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研究生:劉季樺
研究生(外文):Chi-hua Liu
論文名稱:異相觸媒產製生質柴油之研究
論文名稱(外文):Biodiesel Production by the Heterogeneous Catalyst Reaction
指導教授:張振昌
指導教授(外文):chen-chang chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:化學工程學所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:非均相觸媒離子交換樹脂廢食用油生質柴油
外文關鍵詞:biodieselWaste oilheterogeneous catalystion-exchange resin
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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廢食用油將成為取代作物油為生產生質柴油的原料,其組成通常伴隨著大量的游離脂肪酸。這些游離脂肪酸會造成在轉換過程中增加酯類的產生。
本研究利用酸、鹼離子交換樹脂當作觸媒將廢食用油或是不可食用之高酸油脂進行酯化反應以生產生質柴油,藉由改變不同變因如油醇莫耳比、反應溫度、游離脂肪酸含量、觸媒添加量、轉速、醇類的改變等影響因素,為了配置高酸油的環境以添加油酸在大豆油中。
利用非均相觸媒酯化游離脂肪酸油脂,顯示出酸觸媒Amberlyst-15優於鹼觸媒Dowex 550A。
Frying oil have become the newest raw material for the Trans-
esterification reaction for the production of biodiesel.However, these compounds usually come with a certain amount of free fatty acids.These inpurities can be transformed into esters and the production of biodiesel could be increased.
The use of acid and basic resin to perform the esterification reaction ioto biodiesel is studied in this work.The effect of the most realevant vari-
ables of the process such as mole ratio between alcohol and oil, reaction
temperature, amount of free fatty acids fed, amount of catalyst ,rpm control, and change alcohol.For this purpose,an ideal frying oil using oleic acid and soybean oil was made.
The esterification of free fatty acids using heterogeneous catalyst appears Amberlyst-15 bater than Dowex 550A.
摘要 I
Abstract II
目錄 III
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VIII
第一章前言………………………………………………………………..1
第二章文獻回顧…………………………………………………………..2
2-1 生質柴油簡介 2
2-2 替代燃料 5
2-2-1 開發替代燃料 5
2-2-2 各種替代燃料之比較與評價 7
2-3 油脂性能源作物 9
2-4 生產方式 13
2-5 轉脂化反應 14
2-5-1 鹼催化製程 16
2-5-2 酸催化製程 18
2-5-3 �▲吨しs程 20
2-5-4 超臨界製程 22
2-6 水份和游離脂肪酸對轉脂化反應的影響 24
2-6-1 水份對轉脂化反應的影響 24
2-6-2 游離脂肪酸對轉酯化反應的影響 26
2-7 二階段生產生質柴油 28
第三章實驗部份 30
3-1 實驗目的 30
3-2 實驗方法 32
3-2-1實驗儀器 32
3-2-2 實驗藥品 33
3-2-3 實驗步驟 34
3-3 分析方法 36
3-3-1 大豆油酸價測定 36
3-3-2 生質柴油官能基檢測 37
3-3 觸媒製備 39
3-3-1 離子交換樹脂觸媒 39
3-3-2 觸媒活化步驟 40
第四章 結果與討論 41
4-1 油醇比例添加的影響 41
4-2 游離脂肪酸含量添加的影響 43
4-3 反應溫度的影響 46
4-4 觸媒含量添加的影響 47
4-5 轉速控制的影響 49
4-6 觸媒再生使用的影響 50
4-7 酸鹼觸媒比較 52
4-8 醇類不同的比較 53
4-9 廢食用油預脂化 54
4-10 痲瘋樹油預酯化 56
4-11 生質柴油脂官能基檢測 57
第五章 結論與展望 59
附錄 60
附錄A 文獻整理 60
附錄B 檢測生質柴油標準 66
參考文獻 69
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