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研究生:李佳賓
研究生(外文):Lee,Jia Bin
論文名稱:在史蒂芬‧金《鬼店》裡的明確表達與理解能力
論文名稱(外文):Articulateness and Intelligence in Stephen King's The Shining
指導教授:羅狼仁
指導教授(外文):Phillips,Brian David
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:英國語文學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:117
中文關鍵詞:符徵符指伊底帕斯情結想像界象徵界實存語言作為大他者的論述縫合點
外文關鍵詞:signifiersignifiedOedipus ComplexImaginary OrderSymbolic OrderThe RealLanguage as the Discourse of the OtherPoints de Captions
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出版於一九七七年的《鬼店》為史蒂芬‧金的第三部小說,探索的為恐怖文學裡其中一種刻畫,鬼故事。雪倫‧A‧拉塞爾給了一項令人信服的理由,何以她認為《鬼店》是一則鬼故事:「在鬼故事中,恐怖的來源來自於通常出沒某個特定地點的邪惡靈魂。」然而,《鬼店》不僅僅是一部單純的鬼故事小說,根據克萊爾‧韓森與史蒂文‧布拉姆的看法,《鬼店》是一宗可從精神分析角度切入的語言學習與退化案例。

在第一章「導論」裡,我提出本文論點:能否透過清楚說出與理解能力完成符徵(signifier)與符指(signified)的連結,決定了傑克與丹尼各自的命運。第二章「方法論」由我在本文中所用的方法構成,本章說明我如何運用席格蒙‧弗洛伊德的伊底帕斯情結(Oedipus Complex)、雅克‧拉岡的想像界(Imaginary Order)、象徵界(Symbolic Order)、實存 (The Real)、語言作為大他者的論述(Language as the Discourse of the Other)、縫合點(Points de Captions)。第三章欲探討的是傑克與丹尼的伊底帕斯情結,傑克的殞落可追溯至他的童年時期,丹尼的生存則可以他的現況加以分析。第四章「似乎他的生命全靠學習閱讀才得以維持」討論丹尼如何藉由語言學習,從想像界前進到象徵界並打破托倫斯家庭特有的父子關係循環,丹尼漸漸地學習如何連結符徵與符指,清楚地說出與理解這些符指及背後的符徵為丹尼鋪了一條歧異的路,透過這條路丹尼得以存活並成長。第五章「理性的蟄伏」將探討全景飯店如何藉由大他者/小他者的論述(The Discourse of the Other/ the other)誘惑傑克,也探討傑克的瘋狂如何藉由象徵界退化至想像界表現出來,我也會藉由瘋狂的其中一種症狀,不能掌握縫合點:越來越不能連結符徵與符指的情形闡述傑克如何變得偏執於並合理化自己的不當行為,例如殺掉他的妻兒。在第六章「結論」,我將簡述前面五章的要點,幫助讀者釐清本文的宗旨。
The Shining (1977), Stephen King’s third novel, explores one of the horror genre’s characterizations, the ghost story. Sharon A. Russell gives a convincing reason why she considers The Shining a ghost story: “In the ghost story the origin of the horror comes from evil spirits who usually haunt a specific location.” However, The Shining is not merely a simplistic ghost story. According to Claire Hanson and Steven Bruhm, The Shining is a case of language acquisition and regression from a psycho-analytical perspective.

In Chapter One, “Introduction,” I issue my thesis statement that aptitude for articulation and intelligence of the signification determines each of Jack’s and Danny’s destinies. Chapter Two, “Methodology,” consists of the methodology I employ in the analysis of The Shining. That is, how I apply Sigmund Freud’s and Jacques Lacan’s theories, Frued’s Oedipus complex, and Lacan’s three orders, language as the discourse of the Other, and points de caption to this study of The Shining. The exploration of the Oedipus complex for Jack and Danny is Chapter Three’s subject matter. Jack’s downfall can be traced back to his own childhood, and Danny’s survival can be studied in terms of the exploration of his own status quo. In Chapter Four, “As though His Life Depended on Learning to Read,” I discuss Danny’s progression from the imaginary order into the symbolic order and breaking away from “the wounded father-son cycle” (Davenport) in terms of his increasing acquirement of language. That is to say, Danny learns to decipher the signifiers and to make significations between the signifiers and the signifieds. Articulation and intelligence of such signifiers pave a divergent way for Danny as a survivor and an adult in the story.” In Chapter Five, “The Sleep of Reason,” I elaborate upon how the Overlook entrances Jack by means of the discourse of the Other/evil other and how Jack’s insanity can be manifested in terms of his regression from the symbolic order into the imaginary order. I will take advantage of one of the symptoms, failing in the grasp of points de captions, increasingly failing to catch the interdependent relationship between the signifier and the signified, to expound how Jack becomes paranoid and self-justified in his wrongdoing and misbehavior, such as to murder Danny and Wendy in conformity to the former caretaker’s indication. In Chapter Six, “Conclusion,” I summarize the previous points to help the readers further understand the thesis’ purpose.
Table of Contents(or TABLE OF CONTENTS)


Acknowledgments………………………………………………………………iv
Chinese Abstract……………………………………………………………………vi
English Abstract……………………………………………………………………vii

Chapter
1.Introduction…………………………………………………………………1
The Thesis Statement………………………………………………………1
Structure of the Thesis……………………………………………………8
Stephen King’s Life and Literary Evaluation……………………………11
Stephen King’s The Shining……………………………………………12
Plot Summary of The Shining……………………………………………13
A Critical Overview………………………………………………………16
Sigmund Freud’s Oedipus Complex………………………………………22
Jacques Lacan’s Three Order……………………………………………24
Lacanian S/s………………………………………………………………27
My Application of Freud’s Oedipus Complex and Lacan’s Three Orders..29

2.The Oedipal…………………………………………………………………34
A Male Journey through the Oedipus Complex………………………34
Jack’s being Continually Haunted by the Image of His Father……………37
Jack’s Dereliction of Duty as the Paternal Agency………………………49

3. As though His Life Depended on Learning to Read………………………56
Danny’s Language Acquisition as a Determinant of His Survival………56
Tony as Danny’s Unconscious……………………………………………64
Divorce and the Bad Thing………………………………………………68
The Shining as a Bridge between Imaginary Order and Symbolic Order…76
Roque. Stroke. Redrum……………………………………………………80

4.The Sleep of Reason………………………………………………………87
A Human Monster’s Coming into Being………………………………87
From College-Educated Man to Wailing Ape………………93
The Breadth of His Responsibility to the Overlook………………………98
Have to be Punished……………………………………………………104

5.Conclusion…………………………………………………………109
Conclusion of the Psycho-analytic Study…………………………109
Works Cited………………………………………………………………………114
Works Cited
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Bruhm, Steven. “On Stephen King’s Phallus: or, the Postmodern Gothic.” Narrative.
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Coddon, Karin. “Stephen King: A Biography.” In Readings on Stephen King. Ed. Karin Coddens. New Your: Greenhaven Press, 2004. 16—44.
Collings, Michael R. “Dean R. Koontz and Stephen King: Style, Invasion, and Aesthetics of Horror.” In Sudden Fear: The Horror and Dark Suspense Fiction of Dean R. Koontz. Ed. Bill D. Munster. Mercer Island, WA: Starmont House, 1988. 45—65.
Croker, John Wilson. "Preface." The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. Ed. John Wilson Croker Claxton, Remsen, & Haffelfinger, 1868. ix-xiii. Rpt. in Literature Criticism from 1400 to 1800. Ed. Detroit: Gale Research, 1986. <http://go.galegroup.com.ezproxy.lib.nccu.edu.tw:8090/ps/start.do?p=LitRC&u=nccu>
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Davis, J. P. Stephen King’s America. Bowling Green, KY: Bowling Green State University Press, 1994.
Evans, Dylan. An Introductory dictionary of Lacanian Psychoanalysis. London and New York: Routledge, 1996.
Freud, Sigmund. “The Dissolution of the Oedipus Complex.”In The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Ed. James Strachey. London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of the Psycho-Analysis, 1977.173—182.
—.”Totem and Taboo.” In Reading Popular Narrative: A Source Book. Ed. Bob Ashley. London and Washington: Leicester University Press. 153—156.
—.”Uncanny.” In Reading Popular Narrative: A Source Book. Ed. Bob Ashley. London and Washington: Leicester University Press. 156—159.
Hanson, Clare. “Stephen King: Powers of Horror.” In American Horror Fiction: From Brockden Brown to Stephen King. Ed. Brian Docherty. New York: St. Martin’s, 1990. 135—154.
Holand-Toll, Linda J. “Bakhtin’s Carnival Reversed: King’s The Shining as Dark Carinival.” Journal of Popular Culture. 33.2 (1999): 131—146.
Jackson, Shirley. The Haunting of Hill House. Ed. Laura Miller. Penguin Classics, 2006.
Jung, Carl G. Collected Works. New York: Bollingen Foundation, Princeton University, 1960.
Killer, Robert. “All Roads Lead to the Abject: The Monstrous Feminine and Gender Boundaries in Stanley Kubrick’s the Shining.” Literature Film Quarterly. (2006): 34.1. 54—63.
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—. The Shining. New York: Pocket Books, 2001.
Lacan Jacques. Ecrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: Norton, 1977.
—. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan. Trans. Sylvana Tomaselli and John Forrester. Ed. Jacques-Alain Miller. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
Manchel, Frank. “What about Jack? Another Perspective on Family Relationships in Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining.” Literature Film Quarterly. 23.1 (1995): 68—78.
Moore, Robert and Douglas Gillette. The King Within: Assessing the King in the Male Psyche. New York: Morrow, 1992.
Russell, Sharon A. Stephen King: A Critical Companion. Westport and London: Greenwood Press, 1996.
Saussure, Ferdinand de. Courses in General Linguistics. Ed. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye. Trans. Wade Baskin. Glasgow: Collins Fontana, 1916.
Semansky, Chris. "Critical Essay on 'The Sleep of Reason'." Drama for Students. Ed. Elizabeth Thomason. Vol. 11. Detroit: Gale, 2001. Literature Resource Center. Gale. <http://go.galegroup.com.ezproxy.lib.nccu.edu.tw:8090/ps/start.do?p=LitRC&u=nccu>
Underwood, T. and C. Miller. Eds. Bare Bones: Conversations on Terror with Stephen King. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1988.
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