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研究生:顏晶晶
研究生(外文):Chin-Chin Gan
論文名稱:基督教社群論者的公共倫理學-哈沃華茲敘事與實踐
論文名稱(外文):Hauerwas On Narrarive, Praxis and Public Ethics
指導教授:曾慶豹曾慶豹引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ken-Pa Chin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:宗教研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:宗教學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:敘事社群實踐政治政治體私有公共倫理
外文關鍵詞:narrativeprivatepolitypoliticspublic ethicscommunitypraxis
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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論文摘要
在自由主義的政治意識型態主導之下,主張以一種個人主義、普遍化、私人化、去歷史化的倫理觀為依歸,基督教信仰的倫理主張變得尤其尷尬,同時也削弱了基督教的社會實踐以及信仰認同。究竟如何回應並對自由主義做出批評,基督教在自由主義政治的社會中可不可能提出自己的社會議程及倫理主張,考驗著基督教會在現代社會的生存和價值。

哈沃華茲在反駁自由主義以個人為主的公共倫理,提醒我們教會必須設定自己的倫理議程,而不是交由國家社會來決定。他認為我們可以就社群的姿態進入公共社會,展開公共的立場,為基督教倫理做辯護。基督教的公共倫理是透过耶稣的十字架以及聖經的敘事語言而落實在教會社群當中,這種以基督徒社群性的倫理是帶著敘事的語言操練著基督的門徒,並以實踐為有特殊另類的觀視,以期在現代社會之中成為具有德行品格以及能夠見證上帝國度的人。

對哈沃華茲而言,倫理不是公共,亦不是私有,而是政治。有別於自由主義政治哲學的公共倫理觀,宣稱教會必須要被認出是一個政治體,這樣公共倫理才能有其實踐性,並且避免使公共倫理成為一種暴力。在認出耶穌的十字架以及聖經具有政治性後,才能够使基督教倫理的公共性及其實踐成為可能。



關鍵字:敘事、實踐、社群、政治、政治體、私有、公共倫理
Abstract

The political ideology of liberalism advocates individualism, universalism, privatization and dehistorization as the ethical benchmark. The advocacy of Christian ethics hence becomes particularly awkward, meanwhile the practice of Christianity and convictions are also wane off. The issue at stake is how to response in regard to liberalism, and how possible it will be for Christianity to voice out its social agenda and ethics advocacy in the liberal society. This will be the profound challenge for churches to sustain its survival and value in the modern society.

Hauerwas disputes the concept of individualism of liberal society and more importantly reminds us that churches have to set and decide the ethics agenda by their own, instead of the state government. Hauerwas proposes that churches play the public role by having a guise of community gesture in order to defense Chrisitian ethics. The public ethics of Christianity are implemented through the cross of Jesus and the narrative language in the church community. Through the narrative language, Christ disciples are trained to have an alternative vision, hoping to become a virtue person who can testify the kingdom of God.

For Hauerwas, ethics is neither public nor private; it is a politic. His proposition is certainly differ from the ethics perspective of political philosophy in liberalism. Hauerwas averred that churches must be viewed as a polity so that public ethics have the sense of praxis and evade the possibility of public ethics becoming a kind of violence. Only when we acknowledge the cross of Jesus and bible have the political nature, it then makes the public ethics and praxis of Christianity possible.

Keywords: narrative, praxis, community, politics, polity, private,public ethics
目錄

論文摘要.........................................i

Abstract.......................................ii

致謝...........................................iii

目錄............................................iv

緒論...............................................1

第一節 研究動機和目的 ............................1
第二節 研究方法
一、 背景與論文基本構思:社群主義對自由主義的批判..3
二、 現有的研究 ..............................................8

第一 章 敍事倫理學 ............................................11
第一節 敘事與理性 .............................11
第二節 自我和傳統的敘事 ........................16
第三節 聖經和教會的敘事 ........................20

第二章 耶穌社會倫理和實踐 ........................28
第一節 耶穌和社會倫理 ...........................28
第二節 成為耶穌的門徒和見證者 ...................36
第三節 語言觀視 (vision)以及倫理實踐............43

第三章 世界和教會 .............................................56
第一節 教會政治實踐的公共性 ...................56
第二節 聖經的倫理和政治性 ........................71

結語............................................77

參考書目..............................................84
參考書目
哈沃華茲著作

Hauerwas, Stanley. Truthfulness and Tragedy: Further Investigations in Christian Ethics. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1977.

———. A Community of Character: Toward a Constructive Christian Social Ethic
Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame, 1981.

———. Vision and Virtue: Essays in Christian Ethical Reflection. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1981.

______. A Primer in Christian Ethics: The Peaceable Kingdom. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1983.

______. Against the Nations: War and Survival in a Liberal Society. Minneapolis: Winston Press, 1985.

______. Christian Existence Today: Essays on Church, World, and Living in Between. Grand Rapids: Brazos Press, 1988.

______. Resident Aliens: Life in a Chrisitan Colony. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1989

______. After Christendom: How the Church Is to behave If Feedom, Justice, and a Christian Nation Are Bad Ideas. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1991.

______. Unleashing the Scripture: Freeing the Bible from Captivity to America. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1993.

______. Character and the Christian Life: A study in Theological Ethics. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1994.

______. Dispatches from the Front: Theological Engagements with the Secular, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1994.

______. Wilderness Wandering: Probing Twentieth- Century Theology and Philosophy. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997.

______. A Better Hope: Resources For A Church Confronting Capitalism, Democracy, and Postmodernity. Grand Rapids: Brazo Press, 2001.

______.When The Politics of Jesus Makes A Difference, website:http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=109, date: 22 February 2009.

Hauerwas, Stanley and William Willimon. The Truth about God: The Ten Commandments in Christian Life. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1999.



其他英文書籍

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. Sanctorum Communio: A Theological Study of the Sociology of the
Church. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1998.

Burridge, Richard A. Imitating Jesus: An Inclusive Approach to New Testament Ethics. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2007.

Cavanaugh, William T. "Discerning: Politics and Reconciliation." In The Blackwell Companion to Christian Ethics, edited by Stanley Hauerwas and Samuel Wells. Malden: Blackwell 2004.

Childs, Brevard S. Biblical Theology in Crisis. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1970.

Cochran, Clarke. Religion in Public and Private Life. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Fergusson, David. Community, Liberalism and Christian Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Fish, Stanley. Is There a Text in This Class? Cambridge: Havard University Press, 2000.

Frei, Hans W. Theology and Narrative Selected Essays. Edited by George Hunsinger and William C. Placher. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Gascoigne. "The Communication of Christian Ethics in the Public Forum." In The Public Forum & Christian Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Grenz, Stanley J. The Social God and the Relational Self. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001.

Gustafson, James M. Can Ethics Be Christian? Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1975.

Hays, Richard B. The Moral Vision of the New Testament: A Contemporary Introduction to New Testament Ethics. San Francisco: Harper Collins, 1996.

Hebblethwaite, Brian. The Incarnation: Collected Essays in Christology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Hick, John. "A Pluralist View." In Four Views on Salvation in a Pluralistic World. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1996.

Hicks, Douglas A. "Christian Engagement with the World." In Inequality & Christian Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Hollenbach, David, S.J. The Common Good and Christian Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Kallenberg, Brad J. Ethics as Grammar: Changing the Postmodern Subject. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press 2001.

Kelsey, David H. The Uses of Scripture in Recent Theology. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1975.

Lindbeck, George A. The Nature of Doctrine: Religion and Theology in a Postliberal Age. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1984.

MacIntyre, Alasdair C. After Virtue. Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1984.

The Macintyre Reader. Edited by Kelvin Knight. Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1998.

McClendon, James Wm. Systematic Theology Ethics. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1988.

Meilaender, Gilbert. "Virtue in Contemporary Reilgious Thought." In Virtue- Public & Private, edited by Richard John Neuhaus. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1986.

Moltman, Jurgen. "The Lutheran Doctrine of the Two Kingdoms and Its Use Today." In The Politics of Discipleship and Discipleship in Politics, edited by Williard M. Swartley, Eugene: Cascade Book, 2006.

———. "Politics Theology and Politics Hermeneutics." In The Politics of Discipleship and Disciplehip in Politics, edited by Williard M. Swartley. Eugene: Cascade Book, 2006.

Neuhaus, Richard John. Virtue-Public and Private. Edited by Richard John Neuhaus. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1986.

Niebuhr, H. Richard. The Responsible Self: An Essay in Christian Moral Philosophy Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1999.

______. The Meaning of Revelation. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1960.

Pannenberg, Wolfhart. The Church. Translated by Keith Crim. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1983.

Pinnock, Clark H. "The Pluralistic View." In Four Views on Salvation in a Pluralistic World, edited by Dennis L. Okholm and Timothy R. Phillips. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1996.

Rasmusson, Arne. The Church as Polis: From Political Theology to Theological Politics as Exemplified by Jurgen Moltmann and Stanley Hauerwas. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1995.

Rauschenbusch, Walter. Rauschenbusch Reader: The Kingdom of God and the Social Gospel. Edited by Benson Y. Landis. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1957.

Sandel, Michael J. Liberalism and the Limits of Justice. second ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Smith, Nicholas H. Charles Taylor: Meaning, Morals and Modernity. Malden: Blackwell Publishers, 2002.

Taylor, Charles. Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1989.

Thiemann, Ronald F. Religion in Publlic Life: A Dilemma for Democracy. Washington: Georgetown University Press, 1996.

Tracy, David. Plurality and Ambiguity. Chicago: The Universityof Chicago Press, 1987.

Yoder, J.H. The Politics of Jesus. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1972.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig. Philosophical Grammar. Translated by Anthony Kenny. Edited by Rush Rhees. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974.



英文期刊


Kallenberg, Brad. J. "The Strange New World in the Church: A Review Essay of with the Grain of the Universe." Journal of Religious Ethics 32, no. 1 (2004): 197-217.

Reynolds, Terrence P. "A Conversation Worth Having:Hauerwas and Gustafson on Substance in Theological Ethics." Journal of Religious Ethics 28, no. 3 (Sep 2000): 395-421

Sayers, Sean. "Identity and Community." Journal of Social Philosophy 30 No. 1 (1999): 147-60.

Smith, Scott. "Hauerwas and Kallenberg and the Issue of Epistemic Access to an Extra-Linguistic Realm." Heythrop Journal 45, no. 3 (2004): 305-26.


中文書籍

王崇名,《Charles Taylor的觀點:現代社會與公共性的根源》(臺北:稻鄉出版社,2008)。
貝爾著,宋冰、李琨譯,《社群主義及其批判者》(臺北: 正港資訊總經銷 : 臺灣商務印書館總代理,2000)。

汪建達,《在敍事中成就德性- 哈弗羅思導論》(北京:宗教文化出版社,2006)。
杜維明,《人性與自我修養》(臺北:聯經,1992)。
徐以驊主編,《宗教與美國社會—美國宗教的路線》(北京:時事出版社,2003)。

曹偉彤,《人性與德性》(香港:浸信會神學院,2004)。
鄧紹光,《界限與倫理》(香港:浸信會神學院,2006)。

中文期刊

石元康,<社群與個體:社群主義與自由主義的爭論>,《當代》,第114期,1995。
曾慶豹, <宗教與公共生活:公共神學引論>,《輔仁宗教研究》第15期,2007。

陳尚仁,<哈沃華茲的社群倫理—兼論其對墮胎的看法>,《臺灣神學論刊》,第24期,2006。
鄧紹光, <孔、孟、荀與潘霍華的群己觀:從成人之道著眼>,收入賴品超、李景雄編《耶儒對話新里程》,(香港:中文大學崇基學院,2001)。
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