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研究生:管聖傑
研究生(外文):Sheng-Jie Guan
論文名稱:一個使用多層式服務聚合與組合技術之有效大眾運輸轉乘規劃
論文名稱(外文):An Efficient Public Transit Planning Scheme Using Multi-Level Service Aggregation and Composition Techniques
指導教授:竇其仁竇其仁引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chyi-Ren Dow
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:資訊工程所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:27
中文關鍵詞:先進大眾運輸系統服務聚合轉乘規劃網路服務服務組合
外文關鍵詞:Transit PlanningService AggregationService CompositionWeb ServiceAPTS
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先進旅行者系統旨在蒐集與提供對於用路人有用的資訊,其中有系統提供公共交通資訊,例如轉乘規劃服務,稱之為先進大眾運輸系統。然而目前的先進大眾運輸系統大多是各自經營與提供其服務,也無共有的運輸資料標準,彼此訊息無法有效交換利用,所以很難有辦法作大範圍的轉乘服務規劃。此外,目前對於轉乘系統之研究大多使用最短路徑或者藤構式演算法,且沒有結合地理資訊的好處,所以並不適合在大型的公共交通路網上作轉乘規劃。本篇研究提出一個服務組合為基礎之大眾運輸系統架構,其透過網路服務作為資料交換的介面,進而可整合多個先進大眾交通系統與公共運輸系統業者的異質資料。對於轉乘規劃方法,本研究也提出了一個服務聚集與組合的機制,針對大型公共交通路網可以更有效找出轉乘路徑。
Advanced Traveler Information Systems (ATIS) aim at collecting and disseminating helpful information to travelers. Among them there are systems providing public transit information as well as path planning services, called Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). However, most modern APTSs maintained their own individual transportation service information in a non-sharable fashion, thus planning paths for large scope is difficult since there is no information exchanging methods for existing APTS. In addition, existing researches usually employ shortest path or vine-building based schemes, and did not take advantages of other semantic information such as geographic locations, service information, etc., thus usually are not scalable well for large scope trip planning. This work proposes a Semantic-based APTS framework for transit planning, where Semantic Web-based service interfaces are specified for information exchanging, making it possible to integrate and organize heterogeneous data from various APTS and transportation enterprises. In addition, a semantic-based trip-planning scheme is designed to be used in NimbleTransit, where service information is aggregated in advance using semantic knowledge. Semantic service composition is then used to construct the path. A system prototype is implemented, and the results showed that the proposed scheme is indeed more effective and scalable than existing schemes.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
Table of Contents iii
List of Figures v
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Overview of the Research 2
1.3 Thesis Organization 2
Chapter 2 Related Work 3
2.1 APTSs and Transit Planning Schemes 3
2.2 Semantic Service Composition 4
2.3 NTCIP Standard and APTS Data Schema 4
Chapter 3 System Architecture 6
3.1 NimbleTransit Framework 6
3.2 Service Representation 7
3.3 Preliminaries 8
3.4 Aggregation Scheme 9
3.5 Composition Scheme 11
3.6 Analysis of Composition 13
Chapter 4 System Implementation and Prototype 15
4.1 Developed Environment 15
4.2 Usage of System 15
4.3 Scenarios 16
Chapter 5 Experimental Results 17
5.1 Experimental Environment 17
5.2 Efficiency Experiment 17
5.3 Availability of NimbleTransit 21
Chapter 6 Conclusions 23
References 24
Acknowledgements 27
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