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研究生:張德瑩
研究生(外文):De-Ying Chang
論文名稱:"White"男人惹人愛?後殖民觀點的台灣女性主體經驗
論文名稱(外文):Taiwanese Women''s Experiences in Interracial Intimacies with “Desirable” White Men: A Postcolonial Perspective
指導教授:林津如林津如引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-ju Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:高雄醫學大學
系所名稱:性別研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:社會學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:123
中文關鍵詞:跨國戀情性污名後殖民慾望跨種族親密關係
外文關鍵詞:transnational romancesex stigmatizationpostcolonialdesireinterracial intimacy
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:5
現今跨國流動日益頻繁,我們也較以往容易接觸到來自不同國家與族群的人們,因而跨國戀情已非少見或特別的事。不過,當今日台灣女性的交往對象是白人男性時,仍會面臨各式刻板印象或性污名論述。有鑑於某些男性後殖民理論家對「有色」或「東方」女人與白男人的探討缺乏女性主義觀點,並對女性經驗抱持漠視的態度,因此本研究由後殖民女性主義出發,將女性經驗置於台灣的歷史文化脈絡下,探討她們與白男人間的慾望、想像與跨種族親密關係的實際樣貌。藉由訪談在台灣或國外跟白人交往的26位台灣女性與其中5位的白人男友,並對批踢踢「真愛無國界板」進行參與觀察,本文有下列發現。

今日人們對台灣女性交白人男友的性污名論述,可回溯至「休息復原計畫」期間美軍駐台引進酒吧,且酒吧逐漸發展為夜店的脈絡下建構與運作。批踢踢盛行的性污名現象背後,隱含台灣男性面對其被陰柔化的陽剛氣概而引起的焦慮,以及不滿女性作為國族疆界的再生產者卻與優勢白人交往。而在現實生活中,相較於在國外與白人交往,女性在台灣交白人男友會受到較多不友善對待與性化論述,不過她們也會採取各式抵抗策略,展現其主體性與能動性。

再者,受到電影等大眾媒介影響,某些白男人與台灣女人交往前對彼此的慾望與想像,主要建立在與自我相異的概念以及媒體再現中的形象,其所交流的是一種帝國主義的想像,尤其某些女性將對英語的慾望與白男人扣連,突顯「西方」或美國文化殖民的強勢與主流。然而,雙方實際交往後即可能打破原本對彼此有浪漫或柔順的想像,造成帝國主義想像論述的崩解,且多數女性並不符合被刻板印象化的形象。

當兩人在親密關係中,面臨彼此的觀念不同於以往認知與習慣的性別文化時,便會產生衝突。但在協商過程中大多是女方順應男友「西方」的觀念或文化,且須掌握英語文化資本才有協商的籌碼,呈現不對等的權力關係;然而,這不能僅以殖民者與被殖民者的框架解釋,因女性在此親密關係中也相對體驗到尊重的實質意含,並影響她們對未來理想對象的選擇,有了能否給予彼此尊重的期盼。
Owing to an increasing trend of transnational flow in recent decades, people nowadays have gained more opportunities to meet one another across borders, thereby it is not uncommon that transnational romance has become a part of our daily life. Still, it should be acknowledged that stereotyping remains the issue as a Taiwanese woman dates with a white man, rendering her to be sexually stigmatized. Even though this interracial/interethnic relationship have been discussed and explored in terms of postcolonialist framework, as theorized by male scholars; however, the feminist perspective is lacking in their works. In light of this limitation, this study seeks to adopt a viewpoint of postcolonial feminism, as located the experiences of Taiwanese women in a specific context, to discuss these women’s dynamic of desire, imagination and interracial intimacies with their white counterparts. Based on the interview conducted with 26 Taiwanese women who meet their boyfriends in Taiwan or abroad, and 5 of their white boyfriends, and the author also observes the issue of transnational romance discussed in one of cyber community called Cross Cultural Romance, a space originates in PTT. The findings of this research are the followings.
The discourse of sex stigmatization toward Taiwanese women who date with white boyfriends can recourse to the period of Rest and Recreation Program as the culture of bar has been introduced by U.S. Army, a threshold that later transforms into the discourse of night club. Indeed this sexual stigmatization discussed and reinforced in PTT signifies how the anxiety of Taiwanese males is provoked by their fear of castrated or effeminized masculinity and how their anxiety increase alongside a discontent against these women who discharge their responsibility as national/ethnic bears to choose superior white men. In real life, women who date with white boyfriends in Taiwan confront more unfriendly treatment and sexualized discourses than those who date abroad. Nevertheless, these women strive to employ various strategies of resistances as ways to exhibit and proclaim their subjectivities and agencies.
Besides, it is worth noting that the wide spread of mass media such as films helps to promote the desire and imagination of the relation of transnational romance based and reinforced by the concept of difference, a desire that connects to the discourse of English itself, which eventually serves to foreground the dominance of West or American culture and its colonization effected in Taiwan. However, most couples in this case show how they subvert their previous imagination, like the characters of romantic or demure, and how most of these women violate the mystified stereotypes they are supposed to display.
Last but not least, these couples come to acknowledge the fact that the cultural shock in intimacy serves to exhibit a diverse concept of gender issue, which results in conflict between each other. As the process of negotiation it is these women who compromise to accept their boyfriends’ Western concept and culture, a negotiation that entails the proficiency of English as capitals. Indeed, this process of negotiation shows an imbalanced power relation between the two. Rather, this phenomenon cannot be merely analyzed within the term of colonialism, for these women indeed have learned the significance of respect by virtue of this intimate relation, an experience that changes their attitude toward what an ideal partner should be.
第一章 緒論....................................................................1
第一節 研究緣起............................................................ 1
第二節 文獻回顧............................................................ 3
第三節 問題意識...........................................................13
第四節 研究方法...........................................................14
第二章 性污名之形成、運作與女性主體應對.................23
第一節 美軍、酒吧、夜店一夜情?...............................23
第二節 批踢踢的性污名論述...........................................28
第三節 當我身旁的男友是白人.......................................34
第四節 小結....................................................................43
第三章 異己交織的慾望與想像.......................................45
第一節 白人男性在台灣..................................................45
第二節 可慾的白男人?..................................................55
第三節 小結.....................................................................68
第四章 跨國親密關係的性別文化....................................70
第一節 想像與交往後的落差............................................70
第二節 跨文化的性別互動與影響.....................................73
第三節 跨國戀情的衝突與未來........................................ 89
第四節 小結.....................................................................97
第五章 結論.....................................................................99
參考書目.........................................................................104
附錄................................................................................109
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