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研究生:邱雅惠
研究生(外文):Ya-Huei Chiou
論文名稱:化學氧化法製備含金屬奈米粒之聚吡咯導電織物及性質鑑定
論文名稱(外文):Preparation of Conductive Textiles Containing Polypyrrole and Metal Nanoparticles by Chemical Oxidation Method and Property Characterization
指導教授:王賢達王賢達引用關係
口試委員:曾勝茂趙豫州
口試日期:2008-07-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:有機高分子研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:117
中文關鍵詞:聚吡化學氧化法金屬奈米粒導電織物
外文關鍵詞:PyrrolePolypyrroleChemical OxidationMetal NanoparticleConductive Fabric
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本研究係以氯化鐵氧化劑與吡咯在水溶液中,於織物表面(織物選用棉、Nylon 6及PET)以化學聚合方式形成導電薄膜。並以自行合成出金屬奈米微粒溶液(金、銀、銅三種)與吡咯一同聚合形成導電膜並披覆在織物上。織物導電性以四點探針方式測定。織物上的金屬含量由原子吸收光譜儀(AA)量測,並以能量散射光譜儀(EDS)佐證。
實驗結果顯示,反應時添加入奈米金屬溶液,所得到的導電織物表面電阻皆比未添加奈米金屬溶液所產生的導電織物表面電阻來得低。AA數據顯示,金屬存在於導電織物。金大概是最容易併入導電織物的聚吡咯層,銀次之,銅較差。含與不含金屬導電織物表面電阻之差距,與織物金屬含量有些關係,但並非絕對成正比。EDS結果顯示,導電織物除含有C、N、O和金屬元素外,存在陰離子Cl-。導電織物的電磁波遮蔽效益和耐水洗性,有改進的空間。
Pyrrole with various amount of metal nanoparticles including Au、Ag and Cu was chemically oxidized by iron(III) chloride hexahydrate in water and deposited as a polymer film on the surface of fabrics(cotton and nylon 6 and PET).The surface resistivities of above conductive textiles were measured by four-point probe method. The existence of metal on the fabric was identified using atomic absorption spectroscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry.
It indicated that the surface resistivities of metal nanoparticles and polypyrrole coated cotton fabric was lower than that of polypyrrole cotton fabric. The same kind of trend was found for metal nanoparticles and polypyrrole coated nylon 6 or PET fabric. The surface of polypyrrole-coated fibers of metal-containing fabric was smooth according to scanning electron microscopic images. Electromagnetic shielding and resistance of polypyrrole loss for laundry were fair for the conductive fabrics prepared by above method.
目 錄
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iii
目 錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 2
1.3研究方法 2
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2.1 導電高分子 3
2.1.1 導電高分子簡介 3
2.1.2 高分子導電理論 3
2.1.3導電高分子的電磁波遮蔽 8
2.2 聚吡咯導電複材 9
2.2.1 聚吡咯合成 9
2.2.2聚吡咯披覆織物製備 13
2.2.3含金屬聚吡咯 16
第三章 實驗材料及方法 19
3.1 實驗材料 19
3.1.1 織物 19
3.1.2實驗藥品 19
3.2 實驗器材 21
3.3 鑑定儀器及測試方法 21
3.3.1紫外光/可見光光譜儀 21
3.3.2粒徑分析儀 22
3.3.3 低電阻係數測試儀 22
3.3.4 原子吸收光譜儀 22
3.3.5 掃描式電子顯微鏡 23
3.3.6 高解析掃描式電子顯微鏡能量分散光譜儀 23
3.3.7 高溫快速染色機 24
3.3.8 頻譜分析儀 24
3.4 實驗步驟 25
3.4.1 金屬奈米微粒製備 25
3.4.1.1 製備金奈米粒子 25
3.4.1.2 製備銀奈米粒子 25
3.4.1.3 製備銅奈米粒子 25
3.4.2導電織物製備 28
3.4.3含金屬導電織物製備 28
3.4.4含金屬導電織物製備(用於電磁波遮蔽量測) 28
第四章、結果與討論 31
4.1奈米金屬粒溶液之鑑定 31
4.1.1 UV-VIS光譜分析 31
4.1.2 粒徑分析 31
4.1.3 AA光譜分析 31
4.2聚吡咯披覆織物表面電阻分析 33
4.3含金屬導電織物表面電阻分析 38
4.3.1棉導電織物表面電阻 38
4.3.2尼龍6導電織物表面電阻 42
4.3.3PET導電織物表面電阻 46
4.4含金屬導電織物AA分析 50
4.4.1棉導電織物AA分析 50
4.4.2尼龍 6導電織物AA分析 53
4.4.3 PET導電織物AA分析 56
4.5導電織物之表面型態 59
4.6導電織物EDS分析 60
4.7 導電織物水洗分析 64
4.8 導電織物之電磁波遮蔽效益 67
第五章 結論 69
參考文獻 71
附錄A 金屬奈米微粒粒徑分析 75
附錄B 導電織物表面電阻(導電度)數據 76
附錄C 含金屬導電織物AA分析 93
附錄D 聚吡咯披覆織物水洗數據 108
附錄E 聚吡咯披覆織物表面電阻(導電度)數據 109
附錄F聚吡咯披覆織物電磁波遮蔽效益 112
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