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研究生:傅承偉
研究生(外文):Cheng-wei Fu
論文名稱:以知識累積觀點探討台灣TFT-LCD設備研發之研究
論文名稱(外文):Analyzing R&D Development of Taiwan TFT-LCD Equipment Industry from the Viewpoint of Knowledge Accumulation
指導教授:賴文祥賴文祥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wen-hsiang Lai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:科技管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:140
中文關鍵詞:TFT-LCD設備產業知識累積機制知識累積
外文關鍵詞:TFT-LCD equipment industriesthe mechanism of knowledge accumulationknowledge accumulation
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知識累積是一種動態的過程,企業組織應瞭解如何進行知識的累積,以培養核心能力,創造競爭優勢。本研究的研究設計共分為兩大部分,第一部分採取循序漸進的方式進行產業分析,第二部分則針對產業進行量化的實證分析。本研究主要針對產業研發活動進行研發能量的分析,並導入以理論文獻為基礎之研究架構,藉由問卷調查的方式,實際針對目標產業進行調查,最後藉由統計工具分析,針對理論架構與實際情形進行比對,以對理論模型的適用性進行討論。
在產業分析部分,本研究發現:台灣TFT-LCD設備廠商所擁有的專利多屬於非核心三大製程的專利,對於高附加價值的設備,目前的供給能力仍然不足;且台灣TFT-LCD設備主要以志聖工業、東捷科技、陽程科技與均豪精密為主要的貢獻者,並且其公司規模與研發活動具有某一程度上的關係。
而根據實證分析結果顯示,外部獲取之外顯性知識,對技術實體與管理系統具有直接的累積效果,且外部獲取的外顯性知識,透過知識累積機制中的「系統(結構)化機制」與「互動協調機制」將更有助於外顯性知識的累積。另外,在干擾因素作用下的知識累積機制對知識累積具有正相關,尤其是在「組織的知識環境」作用下,能使「互動協調機制」更為明顯,且能對「技術實體與管理系統」與「員工的技能或能力」產生顯著性的作用;因此得出,內隱性知識透過干擾下的互動協調機制,能夠形成對知識累積的顯著路徑。內隱性知識的累積除了透過知識累積機制之外,更需要透過組織的知識環境來影響知識累積機制的作用情形。本研究結果顯示,組織越願意投入在組織知識環境的塑造上,越能促進更多的內隱性知識轉換,使得儲存在員工身上的寶貴經驗與知識,能夠獲的分享與傳遞,以至於最後形成一組織文化或工作氛圍,這樣就能真正的營造所謂的學習型組織,或是創新型的組織。
Knowledge accumulation is a dynamic process, and organizations should be aware of how to accumulate the knowledge in order to cultivate core competencies and create competitive advantages. Two major parts are included in this study. The first part is the theme of industrial analysis using the method of patent analysis. The second part is the theme of quantative research to verify and quantify the evidence of research framework in this study. This study adapts theoretical literature reviews, develops pratical research framework, and designs the questionnaire to actually analyze the capability of R&D in Taiwan’s TFT-LCD equipment industry. This study also uses statistical tools to test theoretical framework for the actual industrial situation and compare the applicability of the theoretical model with the actual industrial situation.
This study unveils that most patents owned by Taiwan’s TFT-LCD equipment vendors are only focused on three major non-core processes, and it is still insufficient for the current supplying capability of high value equipments in Taiwan’s TFT-LCD equipment industry. The main contributors in Taiwan''s TFT-LCD equipment industry are C SUN, Contrel Technology, USUN Technology and Gallant Precision Machining, and the firm sizes have certain relationships with respect to their R&D activities.
According to the results of empirical analysis, this study shows that the external explicit knowledge has a direct impact on the knowledge accumulation of technology entity and management system, and the knowledge accumulated through the mechanism of “systemization (structure)” and “interactive coordination” would contribute to the knowledge accumulation of external knowledge in firms. In addition, the interference mechanism of knowledge accumulation has a positive correlation on firm’s knowledge accumulation. Particularly, under the effect of “firm’s knowledge environment”, not only the “interactive coordination” is obvious to firm’s knowledge accumulation, but also “technology entity and management system” and “employees’ skills/ability” are significant in affecting firm’s knowledge accumulation.
In addition to the mechanism of knowledge accumulation, it is more important to build knowledge environment and influence the effect of knowledge accumulation mechanism. This study shows that the more organizations invest/cultivate the knowledge environment, the more it can obtain the goals of converting tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge and sharing/delivering the knowledge of employees’ valuable experiences and knowledge. Finally based on the organization’s knowledge environment, the organizational culture and work environment are formed to create a learning and innovative organization.
目錄....................................................i
圖目錄................................................iii
表目錄.................................................iv
第一章 緒論.............................................1
第一節 研究動機.........................................1
第二節 研究目的.........................................3
第三節 研究範圍與限制...................................3
第四節 研究流程.........................................4
第二章 文獻回顧.........................................6
第一節 知識理論基礎.....................................6
一、產業中知識的定義....................................6
二、知識累積的意涵......................................9
三、知識累積的機制.....................................12
第二節 TFT-LCD設備機台開發.............................19
一、產品的研發活動.....................................19
二、設備機台的研發流程.................................23
三、開發流程所伴隨的知識行為...........................25
第三章 研究方法........................................27
第一節 研究設計........................................27
一、產業分析工具.......................................27
二、量化統計分析工具...................................29
第二節 研究假設與研究架構..............................30
一、外部獲取知識對組織的知識累積.......................31
二、知識累積機制的扮演角色.............................33
三、組織的知識環境對知識累積機制的干擾.................35
第三節 研究變項之操作型定義............................37
第四節 目標與調查對象..................................39
第五節 問卷量表設計....................................40
一、認知性問項.........................................40
二、基本資料問項.......................................41
第四章 研究結果與分析..................................42
第一節 台灣TFT-LCD設備產業分析.........................42
一、TFT-LCD設備產業動態................................42
二、TFT-LCD生產的主要技術與機台........................43
三、台灣TFT-LCD設備產業之技術能力分析..................46
第二節 調查樣本敘述統計................................53
一、樣本資料收集.......................................53
二、敘述性統計分析.....................................57
第三節 探索性因素分析與信度............................62
一、探索性因素分析.....................................62
二、信度分析...........................................68
三、研究假設之修正.....................................70
四、Pearson相關係數分析................................71
第四節 驗證性因素分析..................................74
一、量測模式之分析與適配度指標.........................74
二、外部獲取知識的特性量測模式之ㄧ階驗證性因素分析.....76
三、知識累積機制量測模式之ㄧ階驗證性因素分析...........78
四、組織的知識環境量測模式之ㄧ階驗證性因素分析.........81
五、知識累積程度量測模式之ㄧ階驗證性因素分析...........82
六、知識環境干擾下之知識累積機制量測模式...............84
第五節 結構方程式分析..................................89
一、結構模式之分析與鑑定...............................89
二、外部知識獲取對組織知識累積的結構模式...............90
三、知識累積機制對外部獲取的知識進行知識累積的中介模式.92
四、組織的知識環境對知識累積機制的干擾模式.............97
五、結構模式的分析與假設結果..........................103
第五章 結論與管理意涵.................................106
第一節 研究結果與發現.................................106
一、台灣TFT-LCD設備產業的發展現況.....................107
二、知識理論的調查實證結果............................109
第二節 管理意涵.......................................112
一、產業佈局與技術發展................................112
二、內部知識管理......................................113
第三節 後續研究.......................................114
參考文獻..............................................116
◎中文參考文獻........................................116
◎英文參考文獻........................................117
◎參考網站............................................124
附件:施測問卷........................................125
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◎參考網站
1.USPTO:http://www.uspto.gov/
2.TIPO:http://twpat.tipo.gov.tw/
3.EPO:http://ep.espacenet.com/?locale=en_EP
4.SIPO:http://www.sipo.gov.cn/sipo2008/
5.工研院產業經濟與趨勢研究中心IEK:http://www.iek.itri.org.tw/
6.公開資訊觀測站http://newmops.tse.com.tw/
7.經濟部工業局http://www.moeaidb.gov.tw/
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