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研究生:曾揚翔
研究生(外文):Yang-Hsiang Tseng
論文名稱:雙動力驅動車輛之電控系統研發
論文名稱(外文):Development of Electric Control System for Dual Power Driving Vehicles
指導教授:蔡耀文
指導教授(外文):Yao-Wen Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:機械與自動化工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:複合電動車直流無刷馬達磷酸鋰鐵電池數位訊號處理器能量管理策略
外文關鍵詞:Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV)Brushless direct current (BLDC)Lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4)Digital signal process (DSP)
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近年來國際油價仍然持續在高檔居高不下,溫室效應引發的全球氣象異變,嚴重影響許多國家的經濟建設發展與人民生命財產安全,在能源危機及環保意識抬頭等雙重現實下,給予複合動力技術萌芽的背景。自 1997 年豐田汽車(Toyota)在日本推出 Prius 這台運用汽油及電力驅動車輛的複合電動車之後,這類複合電動車具有低污染及省油等特性,有機會在未來成為汽車科技的主流。
有鑑於多動力驅動車輛日益重要,本論文發展一種雙動力驅動車輛的電控系統驅動器與控制器研發,其中包含直流無刷馬達驅動器、磷酸鋰鐵電池充電驅動器、發電機及主控制器管理系統。在電控系統中,使用高性能的德州儀器數位訊號處理器(DSP)作為各控制器之間的訊號溝通與處理各系統的運作。
本論文將此電控系統應用於一並聯式複合動力驅動系統,配合能量管理策略,控制車輛在各種路面及負載狀況下運轉。此研究中也順利完成實驗平台的建構,藉由實驗平台的系統零組件配置及行車模式的測試操控,以及實測之結果驗證此電控系統與能量管理策略之動力整合功能與成效。
In recent years, the international oil price still rising and greenhouse effect the global warming, it causes to inflict heavy losses the economic development with people life and wealth of many country. Since 1997, a hybrid electric car was put into batch production in Japan by Toyota Prius. The kind of hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) utilization with a gasoline engine and an electric motor has the characteristics of low pollution and zero emission. In the environment protection and energy crisis, the HEV will have the opportunity to become the main car of automobile in the future.
The central purpose of this study is developed the driver and controller of electric control system for dual power driving vehicle including brushless direct current (BLDC) motor driver, lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) battery charging system, generator driver and major controller management system. In the electric control system, using high performance Texas Instruments TMS320LF2407 digital signal process (DSP) connects various controllers.
This study applies the electric control system for a parallel hybrid system and controls vehicle’s operation with energy management strategy under variation load condition. According to the construction of the experiment platform, the components have been allocated and real tests have verified the dual power function of the electric control system and control strategy.
INSIDE FRONT COVER
SIGNATURE PAGE
AUTHORIZATION COPYRIGHT STATEMENT iii
ENGLISH ABSTRACT iv
CHINESE ABSTRACT v
ACKNOWLEDGMENT vi
CONTENTS vii
LIST OF FIGURES x
LIST OF TABLES xiii
ABBREVIATIONS xiv

Chapter I
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 The hybrid background 2
1.2.1 Series hybrid system 3
1.2.2 Parallel hybrid system 4
1.2.3 Series-parallel hybrid system 5
1.2.4 Newly parallel-type hybrid electric system 6
1.2.5 Hybrid system comparison 9
1.3 Organization 10
Chapter II
FRAMEWORK AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT STRATEGY OF DUAL POWER DRIVING SYSTEM
2.1 Introduction 11
2.1.1 Electric motor 12
2.1.2 Generator 14
2.1.3 Internal combustion engine 15
2.1.4 LiFePO4 battery 17
2.1.5 Magnetism powder type brake unit 18
2.2 The framework of dual power driving system 20
2.2.1 BLDC motor mode 21
2.2.2 ICE only mode 22
2.2.3 Ice and generator mode 23
2.2.4 Dual power mode 24
2.2.5 Battery charging mode 25
2.2.6 Regenerative braking mode 26
2.3 Energy management strategy 27
2.3.1 BLDC motor control procedure 29
2.3.2 Ice only control procedure 30
2.3.3 Ice and generator control procedure 30
2.3.4 Dual power control procedure 30
2.3.5 Battery charging control procedure 31
Chapter III
ESTABLISHED SYSTEM DYNAMIC EQUATIONS AND MODELS
3.1 The motor/generator model 32
3.2 The energy integration mechanism model 34
Chapter IV
DESIGN OF ELECTRIC CONTROLLERS FOR DUAL POWER DRIVING SYSTEM
4.1 Introduction 39
4.2 System controller configuration 39
4.2.1 Texas Instrument TMS320LF2407 42
4.2.2 Pulse width modulation technique 43
4.2.3 The DSP output interface 44
4.2.4 The DSP input interface 45
4.2.5 A/D converter protect circuit 45
4.2.6 The process of DSP A/D converter 46
4.2.7 Isolation gate driver 47
4.3 Philosophy of ac – dc converter 48
4.3.1 Dynamic charging principle 49
4.3.2 A/D converter control system 50
4.4 Philosophy of BLDC motor driver 51
4.4.1 BLDC motor commutation principle 52
4.4.2 BLDC motor speed control system 53
4.5 Philosophy of LiFePO4 battery charge 54
4.5.1 LiFePO4 battery charging principle 55
4.5.2 LiFePO4 battery charging control system 56
4.6 The DSP interface of major controller 57
Chapter V
EXPERIMENTAL AND SIMULATION RESULTS
5.1 Introduction the experiment platform 59
5.2 Simulation results 62
5.3 Experimental results 65
5.3.1 Low power control procedure 65
5.3.2 Medium power control procedure 70
5.3.3 High power control procedure 72
Chapter VI
CONCLUSIONS 76
REFERENCE 77
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[2] C. R. Norma and A. John, “The Hybrid Phenomenon: High Gas Prices and Shifting Consumer Sentiment Point to Bright Prospects for Hybrid Cars”, The Futurist, vol. 41, Jul. 2007.
[3] The Auto Channel, 2009-03-11, “Toyota and Lexus Hybrids Top One Million Sales in the U.S.”, Retrieved on 2009-03-28
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[6] Hong-Yi Su, “Study of a New Parallel Hybrid Electric Power System”, The Thesis, Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering College of Engineering Dayeh university, 2005.
[7] Te-Sheng Su, “Development of High Power 20kW Brushless DC Motor Driver and Application of Novel Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle”, The Thesis, Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering College of Engineering Dayeh university, 2008.
[8] Ruei-Hong Dai, “DSP Based 20kW Generator/Lithium Battery Management System and Application of Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicles”, The Thesis, Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering College of Engineering Dayeh university, 2008.
[9] Jia-Hao Jhuang, “Development of Electrical Control System and Performance Analysis for a New Parallel Hybrid Electric Heavy Motorcycle”, The Thesis, Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering College of Engineering Dayeh university, 2007.
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[11] Yimin Gao and Mehrdad Ehsani, “A Torque Speed Coupling Hybrid Drivetrain Architecture, Control, and Simulation”, IEEE Fellow, vol. 21, no. 3, May. 2006.
[12] Texas Instruments “TMS320LF2407A-EP DSP CONTROLLERS” Texas Instruments Inc., 2002.
[13] Texas Instruments “AC Induction Motor Control Using Constant V/Hz Principle and Space Vector PWM Technique with TMS320C240” Texas Instruments Inc., 1998.
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[18] Mohamed A. Awadallah, Student Member, and Medhat M. Morcos, Senior Member, “Automatic Diagnosis and Location of Open-Switch Fault in Brushless DC Motor Drives Using Wavelets and Neuro-Fuzzy Systems”, IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, Vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 104-111, Mar. 2006.
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