(35.175.212.130) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/17 21:19
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

: 
twitterline
研究生:李銘崇
研究生(外文):Min-Tsung Lee
論文名稱:產業競爭力關鍵因素之比較---以台灣地區鋼管業及鋼構業為例
論文名稱(外文):Key factor in industrial competitiveness Comparison—the case study for steel pipe with steel structure industry in Taiwan
指導教授:黃營芳黃營芳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ying-Fang Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:151
中文關鍵詞:鋼管鋼結構產業競爭關鍵因素競爭力競爭策略
外文關鍵詞:steel pipesteel structureindustrial competitivenesskey factorcompetitiveness powercompetitive strategy
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
  • 點閱點閱:877
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:204
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
鋼管業及鋼結構業是鋼鐵工業之重要的下游關聯性產業,也是金屬基本加工業。由於此產品普遍使用在國內外的輕重工業、重大工程建設、國防建設,且年使用量大,其產業普遍受到政府主管機關及其使用者的關注。另外,由於鋼管業及鋼結構業為重要的傳統產業,隨著時代的潮流,品質要求日趨嚴謹,產品已轉為少量多樣化,無法計畫性生產,作業及儲存運轉空間要大,週轉資金增多,尤其國內外同類產業之內在與外在環境因素之競爭激烈;以是利潤日趨微薄,就長遠發展空間往往受限於關聯性產業(其上、下游產業)的競爭態勢的直接與間接影響。
因此本研究根據相關文獻,擷取該產業的實際經驗,透過產、官、學者、專家之意見徵詢調查及訪談,經審慎周延地修改問卷設計,並分別對產業及上下游之關聯性產業仔細進行問卷調查後,所得到影響該產業關鍵性的內部及外部環境因素,本研究透過SPSS 12.0統計軟體分析來比較鋼管業以及鋼構業此兩產業,對企業內外部環境關鍵因素的重視度。獲得結果如下:
企業內部環境因素:鋼構業在「人力資源」、「生產管理」、「生產技術與研究發展」、「財務結構與管理」、「資訊管理」、「品質管理」以及「經營者的積極參與」此七項因素的重視度大於鋼管業;而鋼管業只有在「行銷管理」此因素的重視度高於鋼構業。
企業外部環境因素:鋼構業在「生產設備之取得及改進」、「國內市場變動情況之掌握」、「國外市場變動情況之掌握」、「產品自由化程度」以及「同業間的合作關係」此五項因素的重視度大於鋼管業;而鋼管業則是在「原料取得」以及「國內法律之設修訂」之重視度高於鋼構業。
Steel pipe and steel structure industry is an important related downstream industry among iron industries, which also belongs to the basic metal processing industry. Due to the widespread usage of this product at home and abroad, ranging from major construction projects to national defense construction, this kind of industry always has been concerned by government and user. In addition, for the sake of steel pipe and steel structure industry as an important traditional industry with time trend, the quality requirement is getting more and more stringent. As a result, the product has been converted to a small amount of diversification with no planned production, which requires big space of operation and storage, and the capital demands more, in particular the highly competitive environment between internal and external similar product. Therefore, the profit becomes less and less as the long-term development of space is often limited by the related industry competition (the upstream and downstream industries) in terms of the direct and indirect effects.
Thus, according to the relevant literature with practical experience for industry, this study consulted through the production, officials, academics and experts to investigate and interview. After careful consideration and modify the questionnaire design, which aims at upstream and downstream related industries respectively, the result of questionnaire survey is involved with the industry's key internal and external environmental factors. This study makes use of the statistical analysis software of SPSS 12.0 to compare the steel pipe industry and steel structure industry as well as the importance degree of internal with external environment. The obtained results are as follows:
Internal environmental factors: the importance degree of steel structure industry is higher than that of steel pipe industry, such as the aspects of "human resources", "production management", "production technology and research and development", "financial structure and management", "information management", "quality management" and "the active participation of operators" ; Only in the aspect of "marketing management", the importance degree of steel pipe industry is higher than that of steel structure industry.
External environmental factors: the importance degree of steel structure industry is higher than that of steel pipe industry, such as the aspects of "production equipment and improvement," "domestic market information," "foreign market information," "products liberalization degree" and "cooperation relationship"; in the aspect of "raw materials obtain" and "domestic amended laws", the importance degree of steel pipe industry is higher than that of steel structure industry.
目錄
中文摘要……………………………………………………………………………........i英文摘要…………………………………………………………………………….….iii
目錄………………………………………………………………………………….…..v
表目錄………………………………………………………………………………....viii
圖目錄………………………………………………………………………………...…x
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 3
1.3 研究目的 4
1.4 研究範圍與限制 4
1.4.1 研究範圍 4
1.4.2 研究限制 5
1.5 論文結構 5
1.6 研究流程 6
第二章 臺灣地區鋼管業及鋼結構業產業分析 8
2.1 產業概況 8
2.1.1 概說 8
2.2 產業分析 9
2.3 產業共同趨勢 13
2.4 全球鋼鐵市場趨勢 15
2.4.1 全球鋼品供需趨勢 17
2.4.2 全球鋼品主要生產及消費國 17
2.5 2007年以來亞洲鋼鐵經營動向 19
2.5.1 台灣鋼品產量變化量 22
2.6 鋼鐵產業未來發展趨勢 22
第三章 文獻回顧 30
3.1 產業競爭 30
3.1.1 產業競爭力分析 30
3.1.2 競爭優勢 35
3.2 策略 38
3.2.1 策略定義 38
3.2.2 策略層級與策略型態 42
3.2.3 SWOT 分析 44
3.3 關鍵因素 47
3.3.1 關鍵因素的定義及內容 48
3.3.2 關鍵因素的特性 50
3.3.3 企業內外部環境因素 51
第四章 研究方法 54
4.1研究架構 54
4.2 問卷設計與變數定義 55
4.2.1 問卷設計 55
4.2.2 變數定義 57
4.3 統計方法 (多變量分析法) 60
第五章 個案分析 61
5.1 回收樣本資料分析 (敘述性基本統計分析) 61
5.2 信度、效度分析 64
5.2.1 企業內部環境因素 64
5.2.2 企業外部環境因素 68
5.3 內部環境與外部環境因素的相關分析 72
5.3.1 內部環境因素的相關分析 72
5.3.2 外部環境因素的相關分析 73
5.4 產業內外部環境因素之平均數與變異數分析-依產業別分析 75
5.4.1 企業內部環境因素-產業別 75
5.4.2 企業外部環境因素-產業別 77
5.5 產業內外部環境因素之平均數與變異數分析 — 依有否開拓國外市場分析 79
5.5.1 企業內部環境因素 - 有無開拓國外市場 79
5.5.2 企業外部環境因素 - 有無開拓國外市場 81
5.6 產業內外部環境各大因素細項之平均數與個數分析-依產業別分析 83
5.6.1 企業內部環境因素細項之平均數與個數-產業別 83
5.6.2 企業外部環境因素細項平均數與個數 - 產業別 91
5.7 產業內外部環境各大因素細項之平均數與個數分析 — 依有否開拓國外市場 98
5.7.1 企業內部環境因素細項之平均數與個數 - 有無開拓國外市場 98
5.7.2 企業外部環境因素細項平均數與個數 - 有無開拓國外市場 108
第六章 結論與建議 116
6.1 結論 116
6.1.1 管理意涵 116
6.1.2 相關分析 117
6.1.3 產業內部環境因素具有競爭力之關鍵因素比較 117
6.1.4 產業外在環境因素具有競爭力之關鍵因素比較 119
6.2 建議 122
6.3 後續研究建議 125
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………………...126
附錄一………………………………………………………………………………...131
參考文獻
中文部分
[1] 大前研一原著,1987,策略家的智慧,黃宏義譯,台北:長河出版社。
[2] 王瑞豐,2002,「企業再造之關鍵成功因素」,國立中正大學資管所未出版碩士 論文。
[3] 方至民,2002,「企業競爭優勢」,前程企業管理有限公司。
[4] 司徒達賢,1995,策略管理,台北:遠流出版公司。
[5] 司徒逹賢,2001,策略管理新論,台北:智勝文化事業有限公司。
[6] 司徒逹賢,2001,策略管理個案集2001,台北:智勝文化事業有限公司。
[7] 邱德勳,2002,推行ISO9001:2000 標準之關鍵成功因素探討,國立成功大學高階管理碩士班未出版碩士論文。
[8] 吳思華,2000,策略九說,三版,台北:臉譜出版。
[9] 約翰.奈思比,娜娜.奈思比,道格拉斯.菲利普斯,1999,「高科技,高思維」,尹萍譯,時報出版。
[10] 胡聖生,2002,我國半導體零件通路產業之競爭策略分析以世平興業股份有限公司為例,國立中山大學碩士論文。
[11] 許士軍,1980,管理學,台北:東華書局。
[12] 陳秋芳主編(1994),管理者手冊,台北市:中華企業管理發展中心。
[13] 黃清雄,2000,產業競爭力關鍵因素之研究-以台灣地區鋼線鋼纜業為例,長榮管理學院,碩士論文。


英文部分
[1] Ansoff, H. I,1965, “Corporate Strategy”,McGraw-Hill, New York.
[2] Ansoff, H. I. , 1984,“Implementing Strategic Management.”, Englewood.
[3] Ansoff, H. I.,1990,” Corporate Strategy” , 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
[4] Asker , D.A,1984, “Strategic Market Management.”, NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
[5] Boynton, A. C. and R. W. Zmud,1984, “An Assessment of Critical Success Factor.”,Sloan Management Review, summer, p17-27.
[6] Bender, K. W.; et al, 2000, “Process innovation—case study of critical success factors.”,Engineering Management Journal; Rolla; December 2000, p17-24.
[7] Barney J. B. ,2002,”Gaining and Sustaining Competitive Advantage”,2nd ed,Prentice-Hall.
[8] Barnard, C. S.,1976, “Farm Planning and Control”, 2nd ed, New York:Camridge.
[9] Commons, J.R.,1934, “Institutional Economcs.” New York :The Macmillan Company.
[10] Commons, J.R ,1974, “The Economics of Collective.” Macmillan: New York.
[11] Cool, K. O. and D. Schendel (1987), “Strategic Group Formation and Performance: The Case of the U. S. Pharmaceutical Industry, 1963-1982.”, Management Science, 33,:102-1124.
[12] Cool, K. O. and L.Dierickx ,1993, “Rivalry, Strategic Groups and Firm Profitability”. Strategic Management Journal, 14,:47-59.
[13] Chandler, A. ,1962, “Strategy and Structure : Chapter in the History of the Industrial Enterprise”,Cambridge, MA : MIT Press.

[14] Daniel, D. R.,1961, “Management Information Crisis.” Harvard Business Review, Sep/Oct, p.111-121.
[15] Day, G. S. and Wensley ,1983, “Marketing theory with a Strategic Orientation”, Journal of Marketing, Vol. 47(3), pp.79-89.
[16] Ferguson, C. and R. Dickinson,1982, “ Critical Success Factor for Directors in the Eighties.” Business Horizons, May/June, p.14-18.
[17] Glueck, W. F.(1976), “Business Policy: Strategy Formation and Management Action” (2nd ed.), N. Y. :McGraw-Hall, pp119-147.
[18] Gronhaug, K, and Fredriksen,1988, “Concentration Ratios, Strategy and Performance: the Case of the Norwegian Telecommunications”, Managerial & Decision Economics, Vol. 9, No. 4, 1988, pp.257-263.
[19] Hofer, C.W. & D. Schendel,1978,”Strategy Formulation:Analytical Concepts”, Mn West Publishing St. Paul,.
[20] Hoffmann, W. and R. Schlosser, 2001, “Success factors of strategic alliances in small and medium-sized enterprises-An empirical survey.”, Long Range Planning;London; Vol.34, Issue 3, June 2001, p357-381.
[21] Hatten, K. J. and M. L. Hatten, 1987. “Strategic Groups, Asymmetrical Mobility Barriers and Contestability,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol.8, pp. 329- 342.
[22] Hill, W. L.,and G.R. Jones,1998, “Strategic Management: An IntegatedApproach”, 4rd ed,Houghton Mifflin Co.,Boston.
[23] Kluyver C. A, 2000 , “Strategic Thinking: An Executive Perspective”, Prentice Hall.

[24] Leidecker, J. K. and A. V. Bruno, 1984, “Identifying and Using Critical Success Factors.” Long Range Planning, Vol.17, spring, pp.23-32.
[25] Mintzberg, H and A. McHugh ,1985, “Strategy formulation in An Adhocracy”,Administrative Science Quarterly, 30, :l60~197.
[26] Murdick & Moor & Eckhouse, 1989 , “Competitive Superiority”, Journal of Marketing, Vol.52 April, pp.3.
[27] Porter, M. E., 1979, “How Competitive Forces Shape Strategy.” Harvard Business Review, March, pp.137-145.
[28] Porter, M. E,1980 “Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors”, N.Y.: The Free Press, pp40.
[29] Porter, M. E,1985 “Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance”, New York, The Free Press.
[30] Quinn, J. B. ,1980, “Strategy tor Change : Logical Increinentalisiti,. Homewood”, IL :lrwin.
[31] Tillett, B. B,1989,” Authority Control in the online Environment ”, New York:Haworth.
[32] Von Neumann, J. and O. Morgenstem, 1944, “The Theory of Games and Economic Behavior”,New York : Wiley.
[33] Wheelen T. L., J D. Hunger,2001,”Strategic Managemenet And Business Policy”,8th,Prentice-Hall.



網頁部分
http://cdnet.stpi.org.tw/techroom/pclass/pclass_A021.htm
鋼鐵公會http://www.tsiia.org.tw/
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊