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研究生:潘氏秋月
研究生(外文):Phan Thi
論文名稱:越南胡志明市街童愛滋之認知與態度影響因素研究
論文名稱(外文):A STUDY ON THE FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE ATTITUDE AND KNOWLEDGE OF HIV/AIDS OF STREET CHILDREN IN HO CHI MINH CITY, VIETNAM
指導教授:陳啟勳陳啟勳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chi-hsun Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:美和技術學院
系所名稱:健康照護研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
外文關鍵詞:street childrenfamily factorsHIV/AIDSknowledge and attitude toward
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HIV/AIDS incidence is increasing more quickly in the world; especially street children who are at high risk for HIV/AIDS because lack of social support, isolation, violence, and low levels of education. These challenges create a complex burden of health risks and put street children at poor health outcomes and poor quality of life. This study has focused on the factors that influence of knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitude towards people infected HIV on street children in Ho Chi Minh City. The main purposes of the study are: (1) to explore on the knowledge of HIV/AIDS disease, attitude towards people infected HIV and attitude of use the condom of street children; (2) to determine the factors that influence their knowledge and attitude of street children.The survey design was used in the study. Data were collected as part of Ho Chi Minh City where street children live. Street children (N = 200)completed questionnaires and interviews. The findings that the average score for HIV/AIDS knowledge was 5.31(SD =2.31)in the 10 items; the average score for attitude toward HIV/AIDS was 16.80 (SD = 2.51, range from 6 to 24) in the 6 items; Attitude of the use condom was 8.60 (SD = 1.94, range from 3 to 12) in the 3 items. When compared to the different demographic characteristics would result in significant differences of street children on HIV knowledge, attitude towards people, and attitude of use the condom. However, the results in the age, education, where they live, family’s economic status, family’s conducts, parent status, and work groups were different significantly. The age of 16 - 18 years old was better than the age of 11 - 15 years old on knowledge. The secondary education and senior high education were better than basic literacy,illiteracy and primary education on the knowledge of HIV/AIDS. The secondary education was better than basic literacy and primary education on the attitude toward HIV/AIDS. The street children live in the shelter and with others were less than with family members and with friends on knowledge of HIV/AIDS and on attitude towards HIV/AIDS. The street children in poor family on knowledge HIV/AIDS were less than who lives with well – fixed family and well – fixed family children were better than rich family children. Street children in Substance abuse groups, Dilly – dally groups and the others groups on the knowledge HIV/AIDS were better than Gambling groups. Dilly – dally and the others groups were better than Gambling groups on attitude toward HIV/AIDS. Among the attitude of street children’s use of the condom, the groups dilly – dally better than the others groups. There was a significant difference between normal work of street children and the others’ work on attitude toward knowledge HIV/AIDS.The results can assist the Vietnamese government policy to prevent HIV/AIDS infections, social workers to intervene, and providers to develop education for street children.Furthermore, it is possible for research plans in the future.
Abstract………………………………………………………………i
Acknowledgements…………………………………………………iii
List of Tables.......................................viii
List of Figures....................................... ix
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION………………………………………………....... 1
1.1. Background and significance of the problem........ 1
1.2. Statement of the problem.......................... 7
1.3. Statement of the purpose...........................7
1.4. Significance of the study..........................8
CHAPTER 2. LITERATURE REVIEW........................... 9
2.1. Theoretical orientation........................... 10
2.2. Definition of Theory...............................12
2.3. Related Literature in Vietnam and other countries from media…………….. 13
2.4. Framework of the literature........................ 16
CHAPTER 3. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK OF THE STUDY……………… 18
3.1. The framework...................................... 18
3.2. Definition of Terms...................... ......... 19
3.3. Research Hypotheses................................ 20
3.4. Materials and Methods.............................. 21
3.4.1. Research design...................................22
3.4.2. Sampling and Setting..............................22
3.4.2. Research Instruments............................. 23
3.4.3.1. Research Questions..............................23
3.4.4. Research Progress.................................24
3.4.4.1 Training theobservers............................25
3.4.4.2. Pilot study.....................................25
3.4.4.3. Validity and Reliability....................... 26
3.4.4.4. Data collection.................................28
3.4.4.5. Data analysis.................................. 29
3.6. Ethical consideration...............................30
CHAPTER 4. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA……………… 32
4.1. Analysis of Questionnaires data.................... 32
4.1.1. Descriptive Profiles............................. 32
4.1.2. Related data of Attitude and HIV/Knowledge to Demographic
Characteristics..........................................41
4.2. Results of research hypotheses testing.............49
4.2.1. Tested the means difference between demographic characteristics and Attitude, Knowledge on HIV/AIDS of street children……………………………….................49
4.3. Street children with the source of HIV/AIDS information…………………. 60
4.4. Street children with the source of Receive medical care……………………. 61
CHAPTER 5: DISCUSSION……………………………………………………… 62
5.1. Summary of the findings.........................60
5.1.1. The study confirmed the finding on Street children’s HIV Knowledge, attitude.Towards HIV/AIDS infected people and attitude of use the condom.......................60
5.1.2. Street children’s and parent’s status in Ho Chi Minh City in this study............................61
5.1.3. Related of Empowerment theory Model in this research ..............65
5.3. Implications...................................66
5.4. Limitations of the study.......................68
References..........................................69
List of Acronyms…………………….…………………….. 73
Survey Questionnaires ……………………………………. 74
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http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS/0,,contentMDK:21024914~me nuPK:51062075~pagePK:34370~piPK:34424~theSitePK:4607,00.html
James. (2007, November 21). Indonesia, Vietnam face growing HIV epidemics: UN. Retrieved November 21, 2007. from
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