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研究生:朱倖槿
研究生(外文):Hsing-Chin
論文名稱:穿心蓮內酯對腫瘤壞死因子誘發人類臍靜脈內皮細胞黏著因子 ICAM-1 表現之探討
論文名稱(外文):Effect of andrographolide on tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells
指導教授:劉凱莉劉凱莉引用關係陳暉雯
指導教授(外文):Kai-Li LiuHaw-Wen Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中山醫學大學
系所名稱:營養學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:營養學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:70
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動脈粥狀硬化是長期發炎所累積而成的一種病症,其形成的初期過程包含氧化型低密度脂蛋白過度累積並活化血管內皮細胞以及誘發內皮細胞表現黏著分子並吸引血液循環中的白血球黏附到血管內皮細胞。研究指出氧化型低密度脂蛋白會刺激巨噬細胞分泌發炎性細胞激素腫瘤壞死因子 (tumor necrosis factor-α),因此氧化型低密度脂蛋白被認為是一種促發炎刺激。穿心蓮內酯是一種 diterpene lactone,主要分佈於穿心蓮葉子中,目前證實穿心蓮內酯具有抗癌、保護肝臟與抗發炎等活性。本研究觀察穿心蓮內酯對腫瘤壞死因子誘發單核球黏附至人類臍靜脈內皮細胞的影響,發現穿心蓮內酯可有效抑制 HL-60 細胞株黏附至人類臍靜脈內皮細胞,也可抑制黏著分子 ICAM-1 總蛋白質與細胞表面的表現,以及抑制 ICAM-1 報導基因活性。穿心蓮內酯也可抑制腫瘤壞死因子誘發的 Akt 磷酸化,而且細胞預處理 PI3K 抑制劑 LY294002 也可顯著降低腫瘤壞死因子誘發的 ICAM-1 報導基因活性。此外,穿心蓮內酯也會減少 p65 進入細胞核內以及 NF-κB 與 DNA 的結合。這些結果顯示在人類臍靜脈內皮細胞中,穿心蓮內酯可藉由PI3K/Akt 或 NF-κB負向調控 ICAM-1 表現而具有抗發炎作用,本研究證實穿心蓮內酯在預防發炎反應形成過程扮演重要角色。


Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease in which the early stages of atherosclerosis are initiated by accumulation of oxLDL and activation of endothelial cells with subsequent expression of adhesion molecules and increased recruitment of leukocytes to the vascular endothelium. It is reported that stimulation of macrophages with oxLDL leads to enhanced TNF-α secretion. TNF-α is an inflammatory cytokine, and this implicates that oxLDL is an inflammatory stimulus. Andrographolide is a diterpene lactone isolated from the leaves of the Andrographis paniculata, which has been shown to possess anticancer, hepato-protective, and antiinflammatory activities. This study examined the effects of andrographolide on TNF-α-induced monocyte/human endothelial cell interaction. Andrographolide inhibited the adhesion of HL-60 cells to TNF-α-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and suppressed total protein, cell surface expression and the promoter activity of the intracellular adhesion molecules-1 (ICAM-1). Andrographolide also abolished TNF-α-induced phosphorylation of Akt (p-Akt) in a time-dependent manner, and the ICAM-1 promoter activity decreased when cells pretreated with PI3K inhibitor LY294002. Moreover, andrographolide blocked nuclear translocation and DNA binding activity of NF-κB. In summary, these results demonstrated that andrographolide exhibits an anti-inflammatory property by down-regulating the pathway that affects the expression of ICAM-1 and the action of andrographolide may be closely related to the inhibition of PI3K/Akt and NF-κB activation in HUVEC. This indicates that andrographolide may play an important role in the prevention of inflammatory responses such as the atherosclerosis process.

縮寫表 1
Abstract 4
中文摘要 5
第一章 文獻回顧 6
一、穿心蓮 6
(一)穿心蓮簡介 6
(二)穿心蓮與慢性發炎疾病 7
(三)穿心蓮與其他疾病 7
1.癌症 7
2.肝臟疾病 8
二、動脈粥狀硬化 9
(一)動脈粥狀硬化 (atherosclerosis) 9
(二)細胞黏著分子 11
1.選擇素與其配體 (selectins and their ligands) 11
2.類免疫球蛋白分子 (immunoglobulin-like molecules) 12
3.整合素 (integrins) 14
(三)腫瘤壞死因子 (tumor necrosis factor-α,TNF-α) 15
三、Cell signaling 16
(一) NF-κB 16
(二) Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) 18
(三) PI3K/Akt pathway 20
第二章 研究目的 24
第三章 實驗材料與方法 25
 實驗材料 25
一、實驗細胞株 25
二、化學試劑 25
(一) 細胞培養 25
(二) 細胞存活率分析 26
(三) 西方墨點法 (Western blotting) 26
(四) 蛋白質定量 27
(五) Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) 分析 27
(六) 細胞表面黏附分子表現分析 (Flow cytometry) 28
(七) 單核球黏附分析 (Monocyte adhesion assay) 29
(八) Transient transfection/Luciferase activity assay 29
 實驗方法 29
一、細胞培養 29
(一) 細胞保存 30
(二) 細胞株解凍 30
(三) 細胞處理架構 31
二、細胞存活率分析 (MTT assay) 31
三、細胞蛋白質萃取 32
四、蛋白質定量 32
五、西方墨點法 (Western blotting) 32
六、Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay (EMSA) 33
(一) 核蛋白萃取 33
(二) EMSA 33
七、細胞膜 ICAM-1 蛋白分析 (流式細胞儀,Flow cytometry) 34
八、單核球黏著分析 ( Adhesion of HL-60 to HUVEC) 35
九、Transient transfection/Luciferase activity assay 35
(一) Transfection 35
(二) 分析 36
 統計方法 36
第四章 實驗結果與圖表 37
一、穿心蓮內酯減少 TNF-α 誘發單核球細胞株黏附到人類臍靜脈內皮細胞株 37
二、穿心蓮內酯抑制 TNF-α 誘發 HUVECs 之 ICAM-1 蛋白質表現與啟動區活性 37
三、穿心蓮內酯減少 NF-κB nuclear translocation 及其與 DNA 結合之能力 38
四、穿心蓮內酯減少TNF-α 誘發 Akt 磷酸化但不影響 MAPKs 活化 39
五、PI3K 抑制劑 LY294002 減少 TNF-α 誘發 ICAM-1 promoter 活性 40

圖表目次
圖一、人類臍靜脈內皮細胞株預處理穿心蓮內酯 (AP) 對 TNF-α 誘發單核球細胞株黏附到人類臍靜脈內皮細胞株之影響 41
圖二、不同濃度穿心蓮內酯 (AP) 對 HUVECs 存活率之影響 42
圖三、人類臍靜脈內皮細胞株預處理穿心蓮內酯 (AP) 對 TNF-α 誘發人類臍靜脈內皮細胞株 ICAM-1 表現之影響 43
圖四、人類臍靜脈內皮細胞株預處理穿心蓮內酯 (AP) 對 TNF-α 誘發人類臍靜脈內皮細胞株細胞表面 ICAM-1 表現之影響 44
圖五、短暫轉染 pIC-339 HUVECs 預處理穿心蓮內酯 (AP) 對 TNF-α 誘發ICAM-1 luciferase 活性之影響 45
圖六、人類臍靜脈內皮細胞預處理穿心蓮內酯 (AP) 對 TNF-α 誘發 p65 nuclear translocation 之影響 46
圖七、1 ng/ml TNF-α 誘發核內轉錄因子 NF-κB 與 κB site DNA 序列結合之時間效應 47
圖八、人類臍靜脈內皮細胞株預處理穿心蓮內酯 (AP) 對 TNF-α 誘發核內轉錄因子 NF-κB 與 κB site DNA 序列結合之影響 48
圖九、人類臍靜脈內皮細胞株預處理 20 μM 穿心蓮內酯對 TNF-α 誘發Akt 磷酸化之影響 49
圖十、人類臍靜脈內皮細胞株預處理 20 μM 穿心蓮內酯對 TNF-α 誘發JNK 磷酸化之影響 50
圖十一、人類臍靜脈內皮細胞株預處理 20 μM 穿心蓮內酯對 TNF-α 誘發 ERK 磷酸化之影響 51
圖十二、人類臍靜脈內皮細胞株預處理 20 μM 穿心蓮內酯對 TNF-α 誘發 p38 磷酸化之影響 52
圖十三、短暫轉染 pIC-339 HUVECs 預處理 PI3Ks 抑制劑 LY294002對 TNF-α 誘發 ICAM-1 luciferase 活性之影響 53
第五章 討論 54
第六章 結論 59
參考文獻 60



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