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研究生:孫銘谷
研究生(外文):Ming-Gu Sun
論文名稱:台商大陸投資事業之策略演變與派駐人員遴選及管理政策關係─個案研究
論文名稱(外文):Development of Taiwan businessmen in business strategy accredited staff selection and management relations policy in mainland China ─ case studies
指導教授:雷漢聲雷漢聲引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:企業管理系碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:跨國公司策略人力資源管理
外文關鍵詞:Strategies of transnational corporations、Human
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我國之企業隨著經濟成長,面臨土地價格、勞工成本上升以及勞工短缺等投資因素的轉變,所以逐漸興起海外投資之風潮,而台商到大陸設廠日漸增加,鑒於大陸的經營管理與技術專業人才甚缺,台商往往需派遣優秀的員工進駐大陸支援大陸分公司的需求。由於兩地在政治、經濟與社會制度差距甚大,致使外派大陸人員感到適應困難、執行任務不理想、甚至不得不提前返國,造成公司困擾。而這些跨國公司策略經歷演變,以及人力資源管理課題,主要是不同的策略演變,及不同的企業對於海外派遣間之差異做深入探討。而駐外人員政策與跨國公司策略演進變化的動態配合關係也應該是學界及實務界同時值得注意的主題。
因此本研究以國內一些傑出的跨國公司為研究的對象,透過訪談深入瞭解本國籍跨國公司在大陸佈局中,配合公司策略的調整,駐外人員管理政策的變化及其背後所考量的因素。
With Taiwan economic growth of enterprises, faced with land prices, rising labour costs and labour shortages, and other investment factors change, so gradual rise of the wave of overseas investment, while more Taiwan businessmen to set up factories in Mainland, in view of the Management and technology professionals in Mainland is very inadequate, Taiwan businessmen are often required to send the excellent support staff station in Mainland to support Mainland branch needs. As the two places exist very large gan in the political, economic and social system, which makes staff station in Mainland more difficult on their task of executive management, not even in advance not to return, causing the company problems. These strategies of transnational corporations through evolution, and human resources management issues, mainly the different strategies evolve, and different enterprises for overseas dispatch of the difference between the so-depth study. And the personnel policies and strategies of transnational corporations with the dynamic evolution of changes in relations should also be practical and academic sector also worth noting the theme.
So this study,Choose some outstanding domestic companies as the object, through interviews with in-depth understanding of the layout of the nationality of transnational corporations in the mainland, with the company''s strategy adjustments in personnel management policy changes and its considerations behind the factors.
一、 緒論......................................….......1
1.1 研究背景與動機..........….................2
1.1.1研究背景...........................…...........2
1.1.2研究動機........................................4
1.2 研究目的與研究範圍.......…............5
1.2.1中小型企業的定義........................5
1.2.2定性的定義....................................5
1.2.3我國中小企業定義之演變............6
二、 文獻探討.....................…................7
2.1 跨國公司之策略.............…..............7
2.1.1跨國公司策略經歷四階段............7
2.2 駐外人員之概念...............…..........11
2.3 駐外人員之緣由...................…......11
2.4 駐外人員之文化衝突............….....12
2.5 駐外人員派遣之因素.............…....13
2.5.1派遣駐外人員的原因...................13
2.5.2海外派遣意願...............................15
2.6 駐外人員之管理制度......…............17
2.6.1駐外人員之遴選...........................17
2.6.2駐外遴選人員之培訓...................21
2.6.3駐外人員之報酬制度...................23
2.6.4國際化階段與派外報酬的關係...26
2.6.5駐外人員之績效評估...................27
2.6.6駐外遴選人員之回任...................28
2.7 駐外人員成功與失敗之原因..…...29
2.7.1駐外人員之成功特質.........……..29
2.7.2企業外駐成功之因素...................30
2.7.3影響駐外人員失敗之因素............31
三、 研究方法.......................................35
3.1 研究構架..........................................35
3.2 研究命題設計..................................35
3.2.1跨國公司經營的策略演變........... 36
3.2.2關於派外的背景.................…........36
3.2.3關於駐外人員的甄選.....................36
3.2.4關於駐外人員的訓練.....................36
3.2.5關於駐外人員回任.........................36
3.2.6其他方面.........................................36
3.3 研究對象....................….....................37
3.4 研究工具............................……........38
3.4.1文獻閱讀.........................................38
3.4.2個案研究.........................................38
3.5 個案分析架構..............….................39
四、 個案介紹與研究命題驗證...…......41
4.1 海德威電子工業股份有限公司.…..41
4.1.1公司簡介.........................................41
4.1.2營業比重.........................................42
4.1.3組織圖.............................................43
4.1.4產業概況.........................................43
4.1.5產業之發展.....................................46
4.1.6跨國經營之策略方式....….............47
4.1.7駐外人員遴選方面.........................47
4.1.8駐外人員管理政策.........................47
4.2 先益電子工業股份有限公司.……..48
4.2.1公司簡介.........................................48
4.2.2營業比重.........................................49
4.2.3組織圖.............................................49
4.2.4產業之現況.....................................50
4.2.5產業之發展.....................................51
4.2.6跨國經營之策略方式.....................51
4.2.7駐外人員遴選方面.........................51
4.2.8駐外人員管理.................................52
4.3 華凌光電股份有限公司......….........52
4.3.1公司簡介.........................................52
4.3.2營業比重.........................................54
4.3.3組織圖.............................................54
4.3.4產業概況.........................................55
4.3.5產業的發展.....................................56
4.3.6跨國經營之策略方式.....................56
4.3.7駐外人員遴選方面.........................57
4.3.8駐外人員管理.................................57
4.4 研究構面分析.................…..............57
五、 結論與建議........................….........62
5.1 研究結論................................…........62
5.2 研究主要發現.........................….......62
5.3 研究與建議............................…........65
5.4 研究限制...............................…...........65
參考文獻.....................................................67
中文部分.....................................................67
英文部分.....................................................70
自傳.............................................................77
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