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研究生:李俊育
研究生(外文):Jyun-Yu Li
論文名稱:D-E級共振式換流蓄電池充電器
論文名稱(外文):Battery chargers with Class D-E Resonant converter
指導教授:王永山王永山引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:崑山科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:充電器共振式D-E級共振柔性切換
外文關鍵詞:chargerresonantclassD-E resonantsoft-switching
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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鉛酸蓄電池具有經濟效益,而在運用上也相當廣泛,如汽、機車電力系統、不斷電系統和電源供應器等,然而當電能使用完畢後必須以充電器來對蓄電池充電。所以本論文研製一D-E級共振式蓄電池充電器來對蓄電池補充電能,並提高充電效率以及延長蓄電池的使用壽命。
本文中D-E級共振式蓄電池充電器具有電路結構簡單、體積小、重量輕、充電效率高、低切換損失、成本價格低的優點。共振槽是利用電感與電容所組成的,可以經過共振產生所需的共振電壓和電流,並且經過開關切換來達到零電壓與零電流切換,得到所需的輸出電壓和充電電流。本文也針對電路操作特性原理與電路模式加以分析,且將此電路應用於12V-12Ah的鉛酸蓄電池來進行充電,並且結合電腦模擬與實作電路來驗證,其充電效率皆在80%以上。

The lead-acid batteries has economic benefits, and widely used in various applications such as automotive power system, uninterruptible power system telecom power supply, and so on. However, charge the battery with the charger after the electric energy is used. The main aim of this thesis is to improve the charge efficiency and prolong the battery lifetime. Accordingly, a battery charge with class D-E resonant converter is proposed in this thesis.
In the proposed battery chargers with Class D-E resonant converter bears the advantages such as simpler circuit structures, smaller volume, lighter weight, higher efficiency, low switching loss, as well as lower cost. An L-C resonant tank is used that results in oscillating output voltage and charging current and thus provides zero-voltage and/or zero-current switching. The operating principles and equivalent circuit are analyzed and discussed in detail. Simulation and experimental results are conducted for a 12V-12Ah lead-acid battery to verify the feasibility, can reach an efficiency higher than 80%.

中文摘要----------------------------------------------I
英文摘要----------------------------------------------II
致 謝----------------------------------------------III
目 錄----------------------------------------------IV
圖 目 錄----------------------------------------------VII
表 目 錄----------------------------------------------XV
第一章 緒論------------------------------------------- 1
1.1研究動機---------------------------------------- 1
1.2研究目的---------------------------------------- 2
1.3研究綱要----------------------------------------11
第二章 鉛酸蓄電池之特性與充電技術介紹-----------------12
2.1電池之簡介--------------------------------------12
2.2鉛酸蓄電池反應原理------------------------------14
2.3鉛酸蓄電池之特性--------------------------------16
2.4鉛酸蓄電池容量量測------------------------------21
2.5鉛酸蓄電池的優點--------------------------------23
2.6鉛酸蓄電池的充電方法----------------------------24
2.7鉛酸蓄電池的等校電路模型------------------------29
第三章D-E級共振式轉換器設計與分析---------------------32
3.1共振式轉換--------------------------------------32
3.2串聯負載共振式轉換器電路------------------------34
3.3 E級電路架構與介紹------------------------------35
3.4 D-E級共振式蓄電池充電器電路架構與動作原理------36
3.4.1連續電流導通模式於(ωs>ωo)------------------------37
3.4.2連續電流導通模式於(ωo/2<ωs<ωo)----------------40
3.5 D-E級共振式換流蓄電池充電器電路公式推導--------43
3.5.1連續電流導通模式於(ωs>ωo)-------------------44
3.5.2連續電流導通模式於(ωo/2<ωs<ωo)--------------49
3.6 D-E級共振式換流蓄電池充電器頻率響應圖----------56
第四章 模擬與實際量測結果-----------------------------58
4.1 D-E級共振式換流蓄電池充電器電路之實測與模擬波形58
4.1.1連續電流導通模式(ωs>ωo)實作與模擬波形-------59
4.1.2連續電流導通模式(ωo/2<ωs<ωo)實作與模擬波形--79
4.2 D-E級共振式充電器於兩種模式各項數據曲線圖-------98
第五章 結論與未來展望----------------------------------101
5.1結論---------------------------------------------101
5.2未來研究方向-------------------------------------102
參考文獻-----------------------------------------------103

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