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研究生:鄭懋樺
研究生(外文):Mao-Hua Cheng
論文名稱:在嵌入式系統上的多媒體視訊之電力效率分析
論文名稱(外文):Energy Efficiency Analysis of Multimedia Video Decoding on Embedded System
指導教授:林祝興林祝興引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chu-Hsing Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:資訊工程與科學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:36
中文關鍵詞:編碼器電力消耗嵌入式系統
外文關鍵詞:codecenergy consumptionembedded system
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手持裝置的電源管理正日益嚴苛、困難,理由是其應用功能仍在持續高度擴展,過去手機沒有MP3功能、沒有照相功能,如今不僅幾乎快成必備,還要附有收音機功能、閃光燈功能;其中,影音應用因需要高複雜的影音解碼運算能力,其在手持裝置上的耗電就勢必成為一嚴苛挑戰。近幾年,視頻編碼器非常多樣,在這篇論文上,我們試著從在嵌入式系統下的電力測試分析找出最佳節能的視頻壓縮編碼器,並針對各種不同的File Type、File Format、Codec參數作調整,以研究其對電力耗用的影響。
There are more and more applications provided and played by embedded systems, such as radio, camera functions, audio and video media. Due to the complex computing characteristic of video decoding, the video applications consumes large amount of energy and demands an efficient strategy for power management. Codecs are used to encode video media from original sources of films; lots of new compression codecs are released in recent years.
In this thesis, we aim to find the optimal video codecs on embedded systems from analyses of energy consumptions. Experiments have been done to investigate the effects of various codecs, file formats, and parameters of codecs.
Contents
List of Tables
List of Figures
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Codecs
2.1. MPEG-4
2.2. DivX
2.3. XviD
2.4. H.263
2.5. WMV
Chapter 3 Experiment Setting
3.1. Experiment Environment
3.2. Experiment Setup
Chapter 4 Experiment Result
4.1. Experiment 1
4.2. Experiment 2
4.3. Experiment 3
4.3.1 Experiment Module 1
4.3.2 Experiment Module 2
Chapter 5 Conclusions
Chapter 6 Future Work
Bibliography
[1] K. Lahiri, A. Raghunathan, S. Dey, and D. Panigrahi, “Battery driven system design: a new frontier in low power design,” In Proc. ASP-DAC/VLSI Design 2002, Bangalore, India, January 2002, pp. 261-267.
[2] MPEG Industry Forum. [Online]. Available: http://www.m4if.org/
[3] Overview of the MPEG-4 Standard:
http://www.chiariglione.org/mpeg/standards/mpeg-4/mpeg-4.htm
[4] International Telecommunication Union, ITU. [Online].
Available: http://www.itu.int/
[5] Chu-Hsing Lin, Jung-Chun Liu, Chun-Wei Liao, "Energy Analysis of Multimedia Video Decoding on Mobile Handheld Devices,” 2007 International Conference on Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering (MUE07), Seoul, Korea, April 26-28, 2007, pp.120 – 125.
[6] Chu-Hsing Lin, Jung-Chun Liu, Chun-Wei Liao, “Energy Consumption Analysis of Audio Applications on Mobile Handheld Devices,” Proceedings of IEEE TENCON 2007, Intelligent Information Communication Technologies for Better Human Life, Taipei, Taiwan, Oct. 31-Nov. 3, 2007. (EI)
[7] Chu-Hsing Lin, J. C. Liu, M. H. Cheng, “Energy Analysis of Multimedia Video Decoding on Embedded Systems,” accepted and to present in The International Conference on Information Networking 2008 (ICOIN2008), Paradise Hotel, Busan, Korea, January 23 - January 25, 2008.
[8] Chu-Hsing Lin, C. S. Shih, J. C. Liu, M. H. Cheng, and Y. W. Lee, “Energy Efficiency Measurement for Multimedia Audio Decoding on Embedded Systems,” accepted and to present in The Second International Conference on Ubiquitous Information Management and Communication (ACM ICUIMC 2008) to be held in Suwon, Korea, Jan. 31 – Feb. 1, 2008.
[9] International Electrotechnical Commission,IEC.
[Online]. Available: http://www.iec.ch/
[10] HD-DVD Promotion Group. [Online]. Available: http://www.hddvdprg.com/
[11] Blu-ray Disc Association. [Online]. Available: http://www.blu-raydisc.com/
[12] Applications and Requirements for Scalable Video Coding, MPEG-document ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 N5540, Mar. 2003.
[13] DivXNetworks, Inc. [Online]. Available: http://www.divx.com/divx/
[14] XviD Software Package [Online]. Available: http://www.xvid.org/
[15] G. Cote, B. Erol, M. Gallant, F. Kossentini, “H.263+: Video Coding at Low Bit Rates,” IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Nov. 1998, pp. 849-866.
[16] W. Ashmawi, R. Guerin, S. Wolf, and M. Pinson, “On the impact of policing and rate guarantees in DiffServ networks: A video streaming application perspective,” Proceedings of the 2001 conference on Applications, Technologies, Architectures, and Protocols for Computer Communications, California, United States, Aug. 2001, pp. 83-95.
[17] SUPER©: http://www.erightsoft.com/SUPER.html
[18] TCPMP: http://tcpmp.corecodec.org/
[19] DMATEK Corp. http://www.dmatek.com.tw
[20] N. R. Potlapally, S. R., A. Raghunathan, and N. K. Jha, “A Study of the Energy Consumption Characteristics of Cryptographic Algorithms and Security Protocols,” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, Issue 2, Volume 5, Feb. 2006, pp.128 – 143.
[21] T. K. Tan, A. Raghunathan, and N. K. Jha., “A simulation framework for energy-consumption analysis of OS-driven embedded applications,” IEEE Trans. on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Sept. 2003, pp. 1284-1294.
[22] National Instruments, Optimizing LabVIEW Embedded Applications (search keyword), http://www.ni.com
[23] National Instruments Corp. http://www.ni.com
[24] M. L. Higa, D. M. Tawy, S. M. Lord, “An introduction to LabVIEW exercise for an electronics class” The 32nd ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference, Boston, MA, Volume 1, 6-9 Nov. 2002 pp.T1D-13 - T1D-16 vol.1
[25] K.-M. Ho, W.-F. Poon, and K.-T. Lo, “Performance Study of Large-Scale Video Streaming Services in Highly Heterogeneous Environment” IEEE Trans. on Broadcasting, vol. 53, no. 4, Dec. 2007
[26] K.M. Ho, W.F. Poon and K.T. Lo, “Investigating the Performance of Hierarchical Video-on-Demand System in Heterogeneous Environment” The 2nd international conference on ubiquitous information Management and Communication, Jan. 2008
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