跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.192.94.177) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/07/21 18:44
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:孟欣薇
研究生(外文):Hsin-Wei Meng
論文名稱:以TRIZ方法為基礎提升GaN藍光LED亮度
論文名稱(外文):Increasing GaN Blue LED Light Extraction Efficiency With TRIZ
指導教授:陳以明陳以明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yee-Ming Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理學系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:發光二極體(LED)創意問題解決理論(TRIZ)改善參數創新法則
外文關鍵詞:LEDTRIZImprove parameterInnovation principle
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:514
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
節約能源及防止地球暖化成為世界各國關注的議題,促使具有環保、體積小、壽命長、耗電量低等優點之二極體(LED)漸受到重視,並成為21 世紀的新光源。自九十年代中期開始,GaN藍光LED已成為光電子產業應用之焦點,最關鍵問題之ㄧ就是亮度效率的改善,在GaN藍光LED 晶片技術方面,以材料與製程方法為技術重點,本研究嘗試歸納 TRIZ 創新流程中矛盾矩陣與創新法則來解決亮度效率的改善問題,以提高 GaN藍光LED 性能為發展目標,最後歸納出二十二個創新法則並提出四項改善策略,經一系列實驗驗證其改善在GaN藍光LED的亮度提升達 46%平均值,達到亮度效率提升之目標。
Since the energy-saving and the global warming effect are becoming the topics concerned all around the world, the light emitting diode(LED) with the benefits of environmental friendliness, tiny volume, long service life and low energy consumption seems to be the new light source in the 21st century. Since the mid-1990s, GaN Blue LED has been of great interest because of its potential for optoelectronic application. One of the critical problems in a conventional GaN Blue LED chip was increasing light efficiency. With respect to the LED technology, the variety of materials and the manufacturing variations are the key points. In this study, the means Contradiction matrix and the innovative principles based TRIZ innovation process concerned would be put forth in the project. Contradictions caused by transition actions were formulated and resolved with the guidance of inventive principles that suggested conceptual guidelines for technical contradiction. More than four useful ideas were developed with the aid of the inventive principles. Many ideas have proven excellent performers for light extraction up to a 46 percent increase in average. And it can be found the brightness improvement and heat dissipation could be solved simultaneously. As for the innovation process to produce GaN Blue LED, the target will be raising the efficiency of light extraction.
目  錄
中文摘要........................................………………………………………... Ⅰ
英文摘要........................................………………………………………... Ⅱ
誌謝.....................................…………………………………….................. Ⅳ
目錄.....................................…………………………………….................. Ⅴ
表目錄...................……………………………………................................ Ⅷ
圖目錄..........……………………………………......................................... Ⅸ
1. 緒論.......…………………………………............................................. 1
1.1研究背景…........…………………………….................................... 1
1.2研究動機.....................………………………………....................... 2
1.3研究目的.....................………………………………....................... 3
1.4研究架構.............................………………………………............... 4
2. 文獻探討.................................………………………………............... 5
2.1 TRIZ 理論簡介............……………………………....................... 5
2.1.1 TRIZ發展背景..........................………………………......... 5
2.1.2 TRIZ解決發明性問題的理論機制..……………................. 6
2.1.3 TRIZ解決矛盾問題的工具...............…………………......... 7
2.2 發光二極體原理與製程..................…………………….............. 11
2.2.1 LED 發展..............................……………………….............. 12
2.2.2 LED 發光原理................………………………................... 13
2.2.3 LED 製程.................................………………………........... 19
3. 應用TRIZ方法改良既有GaN 藍光LED製程.......…………........... 33
3.1 系統問題定義分析.........................……….………………............ 33
3.2 歸納與解決....................................………….…………………..... 36
3.3 改善結果分析..............................…………………………............ 39
4. LED亮度改善策略................…………………………...................... 41
4.1 改變顏色…......................…………………………….................... 41
4.2 預先動作…..................……………………………........................ 45
4.3 將害處轉換成益處...........………………………........................... 48
4.4 倒轉……….............................……………………………............. 51
5. LED亮度改善創新法則驗證...........……….………………................ 54
5.1改變顏色………….................………………………....................... 58
5.2預先動作…..................……………………………........................ 59
5.3將害處轉換成益處...........………………………........................... 60
5.4倒轉……….............................……………………………............. 61
6. 結論與未來研究方向.....................……….………………................ 62
6.1製程技術實驗分析...............………………………....................... 62
6.2有效性驗證.............................……………………………............. 62
6.3未來研究方向........................……………………………............... 64
7. 參考文獻.................................………………………………............. 65
8. 附錄.................................………………………………....................... 70



表 目 錄
表2-1 矛盾矩陣簡表.................……………………….…....................... 8
表2-2 工程參數.........................………………………………................. 9
表2-3 創新法則表.............................……………………………............. 10
表3-1 矛盾矩陣表................…………………………….......................... 38
表5-1 原型LED vs. 改變顏色假設檢定分析結果.........……………..... 58
表5-2 原型LED vs. 預先動作假設檢定分析結果.........……………..... 59
表5-3 原型LED vs. 將害處轉換成益處假設檢定分析結果.........….. 60
表5-4 原型LED vs. 倒轉假設檢定分析結果...............……………....... 61
表6-1 各項目製程改善比較表...............………..……...…………....... 63





圖 目 錄
圖1-1 研究架構流程圖...............……………………………................... 4
圖2-1 TRIZ解決問題的四個步驟.........……………………................. 7
圖2-2 LED可見光發光史....................…………………………............. 12
圖2-3 氮化鎵/溶液之固/液相平衡能帶圖........…………………........... 14
圖2-4 C.I.E 色度座標.........................…………………………............ 16
圖2-5 三種波長之LED白光混合圖.........…………………...........…..... 16
圖2-6 藍光晶粒搭配可激發黃色光螢光粉之LED白光混合圖…….... 17
圖2-7 紫外光晶粒搭配可激發三原色螢光之LED白光混合圖.……... 18
圖2-8 磊晶成長結構.......................…………………………................. 19
圖2-9 磊晶片製程................................……………………………......... 21
圖2-10 晶片製程結構示意圖.................………………………................ 22
圖2-11 晶片結構剖面圖.....................…………………………............... 23
圖2-12 原型LED發光示意圖.……………………………................... 32
圖3-1 創新流程架構說明圖..............………………………................... 34
圖3-2 GaN藍光LED瓶頸問題的定義...…………………...................... 35
圖3-3 創新法則出現次數表..............………………………................... 40
圖4-1 改變顏色創新法則原型與改善比較圖……………...................... 42
圖4-2 改變顏色參數製程改善策略之亮度效益比較……...................... 44
圖4-3 預先動作創新法則原型與改善比較圖……………...................... 45
圖4-4 圖形化的藍寶石基板示意圖………………..……...................... 46
圖4-5 預先動作參數製程改善策略之亮度效益比較……...................... 47
圖4-6 將害處轉換成益處創新法則原型與改善比較圖…………....... 48
圖4-7 將害處轉換成益處參數製程改善策略之亮度效益比較….......... 50
圖4-8 倒轉創新法則原型與改善比較圖…….…...........…...................... 51
圖4-9 將倒轉參數製程改善策略之亮度效益比較………………....... 52
圖5-1 一般性假設檢定流程圖…….…...........…........………….............. 54
圖5-2 原型LED製程亮度值殘差分析圖…………….......................... 55
圖5-3 改變顏色改善製程假設檢定流程圖…….…................................. 56
圖5-4 原型LED vs. 改變顏色製程亮度值分析圖……………….......... 58
圖5-5 原型LED vs. 預先動作製程亮度分析圖…….…......................... 59
圖5-6 原型LED vs. 將害處轉換成益處亮度分析圖……………....... 60
圖5-7 原型LED vs.倒轉亮度分析圖…….…...........…............................ 61
1.Altshuller G.S., “The Innovation Algorithm: TRIZ, Systematic Innovation and Technical Creativity”, Technical Innovation Center, Inc., Worcester(2000).
2.Genrich Altshuller, Introduction to TRIZ, Ideation Taiwan Inc. (1999)
3.Mazur, G., Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ). (1996) http://www.mazur.net/triz/
4.Shulyak and Steven Rodman,“ 40 Principles”, Technical innovation Center,Inc,April 2002
5.Y.S. Liu, The Next Generation Lighting Technology- Semiconductor Lighting, Opto-Electronics & Systems Laboratories (OES), Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI ) (2004)
6.Swmyon D. Savransky, “Engineering of Creativity. Introduction to TRIZ Methodology of Jnventive Problem Solving”, Boca Raton, CRC Press(2000).
7.Terninko, J., “The QFD, TRIZ and Taguchi Connection : Customer– Driven Robust Innovation,” The Ninth Symposium on Quality Funcion Deployment(1997).
8.Noel León-Rovira & Ing. Humberto Aguayo, “A new Model of the Conceptual Design Process using QFD/FA/TRIZ,” The TRIZ Journal.http://www.triz-journal.com/,July (1998).
9.Marconi, Janice, ”ARIZ : The Algorithm for Inventive Problem Solving”, TRIZ Journal (1998).http://www.triz-journal.com/archives /1998/04/d/index.htm
10.Michael A. Orloff , “Inventive Thinking through TRIZ”, A Practical Guide, New York.: Springer , 1 edition, pp. 28-42(2003).
11.Ikovenko, A. S. & Bradley, J., “TRIZ as a Lean Thinking Tool”, The TRIZ Journal, February (2005).
12.Darrell Mann, Simon Dewulf, Boris Zlotin, and Alla Zusman, “Matrix:Updating the TRIZ Contradiction Matrix,” CREAX Press(2003).
13.Case study:The application of TRIZ to economy class aircraft cabin design http://Case study The application of TRIZ to economy class aircraft cabin design.htm
14.Chen J. L. & Liu C. C., “A TRIZ Inventive Design Method without Contradiction Information”, The TRIZ Journal, September (2001).
15.Goder, Dimitry (2004). “Scheme Provides High-Side Current Sensing for White LED Drivers.” EDN. (1)
16.Huang, Michele (2002). “LED Technology and Applications.” Osram Opto-Semiconductors.
17.Van Derlofske, John; McColgan, Michele (2002). “White LED Sources for Vehicle Lighting.” SPIE.
18.Spring, Kenneth R.; Fellers, Thomas J.; Davidson, Michael W. (2004). “Introduction to Light Emitting Diodes, Molecular Expressions.”
19.Narendran, N.; Deng, L.; Pysar, R.M.; Gu, Y; Gu, H. (2003). “Performance Characteristics of High-Power Light Emitting Diodes.” SPIE.
20.Peter, J. (2003). “Forward March: LED-Powered Headlights Are Just Over the Horizon.” Automotive Industries.
21.Steigerwald, D.A.; Bhat, J.C.; Collins D.; Fletcher, R.M.; Holcomb, M.O.; Ludowise, M. J.; Martin, P.S.; Rudaz, S. (2002). “Illumination with Solid-State Lighting Technology.” IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 8(2).
22.U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). (2003). “Energy Savings Potential of Solid-State Lighting in General Lighting Applications.”
23.U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). (2000). “Vision 2020, The Lighting Technology Roadmap. A 20-year Industry Plan for Lighting Technology.” Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.
24.Tsao, J.Y., ed. (2002). Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) for General Illumination: An OIDA Technology Roadmap Update 2002, Optoelectronics Industry Development Association.
25.Taiwan Economic News. (2004a). “Taiwan Poised to Retain No. 2 Place in World LED Production,” 24 March.
26.Philips. “A History of Philips and Lighting. A century of innovation at Philips Lighting,” accessed December 2006, on http://www.lighting.philips.com/gb_en/about/sub_feature_4.php?main=gb_en&parent=1&id=gb_en_about&lang=en.
27.Navigant Consulting. (2003b). “Energy Savings Estimates of Light Emitting Diodes in Niche Lighting Applications,” technical report prepared for Building Technologies Program, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy.
28.Maccagno, P. (2002). “Overview of the High Brightness LED Market,” in Light Emitting Diodes 2002: The Strategic Summit for LEDs in Illumination, conference proceedings, San Diego, CA, October.
29.Herkelrath, M., A. Laksberg, and L. Woods. (2005). “A Brighter Future: Advances in LED Energy Efficient Lighting Technology,” manuscript, University of Washington.
30.Akashi, Y., L. Russell, M. Novello, and Y. Nakamura. “Comparing Lighting Energy Conservation Measures in the United States and Japan,” working paper, Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. (2003)
31.Alex Osborn, author of the method, “ brainstorming ”,company consultant and entrepreneur; s. Osborn A.F. Applied imagination, Scribener’s Sons(1963)
32.Design and Analysis of Experiments, 5th ed. 2001 by Douglas C, Montgomery
33.Synetics : the development of creativity,Gordon W.J.J. (1961)
34.創意大百科,「水平思考法」(2005)http://ccaweb.creativity.edu.tw/creapedia/
35.吳繪華,「以需求導向之TRIZ 方法於產品設計」,元智大學工業工程與管理學系碩士論文(2006)。
36.吳繪華,以顧客需求導向之TRIZ 方法於產品設計改善,元智大學工業工程與管理研究所(2006)
37.柯志祥,「TRIZ 法應用於工業設計構想發展之初探」,國立台灣科大學設計碩士論文(2005)。
38.張祥唐、吳立仁、吳俊男、陳瑞彬、陳家豪,「以設計原則累計權重方法於TRIZ 法則設計新產品之研究」,中國民國第十二屆全自動化科技研究會,雲林虎尾(2001)。
39.莊錦賜,「TRIZ 創意技法」。http://www.ccda.org.tw/
40.徐作聖、邱奕嘉合譯, (Allan Afuah 原著),創新管理 (Innovation Management),華泰出版社(2000)
41.葉文勇、黃知澍、黃勝邦,淺談高效率發光二極體製程技術,工業材料雜誌 208期 頁119-123 (2004)。http://www.materialsnet.com.tw
42.潘錫明、廖秋峰,LED 照明光源展望(二):漫談提高LED發光效率之技術,工業材料雜誌 221期 頁155-160 (2005)。http://www.materialsnet.com.tw
43.楊惟中、何啟弘、陳弘展、車慧中、賴以軒,結合發明法則之專利技術功效佈局分析,以白光LED 為例 (2006)
44.汪明生,公共事務管理研究方法,五南文化事業機構 (2006)
45.哈瑞.雅爾德著/陳九泰譯,NLP 心想事成的行為科學與藝術,成智出版社 頁126-127 (1998)
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top