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研究生:范芷妮
研究生(外文):Fan,Zhi-Ni
論文名稱:以區塊差值直方圖為基礎之可逆式浮水印技術
論文名稱(外文):A Block Difference Histogram Based Reversible Image Watermarking Approach
指導教授:陳建彰陳建彰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Chang Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:玄奘大學
系所名稱:資訊科學學系碩士班
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:39
中文關鍵詞:可逆式浮水印區塊差值計算直方圖
外文關鍵詞:reversible image watermarkinghistogramblock difference
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可逆式浮水印技術為數位浮水印抽取後,能將影像還原至原始影像的技術。本論文提出一個高影像品質的可逆式浮水印技術。本方法首先將影像切割成非重疊之區塊後,計算區塊內中間像素與其他像素的差值,產生差距矩陣並計算其直方圖,再利用直方圖的最大量值進行位移嵌入。實驗結果顯示本方法能大幅提升原直方圖位移的嵌入量,並能保有良好的嵌入後影像品質。
Reversible image watermarking techniques have attracted a lot attention recently and have provided a solution to the problem of image recovery. In this paper, a reversible image watermarking scheme based on histogram shift is proposed. Block differences of size 3×3 and 5×5 are proposed to raise the peaks of the histogram in each block. Absolute histogram shift is then applied to embed watermarks. Experimental results show that the proposed 5×5 block difference histogram method exhibits good in capacity and watermarked image quality.
目錄

摘要................................................................i
Abstract............................... ............................ii
誌謝..............................................................iii
目錄...............................................................iv
表目錄.............................................................vi
圖目錄............................................................vii
第一章 緒論.........................................................1
第一節 概論...................................................1
第二節 論文架構...............................................4
第二章 文獻探討.....................................................5
第一節 差值擴張為基礎的可逆式浮水印技術.......................7
第二節 直方圖為基礎的可逆式浮水印技術.........................9
第三章 以區塊差值直方圖為基礎之可逆式浮水印技術....................12
第一節 以33區塊差值直方圖可逆浮水印技術執行步驟.............12
3.1.1 嵌入演算法.....................................13
3.1.2 抽取演算法.....................................16
第二節 33區塊差值直方圖可逆浮水印技術範例...................18
第三節 以55區塊差值直方圖可逆浮水印技術執行步驟.............22
3.3.1 嵌入演算法.....................................23
3.3.2 抽取演算法.....................................26
第四節 55區塊差值直方圖可逆浮水印技術範例...................26
第四章 實驗結果與比較..............................................30
第五章 結論........................................................37
第一節 結論..................................................37
第二節 未來展望..............................................37
參考文獻...........................................................38
參考文獻
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[5]M. Fallahpour and M.H. Sedaaghi,“High Capacity Lossless Data Hiding Based on Histogram Modification,”IEICE Electronics Express, vol. l4, no.7, pp. 205–210, 2007.
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[7]A.Leest, M. Veen, and F. Bruekers,“Reversible image
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[8]C.C Lee, H.C.Wu, C.S. Tsai and Y.P. Chu,“Adaptive lossless steganographic scheme with centralized difference expansion,” Pattern Recognition, vol. 41, pp. 2097–2106, 2008.
[9]C.C. Lin, S.P. Yang and N.L. Hsueh,“Lossless Data Hiding Based on Difference Expansion without a Location Map,” 2008 Congress on Image and Signal Processing, vol. 2, pp.8–12,2008.
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[17]C.D. Vleeschouwer, J.E. Delaigle, and B. Macq, “Circular interpretation of histogram for reversible watermarking,”Proceedings of the IEEE 4th Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing, pp. 345–350, France, 2001.
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