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研究生:張菡棠
研究生(外文):Han-Tang Chang
論文名稱:貪腐對經濟成長的影響:金磚四國之分析
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Corruption on Economic Growth: Evidence from Brazil, Russia, India and China
指導教授:何艷宏何艷宏引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:財稅所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:貪腐經濟成長追蹤資料追蹤資料誤差修正模型
外文關鍵詞:CorruptionEconomic GrowthPanel DataPanel VECM
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
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  貪腐與經濟發展關係之文獻存在許多不同的論述,部份的跨國研究指出,貪腐有助於經濟成長。因此,本文試圖以高貪腐伴隨高經濟成長之「金磚四國」,以量化實證資料分析來探討貪腐是否為經濟成長的潤滑劑。利用 1995∼2008 之 Panel Data 及 Panel 誤差修正模型來進行實證分析,採用國際透明組織的貪腐印象指數作為衡量貪腐程度的指標,加入其他可能影響經濟成長的因素,包括外國直接投資、政府支出,以及經濟開放程度等變數進行實證分析。
  分析的結果顯示,對於「金磚四國」而言,貪腐與經濟成長之間短期存在顯著正向關係,但長期下貪腐並非影響經濟成長的最主要因素;影響一國經濟成長的主因還是在於該國之外國直接投資與經濟開放程度。
  Regarding to corruption-economic growth nexus there are two schools keeping opposite views. However, some cross-country studies showed corruption is helpful to economic growth. Therefore, this paper attempts to estimate the relationship between the economic growth and corruption in Brazil, Russia, India and China, and quantitative analysis of empirical data to explore whether the corruption of the lubricant for economic growth. This paper adopting panel data and Panel vector Error Correction model from 1995 to 2008 empirically investigates the effect of corruption on economic growth for Brazil, Russia, India and China. Empirical analysis using Transparency International''s corruption index as a measure of the impression that the extent of corruption indicators, which may affect other factors of economic growth, including foreign direct investment, government spending , as well as the degree of economic openness variables.
  The results of analysis showed that there is a significant positive relationship between the corruption and economic growth in short-term, however, the corruption is not the most important factor of economic growth in long-term, foreign direct investment and the degree of economic openness of a country''s is the main reason for economic growth.
摘要..........................................................................................................ⅰ
Abstract...................................................................................................ⅱ
目錄..........................................................................................................ⅲ
圖目錄......................................................................................................ⅳ
表目錄......................................................................................................ⅴ
第一章 緒論 ..................................................................................................... 1
第一節 研究背景 .......................................................................................... 1
第二節 研究動機與目的 ............................................................................... 3
第三節 研究架構 .......................................................................................... 5
第二章 文獻回顧 ............................................................................................. 7
第一節 貪腐之定義與衡量指標 .................................................................... 7
第二節 相關理論之研究 ............................................................................. 10
第三節 相關實證之研究 ............................................................................. 24
第三章 金磚四國之簡述 ............................................................................... 30
第一節 金磚四國之介紹 ............................................................................. 31
第二節 金磚四國之重要性 ......................................................................... 33
第四章 研究方法 ........................................................................................... 35
第一節 模型設定與變數說明 ...................................................................... 35
第二節 研究方法 ........................................................................................ 38
第五章 實證結果 ........................................................................................... 48
第一節 PANEL DATA 單根檢定結果 ............................................................. 48
第二節 PANEL DATA 共整合檢定結果 ......................................................... 50
第三節 PANEL 誤差修正模型實證結果 ....................................................... 51
第六章 結論 ................................................................................................... 54
第一節 研究限制 ........................................................................................ 54
第二節 結論 ................................................................................................ 54
參考文獻 ........................................................................................................... 56
中文部份
王昭琇(2006),《國外直接投資、失業率與經濟成長率:己開發國家及開發中國家之比較分析》,中國文化大學經濟學研究所碩士論文。
王佳慧(2003),《貪瀆與經濟成長之分析》,國立政治大學財政研究所碩士論文。
包淳亮(2008),「夢回金磚四國的五年之後」,《歷史月刊》,248期,p40-42。
邱魏頌正,黃秋閔(2004),《外人直接投資、貿易與經濟成長-東亞與拉丁美洲實證之研究》,南華大學經濟學研究所碩士論文。
林向愷(2008),「貪腐與民主」,《臺灣民主季刊》第五卷,第三期:167-175。
許文凌(2008),《影響經濟成長因素之探討》,世新大學管理學院經濟學系碩士論文。
葉宜蓁,官德星(2007),「制度、人力資本與經濟成長─從金磚十五國談起」,《經社法制論叢》,39,p135-176。
楊映暉(2007),《貪污對經濟成長之影響-以新興市場經濟為例》,國立成功大學政治經濟學研究所碩士論文。
蒙志強(2004),《貪腐有害於經濟成長嗎?》,國立臺灣大學經濟學研究所碩士論文。

英文部份
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Hall, R. E. and I. J. Charles (1999), “Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker Than Others?,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114(1), 83-116.
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Johnston and Michael, (1997), “Public Officials, Private Interests, and Sustainable Democracy: When Politics and Corruption Meet”, in Corruption and the Global Economy, ed. by Kimberly Ann Elliott(Washington: Institute for International Economics), 61-82.
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Shleifer, A. and R. W. Vishny (1993), “Corruption,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 108(3), 599-618.
Tullock, G. (1996), “Corruption Theory and Practice,” Contemporary Economic Policy, 14, 6-13.
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