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研究生:林佾靜
研究生(外文):Lin, Yi ching
論文名稱:反思國際關係理論中「國家中心論」之探討
論文名稱(外文):The reflexivity of "state-centrism" in IR theories
指導教授:姜家雄姜家雄引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chiang, Alex
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:外交研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:國際事務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:297
中文關鍵詞:反思主義實證主義後實證主義建構主義全球性解構
外文關鍵詞:ReflextivismPositivismPost-PostivismConstructivismGlobalityDeconstruction
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本文旨在檢視並反思國家中心論之相關觀點與命題,概括而言,即對國家在國際關係理論構成體系中呈現必然性及優越性進行理論檢視及意義探索,國家中心論內涵包括:國家係國際政治關鍵行為者?國家係國際事務核心決策者?等強勢論述。許多檢視國家中心論文獻雖可清楚指出其在解釋國際政治之不足與限制,或從批判觀點根本性否定國家中心論真實性與正當性,惟專就國家這個概念主體進行討論,其研究成果往往流於空泛言談,並無法明確地指出國家中心論核心論述受到檢驗的面向,因而流於道德勸說式的規範論述,亦無法建立明確分析架構。鑒此,本論文盼建立具解釋效益之分析架構,首先將檢視關於國家中心論涉及基本命題,續將透過檢視主權、安全及國際體系等論述之變遷,探討國家中心論如何受到檢驗過程,亦可呈現社會科學後實證主義對理論基本命題所致論述轉移(discourse shift)
第一章 緒論----------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
第一節 研究動機與目的--------------------------------------------------------------------1
第二節 文獻探討--------------------------------------------------------------------------- 20
第三節 研究方法----------------------------------------------------------------------------31
第四節 研究範圍限制----------------------------------------------------------------------33
第五節 章節安排--------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37
第二章 國家中心論之意涵與生成-------------------------------------------------------39
第一節 關於國家中心論中的「國家」概念-------------------------------------------39
第二節 實證主義形塑、強化國家中心論----------------------------------------------49
第三節 三大論述之形塑作用:主權、國際無政府、國家安全-------------------62
第四節 關於國家理論爭辯之初探-------------------------------------------------------68
第三章 國家中心論三傳統種觀點:現實主義、自由主義及馬克斯主義- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 77
第一節 典範間辯論:國家中心、多元中心與全球中心------------------------------77
第二節 現實主義典範---------------------------------------------------------------------- 80
第三節 自由主義/多元主義典範:從多元中心到國家中心--------------------------88
第四節 新現實主義與新自由制度主義的合流:合成觀點------------------100
第五節 馬克斯主義典範------------------------------------------------------------------108
第四章 反思國家中心論:批判、解構途徑--------------------------------------------114
第一節 後實證主義影響:第三次大辯論--------------------------------------------- 115
第二節 解構國家中心論:後現代主義、批判理論、建構主義--------------------120
第三節 檢視主權、安全及國際體系之既有論述------------------------------------ -144
第五章 再建構國家中心論:建構性與全球性途徑-------------------------------- -171
第一節 理論合成與再建構:建立中間地帶之折衷觀點---------------------173
第二節 建構性國家中心觀點----------------------------------------------------------183
第三節 全球性國家中心觀點------------------------------------------------------------199
第六章 失敗國家問題之啟示------------------------------------------------------------230
第一節 何謂失敗國家---------------------------------------------------------------------232
第二節 失敗國家對國際安全之衝擊---------------------------------------------------236
第三節 國際干預擴大:超越主權典則------------------------------------------------245
第七章 結論---------------------------------------------------------------------------------264
第一節、研究成果與貢獻------------------------------------------------------------------280
第二節、研究問題與展望-------------------------------------------------------------------280
參考書目---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------284
一、中文部分


(一) 專書

Ernest Gellner著。《國族與國族主義》。李金梅、黃俊龍譯。台北:聯經,2001年。
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Ted Robert Gurr、Barbara Harff著,鄭又平等譯,《國際政治中的族群衝突》,台北:韋伯,2002年。
巴托莫爾著。《法蘭克福學派》。廖仁義譯。台北:桂冠,1991年。
孟樊、鄭祥福主編,《後現代學科與理論》。台北:生智,1997年。
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洪丁福。《國際政治的理論與實際》。台北:啟英,1996年。
洪縑德。《社會學說與政治理論》。台北:揚智,1998年。
黃瑞祺主編。《歐洲社會理論》。台北:中央研究院歐美所,2006年。
蔡育岱。《人類安全:安全研究之新議程》。台北:國立政治大學外交系博士論文,
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蔡政文。《當前國際關係理論發展及其評估》。台北:三民,2000年。

(二) 期刊

宋學文、黃子哲,〈從東帝汶獨立運動探討美國的干預主義:一個霸權穩定論的觀點〉,《問題與研究》,第41卷第3期,2002年,頁83-106。
林佾靜,〈失敗國家與國際安全〉,《全球政治評論》,第24期,2008年。頁121-158。
林佾靜,<國際關係理論大辯論- 從實證主義到後實證主義>,《淡江人文社會
學刊》,第39期,2009年,頁79-104。
莫大華,<論國際關係理論中的建構主義>,《問題與研究》,第38卷第9期,1999年,頁93-109。
莫大華,<國際關係「建構主義」的原型、分類與爭論-以Onuf、Kratochwil和Wendt的觀點為分析>,《問題與研究》,第41卷第5期,2002年,頁111-148。
莫大華,<國際關係理論的辯論、對話與綜合-美國 「防止擴散安全提議」國際規範的個案分析>,《問題與研究》,第45卷第5期,2006年,頁17-61。
郭秋永,<政治科學中的價值問題: 方法論上的分析>,《中央研究院三民主義 研究所叢刊》,第5集,1981年,頁1-246。
陳欣之,「國際安全研究之理論變遷」,《遠景季刊》,第4卷第3期,2003年,頁1-40。
湯紹成,〈當前科索夫的問題與困境〉,《問題與研究》,第40卷第2期,2001年,頁83-92。
楊永明,〈聯合國維持和平行動發展:冷戰後國際安全的轉變〉,《問題與研究》,第36卷第11期,1997年,頁31-33。
蔡育岱、譚偉恩,「從『國家』到『個人』:人類安全概念之分析」,《問題與研究》,第47卷第1期,2008年,頁151-188。
鄭端耀,〈國際關係攻勢與守勢現實主義理論爭辯之評析〉,《問題與研究》,第42卷第2期,2003年,頁1-22。
盧業中,「論國際關係理論之新自由制度主義」,《問題與研究》,第41卷第2期,2002年,頁43-67。
嚴震生,〈安哥拉的內戰與和平協議〉,《問題與研究》,第43卷第2期,2004年,頁31~35。

二、英文部分

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Dobbins, James Seth Jones, Keith Crane, Andrew Rathmell, Brett Steele, Richard Teltschik and Anga Timilsina. The UN’s Role in Nation-Building: from the Congo to Iraq. Pittsburgh: Rand Corporation, 2005.
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International Relations. New York: Longman, 2001.
Durch, William J. Victoria K. Holt, Caroline R. Earle and Moira K. Shanahan. The Brahimi Report and the Future of UN Peace Operation. Washington: The Henry L. Stimson Center, 2003.
Edkins, J., V. Pin-Fat and M. Shapiro eds. Sovereign Lives: Power in Global Politics. New York: Routledge, 2004.
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Ghani, Ashraf Clare Lockhart and Michael and Carnahan. Closing the Sovereignty Gap: An Approach to State-Building. London: Overseas Development Institute, 2005.
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______________. The Nation-State and Violence. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.
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(二) 期刊

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(三) 官方出版品

“Remarks to the Security Council Summit on Africa and Challenges to International Peace and Security,” UN News Center, 25 September 2007, at http://www.un.org/apps/infocus/sgspeeches/search_full.asp?staID=126
“Secretary-General’s remarks at the Security Council meeting on Threats to International Peace and Security,” United Nations, 8 January 2007.
Anna, Kofi. Renewing the United Nations: A Programme for Reform, New York: United Nations, 1997.
Anna, Kofi. In Larger Freedom: Toward Development, Security and Human Rights All . New York: United Nations, 2005.
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Boutros Boutros-Ghali. An Agenda for Peace, New York: United Nation, 1992.
http: //www.un.org/apps/sg/sgstats.asp?nid=2397
Mayor, Federico. The New Page. UNESCO,1995, p. 60.
United Nations. The Brahimi Report. New York: United Nation, 2000.
United Nations, Human Development Report 1994. New York: United nations, 1998.

三、網站

“Failed States Index Scores 2007”, The Fund for Peace, <http://www.fundforpeace.org/web/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=229&Itemid=366>
“Liberia and Sierra Leone: Rebuilding Failed States,” International Crisis Group, http://www.crisisgroup.irg/home/index.cfm?1=1&id=3157
“Secretary-General Remarks at the Security Council meeting on Threats to International Peace and Security,” United Nations, 8 January 2007, http://www.un.org/apps/sg/sgstats.asp?nid=2397
聯合國維持和平網站(United Nations Peacekeeping,) <http://www.un.org/Depts/dpko/dpko/index.asp>
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