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研究生:邱郁歆
研究生(外文):Yu Hsing Chiu
論文名稱:以Web2.0為基礎之知識本體協同平台
論文名稱(外文):Ontology Collaborative Development Platform Based on Web2.0
指導教授:張禾坤張禾坤引用關係
指導教授(外文):H. K. Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:長庚大學
系所名稱:資訊管理學研究所
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:知識本體協同開發
外文關鍵詞:ontologycollaborative developmentWeb2.0
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Web2.0的工具和服務相當簡單好用,可以提供使用者社群討論空間,在網路上架設知識資料庫,而使網路成為知識分享的平台;然而知識過多使得搜尋不易,從而降低知識分享的效率。知識本體係以結構化形式來描述領域中複雜的知識,近年來應用在大眾化服務以及和網路相結合。有研究提出以知識本體描述分類網路上資源,然後系統化建立可由機器處理的語意網,但這作法尚未普遍。而本體論在一般人來說還是充滿神秘色彩,不易被接受。
本研究提出個較能被使用者接受的Web2.0結合知識本體,以Web2.0技術實作知識本體協同開發平台,親和的介面引導使用者逐步完成本體開發操作流程,流程階段的劃分參考Methontology本體生命週期,操作活動則參考Ontology Development之建構步驟。在這共同平台上分享的知識可以集合、整理、建立社群應用的知識本體,從而將社群知識標準化;並且可以協同開發並持續維護知識本體的更新。
Web2.0 provides many easy-to-use tools and services; it provides spaces for community discussion, is a place to construct networked knowledge base, and thus becomes an excellent platform for knowledge sharing. However, because of the vast amount of knowledge that has swamped the network, it is difficult to find the items needed and thus decreasing the efficiency of knowledge sharing. Ontology describes the complex domain knowledge in a structured and formal presentation, and it has been used, in conjunction with the internet, in public services. Some studies have suggested using ontology to describe and classify internet resources and then systematically build semantic webs that can be machine-processed; however, this approach has not gained popularity yet, and to the general public ontology is till shrouded in mystery and difficult to comprehend.
This study proposes an ontology collaborative platform to combine Web2.0 technology and ontology that is easier for the general public to accept. In practice, the operational partition uses the ontology life cycle of Methontology, and the operational activities follow steps outlined by an ontology development guide. This platform is implemented with friendly interface that is typical in Web2.0 to help community users navigate and learn to complete the ontology development process.
Knowledge shared on this platform can collect, organize, and construct ontology that is needed by the community, and these knowledge can be further standardized. Thus, the community may collaborate in the development and maintenance of ontology continuously.
目錄
指導教授推薦書
口試委員審定書
授權書 iii
誌謝 iv
中文摘要 v
英文摘要 vi
目錄 viii
圖目錄 xi
表目錄 xii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 2
第二章 相關技術及文獻探討 5
2.1 本體論 5
2.1.1 定義 6
2.1.2 分類 7
2.1.3 組成元素 8
2.1.4 Web本體語言 9
2.1.5 本體建構 14
2.1.6 知識本體相關研究 18
2.2 Web2.0 20
2.2.1 Web2.0定義 20
2.2.2 Web2.0應用服務 25
2.3 知識本體建構相關研究 28
第三章 研究方法 31
3.1 研究架構 31
3.2 研究方法設計 32
3.2.1 Web2.0知識本體開發流程設計 32
3.2.2 結合Web2.0與知識本體技術 36
3.3 系統架構 39
第四章 系統設計與實作 41
4.1 系統設計 41
4.2 系統實作 43
4.2.1 系統配置 43
4.2.2 共筆系統 44
4.2.3 本體開發系統 45
4.3 使用案例 53
第五章 結論與討論 58
5.1 研究結果 58
5.2 研究貢獻 61
5.3 未來展望 62
參考文獻 63
附錄A 新建本體循序圖 A-1
附錄B 共筆系統畫面 B-1

圖目錄
圖 2 1:知識本體的分類 7
圖 2 2:RDF三元組 12
圖 2 3:RDF圖形表示 12
圖 2 4:本體生命週期 15
圖 2 5:Web 2.0擴散式地圖 22
圖 2 6:長尾理論示意圖 25
圖 2 7:Medicine2.0 27
圖 3 1:研究步驟及方法 32
圖 3 2:Web2.0本體開發操作流程 33
圖 3 3:結合Web2.0與知識本體技術 36
圖 3 4:系統架構 39
圖 4 1:系統活動圖 42
圖 4 2:系統配置圖 43
圖 4 3:本體開發:引導模式步驟一 46
圖 4 4:本體開發:引導模式步驟二 47
圖 4 5:本體開發:引導模式步驟三 48
圖4 6:本體開發:引導模式步驟四 49
圖 4 7:本體開發:引導模式步驟五 50
圖 4 8:本體開發:引導模式步驟六 51
圖 4 9:本體開發:獨立頁面模式 52

表目錄
表 3 1:本系統知識本體建構步驟 35
表 3 2:系統操作流程設計與本體生命周期、Ontology Development之對應 37
表 4 1:使用案例一:編輯主題 54
表 4 2:使用案例二:在獨立頁面模式開發新知識本體 55
表 4 3:使用案例三:經由系統引導模式開發新本體 56
表 4 4:使用案例四:維護知識本體 57
表 5 1:本系統和Protégé比較表 60
參考文獻
網路資源
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中文文獻
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