(3.231.166.56) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/08 10:19
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:馮玉騏
研究生(外文):Yu-Chie Feng
論文名稱:台灣民眾政治信任感的來源及其政治後果
論文名稱(外文):The Sources and Consequence of Political Trust in Taiwan
指導教授:林聰吉林聰吉引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:公共行政學系公共政策碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:公共行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:政治信任民主價值民主支持度民主滿意度民主轉型民主鞏固
外文關鍵詞:political trustdemocratic valuessupport for democracysatisfaction with democracydemocratic transitiondemocratic consolidation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
  • 點閱點閱:375
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
新興民主國家歷經民主轉型之後下一個重要的課題是避免民主倒退同時走向民主鞏固。台灣自1987年解嚴以後,威權體制逐漸瓦解,民主轉型由早期菁英的支持與倡議,發展至今,一般民眾對於民主體制支持的程度成為台灣民主鞏固與否的一個重要指標。本文以2004年的調查資料探討影響台灣民眾政治信任感的因素,並以民主化的角度,討論台灣民眾政治信任感所反映的內容。由台灣民眾政治信任感的社會結構發現,台灣民眾的政治信任感普遍偏低,且在不同社會背景的民眾之間對於政治信任感分佈並沒有嚴重分歧,然而政黨分歧對於台灣民眾的政治信任感程度的差異具有一定程度的重要性。以影響民眾政治信任感的因素而言,民眾對於總體經濟評價與對總統的滿意度皆為顯著的影響因素。台灣民主轉型的過程中,除了對於民主轉型後的政府政治信任感不升反降,並造成對民主實施結果的不滿意外,台灣民眾由單純的對政府不滿意似乎已擴及至對於民主政體的不信任。由於民眾的政治信任感程度的社會背景因素並無嚴重的分歧,政府若能提升其施政能力以尋求人民的支持,提高民眾的政治信任感,有助於民眾對於民主制度實施的滿意度,同時避免失去人民對於民主制度的支持,對台灣的民主鞏固的發展將有正面的助益。

The important issues after the democratic transition of emerging democracies are to avoid retrogression and to lead the country toward democratic consolidation. Since 1987, after the lifting of martial law in Taiwan, the authoritarian system collapsed gradually, and the development of democratic transition was supported by elite in the early initiative. Now, It’s supported by the general public and its extent becomes an important indicator of democratic consolidation in Taiwan. Based on 2004 survey, I try to discuss the factors that affected the sense of political trust for the people in Taiwan, and to discuss the phenomenon of political trust which reflected by the activities of people in Taiwan from the democratization point of view. From the social fabric of the people of Taiwan''s political trust, we could recognize that the level of political trust is generally low, and, the socio-demographic distribution is not so different between different societies.But, there has some degree of importance in different political parties to affect the level of political trust for the people in Taiwan. It influences some factors of the public confidence, such as the overall economic satisfaction assessment and the satisfaction assessment of president. During Taiwan''s democratic transformation process, the political trust index dropped rather than increased, and, it also made dissatisfied results of the implementation of democracy. The people of Taiwan seems to be dissatisfied from the government to the democracies. Because there has no big different in the social background, it will have a positive benefit for the consolidation of Taiwan''s democracy development, if the government could try to improve its administrative capability to seek the support of the people, to increase the people''s political trust, to enhance the satisfaction of implementing the democratic system, and to avoid losing the people''s support for the democratic system.

目 錄

第一章 緒論………………………………………………………..…1
第一節 研究動機……………………………………………..……….1
第二節 文獻檢閱……………………………………………..……….4
第三節 研究問題與設計………………………………………….…...18

第二章 台灣民眾政治信任感的持續與變遷……………..…….…...24
第一節 政治信任感的變遷……………………………………………..24
第二節 政治信任感的社會背景差異…………………………………....33

第三章 台灣民眾政治信任感變動因素及民主效果………………..38
第一節 台灣民眾政治信任感的變動因素……………………………….38
第二節 政治信任感的民主效果………………………………………...43

第四章 結論…………………………………………………………..49
第一節 研究發現……………………………………………..……....50
第二節 未來研究建議………………………………………..….…....53

附錄一…………………………………………………………………..55
附錄二…………………………………………………………………..56附錄三…………………………………………………………………..59
附錄四…………………………………………………………………..60
參考書目………………………………………………………………..61
圖表目次
圖1-1 政治信任感的來源及政治後果研究架構圖………………20
表2-1 台灣民眾政治信任感各面向的歷年變遷趨勢(1992-2004…………29
表2-2 台灣民眾政治信任感的歷年變遷趨勢(1992-2004)….………….…….…….….……….30
表2-3 政治信任感程度與社會人口變項交叉分析表(2004..………..36
表3-1 政治信任感之多元迴歸分析(2004年)…………..…….39
表3-2 政治信任感的民主效果(2004年)…………….…………44

參考書目
一、西文文獻部分
Abravanel, Martin D.; Busch, Ronald J. 1975 “Political Competence, Political Trust, and the Action Orientations of University.” The Journal of Politics 37(1): 57-82
Bower, Robert.1985. The Changing Television Audience in American. New York; Columbia University Press.
Chanley, Virginia A.; Rudolph, Thomas J.; Rahn Wendy M. 2000 “The origins and consequences of public trust in government.” The Public Opinion Quarterly 64(3): 239-256.
Citrin, Jack.1974. “Comment: The Political Relevance of Trust in Government.” American Political Science Review 68(September): 973-88
Citrin, Jack; Green, Donald Philip.1986 “Presidential Leadership and the Resurgence of Trust in Government.” British Journal of Political Science 16(4): 431-453
Craig, S. C.(1980).“The Mobilization of Political Discontent.”, Political Behavior, Vol.2, No.2, pp.189-209.
Easton, David. 1975. “A Re-Assessment of the Concept of Political Support.” British Journal of Political Science 5(4): 435-457.
Feldman, Stanley. 1983. “The Measure and Meaning of Trust in Government.” Political methodology 9: 341-354.
Finkel, Steven E. 1987 “The Effects of Participation on Political Efficacy and Political Support: Evidence from a West German Panel.” The Journal of Politics 49(2): 444-464.
Greenstein, Fred I. 1965. Children and Politics. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press
Hetherington, Marc J. 1998. “The Political Relevance of Political Trust.” The American Political Science Review. 92(4): 791-808.
Hetherington, Marc J.; Globetti Suzanne. 2002. “Political Trust and Racial Policy Preferences” American Journal of Political Science 46(2): 253-275
Iglitzin, L. 1974. The Making of the Apolitical Woman: Feminity and Sex-Sterotyping in Girls.. New York, John Wiley
Miller, Authur 1974. “Political Issues and Trust in Government: 1964-1970” American Political Science Review, 68(3): 951-72.
Muller, Arthur H. and Borrelli, Stephen. 1991. “Confidence in Govement During the 1980s.” American Politics Qusrterly 19(April): 147-73.
Muller, Edward N. 1970. “Correlates and Consequences of Beliefs in the Legitimacy of Regime Structures.” Midwest Journal of Political Science 14(3): 392-412.
Muller, Edward N.; Jukam, Thomas O.; Seligson, Mitchell A.. 1982. “Diffuse Political Support and Antisystem Political Behavior: A Comparative Analysis.” American Journal of Political Science 26(2): 240-264.
Muller, Edward N.; Seligson, Mitchell A., and Turan, Ilter. 1987. ”Education, Participation, and Support for Democratic Norms.” Comparative Politics 20(1): 19-33
Newton, Kenneth. 2001. “Trust, Social Capital, k Civil Society, and Democracy.” International Political Science Review. 22(2): 201-214.
Parker, Suzanne L.; Parker, Glenn R..1993. “Why Do We Trust Our Congressman?” The Journal of Politic 55(2): 442-453.
Rose, Richard. 1997. “Political efficacy and trust: A re port on NES pilot study items.” The Journal of Political. 59(2): 418-451.
Stokes, Donald E. 1962. “Popular Evaluations of Government: An Empirical Assessment.” In Ethics and Bigness: Scientific, Academic, Religious, Political, and Military, ed. Harlan Cleveland and Harold D. Lasswell. New York: Harper and Brothers.
Verba, S., Burns, N., and K. L. Schlozman. 1997.“Knowing and Caring about Politics: Gender and Political Engagement.”, The Journal of Politics, Vol.59, No.4, pp. 1051-72.
Weatherford, M. Stephen. 1984.“Economic Stagflation and Public Support for the Political System.”, British Journal of Political Science, Vo. 14, pp. 187-205.

二、中文文獻部分
朱雲漢,2004,〈台灣民主發展的困境與挑戰〉,《台灣民主季刊》,1(1):143-162。
林聰吉,2006,〈政治支持與民主鞏固〉,「『再訪民主理論、制度與經驗』台灣政治學會年會暨學術研討會」論文,(11月25-26日),台北:國立台北大學。
林聰吉,2007,〈解析台灣的民主政治:以民主支持度與滿意度為觀察指標〉,《選舉研究》,14(1),即將出版。
施正仁,2004,《政治效能感與政治參與—2004總統大選的個案分析》。碩士論文,淡江大學公共行政學系碩士班。
陳陸輝、陳義彥,2002,〈政治功效意識、政治信任以及台灣選民的民主價值〉,「2001年台灣選舉與民主化調查研究學術論文研討會」論文(10月19-20日),台北:國立政治大學選舉研究中心。
陳陸輝,2002,〈政治信任感與台灣地區選民投票行為〉,《選舉研究》,9(2):1-38。
陳陸輝,2003,〈政治信任、施政表現與民眾對台灣民主的展望〉,《台灣政治學刊》,7(2):149-188。
陳陸輝,2006,〈政治信任的政治後果──以2004年立法委員選舉為例〉,《台灣民主季刊》,3(2):39-63。
盛治仁,2003,〈台灣民眾民主價值及政治信任感研究──政黨輪替前後的比較〉,《選舉研究》,10(1):115-169。
黃秀端、趙湘瓊,1996,〈台灣婦女近十年來政治態度的變遷──民國七十二年至八十一年〉,《問題與研究》,35(10):71-95。


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔