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研究生:黃威傑
研究生(外文):Wei-Jie Huang
論文名稱:稻作生質燃燒脫水醣類季節特徵之研究
論文名稱(外文):SEASONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AMBIENT ANHYDROSUGURS DERIVED FROM RICE STRAW BURNING
指導教授:李經民李經民引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lee james
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:環境與安全工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:農業燃燒Levoglucosan粒徑分佈濕度環境
外文關鍵詞:humidityparticle-size distributionagricultural burningLevoglucosan
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目前生質燃燒研究針對稻作生質燃燒大氣脫水醣類Levoglucosan粒徑分佈特徵討論甚少。 本研究探討台灣中南部冬季與夏季收成季節大氣脫水醣類組成與其三種粒徑(PM2.5、PM10、TSP)分佈、及全年四季脫水醣類粒徑分佈特徵。
實驗結果顯示,冬季收成季節脫水醣類呈現單一燃燒高峰,夏季收成呈現多重燃燒高峰,燃燒期間Levoglucosan濃度有明顯上升的趨勢,顯現脫水醣類濃度與稻作生質燃燒行為有高度相關性。 本研究結果顯示夏季TSP為冬季的2倍、PM>10為2.2倍、PM2.5-10為37.8倍、PM2.5為0.9倍;夏季濃度均高於冬季,可能因夏季一期稻作收成的產量高於冬季二期稻作;其中夏季PM2.5-10 Levoglucosan大幅增長可能因高濕度環境,粒子聚合作用所引起。 顯示夏季收成每單位PM2.5粒子中大氣脫水醣類Levoglucosan粒子高於冬季,可能因夏季夜間相對濕度上升粗大粒子沉降,使稻作生質燃燒細粒子Levoglucosan濃度相對上升。 此外,冬季與春季背景特徵比值相近( 14.5與12.9 ),夏季稻作燃燒大氣Levo/Mann比值較高( 56.5 ),可能因為夏季收成季節大氣粒子屬於Fresh Aerosol,而夏季大氣粒子可視為稻作生質燃燒脫水醣類特徵比值。 因此,本研究結果呈現稻作燃燒大氣Levoglucosan粒子特徵及季節分佈特性,將有助於未來瞭解大氣稻作生質燃燒之季節特徵。
The contributions of biomass smoke to the ambient air in Taiwan are predominantly due to post-harvest burning of rice straw. This study attempts to characterize ambient anhydrosugar tracers derived from rice straw burning. Three particle-size ranges ( PM2.5, PM2.5-10, and TSP ) were collected simultaneously at suburban site with harvest season of rice crops in order to investigate the variations of particle-size profiles of molecular tracers in the atmosphere.
The results shown that the concentrations of anhydrosugars in PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 and PM>10 and TSPparticles significantly increased during the intensive burning periods ( about 0.9 times higher than winter harvest-season inPM2.5 ; and about 27.8 and 2.2 and 2 times higher than winter harvest-season in PM2.5-10 and PM>10 and TSP particles ). Maybe summer rice strow harvest higher than winter harvest. Other Winter PM2.5 more than Summer. The growth factor of levoglucosan are 1.23 at humidity 85. Furthermore, Winter and spring Levo/Mann of ratio closeness (14.5 and 12.9), summer Levo/Mann of Ratio highter than another seasons( 56.5 ). accordingly, the results shown that the concentrations of anhydrosugars characteristic.
摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
致 謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2.1 生質燃燒的來源與影響 3
2.1.1 生質燃燒氣膠的來源、分類與粒徑分佈 3
2.1.2 生質燃燒氣膠的物化特性 4
2.1.3 生質燃燒對區域氣候的影響 5
2.1.4生質燃燒人體的影響 5
2.1.5 台灣稻作情況 6
2.2 生質燃燒追蹤物 7
2.2.1 生質燃燒追蹤物的特性與形成機制 8
2.2.3 近代脫水醣類分析方法比較 9
第三章 實驗設備與研究方法 14
3.1 採樣地點與採樣環境 14
3.2 採樣裝置 15
3.3 樣品分析方法與QA/QC 17
3.3.1 採樣介質製備 17
3.3.2 粒狀物質量濃度分析 18
3.3.3 脫水糖類樣品前處理 18
3.3.4 脫水醣類化學分析 19
3.3.5化學分析QA/QC 20
第四章 結果與討論 28
4.1比較冬季與夏季稻作收成大氣脫水醣類粒徑分佈 28
4.1.1 氣象資料 28
4.1.2 大氣脫水葡萄醣粒徑分佈 29
4.1.3 大氣脫水葡萄醣粒徑比值 31
4.1.4 稻作燃燒大氣脫水醣類成分特徵比值 33
4.1.5 收成季節大氣脫水葡萄醣日/夜比值特徵 33
4.2 台灣中南部大氣脫水醣類四季粒徑分佈特徵 34
4.2.1 大氣Levoglucosan四季粒徑分部特徵 34
4.2.2稻作燃燒大氣脫水醣類成份四季特徵比值 36
4.2.3 大氣四季日夜比值特徵 37
4.2.4 秋冬五階粒徑分佈特徵 37
第五章 結論與建議 51
參考文獻 53
附錄 58
參考文獻
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