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研究生:楊建珉
研究生(外文):Chien-Mine Yang
論文名稱:兩種延遲付款方式下允許缺貨且含有不良品的製造商與零售商之整合存貨模式
論文名稱(外文):Integrated Manufacturers and Retailer Involve Defective Items with Allowable Shortage Under Two Kind of Permissible Delay In Payments
指導教授:歐陽良裕歐陽良裕引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liang-Yuh Ouyang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:管理科學研究所碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:延遲付款不良品數量折扣整合存貨模式
外文關鍵詞:Permissible Delay In PaymentsDefective ItemsIntegrated Inventory ModeQuantity Discounts
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在競爭愈來愈激烈的時代,企業為了更具競爭優勢,整合製造商與零售商的供應鏈可以有效的使雙方均能獲利。由於製造商的生產過程不完善、機器設備老舊,或員工搬運不小心等原因,致使零售商收到貨品中含有不良品。若零售商未經檢查而直接將貨品販售給顧客,顧客會產生抱怨,要求退換,甚至日後不再上門購買。另外,零售商為了減少存貨成本,而訂購較少的數量,若發生缺貨現象時,由於貨品的特性,顧客仍願意等候欠撥。再者,製造商為了提高產品的市佔率,常會提供零售商延遲付款策略,或是數量折扣
的優惠,以吸引零售商訂購更多貨品。
本文主要延伸黃炳豪 (2006) 的存貨整合模式。文中包含四個章節,第一章說明研究動機與目的、文獻探討及研究架構三部份。第二章在製造商提供兩種延遲付款策略下,建立零售商收到貨品中含有不良品,允許缺貨且完全欠撥的整合製造商與零售商之存貨模式。第三章延續第二章的研究,製造商提供單一延遲付款策略下,零售商的購買成本與訂購量有關,建立整合製造商與零售商的存貨模式。對於本研究所建立的模式,我們利用數學方法求得最適解存在的充要條件。接著,建立演算法以利求解,並舉例說明求解的過程與做敏感度分析。第四章提出本研究的結論和未來研究的方向。
In business competition more and more intense time, in order to has the competitive advantage, integrated manufacturer and retailer''s supply chain may effective enable both sides to create profits. Due to the imperfection of supplier’s prodution process, the machine equipment is obsolete and the staff transports not carefully, the retailer receives items which inculded defective items. If the retailer directly sold to the customer not through the inspection items, it would cause the consumers to complain and request to return, even no longer will purchase in the future. In addition, in order to decrerse the inventory cost, the retailer will order fewer items. If it will result in shortage, as a result of goods characteristic, the customer still was willing to wait for. Furthermore, the manufacturer often offers the retailer a delayed in payments or quantity discounts to improve market share and attraction retailer order more items.
This thesis extends the integrated inventory models of Huang (2006). Chapter 1 involves the motivation and objective of this thesis, in this chapter, literature review about relative research papers is also inculded. Chapter 2 considers the defective items in retailer’s arrival order lot with backlogging. We establish an intergrated manufacturer and retailer inventory model under two kind of permissible delay in payments. In Chapter 3, we extend model for Chapter 2, in which the effect of purchase cost dependent order-size. We establish an intergrated manufacturer and retailer inventory model under permissible delay in payments. The necessary and sufficient conditions of the existence and uniqueness of the optimal solutions for the two models are shown. In addition, an algorithm is provided to determine the optimal solution for each model. Numerical examples and sensitivity analyses are presented to illustrate the theoretical results. Chapter 4 the conclusion of this thesis and future research durections are proposed.
目錄 I
表目錄 III
使用符號一覽表 IV
基本假設 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究動機與目的 1
1.2文獻探討 2
1.3研究架構 5
第二章 兩種延遲付款方式下允許缺貨且含有不良品的製造商與零售 商之整合存貨模式 7
2.1前言 7
2.2符號與假設 10
2.3模式的建立 11
2.4模式求解 22
2.5數值範例 38
第三章 數量折扣和延遲付款下允許缺貨且含有不良品的製造商與零售商之整合存貨模式45
3.1前言 45
3.2符號與假設 46
3.3模式的建立 47
3.4模式求解 57
3.5數值範例 74
第四章 結論 79
4.1主要研究成果 79
4.2未來研究方向 81
參考文獻 82

表目錄
頁次
表2-1 範例2.1最適解的求解過程 39
表2-2 兩種延遲付款期限值變動下的最適解彙整表 41
表3-1 不同訂購數量下的單位貨品價格 74
表3-2 範例3.1最適解的求解過程 75
表3-3 延遲付款期限和期望不良率變動下的最適解彙整表 76

圖目錄
頁次
圖 2- 1 當 時,零售商的存貨水準示意圖 17
圖 2- 2 當 時,零售商的存貨水準示意圖 18
圖 2- 3 當 時,零售商的存貨水準示意圖 19
圖 3- 1 當 時,零售商的存貨水準示意圖 52
圖 3- 2 當 時,零售商的存貨水準示意圖 53
圖 3- 3 當 時,零售商的存貨水準示意圖 54
中文文獻:
[1] 李鈞 (2004) 。生產管理。初版,台北市:前程企業管理有限 公司。

[2] 陳良和 (2006)。允許延遲付款的一些存貨系統之研究。淡江大學管理科學研究所博士學位論文。

[3] 黃炳豪 (2006)。含有不良品、允許缺貨欠撥且可延遲付款的整合零售商與製造商之最適生產與訂購策略。淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士學位論文。

[4] 蘇家嫻 (2007)。信用交易條件下整合供應商與零售商之供應鏈系統的最適訂購與運送策略。淡江大學管理科學研究所博士學位文。

[5] 楊志德 (2007)。考慮非即時退化性物品的一些確定性存貨模式之研究。淡江大學管理科學研究所博士學位論文。

英文文獻:
[1] Abad, P. L. (1988). Determinig optimal selling price and lot size when the supplier offers all-unit quantity discount. Decision Sciences, 19(3), 622-634.

[2] Banerjee, A . (1986). A joint economic-lot-size model for purchaser and vendor. Decision Sciences, 17(3), 292-311.

[3] Chiu, Y. P. (2003). Determining the optimal lot size for the finite production model with random defective rate, the rework process and backlogging. Engineering Optimization, 35(4), 427-437.

[4] Fordyce, J. M. and Webster, F. M. (1984). Nonconstant unit cost/price with the Wagner-Whitin algorithm. Production and Inventory Management. 26(1), 71-80.

[5] Goyal, S. K. (1976). An integranted inventory model for a single supplier-singgle customer problem.International Journal of Production Research, 15(1), 107-111.

[6] Goyal, S. K. (1985). Economic order quantity under conditions of permissible delay in payments. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 36(4), 335-339.

[7] Goyal, S. K. (1988). A joint economics-lot-size model for purchaser and vendor: a comment. Decision Sciences, 19(1), 236-241.

[8] Goyal, S. K. and Nebebe, F. (2000). Determination of economic prodution-shipment policy for a single-vendor-single-buyer system. European Journal of Operational Research, 121(1), 175-178.

[9] Haley, C. W. and Higgins, R. C. (1973). Inventory policy and trade credit financing, Management Science, 20(4), 464-471.

[10] Huang, Y. F. (2003). Optimal retailer’s ordering policies in the EOQ Model under trade credit financing. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 54(9), 1011-1015.

[11] Jammal, A. M. M., Sarker, B. R. and Wang, S. (1997). An ordering policiesfor deteriorating items with allowable shortages and permissible delay in payment. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 48(8), 826-833.

[12] Kelle, P., Al-khateeb, F. and Miller, P. A. (2003). Partnership and negotiation support by joint optimal ordering/setup policies for JIT.International Journal of Production Economics, 81-82, 431-441.

[13] Mendoza, A. and Ventura, J. (2008). Incorporating quantity discounts to the EOQ model with transportation costs. International Journal of Production Economics, 113(2), 754-765.

[14] Monahan, J. P. (1984). A quantity discount pricing model to increase vendor profits. Management Science, 30(6), 720-726.

[15] Ouyang, L. Y. and Chuang, K. W. (2004). Economic order quantity with shortage and quantity discounts under permissible delay in payments.Journal of Information and Optimization Sciences, 25(1), 53-61.

[16] Ouyang, L. Y., Ho, C. H. and Su, C. H. (2005). Optimal strategy for the integrated vendor-buyer inventory model with adjustable production rate and trade credit. International Journal of Information and Management Sciences, 16(4), 19-37.

[17] Ouyang, L. Y., Wu, K. S. and Ho, C. H. (2008). An integrated vendor–buyer inventory model with quality improvement and lead time reduction. International Journal of Production Economics, in press.

[18] Ouyang, L. Y., Teng, J. T., Goyal, S. K. and Yang, C. T. (2007). An economic order quantity model for deteriorating items with partially permissible delay in payments linked to order quantity. European Journal of Operational Research, 15(1), 25-42.

[19] Paknejad, M. J., Nasri, F. and Affisco, J. F. (1995). Defective units in a continuous review (s,Q) system. International Journal of Production Research, 33(10), 2767-2777.

[20] Salameh, M. K. and Jaber, M. Y. (2000). Economic production quantity model for items with imperfect quality. International Journal of Production Economics, 64(3), 59-64.

[21] Schwaller, R. L. (1988). EOQ under inspection costs. Production and Inventory Management Journal, 29(3), 22-24

[22] Shah, V. R., Patel, N. C. and Shah, D. K. (1988).
Economic ordering quantity when delay in payments of order and shortages are permittedGujarat Statistical Review, 15(2), 52-56.

[23] Tersine, R. J. and Toelle, R. A. (1985). Lot size determination with quantity discounts. Production and Inventory Management, 26(3), 1-23.

[24] Wee, H. M. (1999). Deteriorating inventory model with quantity discount, pricing and partial backlogging. International Journal of Prodution Economics, 59(1-3), 511-518.

[25] Wu, K. S. and Ouyang, L. Y. (2001). (Q,r,L) inventory model with Defective items. Computers and Industrial Engineering, 39(1-2), 173-185.

[26] Yao, M. J. and Chiou, C. C. (2004). On a replenishment coordination model in an integrated supply chain with one vendor and multiple buyers. European Journal of Operational Research, 159(2), 406-419.
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