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研究生:龔盈卉
研究生(外文):Ying-hui Kung
論文名稱:美國電影對國小學童之英語學習動機/態度及文化學習之影響-以惠文國小六年級生為例
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of American Movies on Promoting EFL Students’ English Learning Attitudes/Motivation and Culture Learning: A Case Study of Sixth Graders at Hui-Wen Elementary School
指導教授:林進瑛林進瑛引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-yin Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:朝陽科技大學
系所名稱:應用外語研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:146
中文關鍵詞:態度文化電影動機
外文關鍵詞:culturesmoviesattitudesmotivation
相關次數:
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過去的幾十年以來,以美國電影做為語言教學工具,以提升英語為外國語言/第二語言的學生之英語能力,已經逐漸變成一種趨勢。然而,卻很少有研究以國小學童作為研究的對象。因此,本研究旨在探討美國電影對國小學童之英語學習動機/態度、英語能力及美國的文化學習之影響。本研究採取等組前後測準實驗之設計,研究對象為台中市一所國小的六年級學童,總共七十人。將受試者平均分成實驗組及對照組各三十五人。兩組學童皆接受一個禮拜八十分鐘的國小標準英語課程,除此之外,實驗組則另外接受一個禮拜四十五分鐘的電影教學課程,為期一學期。本研究分別測量兩組受試者在實驗處理前、後在英語聽力和閱讀能力上的反應情形。並且以「英語學習態度動機問卷」測量受試者在實驗處理前、後在英語學習態度上的反應情形。另外以「自我評量文化能力問卷」測試實驗組受測者在實驗處理之後自我評量文化能力提升的反應情形。另外,在為期一學期的實驗之後,兩組受試者皆接受文化理解能力測驗。最後,對實驗組受試者進行訪談的結果作進一步研究的佐證及補充。本研究之結果指出接受美國電影課程教學的學生的確增進美國文化知識且增加其英語學習動機及態度。
In the past decade, using American movies as a tool to enhance the English learning attitudes and motivation of EFL/ESL students has become one of the major trends in the field of TESL. However, few studies focus on elementary school participants. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of American movies on EFL elementary students in the areas of English learning attitudes and motivation, English proficiency, and knowledge of American culture. Study participants were comprised of 70 sixth graders in Taichung, Taiwan. These students were equally divided into two groups; a movie-watching group and a non-movie-watching group. Both groups were required to attend a regular 80-minute English class each week. Meanwhile, the movie-watching group received an extra 45-minute American movie treatment each week, for a total of one semester. The pre- and post-tests of STYLE were used to compare the English listening and reading proficiency improvement of both groups. Also, the pre- and post-questionnaires of English learning attitudes/motivation were used to explore the differences between both groups concerning their English learning attitudes and motivation. Additionally, the post-test of cultural knowledge comprehension test was employed to elicit American cultural knowledge comprehension of both groups subsequent to the American movie treatment. A post-questionnaire of self-reported American cultural knowledge improvement was conducted to explore the movie-watching group’s self-reported American cultural knowledge improvement. Finally, an in-depth interview was held for the movie-watching group after receiving the American movie treatment. It is hoped that the interview can obtained a more objective and well-rounded perspective regarding the participants’ thoughts toward the American movie treatment. The results of this study showed that the movie-watching group possessed significant positive attitudes and motivation toward English learning in comparison with the non-movie-watching group. Also, the movie-watching group received more American cultural knowledge than the non-movie-watching group. Furthermore, the movie-watching group reported a significant self-reported American cultural knowledge improvement after receiving the American movie treatment. The findings of this study could be useful to educators in the field of ELT as well as those in culture studies.
CHINESE ABSTRACT ................................................................................................... i
ENGLISH ABSTRACT .................................................................................................. ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTs ............................................................................................iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS ................................................................................................ v
LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................ viii
LIST OF FIGURE .......................................................................................................... ix
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION
Background and Motivation .................................................................................... 1
Statement of the Problems .......................................................................................4
Purposes of the Study ...............................................................................................6
Research Questions ................................................................................................. 6
Educational Implication ........................................................................................... 7
The Framework of the Study ................................................................................... 8
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW
Culture ................................................................................................................... 10
Culture and Language .............................................................................................13
Culture Learning and Teaching ............................................................................. .16
Suggestions and Techniques of Teaching Culture ................................................. .19
Technologies ...................................................................................................……..20
Culture Assimilators ...............................................................................................22
Culture Capsules ....................................................................................................23
Visual Aids ..............................................................................................................23
Video Jigsaw ......................................................................................................... .23
Virtual Realia ........................................................................................................ 23
Selling Differing Cultural Views ............................................................................ 23
Celebrating Festivals .............................................................................................24
Role Play ...............................................................................................................24
Video in Language Teaching .................................................................................24
The Advantages of Using Video ............................................................................26
Summary ...............................................................................................................32
CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY
Research Methods ............................................................................................... 35
Independent Variables and Dependent Variables ................................................36
Pilot Study ............................................................................................................36
Participants ..........................................................................................................37
Setting ................................................................................................................. 37
Instruments ......................................................................................................... 38
Questionnaire Construction .................................................................................39
Content and Format of the Questionnaire ..........................................................40
Reliability of the Instruments ..............................................................................41
Interview .............................................................................................................42
Procedure and Experimental Treatments ...........................................................42
Procedure ............................................................................................................44
Research Hypotheses ...........................................................................................49
Data Analysis ........................................................................................................50
CHAPTER FOUR RESULTS
Results ..................................................................................................................52
Analysis of Research Question One ......................................................................52
Analysis of Research Question Two ......................................................................55
Analysis of Research Question Three ....................................................................57
Analysis of Research Question Four ......................................................................59
Analysis of Research Question Five .......................................................................60
Analysis of Research Question Six .........................................................................63
The Findings of Interviews ....................................................................................64
Analysis of Interview Question One .....................................................................65
Analysis of Interview Question Two .....................................................................67
Analysis of Interview Question Three ..................................................................70
Analysis of Interview Question Four ....................................................................72
Analysis of Interview Question Five ....................................................................74
Analysis of Interview Question Six ......................................................................78
CHAPTER FIVE DISCUSSIONS AND CONCLUSION
Summary of the Findings ....................................................................................80
Findings of Research Question One ....................................................................80
Findings of Research Question Two ....................................................................81
Findings of Research Question Three .................................................................82
Findings of Research Question Four ...................................................................83
Findings of Research Question Five ....................................................................84
Findings of Research Question Six ......................................................................85
Findings of Interview Question One ...................................................................85
Findings of Interview Question Two ...................................................................86
Findings of Interview Question Three ................................................................87
Findings of Interview Question Four ..................................................................88
Findings of Interview Question Five ...................................................................88
Findings of Interview Question Six .....................................................................89
Pedagogical Implications ...................................................................................90
Limitations of the Study .....................................................................................92
Suggestions for Future Studies .............................................................................93
REFERENCES .........................................................................................................95
APPENDICES
APPENDIX A: Informed Consent Form ................................................................107
APPENDIX B: English Learning Attitude/Motivation Questionnaire ...................108
APPENDIX C: Cultural Comprehension Test ........................................................111
APPENDIX D: Students’ Self-reported American Cultural Knowledge Improvement
Questionnaire .....................................................................................................114
APPENDIX E: Lesson Plans for the American Movie Treatment ..........................117
APPENDIX F: Reading Assignments .....................................................................140
Table 1 T-test with Attitudes toward English Learning at Pre-test .................................. 53
Table 2 T-test with Motivation toward English Learning at Pre-test .............................. 54
Table 3 T-test with Attitude toward English Learning at Post-test .................................. 54
Table 4 T-test with Motivation toward English Learning at Post-test ............................. 55
Table 5 T-test with Listening and Reading Proficiency at Pre-test ................................. 56
Table 6 T-test with Listening and Reading Proficiency at Post-test ................................ 57
Table 7 Descriptive Statistics of Self-reported Cultural Knowledge Improvement ........ 58
Table 8 T-test of Cultural Comprehension Test ............................................................... 60
Table 9 Correlations between measures .......................................................................... 61
Table 10 Correlations between measures ........................................................................ 62
Table 11 Correlations between measures ........................................................................ 63
Table 12 Interviewees’ Background Information ............................................................ 64
Table 13 Interviewees’ Language Proficiency Improvements ........................................ 68
Table 14 Interviewees’ Favorite Movie ........................................................................... 70
Table 15 Interviewees’ Favorite Part of the Treatment ................................................... 72
Table 16 Interviewees’ Opinions of Cultural Learning ................................................... 75
Table 17 Interviewees’ Suggestions toward the American Movie Treatment ................. 78
Figure 1. A Flow Chart of the Experimental Procedure ...................................................... 45
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參考文獻
吳金蓮 (1990)。 同儕個別教學對國中英語低成就學生輔導效果之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
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