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研究生:林余珊
研究生(外文):Lin, Yu-Shan
論文名稱:綠色供應鏈管理實踐對環境績效與競爭優勢之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Green Supply Chain Management Practices on Environmental Performance and Competitive Advantage
指導教授:袁劍雲 博士
指導教授(外文):Dr. Yuan, Chien-Yun
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:致理技術學院
系所名稱:服務業經營管理研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:其他民生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:綠色供應鏈管理實踐環境績效競爭優勢
外文關鍵詞:Green Supply Chain Management PracticesEnvironmental performanceCompetitive advantage
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
市場的全球化,國際間的環保議題高漲,相關的法規也應運而生,如歐盟自2003年公布之WEEE、RoHS、EuP等指令。企業若要走向國際化,過去所用之傳統供應鏈架構已無法滿足目前的環保議題,於是綠色供應鏈管理實踐(Green Supply Chain Management Practices, GSCP)是不可避免的趨勢也是企業與環境共存、永續發展的關鍵。
本研究主要目的包括:提出綠色供應鏈管理實踐的概念,並發展GSCP的衡量量表。探討廠商實施「環境管理」對其「環境績效」與「競爭優勢」會帶來的影響為何?探討廠商與上游主要供應商及下游主要客戶共同實施綠色供應鏈管理對廠商的「環境績效」與「競爭優勢」會帶來的影響為何?其GSCP對企業帶來環境績效與競爭優勢的影響是值得研究的,並以具體實證之因果關係與具體效益,做為企業之具體參考與建議。
本研究以國外學者專家之文獻為基礎,發展出GSCP的衡量量表。從廠商的觀點,以台灣地區電機電子工業中資訊電子類與通過ISO14001的廠商為研究對象,總共回收154分有效問卷,並通過信、效度檢定,然後以因素分析獲得GSCP的五個構面:(1)供應商環境合作;(2)供應商環境監控;(3)客戶環境合作;(4)客戶環境監控;(5)廠商環境管理,並應用結構方程模式來驗證GSCP對環境績效與競爭優勢之間的因果關係。
研究結果發現:(1)「廠商環境管理」與「供應商環境監控」對「環境績效」具有直接正向的影響;(2)「客戶環境監控」對「競爭優勢」有直接正向的影響;(3)GSCP會透過「環境績效」為中介變數,產生間接正向影響「競爭優勢」。因此,可以說廠商之間GSCP的水準愈高,則環境績效愈高,間接使得競爭優勢也愈高。本研究結果有助於廠商與其上、下游夥伴施行與推動相關策略的參考依據。
Globalization of markets and increasing awareness of environmental protection have both led to greater emphasis on conservation of environment and sustainable development as well as the enactment of related legislations such as the WEEE and RoHS. For enterprises to be international and to operate on global basis, traditional supply chain management approaches in practice for years can no longer comply with the rising concern of environmental protection and have thus been replaced by the Green Supply Chain Management Practices (GSCP). This study aimed to explore the impact of plant environmental management adopted by enterprises on environmental performance and competitive advantage, and whether GSCP adopted jointly by both suppliers and customers will enhance environmental performance and competitive advantage.
With reference to the literature and after collecting comments and suggestions from both practitioners and the academia through interviews, this study developed an instrument for assessing GSCP. A questionnaire survey was conducted using the developed instrument. The subjects included Taiwanese enterprises engaged in information and electronics as well as those with ISO14001 accreditation. A total of 154 valid replies were collected and the developed instrument was found to possess both validity and reliability. Factor analysis was conducted on five dimensions of GSCP, namely (1)environmental cooperation with suppliers, (2)environmental control and monitoring with suppliers, (3)environmental cooperation with customers, (4)customers’ control and monitoring of environmental, and (5)plant environmental management. In addition, structural equation modeling (SEM)was employed to examine the relationship between GSCP and environmental performance and competitive advantage.
Results show that both of environmental control and monitoring with primary suppliers and plant environmental management have a direct, positive impact on environmental performance. Moreover, with environmental performance serving as a mediate variable, environmental control and monitoring with primary suppliers and plant environmental management have indirect positive influence on competitive advantage. Also, customers’ control and monitoring of environmental can have a direct positive impact on competitive advantage. Thus, we can conclude that the firms with higher levels of GSCP can lead to improved environmental performance, and enhanced competitive advantage. Our findings can serve as useful reference for enterprises in their adoption of GSCP to achieve environmental conservation and sustainable operation.
誌謝 I
論文提要 II
ABSTRACT III
目錄 V
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 IX

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究範圍與對象 2
第四節 研究內容與流程 3
第五節 研究方法 5
第二章 文獻回顧 6
第一節 綠色供應鏈管理(GSCM) 6
一、供應鏈管理的定義 6
二、綠色供應鏈管理之定義、範圍與目的 7
三、綠色供應鏈管理之策略與整合 10
第二節 歐盟環境保護法規對資訊產業影響 11
一、歐盟廢電機電子設備指令 11
二、歐盟危害物質限用指令 13
三、歐盟耗能產品環保設計指令 14
四、歐盟環境保護法對資訊電子產業之關連與影響 15
五、國內產業,實施環境管理之現況 17
第三節 環境管理與環境績效 19
一、環境管理之定義 19
二、ISO14000環境管理系統 20
三、環境績效之指標 21
第四節 競爭優勢 24
一、競爭優勢之定義 24
二、競爭優勢之衡量 25
第五節 綠色供應鏈管理對環境績效與競爭優勢之相關研究 27
一、綠色供應鏈管理與環境績效影響 27
二、綠色供應鏈管理對競爭優勢影響 28
三、環境績效對競爭優勢影響 29
四、綠色供應鏈與環境績效、競爭優勢之關係 29
第三章 研究設計 30
第一節 GSCP與環境績效、競爭優勢研究架構與假設 30
第二節 問卷設計 33
第三節 資料蒐集與無反應偏差 35
第四章 我國資訊電子產業實施綠色供應鏈管理之探討 36
第一節 我國資訊電子產業之競爭環境分析 36
第二節 為何資訊電子產業需要實施綠色供應鏈管理 37
第三節 我國資訊電子產業實施綠色供應鏈管理概況 38
第四節 綠色供應鏈管理實例 42
一、F公司綠色供應鏈管理流程分析 42
二、F公司之綠色供應鏈管理作業分析 43
三、F公司之綠色供應鏈管理之效益 45
第五節 小結 46
第五章 研究結果與分析 47
第一節 基本資料分析 47
第二節 問卷信度與效度分析 50
第三節 模式驗證結果與分析 54
一、衡量模式驗證性因素分析 54
二、結構模式之驗證 56
(一)結構模式配適度評估 56
(二)研究假設關係之驗證 56
第六章 結論與建議 61
第一節 結論 61
第二節 管理意涵 63
第三節 研究貢獻 65
第四節 研究限制 65
第五節 未來研究方向 66
參考文獻 67
中文部分 67
英文部分 68
附錄 74
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