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研究生:雷加達
論文名稱:全球化時代智利與中共之合作關係(2000-2009)
論文名稱(外文):Chile-China’s cooperative relationship in the era of globalization (2000-2009)
指導教授:邱稔壤邱稔壤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chyou, Ren Rang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:107
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This thesis attempts to further contribute to the investigation of the Chile-People Republic of China bilateral relations since the beginning of this new century until now. In recent years the relations between Chile and China have had a considerable progress and development. Relations have diversified into other areas of cooperation not only economic and commercial. In 2004 President Hu Jintao visited Chile, during his visit Chile and the PRC officially established an "Integral co-operative partnership." Its objective was to bring the bilateral relations to a new era of multidimensional development. It is in such a context that this study tries to verify whether it would be possible to consider this new Integral Partnership, starting from the beginning of this century but officially established in 2004 between Chile and PRC, as a cause of the further development and diversification of the bilateral relations.
In order to do so, I will analyze the development and complementarities of the relations between Chile and PRC since the beginning of this new century and then, I will examine the progress of the cooperation’s in political, economic, cultural and technological areas that have been carried out by both countries since 2000 until nowadays. Finally, I make some suggestions to increase the cooperations and how to take advantage of this new partnership, to make further development of the relations between the two countries.
1. Chapter One: Introduction
1.1 Guiding Hypothesis....................................................................................................4
1.2 Methodology...............................................................................................................4
1.3 Chapters......................................................................................................................4
2. Chapter Two: International Cooperation in the Era of Globalization..............................6
2.1 Concept of International Cooperation..........................................................................6
2.2 Changes in Cooperation...............................................................................................7
2.3 Areas of International Cooperation............................................................................10
2.4 International Cooperation and Chile Foreign Policy.................................................12
2.4.1 The Guiding Principles of Chile Cooperation Policy.............................................13
2.4.2 The Aims of Cooperation Policies..........................................................................13
2.4.3 Chile current Foreign Policy...................................................................................15
2.4.4 Looking to the Asia Pacific Region........................................................................17
3. Chapter Three: Chile-PRC Relations in the XXI century.............................................20
3.1 Chile's Foreign Policy towards PRC, a Historical Overview....................................20
3.2 Chile Relations with PRC in the era of Globalization...............................................23
3.3 The Bilateral Relations in his best period,
a Integral Cooperative Relationship….........................................................................…27
3.4 The beginning of the Integral Cooperative Partnership….........................................28
4. Chapter Four: Chile-PRC, new Integral Cooperative Partners…................................. 33
4.1 Political Cooperation….............................................................................................33
4.2 Trade and Economic Cooperation….........................................................................38
4.2.1 Chile as the Commercial bridge between Asia, Latin America,
and the United States…...................................................................................................41
4.3 Cultural and Educational Exchanges and Cooperation…..........................................48
4.4 Science and Technology Cooperation…...................................................................53
5. Chapter Five: Conclusions….........................................................................................56
5.1 Suggestions to improve the bilateral relations….......................................................56
6. Bibliography…..............................................................................................................63
6.1 General Literature…..................................................................................................63
6.2 Journals…..................................................................................................................67
6.3 E-Journals…..............................................................................................................69
6.4 Magazines…..............................................................................................................70
6.5 Newspapers…............................................................................................................70
6.6 Other Sources…….....................................................................................................71
6.7 Interviews…...............................................................................................................72
7. Appendix…....................................................................................................................73
7.1 Chile Map..................................................................................................................73
7.2 Chile Landscapes.......................................................................................................74
7.3 Chile Facts.................................................................................................................75
7.4 Chile, International Direct Flights and Main Ports................................................... 80
7.5 Regional Infrastructure Integration in South America (IIRSA)................................81
7.6 Chile Free Trade Agreements....................................................................................82
7.7 Chile Exports to Asia and Latin America..................................................................84
7.8 Trade Chile-PRC in US Dollars.................................................................................84
7.9 Major Chilean Exports and Imports to China............................................................85
7.10 Visits and Exchanges between Chile and PRC Authorities....................................86
7.11 Agreements and Treaties between Chile and PRC..................................................88
7.12Chile-PRC, Sister-City and Sister-Region Agreements............................................90
7.13 Official Documents.................................................................................................91
General Literature
1) Aróstica, Pamela. “China miembro de la OMC: proyecciones internas y en la economía internacional.” In China y América Latina- Nuevos Enfoques sobre Cooperación y Desarrollo, edited by Cesarin, Sergio and Carlos Moneta, 85-103. Buenos Aires: INTAL, 2005.
2) Axelrod, Robert M. The evolution of cooperation. New York: Basic Books, 1984.
3) Bingqiang, Tong. “Desarrollo de las relaciones entre China y Chile.” In Chile y China: Reflexiones para una Agenda Integral, edited by Embajada de Chile and Instituto de Relaciones Internaciones Contemporáneas de China. Beijing: Embajada de Chile, 2006.
4) Birdsall, Nancy and Jaspersen, Frederick. Pathways to Growth Comparing East Asia and Latin America. Washington, D.C.: Inter-American Development Bank, 1997.
5) Camilleri, Joseph A. Regionalism in the new Asia-Pacific order. London. UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, 2003.
6) Cesarin, Sergio. China se avecina: El Ying y Yang de una potencia emergente. Buenos Aires: Capital Intelectual, 2006.
7) Cesarin, Sergio M. “Ejes y estrategias del desarrollo economic chino: enfoques para America Latina y el Caribe.” In China y América Latina- Nuevos Enfoques sobre Cooperación y Desarrollo, edited by Cesarin, Sergio and Carlos Moneta, 3-48. Buenos Aires: INTAL, 2005.
8) Cesarin, Sergio. “The Relationship between China and Latin America: Realities and Trends.” In Enter the Dragon? China’s Presence in Latin America, edited by Arnson, Cynthia, Mark Mohr and Riordan Roett, 17-25. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2007.
9) Connelly, Marisela y Cornejo, Romer. China- América Latina Génesis y desarrollo de sus relaciones. Colegio de México: Centro de Estudios de Asia y Africa, 1992.
10) Devlin, Robert. “What does China Means for Latin America?” In Enter the Dragon? China’s Presence in Latin America, edited by Arnson, Cynthia, Mark Mohr and Riordan Roett, 3-8. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2007.
11) Eisenman, Joshua, Eric Heginbothan, and Mitchell Derek, eds. China and the Developing world, Beijing strategy for the Twenty first century. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 2007.
12) Fishman, Ted C. China, Inc.: How the Rise of the Next Superpower Challenges America and the World. New York, NY: Scribner, 2005.
13) Guozheng, Lu. “Las relaciones económicas y comerciales entre China y Chile en su etapa de desarrollo maduro.” In Chile y China: Reflexiones para una Agenda Integral, edited by Embajada de Chile and Instituto de Relaciones Internaciones Contemporáneas de China. Beijing: Embajada de Chile, 2006.
14) Guthrie, Doug. China and globalization: the social, economic and political transformation of Chinese society. New York: Routledge, 2006.
15) Gutiérrez, Hernán. “Nuevas Perspectivas para la Cooperación Sino-Chilena Sugerencias.” In Chile y China: Reflexiones para una Agenda Integral, edited by Embajada de Chile and Instituto de Relaciones Internaciones Contemporáneas de China. Beijing: Embajada de Chile, 2006.
16) Harold, Eugene and Larman, Wilson C. Latin American Foreign Policies An analysis. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 1975.
17) Hongying, Wu. “Análisis de las Relaciones de Cooperación Integral entre China y Chile desde la óptica de intereses estratégicos.” In Chile y China: Reflexiones para una Agenda Integral, edited by Embajada de Chile and Instituto de Relaciones Internaciones Contemporáneas de China. Beijing: Embajada de Chile, 2006.
18) Insulza, José Miguel. Ensayos sobre política exterior de Chile. Santiago de Chile: Editorial Los Andes, 1998.
19) Kirkbride, Paul, ed. Globalization: the external pressures. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, 2001.
20) Lagos Escobar, Ricardo. Global challenges in the 21st century: a view from Chile. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2004.
21) Li, He. “China-Taiwan Rivalry in Latin America and its Implications.” In Enter the Dragon? China’s Presence in Latin America, edited by Arnson, Cynthia, Mark Mohr and Riordan Roett, 53-58. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2007.In Enter the Dragon? China’s Presence in Latin America, 2007.
22) Lin, Ching-Yuan. Latin America vs East Asia A comparative Development Perspective. N.Y: Armonk, 1989.
23) Lowenthal, Abraham F. Latin America in a New World. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1994.
24) Lu, Gouzheng.“Las Relaciones Económicas y Comerciales entre China y Chile en su Etapa de Desarrollo Maduro.” In Chile y China: Reflexiones para una Agenda Integral, edited by Embajada de Chile and Instituto de Relaciones Internaciones Contemporáneas de China. Beijing: Embajada de Chile, 2006.
25) Matus, Mario. “La Política Comercial de Chile.” In Chile y China: Reflexiones para una Agenda Integral, edited by Embajada de Chile and Instituto de Relaciones Internaciones Contemporáneas de China. Beijing: Embajada de Chile, 2006.
26) Morris, Michael A. Great power relations in Argentina, Chile and Antartica. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan, 1990.
27) Muñoz, Heraldo and Tulchin, Joseph S, eds. Latin American Nations in World Politics. Boulder, Colo: Westview Press, 1984.
28) Naughton, Barry. The Chinese economy: transitions and growth. Cambridge, Mass.: MTI Press, 2007.
29) Nye, Joseph S. and John D. Donahue, eds. Governance in a globalizing world. Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2000.
30) Oppenheimer, Andrés. Cuentos Chinos: El engaño de Washington, la mentira populista y la esperanza de America Latina. Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudamericana, 2005.
31) Pereyra, Paulo P. “El proyecto chino para el milenio: nuevas oportunidades de interlocución.” In China y América Latina- Nuevos Enfoques sobre Cooperación y Desarrollo, edited by Cesarin, Sergio and Carlos Moneta, 105-125. Buenos Aires: INTAL, 2005.
32) Pérez Expósito, Francisco Luis. Relaciones entre Taiwán y America Latina. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales de la Universidad Central de Venezuela y el Instituto de Estudios Latinoamericanos de la Universidad de Tamkang, Taiwán, R.O.C., 2002.
33) Pinto, Carol and Aguerro Barría, "Globalización, Desarrollo y Cooperación Internacional." In La Inserción Internacional de las Regiones y los Municipios, ed. by Ricardo Tichauer. Chile, Viña del Mar: Subsecretaria de Desarrollo Regional y Administrativo, 2005.
34) Poklepovic, Miguel. “Propósitos de la Política Exterior de Chile hacia China.” In Chile y China: Reflexiones para una Agenda Integral, edited by Embajada de Chile and Instituto de Relaciones Internaciones Contemporáneas de China. Beijing: Embajada de Chile, 2006.
35) Qi, Han. “Características y Experiencias de la Transición Económica y Social de Chile.” In Chile y China: Reflexiones para una Agenda Integral, edited by Embajada de Chile and Instituto de Relaciones Internaciones Contemporáneas de China. Beijing: Embajada de Chile, 2006.
36) Rosecrance, Richard. The rise of the trading state: commerce and conquest in the modern world. New York: Basic Books, 1986.
37) Silva, Eduardo. The State and Capital in Chile Business Elites, Technocrats, and Market Economics. Boulder, Colo: Westview Press, 1996.
38) Shicheng, Xu. “China y Chile: De los Contacto Privados a la Cooperación Integral,” In Chile y China: Reflexiones para una Agenda Integral, edited by Embajada de Chile and Instituto de Relaciones Internaciones Contemporáneas de China. Beijing: Embajada de Chile, 2006.
39) Shixue, Jiang. “Relaciones bilaterales chino-chilenas en el umbral de una nueva etapa de desarrollo.” In Chile y China: Reflexiones para una Agenda Integral, edited by Embajada de Chile and Instituto de Relaciones Internaciones Contemporáneas de China. Beijing: Embajada de Chile, 2006.
40) Sup Shin, Jang, ed. Global challenges and local responses: the East Asian experience. 2nd ed. London, New York: Routledge, 2007.
41) Sutter, Robert G. Chinese Foreign Relations: power and policy since the Cold War. Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.
42) Theberge, James D. Latin America in the World System: The Limits of Internationalism. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1975.
43) Toloza, Cristian and Eugenio Lahera. Chile in the Nineties. California: Stanford University Libraries, Publisher Michael A. Keller, 2000.
44) Waters, Malcolm. Globalization. London, New York: Routledge, 1995.
45) Wells, Gary J., Robert Shuey and Ray Kiely, eds. Globalization. Huntington, NY.: Novinka Books, 2001.
46) Went, Robert. Globalization: Neoliberal Challenge, Radical Responses. London: Pluto Press, 2000.
47) Wilhelmy, Manfred and Augusto Soto. “El proceso de reformas en China y la política exterior: de Deng Xiaoping a Hu Jintao.” In China y América Latina- Nuevos Enfoques sobre Cooperación y Desarrollo, edited by Cesarin, Sergio and Carlos Moneta, 49-83. Buenos Aires: INTAL, 2005.
48) Woods, Ngaire, ed. The Political Economy of Globalization. 2nd ed. England: Macmillan, 2000.
49) Xiang, Lanxin. “A Geopolitical Perspective on Sino-Latin America Relations.” In Enter the Dragon? China’s Presence in Latin America, edited by Arnson, Cynthia, Mark Mohr and Riordan Roett, 59-63. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2007.
50) Xinsheng, Zhang. “Características estructurales de las relaciones sino-chilenas y las medidas propuestas.” In Chile y China: Reflexiones para una Agenda Integral, edited by Embajada de Chile and Instituto de Relaciones Internaciones Contemporáneas de China. Beijing: Embajada de Chile, 2006.
51) Yuan I. Is there a greater China identity? : security and economic dilemma. Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of International Relations, National Chengchi University, 2007.
52) Zhenxing, Su. “Situación y políticas económicas de Chile.” In Chile y China: Reflexiones para una Agenda Integral, edited by Embajada de Chile and Instituto de Relaciones Internaciones Contemporáneas de China. Beijing: Embajada de Chile, 2006.

Journals
53) Caligiuri, Roberto and Alejandro Figueroa. “Fundamentos para La Integración de America Latina.” Diplomacia 81 (October-December 1999): 45-52.
54) Chou, Diego L. “Los Chinos en Hispanoamerica.”Cuaderno de Ciencias Sociales 124. Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO), 2002.
55) Chyou, Ren-rang. “Estrategias diplomáticas en torno a FOCALAE: naciente plataforma para la política latinoamericana de China Popular.” Revista Mexicana de estudios sobre la Cuenca del Pacifíco 2, no. 3 (2008): 107-139.
56) Faust, Jorg. “Latin America, Chile and East Asia.” Journal of Latin American Studies 36 (2004):743-770.
57) Fernández, Mariano, Pedro Daza and Heraldo Muñoz. “Una Cancillería para el Próximo Milenio.” Diplomacia 80 (July-September 1999): 7-21.
58) Errázuriz, Octavio G. “Las relaciones de Chile y China: del simbolismo a la acción.” Revista del Instituto de Estudios Internacionales de la Universidad de Chile, no.154 (July 2006): 169-179.
59) González, Felix. “Politica Exterior de la Republica Popular China: el choque entre la búsqueda de autonomía y la adquisición de tecnología.” Argentine Magazine of Strategic Studies 15, (October-December 1994): 89-102.
60) Jara Roncati, Eduardo. “Proceso de Apertura de Chile al Asia-Pacífico.’’ Diplomacia 80 (July-September 1999): 27-35.
61) Mora, Frank O. “Sino-Latin American Relations: Sources and Consequences, 1977-1997.” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 41, no. 2 (Summer 1999): 91-116.
62) Muñoz, Heraldo.“Las Relaciones Exteriores del Gobierno Militar Chileno.” Revista Mexicana de Sociología 44, no.2 (April-June 1982): 577-597.
63) Pinochet de la Barra, Oscar. “Chile frente al Nuevo Milenio,” Diplomacia 81 (October-December 1999): 59-60.
64) Rojas, Francisco. “El Nuevo Contexto de Seguridad y Cooperación Internacional.” Diplomacia 80 (July-September 1999): 83-88.
65) Sepúlveda, Alberto A. “Globalización y Orden Mundial: Un Análisis Político.” Diplomacia 80 (July-September 1999): 49-56.
66) Salazar, Arturo. “Red Science: China’s Scientific Capital and the Future of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.” Revista Mexicana de estudios sobre la Cuenca del Pacífico 2, no. 3 (2008): 89-100.
67) Sánchez, Marcelo S. “Análisis del Tratado Del Mercosur.” Argentine Magazine of Strategic Studies 15 (October- December 1994): 31-38.
68) Silva, Patricio. “Technocrats and Politics in Chile: From the Chicago Boys to the CIEPLAN.” Journal of Latin American Studies 23, no.2 (May 1991): 385-410.
69) Stagnelli, Isabel. “China y Rusia: Dos Colosos en Busca de Nuevos Equilibrios.” Diplomacia 81 (October-December 1999): 27-34.
70) Sunkel, Osvaldo. “National Development Policy and External Dependence in Latin America.” The Journal of Development Studies 6, no.1 (October 1969): 23-28.
71) Valdés, Juan Gabriel. “Diez años de APEC: Proyecciones Diplomáticas y Comerciales.” Diplomacia 80 (July-September 1999): 21-25.
72) Valdés, Juan Gabriel. 1999. “Chile y el Mercosur en América Latina.” Diplomacia 79 (April-June 1999): 7-12.
73) Vera, Jorge C. “Política Exterior Chilena y el Mercosur.” Diplomacia 80 (July-September 1999): 67-81.
74) Wilhelmy, Manfred and Roberto Duran. “Los Principales rasgos de la Política Exterior Chilena entre 1973 y el 2000.” Revista de Ciencia Política 23, Universidad Católica de Chile (2003): 273-286.
75) Wilhelmy, Manfred. “Chile, Latin America, and the Asia-Pacific Region.” Revista de Ciencia Política 25, Universidad Católica de Chile (2005): 190-197.

E- Journals
76) Jiang, Tingsong and Mckibbin, “What Does a Free Trade Area of the Asia Pacific mean to China.” Brookings Global Working Paper no. 21 (2008): 1-32, http://www.brookings.edu/papers/2008/08_trade_china_mckibbin.aspx (accessed March 10, 2009).
77) Dominguez, Jorge. “China’s Relations with Latin America: Shared Gains, Asymmetric Hopes.” Interamerican Dialogue Working Paper (June 2006): 1-59, http://www.thedialogue.org/page.cfm?pageID=32&pubID=321 (accessed May 20, 2008).
78) Soto, Augusto A. “Chile faces China. Relations in a new era. Expectations and realities.” China Watch Chile,(1998)http://www.casaasia.es/pdf/1409041520081095168008479.pdf (accessed May 20, 2008).
79) Montalva, Juan and Patricio Navia. “Chile and China: Building Relations Beyond Trade?” Center for Hemispheric Policy, University of Miami (2006), https://www6.miami.edu/hemispheric-policy/Final_Draft_Formatted-Navia.pdf (accessed June 10, 2008).
80) Aninat, Cristobal and others. “Political Institutions, Policymaking Processes and Policy Outcomes in Chile.” Inter-American Development Bank, Latin America Research Network, Working Paper R-521 (2006),
http://www.iadb.org/res/publications/pubfiles/pubR-521.pdf (accessed May 13, 2009).
81) United States. Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology. “Final Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Globalization and Security”. Washington, D.C. (December 1999) http://www.acq.osd.mil/dsb/reports/globalization.pdf
82) Yoshitaro, Fuwa and Hidemi, Yoshida, eds. “Challenges of globalization for International Cooperation.” Foundation for Advanced Studies on International
Development (March 2001),
http://www.fasid.or.jp/english/publication/symposium/challenges.html(accessed May 01, 2009).
83) Marambio, Carmen Gloria. “Cooperación Internacional en Chile. Su evolución y efectos en el ámbito económico 1990-2000.” In Magister en Gestión y Políticas Públicas estudio caso 75, Universidad de Chile (2003),
http://www.dii.uchile.cl/~webmgpp/resumenes.htm (accessed May 10, 2009).

Magazines
Business Week
The Economist

Newspapers (Printed and online editions)
1) Chile
El Mercurio (www.elmercurio.com)
La Nación (www.lanacion.cl/)
La Tercera (www.latercera.com)

2) People’s Republic of China
China.org.cn, online newspaper (http://www.china.org.cn/)
People’s Daily (http://english.people.com.cn)
Xinhua News Agency

Others newspapers:
Diario El País, España (http://www.elpais.com/global/)
The China Post (http://www.chinapost.com.tw)
The Taipei Times (http://www.taipeitimes.com)
The Wall Street Journal (www.wsj.com)

Other Sources
1. Ministry of Foreign AffairChilehttp://www.minrel.gov.cl/prontus_minrel/site/edic/base/port/home.php
2. Dirección de Promoción de Exportaciones (Pro-Chile) http://www.prochile.cl/
3. General Directorate for International Economic Affairs Chile (DIRECON)
http://www.direcon.cl/
4. National Customs Service Chilehttp://www.aduana.cl/prontus_aduana_eng/site/edic/base/port/home.html
5. Gobierno de Chile, Ministerio del Interior. Subsecretaria de Desarrollo Regional y Administrativo (SUBDERE),
http://www.subdere.gov.cl/1510/propertyname-2403.html
6. Gobierno de Chile, Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores. Agencia de Cooperacion Internacional de Chile (AGCI). http://www.agci.cl/
7. Ministry of Foreign Affairs People Republic ofChinahttp://www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/
8. Chile Pacific Foundation http://www.funpacifico.cl/
9. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) http://www.apec.org/
10. Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC)http://www.pecc.org/mainpage.htm#
11. Forum for East Asia-Latin America Cooperation (FEALAC)
http://www.focalae.org/
12. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, United Nations (ECLAC) http://www.eclac.org/default.asp?idioma=IN

6.7 Interviews
1) Mario Ignacio Artaza, First Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Director of the ProChile (Export Service) in Beijing.
2) Dr. Ren-rang Chyou, Chair and Professor Department of Diplomacy, National Chengchi University Taiwan.
3) Dr. Diego Lin Chou, Chief of Taipei Economic and Cultural Center Lisbon, Portugal.
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