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研究生:唐佩馨
研究生(外文):Dangoisse, Pascale
論文名稱:價值不信任
論文名稱(外文):The Value of Distrust in Social Capital Theory: A Canadian Perspective
指導教授:方孝謙方孝謙引用關係
指導教授(外文):Fong, Barry Shiaw
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:國際傳播英語碩士學程(IMICS)
學門:傳播學門
學類:一般大眾傳播學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:加拿大民主信任不信任
外文關鍵詞:CanadaSocial CapitalDemocratic GovernmentTrustDistrust
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The paper reviews some of the main perspectives on social capital literature and its relationship with political processes of a democratic government. It has been shown that social capital enables a group to achieve common goals. The present study focuses on the trust dimension of social capital.
Salient expressions of trust within a community and towards a government are both generally regarded favorably. Recent studies are alarmed by the present lowered levels of trust of the population towards the government. Scholars and policy makers are trying to find a solution to the problem. The author of this paper argues that lowered expression of trust in the government is not alarming and actually not critical to the well functioning of the government. The author shows that trust networks within a community and trust towards a government do not work in the same way. The author demonstrates how distrust in the government can have a positive impact on both the community and the government itself. It will also be shown that distrust does not limit cooperation and that distrust can push for new institutions to be formed. Distrustful individuals will demand higher transparency and honesty levels from the agents they believe to be untrustworthy until they have proven themselves otherwise. This is particularly important in people – government relationships.
The study uses a historical analysis of two Canadian cases to demonstrate the value of distrust. The Oka crisis of 1990 and the development of the Chantier de l’économie sociale will be detailed and analyzed.
1.INTRODUCTION 1
2.THE CURRENT TREND 4
2.1.WHAT IS SOCIAL CAPITAL 4
2.2.WHAT IS TRUST 13
2.3.THE BENEFITS 23
3.WHERE IS THE FLAW 29
4.DISTRUST 33
4.1.DEFINITION 33
4.2.NOT A BARRIER TO COOPERATION 34
4.3.UNCERTAINTY REDUCTION 36
5.THE BALANCE 38
6.METHODOLOGY 46
7.CASE ANALYSIS 1-THE OKA CRISIS 48
8.CASE ANALYSIS 2- THE CHANTIER DE L’ECONOMIE SOCIALE 55
9.CONCLUSION 73
10.REFERENCE

List of Tables

TABLE 1: CONTROVERSIES OF SOCIAL CAPITAL (LIN, 1999: 33) 9
TABLE 2: TRUST, RELIANCE, AND CONFIDENCE 22
TABLE 3: SOCIAL CAPITAL AND MOBILIZATION (FOX, 1995: 129) 25
TABLE 4: INTEGRATING TRUST AND DISTRUST: ALTERNATIVE SOCIAL REALITIES (LEWICKI, MCALLISTER AND BIES, 1998: 445) 43
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