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研究生:劉美鳳
研究生(外文):Mei-feng Liu
論文名稱:政府採購法與促進民間參與公共建設法比較與探討
論文名稱(外文):Government Procurement Law and Promotion of Private Participation Law both Comparison Probe
指導教授:林文祥林文祥引用關係李建興李建興引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wen‐Hsiang Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:義守大學
系所名稱:管理學院碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:126
中文關鍵詞:採購法促參法
外文關鍵詞:Government Procurement LawPromotion of Private Participation Law
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政府為振興經濟及促進社會的蓬勃發展,常常需要編列預算投入重大公共建設,而公共建設往往具有風險高、投資金額大、資金回收緩慢等特質,使得政府財政負擔日益沉重與困難,因此近年來我國亦迎合世界潮流,而有結合民間與政府力量共同推動公共建設的構想,藉由民間充沛資源、活力及創意等來參與公共建設,達到紓解政府財政的窘境,藉以完成各項公共建設,達到三贏的目的。
政府採購為國家施政計畫之具體執行,因此採購制度之良窳和政策推動之成敗息息相關。馬英九政府為提振經濟,提出「愛台十二項建設」,然計畫之執行,必然涉及促進民間參與公共建設法(以下簡稱促參法)或採購法(以下簡稱採購法)之運用,而公共建設計畫案係為一個整體性計畫之推動,故有關計畫招商(標)適用法規議題之分析,首將先分析釐清計畫需求面之項目及特性、內容,再就需求面內容配合法規面進行,包括如技術性、財務性等多層面之綜合分析,並整合各層面相關影響及其利弊之分析結論,進而依據提出計畫案適用法規。
鑑於現行公共建設招商(標)作業辦理之法源依據,主要包括有促參法或採購法兩種主要法令,而適用不同之招商(標)法令,往往影響公共建設招商(標)進行之方式,包括招商(標)作業方式、投標廠商資格、締約主體、權利義務關係、契約架構及內容、作業期程、經費籌措來源及方式等層面。然而機關執行預算或公共建設之成敗,關乎承辦人員之執行,作者依實務界之人、事發現各機關承辦人員因對政府採購法與促參法之相關法令及程序並不完全熟悉,甚至有程序錯誤或誤用法令等情事發生,且採購責任重大,也關係政府施政品質。因此,本論文經彙整採購法與促參法之母法、施行細則及各相關子法予以彙總歸納整理及提出個案探討,發現個案問題及部分條文之疑異,其目的係使執行計畫之相關人員、民間企業、廠商以及欲報考公職相關職系人員能快速精簡的了解採購法及促參法之法令及執行程序,期使機關首長、承辦相關人員、民間企業、廠商以及欲報考公職相關職系人員能有效的吸收及了解各法規並加以運用,另就採購法與促參法之法令部分條文是否公平公正提出疑異,供有關單位參考。
Government often prepared budgets to develop public development in order to improved economy and promoted vigorous development of society. However, the negative characteristics for developing public development are high risks, huge amount of fund investing in and long time for fund retrieving. It became a heavy burden for government finance. In recent year, Taiwan tried to follow the world trend, government tried to persuade private organizations to join with government to develop public development together. With private organization resource, vitality and originality for participating public development; it could help solved the burden of government financial predicament and complete each public development.
Government Procurement is a specific execution for government capability of nation; therefore, the essence of procurement system is related to the result of policy implementation. Ma’s government brought up twelve public developments for loving Taiwan in order to improve economy; however, the implementation of plan must involve with the applying of Act for Promotion of Private Participation in Infrastructure Projects or Government Procurement Law. Public development plan is a whole design of implementation, and it related to the regulation debate of recruiting plan. First, analyze the items and characteristics of project plan and content. And then the content should meet the regulations including the comprehensive analysis of technical and also financial parts. And integrate its pros and cons from all levels related to the conclusions of the analysis. Finally, propose the suitable regulation for the project plan.
In view of the original law basis for the present booth recruitment of public work, there are two primary laws which are the Act for Promotion of Private Participation in Infrastructure Projects and the Government Procurement Law. The different laws of booth recruitment will affect the conducting methods for the booth recruitment of public work, including the operating type of booth recruitment, the qualification of the bidder, the main part of conducting a treaty, the relationship between right and duty, the structure and content of a contract, the operational period and the source and method of raising funds. However the success or failure of executing the budget or public development is related to the way how undertaker executes it. According to the people and matters in the real situation, the author realized that undertaker in each government organization is not familiar with the related Acts or procedures of Government Procurement Law and the Act for Promotion of Private Participation in Infrastructure Projects very well. There even have wrong procedures or Act misused situation happened. The responsibility of procurement is great and it also affects the quality of governance capability. Therefore after collecting the original law of Government Procurement Law and the Act for Promotion of Private Participation in Infrastructure Projects, applying detail and other subsidiary laws, this paper had summarized and provided individual case study. The purpose of discover the difference between the case and part of the laws is for related people who had executed the plan, private enterprise, manufacturer and people who are willing to apply for a public position can understand the laws and execution procedures of Government Procurement Law and the Act for Promotion of Private Participation in Infrastructure Projects quickly. It also expects each chief of government organization, related undertaker, private enterprise, manufacturer and people who are willing to apply for a public position can absorb and understand each of the laws and apply them correctly. In order to consulting, this paper also point out the doubtful point whether the Government Procurement Law and the Act for Promotion of Private Participation in Infrastructure Projects is fair or justice for related organization.
目 次
第一章 緒 論
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 1
第二節 研究流程 2
第二章 法規及程序介紹
第一節 機關辦理公共工程及採購財物法令適用之演進 6
第二節 政府採購法規及程序介紹10
第三節 促參法規及程序介紹41
第三章 採購法與促參法比較及優缺點
第一節 採購法與促參法比較80
第二節 採購法與促參法優缺點96
第四章 個案探討
第一節 促參法個案探討98
第二節 採購法議題探討106
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 結論110
第二節 研究限制111
第三節 後續研究建議111
參考文獻
中文部份112
附錄
附錄A 公開招標流程圖113
附錄B 選擇性招標流程圖114
附錄C 限制性招標流程圖115
附錄D 公開取得流程圖116
附錄E 等標期表117
附錄F 決標方式選擇圖118
表次
表2-2-1 採購金額認定17
表2-2-2 採購法開標家數限制22
表2-3-1 13類20項公共建設 45
表2-3-2 促進民間參與公共建設法之重大公共建設範圍47
表2-3-3 促參法相關誘因整理表59
表2-3-4 促參法法令鬆綁項目61
表3-1-1 採購法與促參法比較80
圖次
圖1-1-1 研究流程5
圖2-2-1 招標與決標原則組合方式29
圖2-3-1 政府自行規劃申請及審核程序圖52
圖2-3-2 民間自行備具土地案件案申請及審核程序圖53
圖2-3-3 民間使用政府設施與土地自行提案申請及審核程序圖54
行政院公共工程委員會(2007)。政府採購法令彙編,20版。台北:工程會。
行政院公共工程委員會(2008)。促進民間參與公共建設法令彙編,11版。台北:工程會。
行政院公共工程委員會官方網站。http://ppp.pcc.gov.tw
行政院主計處網站委託研究(2001)。公共事務採 BOT或BOO制在政府決算制度定位之探討及其財務報導之研究。http://www.dgbas.gov.tw
江南志(2005)。從民營化觀點探討促參法中公部門角色-以代理理論分析,國立成功大學都市計畫研究所碩士論文。
高雄市政府公務人力發展中心採購證照班講義(2008)。
國立花蓮高中網站。http://210.62.247.10/
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