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研究生:李廣韻
研究生(外文):Lee Kuang-Yun
論文名稱:唐氏症兒童音韻覺識構音音韻與口腔動作能力之研究
指導教授:錡寶香錡寶香引用關係
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:臺北市立教育大學
系所名稱:溝通障礙碩士學位學程
學門:教育學門
學類:特殊教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:唐氏症構音音韻口腔動作音韻覺識
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本研究選取大台北地區17名三年級至七年級的唐氏症兒童為研究對象,(1)探討唐氏症兒童的構音音韻能力與構音音韻錯誤類型,(2)分析唐氏症兒童的口腔結構及口腔的動作能力,(3)了解唐氏症兒童的音韻覺識能力,(4)分析比較唐氏症兒童的構音音韻能力與口腔結構與口腔動作的關連,(5)探究唐氏症兒童構音音韻能力與音韻覺識能力的關係, (6)分析比較影響唐氏症兒童的構音音韻能力、口腔動作能力與音韻覺識能力的相關因素,其中包含認知能力、語言理解能力、年齡。
本研究的結果可以歸納為以下五點:(1) 唐氏症兒童的構音音韻能力以塞音與鼻音為最佳,擦音及塞擦音為最差。(2)唐氏症兒童的音韻歷程以塞音化、塞擦音化、不捲舌化和不送氣化為主。(3)唐氏症兒童出現齒列不整的問題和舌頭過大的疑慮。而不論唐氏症兒童構音音韻能力如何,有意志模仿的口腔動作如:輪替動作等表現皆差。(4)唐氏症兒童的構音音韻能力與音韻覺識能力達顯著相關,即構音音韻能力佳的唐氏症兒童也有較佳的音韻覺識能力。(5)唐氏症兒童的構音音韻能力和口腔動作能力並未出現顯著的相關。
另外,本研究也發現唐氏症兒童的語言理解和認知能力與其構音音韻和音韻覺識的能力有相關、認知能力和口腔動作亦有相關,然而主要照顧者的教育程度和年齡與唐氏症兒童的構音音韻、口腔動作能力則沒有顯著的相關。。
The purposes of this study were to explore the phonological abilities of children with Down Syndrome, including articulation ability, types of phonological processes, oral structure and oral motor abilities, and phonological awareness. In addition, the current study also aimed to (1) find out the relationships between articulation and oral structure and oral motor abilities of children with Down syndrome ; (2) to analyze the relationships between the articulation and phonological awareness of children with Down syndrome ; and (6) to investigate the factors(i.e. cognition, language comprehension ,age that might influence the articulation, oral motor and phonological awareness of children with Down syndrome.
The results of this study could be summarized as follws:(1)children with Down Syndrome tended to produce stop and nasal consonants accurately, while fricatives and affricates were often in error.(2)The phonological process of children with Down syndrome were stopping, affrication, unaspiration and fronting.(3)The problems of oral structure of children with Down syndrome were deviant dentition and macroglossia.(4)The articulation and phonological awareness were found to be positively correlated in children with Down syndrome.(5)There was no significant correlation between the articulation and the oral motor abilitites.
In addition, it was found that cognition and language comprehension correlated with articulation and phonological awareness in children with Down syndrome. The education level of main caregiver and age were not related to the articulation and oral motor abilities of children with Down syndrome. However, cognition was related to the oral motor abilities of children with Down syndrome.
目 次
摘要……………………………………………………………………ⅰ
Abstract………………………………………………………………ⅱ
目次……………………………………………………………………ⅲ
表次……………………………………………………………………ⅴ
圖次……………………………………………………………………ⅵ
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………1

第一節 研究背景與目的…………………………………………1
第二節 研究問題與假設…………………………………………4
第三節 名詞釋義…………………………………………………5

第二章 文獻探討………………………………………………………7

第一節 唐氏症兒童的構音音韻能力發展………………………7
第二節 影響唐氏症兒童的構音音韻能力發展因素……………14
第三節 唐氏症兒童音韻覺識的能力……………………………19

第三章 研究方法………………………………………………………25

第一節 研究架構…………………………………………………25
第二節 研究對象…………………………………………………27
第三節 研究工具…………………………………………………29
第四節 研究步驟…………………………………………………36
第五節 資料處理與分析…………………………………………39

第三章 研究結果與討論………………………………………………40

第一節 唐氏症兒童構音音韻能力分析…………………………40
第二節 唐氏症兒童口腔動作能力之分析………………………52
第三節 唐氏症兒童構音音韻能力與口腔動作能力之關係……65
第四節 唐氏症兒童音韻覺識能力的分析………………………66
第五節 唐氏症兒童構音音韻能力與音韻覺識能力的關係……71
第六節 研究討論…………………………………………………72

第五章 結論與建議………………………………………………… 76

第一節 結論…………………………………………………… 76
第二節 建議…………………………………………………… 78

參考文獻

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附錄
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附錄三…………………………………………………………… 92
附錄四…………………………………………………………… 94
附錄五…………………………………………………………… 95
附錄六…………………………………………………………… 96
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