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研究生:許文薰
研究生(外文):Hsu, Wen-Shiun
論文名稱:面對後極權情境:漢娜鄂蘭的新政治哲學
指導教授:蕭高彥蕭高彥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shaw, Carl
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:政治研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:115
中文關鍵詞:極權主義革命權力權威
外文關鍵詞:TotalitarianismRevolutionPowerAuthority
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漢娜鄂蘭是二十世紀極具代表性的哲學家,同時也是一位十分傑出的共和主義理論家,她的政治哲學寫作時期恰好是二次世界大戰結束後,極權主義垮台,冷戰方興未艾,在這段政治局勢高度緊張的時間裡,鄂蘭通過批判和反思來尋求解決現代政治問題的根本途徑,其方法為對於極權主義進行分析和理解,並提出本於共和主義的政治實踐圖像。

此一理論具體地呈現在《論革命》一書中,鄂蘭在書中透過對於法國大革命和美國革命的重新詮釋以及批判反思來探討革命理論及其共和主義理想,並且藉著對法國大革命的批判重新反思傳統政治哲學的缺陷,同時也藉著對於美國革命的詮釋和讚揚來重申共和主義精神。本論文的主旨即在通過對於《論革命》的重新閱讀來瞭解鄂蘭的新共和主義理論,此一理論面向表現為「權力」和「權威」要素。

藉由耙梳鄂蘭從早期在手稿中形成的相關論點,連接到《論革命》中的理論思考,本論文企圖呈現歷來較少受到關注的鄂蘭理論面向。反思現代政治問題,鄂蘭認為其癥結在於對於政治的錯誤理解以及匱乏的想像,而唯有透過重新梳理古典政治傳統的資源加以去蕪存菁,並融合於現代政治世界,才能對二十世紀的政治問題提供一個較為完善的回答。透過對《論革命》的重新耙梳和理解,我們也在鄂蘭的政治書寫中檢視和借鏡哲學傳統的珍貴資源。
Hannah Arendt is one of the most significant philosophers in the twentieth century, and a remarkable republican. Her writing of political philosophy happened to begin right after the end of World-War II when the Totalitarian just collapsed and the cold war started. In that political situation with high tensions, Arendt tried to find a fundamental approach to solving the modern political problems through criticism and introspection. She was devoted to analyzing and understanding the sources and the structure of Totalitarianism.
Her theories were fully elaborated in On Revolution. In this book, Arendt explored the revolution theory and its republican ideal by reinterpreting the meaning of French Revolution and the American Revolution. With her reviews of the French Revolution, Arendt re-examined the defects of traditional political philosophy; meanwhile, through the re-evaluation of the American Revolution, she reclaimed the republicanism.
Therefore, the purpose of the paper aims to understand the Neo-Republicanism theory by rereading Arendt’s On Revolution, with a focus on power and authority. This paper tends to analyze Arendt’s theories less discussed before by the method of combing the arguments in Gauss Manuscript and connecting them to the issues developed in On Revolution. In terms of the modern political problems, Arendt believed that it was for the misunderstanding of politics and the lack of imagination. Only through rearranging the sources of traditional philosophical thoughts and integrating its essence with the modern world can a philosopher provide a better answer to political problems.

Keywords:Totalitarianism、Revolution、Power、Authority
序論-------------------------------------------------------1
第一節 研究動機-------------------------------------------1
第二節 問題意識-------------------------------------------3
第三節 文獻檢閱-------------------------------------------6
第四節 論文架構-------------------------------------------8
第一章 極權主義之後
第一節 《極權主義的起源》------------------------------------10
第二節 對政治哲學傳統的批判--------------------------------15
第三節 現代性與絕對主義-----------------------------------28
第二章 《論革命》中的權力理論
第一節 孟德斯鳩的權力分立學說------------------------------44
第二節 美國革命的經驗及其意義------------------------------54
第三章 《論革命》中的權威理論
第一節 羅馬政治傳統中的權威要素-----------------------------70
第二節 美國憲法的正當性來源--------------------------------83
第四章 結語
第一節 鄂蘭的新共和主義------------------------------------98
第二節 結語---------------------------------------------102
參考書目--------------------------------------------------107
一、西文書目
Arendt, Hannah.
1958. The Human Condition. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
1968. Men in dark times. New York: Harvest/HBJ Book.
1970. On Violence. New York: Harvest Books.
1972. Crises of the Republic. New York: Harvest Books.
1973. The Origin of Totalitarianism. New ed. New York: Harvest Books.
1977. Between Past and Future. enlarged ed. London: Penguin Books.
1977. The Life of the Mind Vol.1.Thinking. New York: Harcourt Brace.
1978. The Life of the Mind Vol.2.Willing. New York: Harcourt Brace.
1982. Lectures on Kant's Political Philosophy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
1990. “Philosophy and Politics.” Social Research 57, 1 (Spring): 78.
1991. On Revolution. New ed. London: Penguin Classics.
1994. Essays in Understanding: 1930-1954. edited by Jerome Kohn. New York : Harcourt, Brace
2003. Responsibility and Judgment. New York: Schocken Books.
Benhabib, Seyla.
1990. “Hannah Arendt and the Redemptive Power of Narrative.” Social Research
57(1):167-197
1992. The Reluctatnt Modernism of Hannah Arendt, London: SAGE
Canovan, Margaret
1978. “The Contradictions of Hannah Arendt's Political Thought.” Political Theory 6, 1 (Feb): 5-26.
1983. “Arendt, Rousseau, and Human Plurality in Politics.” The Journal of Politics 45, 2 (May): 286-302.
1983. ”A Case of Distorted Communication: A Note on Habermas and Arendt.” Political Theory 11(1): 105-116
1992. Hannah Arendt: A Reinterpretation of Her Political Thought. Cambridge, U.K.: Polity Press.
Crick, Bernard. 1977. On Rereading The Origins of Totalitarianism. Social Research 44(1): 106-126
Dolan, Frederick M. 2004. “An Ambiguous Citation in Hannah Arendt's ‘The Human Condition’.” The Journal of Politics 66, 2 (May): 606-610
Forti, Simona. 1994. “The Guilt of Tradition: Arendt’s Critique of Hegel to Marx.” Vita della Mente e Tempo della Polis.” Milan: FrancoAngeli, pp.179-204
Habermas, Jurgen. 1977. “Hannah Arendt’s Communications Concept of Power.” Trans. Thomas McCarthy. Social Research 44(1):2-24
Hammer, Dean. 2002. Hannah Arendt and Roman Political Thought: the Practice of Theory. Political Theory 30(1):124-149
Honig, Bonnie. 2006. Declaration of Independence: Arendt and Derrida on the Problem. Hannah Arendt : critical assessments of leading political philosophers. pp.202-224. New York : Routledge
Isaac, Jeffrey C.
1994. “Oases in the Desert: Hannah Arendt on Democratic Politics.” , The American Political Science Review 88, 1: 156-168.
Jay, Martin. 1986. The Political Existentialism of Hannah Arendt. Permanent Exiles. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 237-256
Kateb, George. 1979. “Arendt, Hannah.” Ed. by David L. Sills. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. 18: 24. N.Y.: Free Press.
King, Richard H. 1997. American Dilemmas, European Experiences. Arkansas Historical Quarterly 56: 314-333
Kohn, Jerome. ed. 1994. Essays in Understanding: 1930-1954. New York: Harcourt Brace.
McCarthy, Mary. 1976. “Saying Goodbye to Hannah.” New York Review of Books: 8-11
Miller, James. The Pathos of Novelty: Hannah Arendt’s Image of Freedom in the Modern World. Ed. by Melvyn A. Hill. Hannah Arendt: Recovery of the Public World, New York: St. Martin’s Press, pp. 177-208
Parekh, Bhikhu. 1981. Hannah Arendt and the Search for a New Political Philosophy. New Jersey: Humanities Press.
Raz, Joseph. 1983. The Authority of Law: Essays on Law and Morality. USA: Oxford University Press.
Sitton, John F. 1987. “Hannah Arendt's Argument for Council Democracy.” Polity 20, 1 (Autumn): 80-100.
Sollner, Alfons. 2004. “Hannah Arendt’s The Origins of Totalitarianism in its Original Context. European Journal of Political Theory 3(2): 219-238
Tsao, Roy. 2002. The Three Phases of Arendt’s Theory of Totalitarianism. Social Research 69(2):579-619
Villa, Dana R. 1996. Arendt and Heidegger: The Fate of the Political. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Vollrath, Ernst. 1977. Hannah Arendt and the Method of Political Thinking. Trans. Hans Fentel. Social Research. 44(1):160-182
Waldron Jeremy. 2000. Arendt’s Constitutional Politics. Ed. Dana Villa, Cambridge Companion to Hannah Arendt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.201-219.
Waterman, R. D. Jr. 1978. “Political Action; Dialogues with Hannah Arendt.” Ph. D. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.
Wellmer, Albrecht. 2000. Arendt on Revolution. Ed. Dana Villa, Cambridge Companion to Hannah Arendt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.220-241
Williams, Garrath. 2006. Hannah Arendt : Critical Assessments of Leading Political Philosophers. New York : Routledge
Young-Bruehl, Elisabeth. 1977. Hannah Arendt’s Storytelling. Social Research 44(1):183-190
Young-Bruehl, Elisabeth. 2006. Why Arendt Matters., New Haven: Yale University Press
Zashin, Elliott M. 1972. Civil Disobedience and Democracy. New York: Free Press


二、中文書目
王曉朝譯,2003,《柏拉圖全集》,台北:左岸。
江宜樺
1987,〈政治,行動,與判斷──漢娜‧鄂蘭政治思想之研究〉,國立台灣大學政治學研究所碩士論文。
1995,〈漢娜‧鄂蘭論政治參與與民主〉,張福建、蘇文流主編《民主理論:古典與現代》,台北:中央研究院社科所。
1998,《自由主義、民族主義與國家認同》,台北:揚智 文化。
2001,《自由民主的理路》,台北:聯經。
2000,〈政治判斷如何可能?簡述漢娜.鄂蘭晚年作品的關懷〉,《當代》150: 28-43。
何兆武譯,1987,《社會契約論》,台北:唐山。譯自Social Contract, Jean-Jacques Rousseau
莊國銘,2005,〈論漢娜鄂蘭的制憲權概念〉,《思與言:人文與社會科學雜誌》,
43(4):頁173-203。
馮克利譯,2005,《論李維》,上海:上海人民出版社。譯自 Niccolo Machiavelli,
Discourse On Livy.

張雁深譯,1998,《論法的精神》,台北:商務印書館。譯自Charles de Secondat,
baron de Montesquieu. De l'esprit des lois
漢娜•鄂蘭
1995,林襄華譯《極權主義的起源》,台北:時報文化。
1996,蔡佩君譯《共和危機》,台北:時報文化。
1999,蕭乾威等譯《人類的條件》,上海:上海人民出版社。
2006,鄧伯宸譯《黑暗時代群像》(Men in dark times, 1968),台北:立緒文化。
2007,陳周旺譯《論革命》,南京:譯林出版社。
2007,蘇友貞譯《心智生命》,台北:立緒文化。
2007,孫傳劍譯《馬克思與西方政治思想傳統》,南京:江蘇人民出版社。
2008,蔡佩君譯《責任與判斷》,台北:左岸文化。
蔡英文
1994,〈評介瑪格麗德‧卡諾凡《漢娜‧鄂蘭政治思想的再解釋》〉,《東吳政治學報》3:349-364。
2000,〈人民主權與制憲權--漢娜.鄂蘭(Hannah Arendt)對「革命民主」傳統的闡述〉,《當代》32(Feb.):44-59。
2002,《政治實踐與公共空間:漢娜‧鄂蘭的政治思想》,台北:聯經。
劉宗坤譯,2003,《政治的概念》,上海:上海人民出版社。
劉佳林譯,2007,《漢娜‧阿倫特:歷史、政治與公民身份》,南京:江蘇人民出
版社。譯自Phillip Hanson. Hannah Arendt:History, Politics and Citizenship.
劉成富譯,2006,《漢娜‧阿倫特》,南京:江蘇教育出版社。譯自Julia Kristeva.
Hannah Arendt. Columbia University Press. 2003
蕭高彥
2002,〈崇高與美善的政治--評蔡英文著「政治實踐與公共空間」〉,《政治與社會哲學評論》2(Sep.):197-207。
2004,〈西耶斯的制憲權概念:一個政治理論的分析〉,《公法與政治理論:
吳庚大法官榮退論文集》,台北:元照,頁79-114
2006,〈共和主義、民族主義與憲政理論:鄂蘭與施密特的隱蔽對話〉,《政治科學論叢》27(Mar.):113-146。
謝華育譯,2007,《政治觀念史稿(卷一):希臘化、羅馬和早期基督教》,華東師範大學出版社,譯自History of political ideas. edited by Athanasios Moulakis. Columbia:University of Missouri Press, 1997-1999.
謝淑斐譯,2000,《聯邦論》,台北:左岸。譯自The Federalist Papers.
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