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研究生:許嫡娟
研究生(外文):HSU TI-CHUAN
論文名稱:LIFE EDUCATION IN CBS: IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT THROUGH XING-MEN COURSE
論文名稱(外文):LIFE EDUCATION IN CBS: IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT THROUGH XING-MEN COURSE
指導教授:許鶴齡許鶴齡引用關係
指導教授(外文):HSU HO-LING
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:佛光大學
系所名稱:佛教學系
學門:人文學門
學類:宗教學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:111
中文關鍵詞:生命教育佛教研修學院自我認同行門
外文關鍵詞:LIFE EDUCATIONIDENITTY DEVELOPMENTCOLLEGE OF BUDDHIST STUDIESCBSXING-MEN
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ABSTRACT

The purpose for this research is to probe into identity development through Xing-Men course from Life Education perspective. The subjects were students from College of Buddhist studies (CBS). The important stage for identity formation is during adolescence. Therefore, the students from age 18 to 22 were chosen as subjects for this research. Through the semi-depth interview, and participant observation, results showed that students had developed a positive attitude towards their identity crisis. Students managed to over come their challenges, discovering their emotions, feelings and also shortcomings. CBS provided an environment where students could apply Buddhism into practical practices. There are still changes towards the curriculum of Xing Men course, because CBS was only found for two years. Therefore, the identity development out come of Xing Men could only be focused on the second year students. Due to the reason that there are no graduate students as yet, some of the students showed uncertainty towards their future plans. However, some interviewees are willing to search for a future plan that could merge their interests and Buddhism.
TABLE OF CONTENT
ABSTRACT ii
AKNOWLEDGEMENT iii
ILLUSTRATIONS vi
Figures vi
Tables vi
APPENDIX vii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Background and Motivations 1
1.2 Research Objectives 5
1.3 Research Questions 6
1.4 Importance of the Study 6
1.5 Research Limitations 7
1.5.1 Research Subject 7
1.5.2 Language 7
1.6 Research Direction 8
1.7 Chapter Arrangement 8
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW 11
2.1 Life Education 11
2.2. Adolescence: Identity vs. Identity Diffusion 16
2.3 Erikson: Identity Development in Adolescence 18
2.4 Marcia: Resolving Identity vs. Identity Diffusion in four ways 21
2.5 Chickering’s seven vectors 25
2.6 Chan: Understanding the Teachings and Putting into Practice (Jie and Xing) 31
2.7 Fo Guang University: College of Buddhist Studies 35
2.8 College of Buddhist Studies (CBS): Xing Men (Practice) Course 36
2.9 Factors Influences Identity Development 36
2.9.1 Family 36
2.9.2. University Participation 36
2.9.3. Religion 36
CHAPTER THREE : RESEARCH METHODS 36
3.1 Qualitative Research 36
3.2 Research Design 36
3.3 Research Subjects 36
3.4 Data Collection Procedure 36
3.5 Question Design 36
3.6 Data Analyzing Procedure 36
3.7 Reliability and Validity 36
CHAPTER FOUR : DATA ANALYSIS 36
4.1 Example of Data Analysis : Interviewee A 36
4.1.1 Example of First and Second Interview 36
4.1.2 Example of third stage: Third Person 36
4.1.3 Example of Fourth Stage: General Elements 36
4.1.4 Example of Fifth Stage: Matching with Question Approach 36
4.1.5 Example of Sixth Stage: Open Coding 36
4.2 Composed Textural Answers 36
4.3 Result 36
4.3.1 Establishing Identity 36
4.3.2 Factors influence Identity Development 36
Religion 36
Family 36
University Participation 36
CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS 36
5.1 Conclusion 36
5.2 Suggestions for CBS XM Advisers 36
BIBLIOGRAPHY 36
English 36
Journals 36
Chinese 36
Websites and Newspapers 36
Bibliography

English

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Astin, A. What matters in college? San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 1993.

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Becker, H.S. Tricks of the trade: How to think about your research while you’re doing it. Chicago: University of Chicago Press,1998.

Chickering, Arthur W, and Linda Reisser, Education and Identity. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers,1993.

Chickering, A. W. and Reisser, L. Education and identity. 2nd Ed.San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.1993.

Denzin, Norman. K. and Yvonna S. Lincoln. The SAGE handbook of Qualitative Research. CA:Thousand Oaks, 2005.

Erikson, E.H. Identity, youth and crisis. New York: Norton, 1968.

Erikson, Erik H., Hunters Across the Prairie: Childhood and Society, 2nd ed., New York: W.W. Norton, 1963.

Goldscheider, F.K., Semiautonomy and Leaving Home in Early Adulthood. Social Force, 1968.

Graafsma Tobi L. G., A Psychoanalytic Perspective on the Concept of Identity. CA: Thousand Oaks, 1994.

Hycner, R.H. Some guidelines for the phenomenological analysis of interview data. Human Studies. 1985.

Jordyn, M. & Byrd, M. “The relationship between the living arrangement of university students and their identity development.” Adolescence 38 ,(2003): 267.

Kvale, Stainar. Interviews: an introduction to qualitative research interviewing. CA: Thousand Oaks, 1996.

Moshman, David. Adolescent Psychological Development: Rationality, Morality, and Identity. Mahwah,NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates,1999.

Marcia, James E., The empirical study of ego identity. CA: Thousand Oaks, 1994.

McEwen, M. K. A handbook for the profession, 3rd Ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.1995.

Meadow M. J & Kahoe R.D. The psychology of religion: Religion in individual lives.
NY: Harper & Row. 1984.

Nancy, J. Evans, Deanna, S. Forney & Florence, Guido-DiBrito. Student development in college. San Francisco: Jossey-BassInc, 1998.

Paul S. Gray, John B. Williamson. The Research Imagination. Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Rapaport, D. “The structure of psychoanalytic theory: Psychological issue Monograph 6.” New York: International University Press, 1960.

Samuolis, J., Layburn, k. “Identity development and attachment to parents in college students” Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 30. (2001): 373-384.

Sun S.Z., “Education reforms a necessary step.”Taipei times, 21 January 2001, p.8.

Ven. Master Hsing Yun, A look at modern social issues: Buddhism and our changing society 1. CA: Buddha’s Light Publishing, 2006.

Walters, J. Donald, and Swami Kriyananda, Education for Life: Preparing children to meet the challenges. CA: Crystal Clarity Publishers, 2008.

Journals

Brenda, G.. “Fostering spiritual development through the religious dimension of school: The report of a pilot study in 17 independent schools” International Journal of Children’s Spirituality 5, (2000) : 72-73.

Blos. P. “The second individuation process of adolescence” The psychoanalytic study of the child 22 (1967):162-186.

Chickering, A.W., & McCormick, J. “Personality development and the college experience.” Research in Higher Education 1, (1973): 43-70.

Erikson, E.H. “The problem of ego-identity.” Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 4 (1956): 56-121.

Hungelmann, J, E. Kenkel-Rossi, L. Lkassen, and R.M. Stollenwerk. “Spiritual well-being in older adults: Harmoniousinter-connected-ness.” Journal of Religion and Health 24 (1985):152.

Samuolis, J., Layburn, k. Identity development and attachment to parents in college students. “Journal of Youth and Adolescence” (2001): 373-384.


Stephen, J.E., Fraser, E., and Marcia, J.E. “Moratorium-achievement (MAMA) cycles in lifespan identity development: Value orientations and reasoning system correlates.” Journal of Adolescence15 (1995): 283-300.

Chinese

趙星光,全球化浪潮下的本土生命教育初。 新世紀宗教研究 1,no.3,18-43,2003)

(台灣省教育廳(1998)。台灣省國民中學推展生命教育實施計劃。載於研習資訊,15(4),8-11。)

Y.H. Chen, Life Education: Works you will regret if you don’t start today. (Taipei: Huanyu Publisher, 2000), 96.(陳英豪,生命教育- 今天不做明天會後悔的工作。台北: 寰宇出版社。)

Y.Z. Sun, “Essence and philosophical foundation of Life Education.” (Thesis Conference in Fu Jen Catholic University, March 24, 2000) (孫效智,生命教育的內涵與哲學基礎。輔仁大學生命教育學術研討會論文,89.3.24。)

W.T. Wu, “Bringing Life Education back to the essence of Education.” High School Education, no.7(1999):10-15.(吳武雄,推展生命教育回歸教育本質。高中教育,7,10-15。1999。)

張興春、黃淑芬(1982)。大學教育環境與青年其自我統整關係的初步研究。教育心理學報,15,31-46.

張興春、黃淑芬(1982)。大學教育環境與青年其自我統整關係的初步研究。教育心理學報,15,31-46.

Websites and Newspapers

Life Education Australia. Life Education Australia, History. The Wayside Foundation Life Education Centers, http://www.lifeeducation.org.au/main/doc_display.asp?PageID=3 (accessed December 12, 2008).

The Executive Tuan Gazette Online (行政院公報資訊網) http://gazette.nat.gov.tw/egFront/index.jsp (Accessed May 22, 2009)


Fo Guang University (佛光大學佛就研修學院) http://www.fgu.edu.tw/~buddhist/eng/dept.html (accessed, 28 May, 2009)

Merit Times, Our Life and Times: A Perspective by Venerable Master. 2006, May, 9.
Selection from speeches of Master Venerable Hsing Yun, volum no.1, 540. (1977, June,12.演講於屏東農專)
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