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研究生:劉科汶
研究生(外文):Liu, Ke Wen
論文名稱:生產者服務業知識外溢效果-以台北都會區為例
論文名稱(外文):The spillover effect of R&D on producer services industries in Taipei metropolitan area
指導教授:劉小蘭劉小蘭引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liu, Hsiao Lan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:地政研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:公共行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:67
中文關鍵詞:生產者服務業產業內知識外溢效果產業間知識外溢效果分量迴歸
外文關鍵詞:Producer ServicesR&DInter-Industrial SpilloversIntra-Industrial SpilloversQuantile Regression
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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隨著知識經濟時代以及全球化的來臨,各國都市面臨全球性的競爭壓力,都市內部業種轉變為以服務業為業種主流,其中的生產者服務業更是成長快速的新興產業,更是適應全球化發展策略的重要產業。因此了解其聚集的成因將更具有時代的意義。產業聚集於都市的現象,傳統聚集經濟多以規模經濟、地方化經濟、都市化經濟為其解釋。近來,由於知識經濟的重要性,衍生出以知識的創新效果以及外溢效果來解釋產業的聚集現象。本研究利用空間距離的影響性來估計產業內知識外溢效果,並利用產業投入產出關聯係數估計產業間知識外溢效果,並採用分量迴歸來進行實證分析,以利於更詳實的解釋各知識外溢效果在於不同公司規模下的影響性。
研究結果發現,投資於R&D要素對於公司的成長並沒有顯著的影響,甚至對於中小型公司為負向影響。產業內知識外溢效果方面,對於各公司規模皆有正向的幫助。產業間知識外溢效果則呈現對大規模公司有正向幫助,對中小規模公司則為負向效果。在知識經濟時代下,兩種知識外溢效果確實有助於大規模公司的成長,為產業聚集的重要成因之ㄧ,但對於中小規模公司則有不同的效果產生。因此在促進產業發展的區位規劃設計上,需要考量不同規模公司與不同知識外溢效果的相互關係,以便有助於生產者服務業的發展,建立更具有國際競爭力的都市型態。
Facing the developing economics of knowledge and globalization, Taipei metropolitan area has faced the issue of industrial restructuring. The strategy for globalization is to develop the producer services (PS) sector, in order to improve higher competitiveness to the city. The theory of agglomeration economics includes scale economics, localization economics and urbanization economics. Nowadays, spillover effect is considered as the most important reason that industries agglomeration develop in urban areas. This paper analyzes two categories of R&D spillover effect in the PS sector of Taipei metropolitan area by quantile regression. The spatial distance and the Input-Output table are used to calculate the intra-industrial and inter-industrial spillover effect, respectively.
The result shows that investment in R&D has a negative effect to firm’s output. Firms with any scale benefit from the intra-industrial spillover effect incomplete. The inter-industrial spillover effect analysis shows that only the bigger scale firms can get the positive benefit, the smaller scale firms get the negative effect. The research analyzes different kinds of R&D spillover effect, and the result show that there are different effects among different conditions. In sum, this research suggests that the disposition of industrial location should consider both the scale of firm and the different spillover effect. As above, utilizing the R&D spillover effect is an important factor to develop the PS sector and to construct the global city.
目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究範疇與研究內容 4
第三節 研究方法與流程 6
第二章 理論與文獻回顧 8
第一節 聚集經濟理論 8
第二節 知識外溢與創新效果 11
第三節 全球化與產業結構轉變 15
第四節 生產者服務業 19
第三章 台灣地區產業結構現況分析 27
第一節 台灣地區產業結構變遷 27
第二節 台灣地區生產者服務業現況介紹 32
第三節 台北都會區生產者服務業基本資料 34
第四章 研究設計 36
第一節 分量迴歸 36
第二節 實證模型設計 39
第三節 資料處理與變數選取 42
第五章 實證結果分析 48
第一節 模型實證結果說明 48
第二節 模型實證結果分析 57
第六章 結論與建議 61
第一節 結論 61
第二節 研究限制與後續研究建議 63
參考文獻 64
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