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研究生:吳婉菱
研究生(外文):Wu, Wan-Ling
論文名稱:長跑選手賽後醣類代謝能力及心率變異度之特性
論文名稱(外文):Effect of Carbohydrate Metabolism and Heart Rate Variation of Long Distance Runners after Competition
指導教授:黃文成黃文成引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huang, Wen-Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北巿立體育學院
系所名稱:運動技術研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:葡萄糖耐受度胰島素敏感度心率變異度
外文關鍵詞:Glucose ToleranceInsulin SensitiveHeart Rate Variability
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目的:了解長跑選手賽後醣類代謝能力及心率變異度 (HRV) 之變化。方法:本研究徵召14名長跑選手,其均接受長期且規律長跑訓練,另以14名規律運動者及14位無運動者為對照組;量測項目包括口服葡萄糖耐受度測試 (oral glucose tolerance test , OGTT) 和HRV。HRV參數包括高頻頻譜 (H F) 、低頻頻譜 (LF) 、高頻百分比、低頻百分比;並以單因子變異數分析比較各組間醣類代謝能力和HRV之差異,以皮爾遜積差相關分析胰島素阻抗指標 (HOMA) 與HRV參數之相關。結果:長跑選手的血糖濃度在OGTT第90、120分鐘以及空腹胰島素濃度顯著低於規律運動組 (p<.05),其第120分鐘顯著低於兩組對照組 (p<.05),而各組間HRV並無顯著差異 (p>.05);HF、LF各別與空腹血糖、空腹胰島素及HOMA呈負相關。結論:長跑選手醣類代謝能力明顯不如規律運動組,可能因賽後疲勞狀態與身體組成之差異所導致;另外,HRV可部分反應代謝適能的變化。
Purpose: This study was to investigate the changes in carbohydrate metabolism and heart rate variability (HRV) of the long-distance runners after competition. Methods: Fourteen long-distance runners with regular and long-term training were recruited. Another 14 volunteers with regular exercise and the other 14 without exercise served as the control groups. Measurements included oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and HRV. HRV parameters comprised high frequency power (HF), low frequency power (LF), the percentage of HF and LF. The differences of carbohydrate metabolism and HRV among groups were analyzed by one-way ANOVA. The correlation between HOMA and HRV was investigated using Pearson’s correlation. Results: significantly low glucose levels at 90th and 120th min during OGTT as well as fasted insulin for long-distance runners were noted comparing to the regular-exercise group (p< .05). Insulin levels at 120th min for long-distance runners were significantly low comparing to the both control groups (p< .05). No significant difference of HRV was noted among the groups (p>.05). HF and LF negatively correlated with fasted glucose, fasted insulin and HOMA, respectively (p< .05). Conclusion: The carbohydrate metabolism of the long-distance runners was inferior to the regular-exercise group, which might be due to the fatigue after competition and the difference of body composition. In addition, HRV could partly reflect the changes in metabolic fitness.
目 錄
論文考試審定書........................................................................................ii
授權書........................................................................................................iii
中文摘要....................................................................................................v
英文摘要....................................................................................................vi
誌謝............................................................................................................vii
目錄............................................................................................................ix
表目錄........................................................................................................xii
圖目錄........................................................................................................xiii
第壹章 緒論
第一節 問題背景...................................................................................1
第二節 研究目的...................................................................................5第三節 研究假設...................................................................................6
第四節 研究的重要性...........................................................................7
第五節 研究範圍及限制.......................................................................8
第六節 名詞操作性定義.......................................................................9第貳章 文獻探討
第一節 肥胖與胰島素之相關性.........................................................13
第二節 運動訓練對身體胰島素敏感度與葡萄糖耐受度的影響.....16
第三節 運動與血糖之關係.................................................................18
第四節 胰島素與葡萄糖耐受度之關係.............................................21
第五節 醣類能源對運動之影響.........................................................24
第六節 長跑選手心率變異度之特性.................................................26
第七節 胰島素阻抗.............................................................................33
第八節 過度訓練對身體之影響.........................................................35
第參章 研究方法
第一節 受試對象.................................................................................39
第二節 實驗方法.................................................................................40
第三節 實驗儀器與使用方法、原理..................................................43
第四節 資料分析方法.........................................................................45
第肆章 研究結果
第一節 全體受試者基本生理資料.....................................................46
第二節 長跑、規律運動與無運動組葡萄糖耐受度之比較.............48
第三節 長跑、規律運動與無運動組胰島素敏感度之比較.............51
第四節 長跑、規律運動與無運動組心率變異度之比較.................54
第五節 心率變異度與葡萄糖耐受度和胰島素敏感度之相關.........55
第伍章 討論與結論
第一節 討論.........................................................................................56
第二節 結論與建議.............................................................................67
參考文獻
中文部分.................................................................................................70
英文部分.................................................................................................74

表目錄
表1心率變異度之頻域分析法摘要表......................................................11
表2全體受試者基本生理資料表..............................................................47
表3長跑、規律運動與無運動組血糖濃度與曲線下面積測試值..........48
表4長跑、規律運動與無運動組胰島素值與曲線下面積測試值............51
表5 HRV統計值.........................................................................................54
表6心率變異度與葡萄糖耐受度和胰島素敏感度之相關......................55

圖目錄
圖1長跑、規律運動與無運動組葡萄糖耐受度測試之變化....................49
圖2長跑、規律運動與無運動組血糖曲線下面積之變化.....................50
圖3長跑、規律運動與無運動組胰島素敏感度測試之變化.................52
圖4長跑、規律運動與無運動組胰島素曲線下面積之變化.................53
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