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研究生:簡瑞延
研究生(外文):Ruei-Yan Jian
論文名稱:電池均壓器對鉛酸電池壽命影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study the effect of Battery Voltage Equalizer to age of Lead-Acid Battery
指導教授:吳坤德
指導教授(外文):Kuen-Der Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:112
中文關鍵詞:鉛酸電池串聯電池組電池均壓技術
外文關鍵詞:lead-acid batterySeries batteriesBattery Voltage Equalization
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  • 被引用被引用:3
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鉛酸電池廣泛的應用於不斷電系統與電動載具,應用時經常將電池串聯連接以提供設備所需電壓,且因電池出廠時每顆電池特性無法完全相同,長久使用下,會造成整串電池組中各單只電池間端電壓之差異,因而導致同一串電池組中部份電池已充飽電,部分電池則有充電不足的情形,這將會影響電池特性,造成使用壽命之減少。
本論文針對電池循環式與備用式使用方式,分別建立三串電池組進行充放電實驗以測試均壓電路對電池特性之影響,第一串電池組為未加裝任何均壓電路,第二串電池組為加裝充電均壓電路,而第三串電池組為加裝充/放電均壓電路,實驗結果發現電池組在反覆充放電後,電池性能差距逐漸變大,證明加裝充/放電均壓電路能有效延長電池使用壽命。
Lead-acid battery has been widely used in the uninterruptible power supply(UPS)and electric vehicle. In general, the battery was connected in series to provide the required voltage in applications. Because of the characteristics of each battery can not be the same, it may cause the different terminal voltages of in each battery of the same battery string. It results in some batteries have full charged and the charge of partial batteries are is insufficient. This will affect the characteristic of the battery and reduce the service life.
In this paper, both cycle use and standby use are studied. Each of them set up three battery strings for charging and discharging experiments to test the effect of the voltage equalizer to the battery characteristics, the first string of battery has no any equalizer circuit, the second string of battery installation charging equalizing circuit, and the third string of battery installation charging / discharging equalizing circuit. Experimental results indicated that the battery after repeatedly charging and discharging, it will results in the difference of battery characteristics gradually. These experiments verify that the use of charging / discharging voltage equalizer circuit can effectively extend the battery life.
摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌 謝 iii
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 x
符 號 說 明 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前 言 1
1.2研究動機與目標 1
第二章 鉛酸電池之介紹 3
2.1 鉛酸電池的簡介 3
2.1.1 鉛酸電池的內部構造 4
2.1.2 鉛酸電池的化學原理 6
2.1.3 鉛酸電池內部電池單元(Cell)的連接方式 8
2.1.4 電池之等效模型 8
2.2 鉛酸電池的特性 10
2.2.1 鉛酸電池的壽命診斷標準 11
2.2.2 溫度補償 12
2.2.3 電池的容量 13
2.2.4 電池的應用 13
2.2.5 電池的均化技術 14
2.2.6 鉛酸電池的老化 15
2.3 電池的充電法則 16
2.3.1 定電壓充電法 16
2.3.2 定電流充電法 17
2.3.3 混合定電流╱定電壓充電法 18
2.3.4 脈衝充電法 18
2.3.5 ReflexTM充電法 19
2.4 鉛酸電池之殘電量偵測 19
2.4.1 內阻法[27-31] 20
2.4.2 起始放電電壓法[32] 20
2.4.3 比重計法[33] 21
2.4.4 開路電壓法[14] 21
2.4.5 加載電壓法[14] 21
2.4.6 庫侖量測法[12,34] 22
3.1 直流內阻法 23
3.2 交流阻抗法 25
3.2.1 阻抗量測方法 26
3.2.2 交流阻抗特性 27
3.3 四線量測方法(FOUR-TERMINAL METHOD) 29
3.4鉛酸電池充/放電均壓器介紹 29
3.4.1串聯電池組之均壓充放電技術簡介 30
3.5本文使用之均壓技術 33
3.5.1 基本工作原理 33
3.5.2控制電路 36
第四章 循環與備用式鉛酸電池交流阻抗量測 37
4.1 阻抗量測原理 37
4.1.1 阻抗量測架構 37
4.1.2 交流阻抗值計算[35] 38
4.2 負載效應對交流阻抗量測的影響[35] 40
4.2.1 激勵信號源 41
4.3 量測系統之架構 42
4.4實驗硬體電路架構 44
4.4.1實驗方法與參數設定 46
第五章 量測結果與分析 47
5.1 循環式電池量測結果與分析 47
5.1.1 第一串電池組之充放電實驗結果分析 47
5.1.2 第二串電池組之充放電實驗結果分析 53
5.1.3 第三串電池組之充放電實驗結果分析 57
5.1.4 均壓效果之探討 62
5.2 備用式電池量測結果與分析 72
5.2.1 結果分析 72
5.2.2第一串電池組之充放電實驗結果分析 73
5.2.3第二串電池組之充放電實驗結果分析 77
5.2.4第三串電池組之充放電實驗結果分析 80
5.2.5 均壓效果之探討 84
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 95
6.1 結論 95
6.2 未來研究方向 96
參考文獻 97
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