(100.26.179.251) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/14 06:07
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:黃崇倫
研究生(外文):Chung-Lun Huang
論文名稱:太陽光電能市電並聯轉換器之研製
論文名稱(外文):Design and Implementation of Converter for Grid-Connected Single-Phase Photovoltaic Energy Conversion System
指導教授:華志強華志強引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Chiang Hua
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:太陽能電池最大功率追蹤市電並聯型換流器
外文關鍵詞:maximum power point trackinggrid-connected inverterphotovoltaic cell
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:32
  • 點閱點閱:1164
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:512
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
本文旨在研製一具有市電並聯功能之太陽光電能轉換系統,以太陽能電池結合市電網路提供能量管理及負載分配。由於太陽能電池輸出電壓、電流容易受到日照強度及負載變動的影響,而造成最大功率點的漂移,因此需利用最大功率追蹤及電力電子技術來汲取太陽能光電池可用之最大功率與系統分配及補償。本文運用擾動觀察法與零交越點控制法使太陽能電池提供最大功率輸出及系統輸出與市電網路同頻率、同相位及同振幅,達成並聯之條件。此外,本系統也具有過電壓/欠電壓保護、過頻率/欠頻率保護。最後,本文以數位信號處理器(DSP,TMS320LF2407A)為核心來實現系統之數位控制,並實際製作一額定負載500W之太陽光電能轉換系統,以驗證本論文之理論及方法。
This thesis presents the design and implementation of converters for the grid-connected single-phase photovoltaic energy conversion system. In order to provide the functions of the energy management and the load distribution, the system is combined with the photovoltaic cells and utility network. Due to that the output voltage and current of the photovoltaic cells are easily changed by light and load fluctuations, it will cause the maximum power points drift. Therefore, the maximum power point tracking and power electronic technique are required to draw the available maximum power from the photovoltaic cells. The proposed system makes use of the perturbation-and-observation method to achieve maximum power point tracking. The output frequency, phase and amplitude of the single-phase inverter are the same with utility network by using the zero-crossing control method. Therefore, it can match the condition of the grid-connected system.
A digital signal processor is applied for the system control. Finally, a 500W generation system is constructed and tested to verify the system performance.
目錄
中英文摘要 i
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究動機 1
1.2研究背景 2
1.3論文大綱 5

第二章 太陽能光電系統 6
2.1 太陽能發電系統 6
2.2 太陽能光電板特性 8
2.2.1 太陽能光電板分類 14
2.3 太陽能最大功率追蹤演算法 18

第三章 電力轉換電路分析及控制 25
3.1前言 25
3.2系統架構 25
3.3 DC-DC轉換器 26
3.3.1 升壓型轉換器 27
3.3.2 升壓型轉換器之電感與濾波電容設計 30
3.4換流器電路架構 32
3.4.1正弦脈波寬度調變原理 33
3.4.2雙極性電壓切換 34
3.4.3單極性電壓切換 35
3.4.4 換流器之濾波電路設計 41

第四章 系統軟體規劃與硬體設計 43
4.1 系統控制流程 43
4.1.1 升壓轉換器控制 44
4.1.2 單相換流器控制 45
4.1.3 同步控制 46
4.2 程式流程 49
4.3 系統周邊硬體電路設計 53

第五章 實驗結果 60
5.1 系統規格 60
5.2 最大功率驗證 62
5.3 升壓轉換器與單相換流器串級供電測試 65
5.4 同步與並聯測試 70
5.5 系統保護機制 75
5.5.1市電切離保護 75
5.5.2直流/交流換流器保護 76


第六章 結論與未來方向 79
6.1 結論 79
6.2 未來研究方向 80
[1]林政達,數位式市電並聯型換流器與快速鎖相迴路控制器之研製,國立雲林科技大學電機工程系碩士論文,民國92年。
[2]W. Xiao, N. Ozog, and W. G. Dunford, “Topology Study of Photovoltaic Interface for Maximum Power Point Tracking,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 54, no. 3, pp.1696-1704, June 2007.
[3]S. Jain, and V. Agarwal, “A Single-Stage Grid Connected Inverter Topology for Solar PV Systems With Maximum Power Point Tracking,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 22, no. 5, pp.1928-1939, September 2007.
[4]H. M. Kojabadi, B. Yu, I. A. Gadoura, L. Chang, and M. Ghribi, “A Novel DSP-Based Current-Controlled PWM Strategy for Single Phase Grid Connected Inverters,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 21, no. 4, pp.985-993, July 2006.
[5]H. Koizumi, T. Mizuno, T. Kaito, Y. Noda, N. Goshima, M. Kawasaki, K. Nagasaka, and K. Kurokawa, “A Novel Microcontroller for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 53, no. 6, pp.1889-1897, December 2006.
[6]S. Jain, and V. Agarwal, “An Integrated Hybrid Power Supply for Distributed Generation Applications Fed by Nonconventional Energy Sources,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 23, no. 2, pp.622-631, June 2008.
[7]吳財福、張健軒、陳裕愷,太陽能供電與照明系統綜論,全華科技圖書股份有限公司,民國92年。
[8]古必廣,數位式高性能太陽能路燈系統之研製,國立雲林科技大學電機工程系碩士論文,民國95年。
[9]R. Gules, J. D. P. Pacheco, H. L. Hey, and J. Imhoff, “A Maximum Power Point Tracking System With Parallel Connection for PV Stand-Alone Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55, no. 7, pp.2674-2683, July 2008.
[10]C. Rodriguez, and G. A. J. Amaratunga, “Analytic Solution to the Photovoltaic Maximum Power Point Problem,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems—i: Regular Papers, vol. 54, no. 9, pp.2054-2060, September 2007.
[11]T. Esram, and P. L. Chapman, “Comparison of Photovoltaic Array Maximum Power Point Tracking Techniques,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 22, no. 2, pp.439-449, June 2007.
[12]S. Jain, and V. Agarwal, “Comparison of the performance of maximum power point tracking schemes applied to single-stage grid-connected photovoltaic systems ,” IET Electr. Power Appl., 2007, 1, (5), pp. 753–762.
[13]N. Femia, G. Lisi, G. Petrone, G. Spagnuolo, and M. Vitelli, “Distributed Maximum Power Point Tracking of Photovoltaic Arrays: Novel Approach and System Analysis,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55, no. 7, pp.2610-2621, July 2008.
[14]T. Esram, J. W. Kimball, P. T. Krein, P. L. Chapman, and P. Midya, “Dynamic Maximum Power Point Tracking of Photovoltaic Arrays Using Ripple Correlation Control,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 21, no. 5, pp.1282-1291, September 2006.
[15]Y. A. R. I. Mohamed, and E. F. E. Saadany, “A Control Scheme for PWM Voltage-Source Distributed-Generation Inverters for Fast Load-Voltage Regulation and Effective Mitigation of Unbalanced Voltage Disturbances,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55, no. 5,pp.2072-2084, May 2008.
[16]J. P. Lee, B. D. Min, T. J. Kim, D. W. Yoo, and J. Y. Yoo, “A Novel Topology for Photovoltaic DC/DC Full-Bridge Converter With Flat Efficiency Under Wide PV Module Voltage and Load Range ,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55, no. 7, pp.2655-2663, July 2008.
[17]J. W. Choi, Y. K. Kim, and H. G. Kim, “Digital PLL control for single-phase photovoltaic system,” IEE Proc.-Electr. Power Appl., Vol. 153, No. 1, January 2006.
[18]T. L. Kottas, Y. S. Boutalis, and A. D. Karlis, “New Maximum Power Point Tracker for PV Arrays Using Fuzzy Controller in Close Cooperation With Fuzzy Cognitive Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 21, no. 3, pp.793-803, September 2006.
[19]I. S. Kim, M. B. Kim, and M. J. Youn, “New Maximum Power Point Tracker Using Sliding-Mode Observer for Estimation of Solar Array Current in the Grid-Connected Photovoltaic System,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 53, no. 4, pp.1027-1035, August 2006.
[20]D. Sera, R. Teodorescu, J. Hantschel, and M. Knoll, “Optimized Maximum Power Point Tracker for Fast-Changing Environmental Conditions,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55, no. 7, pp.2629-2637, July 2008.
[21]E. V. Solodovnik, S. Liu, and R. A. Dougal, “Power Controller Design for Maximum Power Tracking in Solar Installations,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 19, no. 5, pp.1295-1304, September 2004.
[22]陳建富,太陽電池與配電系統間換流器之研製,行政院國家委員會專題研究計畫成果報告,民國85年。
[23]劉智仁,數位式太陽光電能供電系統之研製,國立中正大學電機工程研究所碩士論文,民國88年。
[24]梁適安,交換式電源供給器之理論與實務設計,全華書局,民國93年。
[25]黃啟倫,燃料電池與鉛酸電池混合式電源轉換器之研製,國立雲林科技大學電機工程系碩士論文,民國95年。
[26]李仲毅,全數位化控制之單相變流器設計與製作,國立台灣大學電機工程研究所碩士論文,民國87年。
[27]吳俊緯,數位控制三相變流器設計與快速響應鎖相系統之研究,國立雲林科技大學電機工程研究所碩士論文,民國91年。
[28]江錫津,應用空間向量脈寬調變技術之數位式單相/三相高功因電力轉換器,國立雲林科技大學電機工程系碩士論文,民國92年。
[29]G. C. Chryssis著、梁適安譯,高頻交換式電源供應器 – 原理與設計,美商麥格羅.希爾國際股份有限公司,民國84年。
[30]洪世杰,適用於再生能源之市電倂聯型雙輸入供電系統,國立中正大學電機工程研究所碩士論文,民國93年。
[31]A. C. Kyritsis, E. C. Tatakis, and N. P. Papanikolaou, “Optimum Design of the Current-Source Flyback Inverter for Decentralized Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 23, no. 1, pp.281-293, March 2008.
[32]J. M. Kwon, K. H. Nam, and B. H. Kwon, “Photovoltaic Power Conditioning System with Line Connection,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 53, no. 4, pp.1048-1054, August 2006.
[33]T. F. Wu, H. S. Nien, H. M. Hsieh, and C. L. Shen, “PV Power Injection and Active Power Filtering With Amplitude-Clamping and Amplitude-Scaling Algorithms,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 43, no. 3, pp.731-741,May/June 2007.
[34]W. Wongsaichu, W. J. Lee, S. Oraintara, C. Kwan, and F. Zhang, “Integrated High-Speed Intelligent Utility Tie Unit for Disbursed/Renewable Generation Facilities,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 41, no. 2, pp.507-513, March/April 2005.
[35]I. S. Kim, and M. J. Youn, “Variable-structure observer for solar-array current estimation in a photovoltaic power-generation system,” IEE Proc.-Electr. Power Appl., Vol. 152, No. 4, July 2005.
[36]M. Liserre, R. Teodorescu, and F. Blaabjerg, “Stability of Photovoltaic and Wind Turbine Grid-Connected Inverters for a Large Set of Grid Impedance Values,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 21, no. 1, pp.263-272, January 2006.
[37]A. Woyte, V. V. Thong, R. Belmans, and J. Nijs, “Voltage Fluctuations on Distribution Level Introduced by Photovoltaic Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 21, no. 1, pp.202-209, March 2006.
[38]G. R. Walker and P. C. Sernia, “Cascaded DC–DC Converter Connection of Photovoltaic Modules,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 19, no. 4, pp.1130-1139, July 2004.
[39]陳榮泰,單相三線式數位化光伏能量轉換系統,國立成功大學電機工程學系碩士論文,民國90年。
[40]廖國安,結合太陽能發電於不斷電系統並聯運轉之設計與研究,國立雲林科技大學電機工程研究所碩士論文,民國90年。
[41]黃世中,市電並聯電力轉換系統之數位控制器研製,國立雲林科技大學電機工程研究所碩士論文,民國90年。
[42]李思賢,數位式單相低功率太陽光電能轉換系統,國立中山大學電機工程學系碩士論文,民國92年。
[43]鄭晨維,以數位訊號處理器實現多模組並聯之直流-交流轉換器,國立台北科技大學電機工程系電力電子產業研發碩士專班碩士學位論文,民國96年。
[44]S. K. Kim, J. H. Jeon, C. H. Cho, J. B. Ahn, and S. H. Kwon, “Dynamic Modeling and Control of a Grid-Connected Hybrid Generation System With Versatile Power Transfer,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55, no. 4, pp.1677-1688, April 2008.
[45]C. Meza, J. J. Negroni, D. Biel, and F. Guinjoan, “Energy-Balance Modeling and Discrete Control for Single-Phase Grid-Connected PV Central Inverters,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55, no. 7, pp.2734-2743, July 2008.
[46]R. J. Wai, and W. H. Wang, “Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Generation System,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems—i: Regular Papers, vol. 55, no. 3, pp.953-964, April 2008.
[47]R. J. Wai, W. H. Wang, and C. Y. Lin, “High-Performance Stand-Alone Photovoltaic Generation System,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55, no. 1, pp.240-250, January 2008.
[48]H. Patel, and V. Agarwal, “MATLAB-Based Modeling to Study the Effects of Partial Shading on PV Array Characteristics,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 23, no. 1, pp.302-310, March 2008.
[49]R. Leyva, C. Alonso, I. Queinnec, A. Cid-Pastor, D. Lagrange, and L. Martínez-Salamero, “MPPT of Photovoltaic Systems using Extremum–Seeking Control,” IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems vol. 42, no. 1 ,pp.249-258,January 2006.
[50]L. A. C. Lopes, and H. Sun, “Performance Assessment of Active Frequency Drifting Islanding Detection Methods,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 21, no. 1, pp.171-180, March 2006.
[51]N. Femia, D. Granozio, G. Petrone, G. Spagnuolo, and M. Vitelli, “Predictive & Adaptive MPPT Perturb and Observe Method,” IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems vol. 43, no. 3, pp.934-950, July 2007.
[52]D. Casadei, G. Grandi, and C. Rossi, “Single-Phase Single-Stage Photovoltaic Generation System Based on a Ripple Correlation Control Maximum Power Point Tracking,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion vol. 21, no. 2, pp.562-568, June 2006.
[53]R. González, E. Gubía, J. López, and L. Marroyo, “Transformerless Single-Phase Multilevel-Based Photovoltaic Inverter,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55, no. 7, pp.2694-2702, July 2008.
[54]S. Maniktala, Switching Power Supply Design and Optimization, Electronics Series, McGRAW – HILL Companies, Inc., 2005.
[55]M. H. Rashid, Power Electronics – Circuits, Drivers, and Applications, Person Prentice Hall Press, 2003.
[56]N. Kasa, T. Iida, and L. Chen, “Flyback Inverter Controlled by Sensorless Current MPPT for Photovoltaic Power System,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 52, no. 4, pp.1145-1152, August 2005.
[57]E. Koutroulis, and K. Kalaitzakis, “Novel battery charging regulation system for photovoltaic applications,” IEE Proc.-Electr. Power Appl., Vol. 151, No. 2, March 2004.
[58]M. Kolhe, J. C. Joshi, and D. P. Kothari, “Performance Analysis of a Directly Coupled Photovoltaic Water-Pumping System,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 19, no. 3, pp.613-618, September 2004.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔