(3.238.96.184) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/15 07:05
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

: 
twitterline
研究生:王愛蓮
研究生(外文):Wang Ai Lien
論文名稱:外籍勞工休閒參與及休閒阻礙之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Leisure Activity Participation and Leisur Constraints of Foreign Workers
指導教授:王明元王明元引用關係
指導教授(外文):David Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:觀光與餐旅管理系
學門:民生學門
學類:餐旅服務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:122
中文關鍵詞:休閒參與休閒阻礙外籍勞工
外文關鍵詞:foreign workertion.leisure activity participaleisure constraintsANDAANDAANDAANDA
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:10
  • 點閱點閱:1128
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:62
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
外籍勞工休閒參與及休閒阻礙之研究
研究生姓名:王愛蓮 指導教授:王明元 博士
國立高雄應用科技大學觀光與餐旅管理學系碩士班
中文摘要
自民國78年首度開放引進外籍勞工迄今,實施外籍勞工開放引進政策已將近20
年。這些離鄉背景的外籍勞工在工作之餘如何調劑身心健康的平衡,在台是否參
與休閒活動,休閒參與的阻礙因素為何,基於有效管理實有加以瞭解之必要。本
研究旨在了解外籍勞工在休閒活動的參與及阻礙情形;了解外籍勞工其休閒阻礙
對休閒參與的影響;並將研究結果提供相關單位提升外籍勞工休閒參與之參考。
本研究係以外籍勞工人數最多的桃園縣、次多的台北縣市及研究者工作地點
的高雄市為研究範圍,並以此三個地區的菲律賓籍、泰國籍、印尼籍、越南籍外
籍勞工為研究對象,共發出700 份問卷,回收有效問卷534 份,問卷有效率為
76.2%。問卷調查所得資料以描述性統計、t 檢定、單因子變異數分析、Scheffe 事
後多重比較分析及迴歸分析等統計方法進行分析。本研究結果如下:(1)外籍勞工
對於休閒活動參與的情形普遍偏低﹔(2)外籍勞工的工作職位和每個月可休假天數
對於休閒參與具有顯著差異﹔(3)外籍勞工的性別、年齡、婚姻狀況、年資、每月
可使用在休閒活動的金額對於休閒阻礙並無顯著差異﹔(4)外籍勞工其休閒阻礙對
於休閒參與部份具有顯著的影響力。

關鍵詞:外籍勞工,休閒參與,休閒阻礙
A Study of Leisure Activity Participation and
Leisure Constraints of Foreign Workers
Student: Wang Ai-Lien Advisor: Wang Ming-Yuan
Department of Tourism Management, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences
ABSTRACT
The Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuan authorized entry of foreign workers into Taiwan for the first time in 1989, since that time almost 20 years. For effective management to understand how these foreign laborers balance their physical and mental
relaxation outside of work, whether or not they participate in leisure activities while in Taiwan, and what factors constrain them from participating in leisure activities. Therefore, this study aimed at understanding the situation of foreign worker’s leisure
participation and leisure constraints; undserstanding of leisure constraints on leisure participation in the impact of foreign workers; and further to providing relelvant research results to enhance the participation of foreign workers for reference.
This Study's scope focuses on Taoyuan County that has the most number of foreign workers, Taipei County with the second-largest foreign labor force, and Kaohsiung City, the work location fo the researcher. Questionnaires were given to Filipinos, Thai, Indonesian, and Vietnamese workers in the three areas and analysis of their answers was conducted. Data analysis methods include Descriptive Statistics, Confirmative Factor Analysis, Chi-Square Analysis, t-test, One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Scheffe Multiple Comparison, and Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient(PMCC). Summary of Study analysis results are as follows:
1. Foreign workers in leisure activity participation is generally
low.
2. 「Occupation」 and 「Number of rest day in a month」exhibited some
significant difference in leisure activity participation.
3. Sex、Age、Civil Status、Years of service、Per month used in the
amount of leisure activities participation exhibited some
significant difference in leisure constraints.
4. Leisure constraints on leisure activity participation exhibited
some significant influence of foreign workers.

Keywords: foreign worker, leisure activity participation, leisure constraints.
目錄
摘要 .................................................................................................................................. I
誌謝............................................................................................................................... III
目錄............................................................................................................................... IV
表目錄............................................................................................................................ VI
圖目錄..........................................................................................................................VIII
第一章緒論 .................................................................................................................. 1
1.1 研究背景與動機……………………………………………………………1
1.2 研究目的……………………………………………………………………7
1.3 名詞解釋……………………………………………………………………8
1.4 研究流程……………………………………………………………………9
第二章文獻探討 .........................................................................................................11
2.1 外籍勞工現況………………………………………………………….......11
2.2 休閒理論之相關文獻………………………………………………….......20
2.3 休閒活動的參與及分類……………………………………………….......30
2.4 休閒阻礙理論之相關文獻…………………………………………….......39
2.5 休閒參與及休閒阻礙之相關實証研究……………………………….......43
第三章研究方法 ........................................................................................................ 49
3.1 研究架構與假設……………………………………………………….......49
3.2 研究方法……………………………………………………………….......50
3.3 問卷設計及操作性定義……………………………………………….......50
3.4 研究範圍與研究限制………………………………………………….......65
第四章研究結果分析 ................................................................................................ 66
4.1 樣本特性分析………………………………………………………….......66
4.2 外籍勞工在休閒參與及休閒阻礙情形……………………………….......70
4.3 休閒參與及休閒阻礙之因素分析…………………………………….......74
4.4 社經背景與休閒參與及休閒阻礙之獨立樣本t 檢定……………………82
4.5 休閒參與及休閒阻礙之相關分析…………………………………….......90
第五章結論與建議…………………………………………………………. ……...94
5.1 結論…………………………………………………………………….......94
5.2 建議……………………………………………………………………….100
參考文獻
一、中文部份
交通部觀光局「中華民國 95 年國際觀光旅館營運分析報告摘要」。
交通部觀光局,2009,「觀光拔尖領航方案」。
成之約,2001,外籍勞工的回顧與展望。就業與訓練,19(2),頁42-46。
成之約等,戴肇洋,2008,在台女性外籍勞工工作條件調查與分析。台灣綜合研
究院:勞動福利-勞動就業。
行政院主計處編印(1991),中華民國台灣地區時間運用調查報告,台北:行政院
主計處,頁1-10。
杜俊仁,2000,外籍勞工犯罪與偏差行為形成原因之實證研究。中央警察大學犯
罪研究防治所碩士論文。
李振東,2007,圓夢之旅-泰勞跨國來台就業動機與評價分析。國立中正大學勞
工所碩士論文。
李評貴,2008,雲林縣新女性移民子女休閒阻礙和休閒參與之研究。雲林科技大
學休閒運動研究所碩士論文。
吳佳玲,2002,觀光業職業婦女角色衝突、休閒阻礙與休閒活動參與之探討。南
華大學旅遊事業管理學研究所碩士論文。
吳比娜,2003,ChungShan──台北市菲律賓外籍勞工社群空間的形成。國立臺灣
大學建築與城鄉研究所碩士論文。
房家儀,2008,空服員工作壓力與休閒參與及生活滿意度關係之研究-以中華航
空公司為例。臺灣師範大學運動休閒與管理研究所碩士論文。
邱翔蘭,(2004),高雄市退休老人休閒活動參與與其幸福感之研究。大葉大學休閒
事業管理學系碩士班碩士論文。
柯福財,2006,高雄市家庭休閒活動參與及阻礙因素之研究。屏東教育大學體育
學系碩士論文。
104
柳文華,2006,人力資源管理措施與外籍勞工海外適應對工作績效之影響。銘傳
大學管理研究所碩士論文。
高懿楷,2004,基隆市基層警察人員休閒參與現況和休閒阻礙之研究。大葉大學
休閒事業管理學系碩士論文。
孫治本(民 90)。社會階級的終結:水平式不平等、社會不平等的個人化主義。政治
大學社會學報,第31 期。
張馨文,1999,休閒遊憩學。新竹市:連都文化公司。
陳南琦,2000,青少年休閒無聊感與休閒阻礙、休閒參與及休閒滿意度之相關研
究。國立體育學院體育研究所碩士論文。
陳藝文,2000,休閒阻礙量表之建構---以北部大學生為例。國立體育學院體
育研究所碩士論文。
陳中雲,2002,國小教師休閒參與.休閒效益與工作滿意之關係研究。國立臺灣師
範大學運動休閒與管理研究所碩士論文。
陳啟光,2003 ,從跨文化觀點探討外籍勞工管理制度之建構─以塑化業泰籍勞工
為例。人力資源管理學報,夏季號第三卷第二期,P.057-074。
陳振聲,2003,銀髮族自覺健康狀況與休閒阻礙關係之研究-以團體國外旅遊為例。
台北護理學院/旅遊健康研究所碩士論文。
陳光偉,2005,外籍勞工平等待遇原則之研究。中國文化大學勞動學研究所碩士
論文。
陳姿萍,2005,職業軍人休閒參與和休閒阻礙之研究-以憲兵司令部為例。東吳
大學社會學系碩士論文。
陳世霖,2005,高科技產業勞工休閒參與及休閒阻礙之研究-以楠梓加工出口區三
家半導體廠商為例。國立中正大學勞工研究所碩士論文。
陳世瑜,2004,輪班工作人員休閒參與程度和休閒心理需求、休閒阻礙關係之探
討-以台北市服務業為例。大葉大學休閒事業管理研究所碩士論文。
105
陳啟杰,2005,外籍勞工犯罪與規範之研究。國立成功大學法律研究所碩士論文。
陳巧韻,2007,外籍配偶休閒阻礙之研究。立德管理學院休閒管理研究所碩士論
文。
陳秀卿,2008,青少年刺激尋求動機、同儕關係、休閒阻礙與偏差行為相關之研
究。中國文化大學青少年兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
梁玉芳,2004,彰化地區國中教師休閒活動參與和休閒阻礙因素之探討。大葉大
學休閒事業管理學系碩士論文。
梁伊傑,2001,台北市大學生參與休閒運動消費行為之研究。臺灣師範大學運動
休閒與管理研究所碩士論文。
程紹同,1997,優質休閒、超值人生,師友,366,15~19。
曾令光,2007,比較外籍大學生與台灣大學生休閒參與及休閒阻礙差異之研究。
銘傳大學觀光研究所碩士論文。
黃妙芬,2002,大陸新娘來台前後休閒態度與休閒參與模式之探討。世新大學觀
光學研究所碩士論文。
傅湘承,2004,外籍勞工消費行為與其消費空間型態-以桃園縣工業區外勞為例。
國立臺灣師範大學地理研究所碩士論文。
郭慧珍,2008,高雄市國小教師休閒活動參與現況及阻礙因素之研究。花蓮教育
大學國民教育研究所碩士論文。
康亞佩,2000,臺灣地區外籍勞工適應問題因素分析及其甄選之意義。東吳大學
企業管理學系研究所碩士論文。
蔡尚宏,2006,我國外籍勞工勞動人權之研究。國立中正大學法律研究所碩士論
文。
蔡祈賢,2006,論公務人員之休閒活動,考銓季刊,45 期,133~145。
楊登雅,2002,休閒阻礙階層模式之驗證-以Crawford & Godbey 之休閒阻礙三因
子為例。臺灣師範大學運動休閒與管理研究所碩士論文。
106
歐陽鍾玲,2003,外籍勞工消費行為與其消費空間型態-以桃園縣工業區外勞為例。
國立臺灣師範大學地理研究所碩士論文。
楊明仁、施春華、顏永杰,1996,外籍勞工之適應困擾與心理障礙,社區發展季
刊,第75 期,頁193-202。
楊明仁、李昱、施春華、何啟功,2000,在台外籍勞工之心理健康與適應困擾,
台灣精神醫學,14:1,頁22-30。
楊怡寧,2005,休閒參與休閒滿意與幸福感關係之研究-探索休閒多樣性之影響。
國立嘉義大學休閒事業管理研究所碩士論文。
詹凱婷,2006,休閒阻礙、休閒活動類型與參與頻率及工作滿足之關係-以台中
地區飯店女性員工為例。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士論文。
蔡宏進,1997,「臺灣僱主管理外籍勞工的內容與問題及改進策略之研究」,臺灣
經濟研究月刊,243(5),P.48~65。
劉泳倫,2002,基層消防人員休閒參與、工作壓力與工作滿意之相關研究。雲林
科技大學休閒運動研究所碩士論文。
韓惠華(1997),電子業女性勞工休閒參與及需求滿足之相關研究-以高雄地區為例。
國立高雄師範大學成人教育研究所碩士論文。
蘇維杉,2002,現代休閒活動參與之社會學分析。台東師院學報第十三期(下)。
顧忠興,2002,由跨文化觀點探討外籍勞工管理制度-以塑膠業與化纖業泰勞為
例。元智大學工業工程與管理學系研究所碩士論文。
戴肇洋,2005,廢除外勞適用基本工資法制,回歸市場機制。台灣綜合研究院研
三所:勞動福利-勞動就業。
107
二、英文部份
Akira Shimada. (2005). Foreign worker participation in labor markets and the
economy’s welfare. Journal of Policy Modeling, 27, 355–362.
Aliza Fleischer & Abraham Pizam (2002). Tourism Constraints Among Israeli Seniors.
Annals of Tourism Research, 29(1), 106–123.
Arai, S. M. & Pedlar, A. M. (1997). Building communities through leisure:Citizen
participation in a healthy communities initiative. Journal of Leisure Research, 29(2),
167~183.
Aveno, A. (1987). A survey of leisure activities engaged in adults who are severely
retarded living in different residence and community types. Education and Training
in Mental Retardation, 22, 121–127.
Barry Brown & Louise Barkhuus. (2007). Leisure and CSCW: Introduction to Special
Edition. Computer Supported Cooperative Work, 16, 1–10.
Bammel, G. (1992). Leisure and human behaviour (2nd ed.). USA, William C. Brown
Publishers.
Baum, A., Garofalo, J. P., & Yali, A. M. (1999). Socioeconomic status and chronic
stress, does stress account for SES effects on health? Annals of the New York
Academy of Sciences, 869, 131–144.
Bettina F. Piko & Alexander T. Vazsonyi. (2004). Leisure activities and problem
behaviours among Hungarian youth. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 717–730.
Bihagen E. (1999). How do classes make use of their incomes? Social Indicators
Research, 47(2), 119-151.
Billings, A. G., & Moos, R. H. (1984). Coping, stress and social resources among adults
with unipolar depression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46,
877–891.
Blazey, M. (1987). The Difference between Participants and Non-Participants in a
108
SeniorTravel Program. Journal of Travel Research, 26(1), 7–12.
Bohninig, W. R., & Oishi, N. (1995). Is international economic migration spreading?
International Migration Review, 29, 794–799.
Bonke, J., Deding, M., Lausten, M., (2004). Time and money—are they substitutes?
Presented at the 28th General Conference of The International Association for
Research in Income and Wealth, Cork, Ireland.
Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction. London : Routledge.
Brent, J. R. (1975). On the serivation of leisure activity type-A perceptual mapping
approach. Journal of Leisure Research, 7, 128-140.
Buckworth, J., & Dishman, R. K. (2002). Exercise Psychology. IL: Human Kinetics.
Carmack, C. L., Boudreaux, E., Amaral-Melendez, M., Brantley, P. J., & de Moor,
C. (1999). Aerobic fitness and leisure physical activity as moderators of the
stress-illness relation. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 21, 251–257.
Caldwell, L. L., & Darling, N. (1999). Leisure context, parental control, and resistance
to peer pressure as predictors of adolescent partying and substance use: An
ecological perspective. Journal of Leisure Research, 31, 57–77.
Chun-Fang Chianga, SooCheong (Shawn) Jang. (2008). An expectancy theory model
for hotel employee motivation. International Journal of Hospitality Management,
27, 313–322.
Coleman, D., & Iso-Ahola, S. E. (1993). Leisure and health: The role of social support
and self-determination. Journal of Leisure Research, 25, 111–128.
Collins, M. (2004). Sport, physical activity and social exclusion. Journal of Sports
Sciences, 22(8), 727–740.
Cohen, S., Gottlieb, B. H., & Underwood, L. G. (2000). Social support measurements
and interventions: A guide for health and social scientists. New York: Oxford
University Press.
109
Cox T. (1985). Repetitive work: occupational stress and health. In Job stress and Bule
colloar work, Chichester: Wiley, 85-111.
Crawford, D. & Godbey, G. (1987). Reconceptualiing barriers to family leisure. Leisure
Sciences, 9, 119-127.
Crawford, D., Jackson, E., & Godbey, G. (1991). A hierarchical model of leisure
constraints. Leisure Sciences, 13, 309-320.
Dattilo, J., and Murphy, W. D. (1991). Leisure Education Program Planning: A
Systematic Approach, Venture, State College, PA.
Dattilo, J., & Schleien, S. J. (1994). Understanding leisure services for individuals with
mental retardation. Mental Retardation, 32, 53–59.
Daniel Hallberg. (2003). Synchronous leisure, jointness and household labor supply.
Labour Economics, 10, 185–203.
Davis, B. N., & Teaff, D. J. (1980). Facilitating role continuity of the elderly through
leisure programming. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 24(2), 32–36.
De Grazia, S. (1964). Of time, work and leisure. Garden City, NY: Double Day.
Driver, B. L., Brown, P. J., & Peterson, G. L. (Eds.). (1991). Benefits of leisure. State
College, PA: Venture Publishing.
Ellis, G. D. & Rademacher, C. (1987). Development of a typology of common
adolescent free time activies: A validation and extension of Kleiber, Larson, and
Csikszentmihalyi. Journal of Leisure Research, 19(4), 81-95.
Ellis, G. D. & Witt, P. A. (1984). The measurement of perceived freedom in leisure.
Journal of Leisure Research, 18, 284-292.
Eyler AA, Brownson RC, Donatelle RJ, et al.: Physical activitysocial support and
middle- and older-agedminority women:Results from a US survey. Social Science
and Medicine. 49, 781–789.
Erik Bihagen & Tally Katz-Gerro. (2000). Culture consumption in Sweden:The
110
stability of gender differences. Poetics, 27, 327-349.
Ewart, A. (1985). Why people climb: The relationship of participant motives and
experience level to mountaineering. Journal of Leisure Research, 17, 241–250.
Evans, G., & Poole, M. (1991). Young adults. Self-perceptions and life contexts.
London: Falmer.
Eyler, A., Baker, E., Cromer, L., King, A. C., Brownson, R. C., & Donatelle, R. J.
(1998). Physical activity and minority women: A qualitative study. Health
Education and Behavior, 25, 640–652.
Eyler, A. E., Brownson, R. C., Donatelle, R. J., King, A. C., Brown, D., & Sallis, J. F.
(1999). Physical activity social support and middle- and older-aged minority women:
Results from a survey. Social Science & Medicine, 49, 781–789.
Fly J.W., Reinhart G.R. & Hamby R. (1981). Leisure activity and adjustment in
retirement. Sociological Spectrum, 1, 135-144.
Ford, E. S., Merritt, R. K., Heath, G. W., et al. (1991). Physical activity behaviors in
lower and higher socioeconomic status populations. American Journal of
Epidemiology, 133, 1246–1256.
Gardell B. (1987). Efficiency and health hazards in mechanized work. In Work Stress,
New York: Praeger, 50-71.
Garton, A. F. & Cartmel, A. (1986). Adolescent leisure pursuits and interests in the
1980’s. Some sex and age differences. The Australian Educational and
Developmental Psychologives, 3, 5-11.
Garton, A. F. & Pratt, C. (1987). Participation and interest in Leisure activities by
adolescent school children. Journal of Adolescence, 10, 341-351.
Glancy, M., Willits, F. K., & Farrell, P. (1986). Adolescent activities and adult success
and happiness: Twenty-four years later. Sociology and Social Research, 70,
242–247.
111
Gronau, R., Hamermesh, D.S., 2003. Time vs. Goods: The Value of Measuring
Household Production Technologies. NBER Working Paper 9650, April.
Henderson, K. A., & Allen, K. R. (1991). The ethic of care: Leisurepossibilities and
constraints for women. Loisir et Societe/Society and Leisure, 14, 97–113.
Hendry, L. B. (1983). Growing up and Going Out: Adolescents and Leisure. Aberdeen:
Aberdeen University Press.
Hendry, L., Shucksmith, J., Love, J. G., & Glendinning, A. (1993). Young people’s
leisure and lifestyles. London: Routledge.
Holland, J. L. (1959). A theory of vocational choice. Journal of Counseling Psychology,
6, 35–45.
Holland, J. L. (1973). Making vocational choices: a theory of careers. Englewood Cliffs,
NJ: Prentice Hall.
Holland, A., & Andre, T. (1987). Participation in extracurricular activities in secondary
school: What is known, what needs to be known? Review of Educational Research,
57, 437–466.
Holland, J. L. (1997). Making vocational choices: a theory of vocational personalities
and work environment (3rd ed.). Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Hong, G. S., S. Y. Kim, and J. Lee (1999). Travel Expenditure Pattern of Elderly
Households in the US. TourismRecreation Research, 24(1), 43–52.
Iso-Ahola, S. E. (1993). Leisure lifestyle and health. In D. Compton and S. Iso-Ahola
(Eds.), Leisure and mental health (pp. 42–60). Park City, UT: Family Development
Resources, Inc.
Iso-Ahola, S. E. (1997). A psychological analysis of leisure and health. In J. Haworth
(Ed.), Work leisure and well-being (pp. 131–144). New York: Routledge.
Ittenbach, R. F., Bruininks, R. H., Thurlow, M. L., & MrGrew, K. S. (1993).
Community integration of young adults with mental retardation: A multivariate
112
analysis of adjustment. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 14, 275–290.
Jackson, E. L. (1982). Recreation Activity Preference, Reasons for Participating and the
Satisfaction of Needs. Edmonton: Alberta Recreation and Parks.
Jackson, E. L. & Searle, M. S. (1985). Recreation non-participation and barriers to
participation: Concepts and models. Society and Leisure, 8, 693-707.
Janet D. Neal et al. (1999). The Role of Satisfaction with Leisure Travel/Tourism
Services and Experience in Satisfaction with Leisure Life and Overall Life. Journal
of Business Research, 44, 153-163
Jean-Philippe Gaudron & Ste’phane Vautier. (2007). Analyzing individual differences
in vocational,leisure, and family interests:A multitrait-multimethod approach.
Journal of Vocational Behavior, 70, 561–573.
Jerome F. Singleton. (1999). Lessons from Leisure-Time Budget Research. Time Use
Research in the Social Sciences, 12, 245-258.
Jill Wells. (1995). Labour migration and international construction. Habitat
International, 20(2), 295-306.
Katrien Wijndaele, Lynn Matton, Nathalie Duvigneaud, Johan Lefevre, Ilse De
Bourdeaudhuij, William Duquet, Martine Thomis & Renaat M. Philippaerts (2007).
Association between leisure time physical activity and stress, social support and
coping: A cluster-analytical approach. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8,
425–440.
Kay, T. and G. Jackson. (1991). Leisure Despite Constraints:the Impact of Leisure
Constraints on Leisure Participation. Journal of Leisure Research, 23(4), 301-313.
Kelly, J.R. (1982). Leisure. NJ: Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs.
Kelly, J.R. (1990). Leisure. NJ: Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs.
Kelly, J.R. (1996). Leisure. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Kim Van Naarden Braun, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp & Donald Lollar. (2006). Factors
113
associated with leisure activity among young adults with developmental disabilities.
Research in Developmental Disabilities, 27, 567–583.
King, A. C., Blair, S. N., Bild, D. E., Dishman, R. K., Dubbert, P. M., Marcus, B. H.,
Oldridge, N. B., Paffenbarger, R. S., Powell Jr., K. E., & Yeager, K. K. (1992).
Determinants of physical activity and interventions in adults. Medicine and Science
in Sports and Exercise, 24, 221–236.
Kira Krenichyn. (2004). Women and physical activity in an urban park: Enrichment and
support through an ethic of care. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24,
117–130.
Kraus, R. (1978). Therapeutic recreat ion services: Principles and practices, (2nd ed.)
Philadelphia:Saunders.
Kraus, R. G. (1990). Recreation and leisure in the modern society, (4th ed.). NY: Harper
Collins Publishers.
Krieger, N. (2001). Theories for social epidemiology in the 21st century: An ecological
perspective. International Journal of Epidemiology, 30, 668–677.
Lynch, J. W., Kaplan, G. A., & Salonen, J. T. (1997). Why do poor people behave
poorly? Variation in adult health behaviours and psychosocial characteristics by
stages of the socioeconomic lifecourse. Social Science and Medicine, 44, 809–819.
Markides K.S. & Martin H.W. (1979). A causal model of life satisfaction among the
elderly. Journal of Gerontology, 34, 86-93.
Matthew J. Slaughter. (2001). International trade and labor–demand elasticities. Journal
of International Economics, 54, 27–56.
Matthew Clarke, Sardar M.N. Islam & Sally Paech. (2006). Measuring Australia’s
well-being using hierarchical needs. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 35, 933–945.
Mayo, E. J., and P. Jarvis. (1985). The Psychology of Leisure Travel. Boston MA: CBI
Publishing.
114
McGuire, F. A. (1984). A Factor Analytic Study of Leisure Constraints in Advanced
Adulthood. Leisure Sciences, 6, 313–326.
McGuire, F. A., D. Dottavio, and J. T. O’Leary (1986). Constraints to Participation in
Outdoor Recreation across the Life Span:A Nationwide Study of Limitors and
Prohibitors. The Gerontologist, 26, 538–544.
Mills, A. S. (1985). Participation motivations for outdoor recreation: A test of Maslow’s
theory. Journal of Leisure Research, 17, 184–199.
Michael Fitzgerald, Anil P. Joseph, Mary Hayes & Myra O’regan (1995). Leisure
activities of adolescent schoolchildren. Journal of Adolescence, 18, 349-358.
M. Kay Holjes, Charles C. Bullock & Michael J. Mahon. (1995). Leisure education in
supported employment: Toward full community participation. Journal of vocational
rehabilitation, 5, 213-220.
Murphy, J. (1974). Concepts of leisure: Philsosophical Implication. Englewood Cliffs,
NY: Prentice-Hall.
Nagla, M. (2005). Leisure, food, and health: Practices and attitudes of rural and urban
people in India. World Leisure Journal, 47(1), 24–31.
Neulinger, J. (1981). The psychology of leisure (2nd ed.). Springfield, IL: Chales C.
Thomas, Publisher.
Nordstrom G. (1997). Living conditions and inequality in Sweden: A 20-year
perspective 1975-1995. Fritid Leisure, 105-124.
O’Hanlon JF. (1981). Boredom: practical consequences and a theory. Acta Psychol, 49,
53-82.
Osgood, D. W., Wilson, J. K., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Johnston, L. D.
(1996). Routine activities and individual deviant behavior. American Sociological
Review, 61, 635–655.
Paffenbarger, R. S., Hyde, R. T., Wing, A. L., & Hsieh, C. C. (1986). Physical activity,
115
all-cause mortality, and longevity of college alumni. New England Journal of
Medicine, 314, 605–613.
Pickering, L. E., & Vazsonyi, A. T. (2002). The impact of adolescent employment on
family relationships. Journal of Adolescent Research, 17, 197–219.
Raymore, L., G. Godbey, D. Crawford, and A. Von Eye . (1993). “ Nature and
Process of Leisure Constraints: An Empirical Test.” Leisure Sciences, 15, 99-113.
Robert A. Stebbins. (2001). Serious Leisure. Society, 38(4), 53-57.
Roger, C. M. & Douglas, A. K. (1999). A social psychology of leisure. State College,
PA: Venture Publishing, INC.
Sallis, J. F., Hovell, M. F., & Hofstetter, R. H. (1992). Predictors of adoption and
maintenance of vigorous physical activity in men and women. Preventive Medicine,
21, 237–251.
Samdahl, D. M., & Jekubovich, N. J. (1997). A critique of leisureconstraints:
Comparative analyses and understandings. Journal of Leisure Research, 29,
430–452.
Samuel Melamed, Irit Ben-Avi, Jair Luz & Manfred S. Green. (1994). Repetitive work,
work underload and coronary heart disease risk factors among blue-collar
workers-the cordis study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 39(1), 19-29.
Sandra L. Cormwell & Judith A. Berg. (2006). Lifelong Physical Activity Patterns of
sedentary Mexican American Women. Geriatric Nursing, 27( 4), 209-213.
Scully, D., Kremer, J., Meade, M. M., Graham, R., & Dudgeon, K. (1998). Physical
exercise and psychological well being: A critical review. British Journal of Sports
Medicine, 32, 111–120.
Searle, S. M., & Brayley, R. E. (1993). Leisure service in Canada and introduction. State
College, PA: Venture Publishing.
Shin, D.C. and C.P. Rutkowski. (2003). Subjective quality of Korean life in 1981 and
116
2001. Social Indicators Research, 62, pp. 509–534.
Smith RP. (1981). Boresom: A review. Human Factors, 23, 329-340.
Stalker, P. (1994). The work of strangers: A survey of international labour migration.
Geneva: International Labour Office.
Stalker, P. (2000). Workers without frontiers. Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Stebbins, R.A.(1997). Casual leisure:a conceptual statement. Leisure Studies, 16-25.
Stebbins, R. A.(1998). After work: The search for an optimal leisure lifestyle.
Canada:Detselig Enterprise Ltd.
Steele R. & Mummery K. (2003). Occupational physical activity across occupational
categories. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 6 (4), 398-407.
Super, D. E. (1940). Avocational interest patterns. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University
Press.
Super, D. E., & Nevill, D. D. (1986). The salience inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting
Psychologists Press.
Taylor, W. C., Yancey, A. K., Leslie, J., Murray, N. G., Cummings, S.S., Sharkey, S. A.,
Wert, C., James, J., Miles, O., & McCarthy, W. J. (1999). Physical activity among
African American and Latino middle school girls: Consistent beliefs, expectations,
and experiences across two sites. Women & Health, 30, 67–82.
Tinsley, H. E. A., & Tinsley, D. J. (1986). A theory of the attributes, benefits and causes
of the leisureexperience. Leisure Sciences, 8, 1–45.
Tinsley, H. E. A., & Tinsley, D. J. (1988). An expanded context for the study of career
decision making, development, and maturity. In W. B. Walsh & S. H. Osipow (Eds.),
Career decision making (pp. 213–264). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Tinsley, H. E. A., Hinson, J. A., Tinsley, D. J., & Holt, M. S. (1993). Attributes of
leisure and work experiences. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 40, 447–455.
117
Thackray RI. (1981). The stress of boredom and monotony: a consideration of the
evidence. Psychosom Med, 43, 165-176.
Tinsley, H. E. A., & Tinsley, D. J. (1986). A theory of the attributes, benefits, and
causes of leisure experience. Leisure Sciences, 8(1), pp. 1-45.
Ursula Athenstaedt, Gerold Mikula & Cornelia Bredt. (2009). Gender Role
Self-Concept and Leisure Activities of Adolescents. Sex Roles, 60, 399–409.
US Department of Health and Human Services. (1996). Physical Activity and Health: A
Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.
Vazsonyi, A. T., Pickering, L. E., Belliston, L., Hessing, D., & Junger, M. (2002).
Routine activities and deviant behaviors: American, Dutch, Hungarian and Swiss
youth. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 18, 397–422.
Veblen, T. (1987). The Theory of the Leisure Class. New York : Viking Penguin Inc.
Vicary, J. R., Smith, E., Caldwell, L., & Swisher, J. D. (1998). Relationship of changes
in adolescents’ leisure activities to alcohol use. American Journal of Health
Behavior, 22, 276–282.
Victoria Ateca-Amestoy, Rafael Serrano-del-Rosal & Esperanza Vera-Toscano. (2008).
The leisure experience. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37, 64–78.
Wallace M, Levens M & Singer G. (1988). Blue collar stress. In cause, coping and
Consequences of Stress at Work. Chichester: Wiley, pp.53-76.
Wang, J. and L.A. Stringer. (2000). The impact of Taoism on Chinese leisure. World
Leisure Journal, 42(3), 33–41.
Wayne W. Munson & Mark L. Savickas. (1998). Relation between Leisure and Career
Development of College Students. Journal of vocational behavior, 53, 243–253.
West, P., & Sweeting, H. (1996). Young people’s lifestyles, origins and consequences
for health, health behaviours andtransitions to adulthood. Paper presented at the
118
sixth biennial conference of the European Society of Health andMedical Sociology,
Budapest, Hungary.
Woodroffe, C., Glickman, M., Barker, M., & Power, C. (1993). Children, teenagers and
health. Buckingham: Open University Press.
Xiangdong Yin. (2005). New Trends of Leisure Consumption in China. Journal of
Family and Economic Issues, 26(1), 175-182.
Yi-De Liu. (2009). Sport and Social Inclusion: Evidence from the Performance of
Public Leisure Facilities. Soc Indic Res, 90, 325–337.
Yoshitaka Iwasaki. (2007). Leisure and quality of life an international and
multicultural context: What are major pathways linking leisure to quality of life.
Social Indicators Research, 82, 233–264.
Yu, P. and D.L. Berryman. (1996). The relationship among self-esteem, acculturation,
and recreation participation of recently arrived Chinese immigrant adolescents.
Journal of Leisure Research, 28, 251–273.
Zlotnik, H. (1998). International migration 1965–96: An overview. Population and
Development Review, 24, 429–468.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top