the state of DFA (Design for Assembly) of the product in the early design phase. Furthermore, the manufacturing restriction and manufacturing process are based on the commands from the project senior engineer to construct a MDFM evaluation standard. In the study, it uses Visual Basic to write a MDFA/M (Modular Design for Assembly and Manufacturing) assistive evaluating program. It is used for constructing the variety of product modules. It can help to decrease the time spending for redesign and shorten the product development process. Therefore, an enterprise can accomplish the goal of cutting down the product development time spending through this program. This study evaluates the bicycle hub as case study verification. Because of modular design has the advantage of creating product varieties, this study applies modular design to design equivalent components of a product. It not only can construct product variety, but also can eliminate the time for redesign and decrease the whole product development time spending. In addition, it can help to fit the need of decreasing product development time of a corporation.
This research completes the following works:
1. Applying IDEF to plan a visualized concurrent product development process to show a clear presentation of product design process and evaluation process.
2. Integrating Visual Basic and SolidWorks API to develop an assistive system for processing the rapid model build up. It can help to decrease the repeated drawing action and shorten the time for product design.
3. Applying AEM to evaluate the assemble ability of product and write MDFA/M evaluating program. This method can increase the interaction and communication chances between design end and manufacturing end to decrease the number of product design alteration and the range of design adjustment.
4. Utilizing the feature of modular design- sharing components in this study and applying bicycle hub and bicycle frame as a research case study of product design. This study tries to create the variety of product modules to satisfy the different needs from customers and shorten the product development process efficiently.
中文摘要 iii
ABSTRACT v
誌 謝 viii
目 錄 ix
圖 目 錄 xii
表 目 錄 xv
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 研究目的 2
1-3 研究方法及步驟 3
1-4 全文架構 6
第二章 文獻探討 8
2-1 同步工程 8
2-2 模組化產品設計 12
2-3 IDEF圖形化工具 15
2-4 設計考量 18
2-5 自行車產品設計 22
2-6 文獻小結 26
第三章 模組化產品開發架構 27
3-1 IDEF 0 27
3-1-1 IDEF 0基本元件 27
3-1-2 IDEF 0活動銜接 29
3-1-3 IDEF 0之系統功能展開 30
3-2 模組化產品開發 32
3-2-1模組化設計方式 32
3-2-2模組類型 34
3-2-3模組化產品之應用方式 36
3-3 Solid Works API 40
3-4 產品設計考量 47
3-4-1產品裝配評價法 (AEM) 47
3-4-2 DFM 54
3-4-3 MDFA/M 55
第四章 實例驗證 56
4-1 建構模組化同步開發流程 56
4-1-1 專案產品設計規劃 56
4-1-2 專案產品設計規劃之功能模式(A1) 58
4-2 模組化產品設計 63
4-2-1 模組資料建構及分解 64
4-2-2 定義產品架構 66
4-3 專案評估程式建構 68
4-3-1 定義裝配條件及快速建模功能模式(A2) 69
4-3-2產品裝配條件限制 71
4-3-3 API快速建模 74
4-3-4 MDFA評估程式功能模式(A3) 81
4-3-5 MDFA評估輔助程式 81
4-3-6 分件細部設計功能模式(A4) 85
4-3-7 MDFM評估程式功能模式(A5) 86
4-3-8 MDFM評估輔助程式 87
4-4 模組多樣性 94
4-4-1 傳動模組多樣性 94
4-4-2 車架模組多樣性 96
第五章 結論 99
5-1 結論 99
5-2 未來展望 100
參考文獻 101
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英文部分:
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