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研究生:廖偉勝
研究生(外文):Wei-Sheng Liao
論文名稱:以生物濾床法處理樹脂廠揮發性有機物質儲槽廢氣之研究
論文名稱(外文):Treatment of Waste Gases from VOCs Storage Tank of Resin Manufacturing Industry via Trickle-Bed Air Biofilters
指導教授:盧重興盧重興引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:環境工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:生物濾床儲槽丙烯酸乙酯揮發性有機物質
外文關鍵詞:biofilterstorage tankethyl acrylatevocs
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本實驗以生物濾床進行樹脂廠儲槽廢氣處理,將儲槽呼吸閥所釋放之丙烯酸乙酯(ethyl acrylate, EA)蒸氣導入生物濾床中,進行效能測試及操作條件之建立,期望能夠解決環境中的儲槽EA氣體逸散問題。
其試程主要分為二部分,第一部分為實驗室試驗於實驗室中進行,第二部分為實場測試於實場進行。第一部分實驗室試驗為透過人工供應方式,提供EA之來源。主要目的在於微生物的馴養以利於第二部分實場測試時之生物濾床的啟動;及測試生物濾床最大EA處理容量、去除效率評估。於第一部分結果發現,由縮短停留時間及增加進流濃度逐步增加EA進流負荷,停留時間由90 sec縮短至30 sec(風量為80-240 lpm),進流濃度介於85.1-557.3 ppmv,因此進流負荷由3.3 mg-C/min (1.65g-C/m3hr)增加至65.5 mg-C/min (32.8g-C/m3hr)。實驗室測試結果,當有機碳負荷達65.5 mg-C/min (32.8g-C/m3hr),去除效率可達到91 %,顯示生物濾床法為一有效之VOCs處理方法,並符合節能、低成本及操作維護之空氣污染防治設備。
第二部分實場測試,主要目的在評估實場應用之適合操作條件、可能遭遇狀況問題及生物濾床全尺寸之設計。其監測包括單日連續監測,用以建立儲槽排放特性之基本資料;逐日監測,用以測試適合之應用條件。其監測項目包括EA之進流濃度、活性碳箱後濃度、生物濾床出口濃度、二氧化碳濃度、溫度與相對濕度等。而於第二部分實場試驗發現,進流負荷達34.8mg-C/min (17.4g-C/m3hr),去除效率可達到83 %,顯示生物濾床面對實場之操作環境仍可發揮效能。
This study adopted the air biofilter method to implement the treatment for exhaust gas storage tank containing (ethyl acrylate, EA) The EA steam released from the breather valve was directed into the biofilter unit. Then, the efficacy test and operating condition were established. Subsequently, this study may solve the current environmental problem in EA gas emission.
On the other hand, the experimental process was mainly divided into two sections. The first stage was the experiment in the laboratory where the source of EA was artificially produced. Additionally, the purpose of the first section was to culture the microorganisms and promote the initiation of the biofilter during the field study in the second stage. Besides, the largest elimination capacity of EA by biofilter was determined and the removal efficiency was assessed. From the result of the first section, this study revealed that the EA loading gradually increased by reducing the empty-bed residence time (EBRT) and increasing the influent concentration. When the EBRT was shortened from 90 sec to 30 sec (air flow rate at 80 – 240 lpm) and the influent concentration was between 85.1-557.3 ppmv, the loading expanded from 3.3 mg-C/min (1.65g-C/m3hr) to 65.5 mg-C/min (32.8g-C/m3hr). The results obtained from the laboratory experiment showed that the removal efficiency achieved 91% when the loading reached 65.5 mg-C/min (32.8g-C/m3hr). Therefore, it was proved that biofilter was an effective method to treat VOCs.
In addition, the second stage was the field study. The main purpose of the field test was to assess the optimal operational criteria and possible problems encountered during the field application, as well as the design of the full scale biofilter unit. Moreover, the monitoring of the biofilter unit included the continuous monitoring in a single day (to establish the fundamental information of the emission properties) and consecutive daily monitoring (for the determination of optimal application criteria). From the field study in the second stage, the result shown that biofilter was able to attain 83% in removal efficiency when the loading reached 34.8 mg-C/min (17.4g-C/m3hr). This fact also revealed that biofilter was still effective during the operating environment in the field study.
摘要 i
目錄 v
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 viii
第一章 前言 1
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2-1 VOCs的特性、危害與來源 4
2-2 儲槽的種類、排放特性及排放量推估 8
2-2-1 固定頂槽 10
2-2-2 浮頂槽 12
2-3 常見的VOCs控制方法與選用 18
2-4 生物處理法原理 27
2-4-1 生物濾床法 29
2-4-2 生物滴濾塔法 36
2-4-3 生物洗滌塔法 37
2-5 生物濾床法之影響因子 41
2-5-1 濾材種類 42
2-5-2 溫度 43
2-5-3 濕度 44
2-5-4 pH值 45
2-5-5 營養鹽 45
2-5-6 氣流流向 46
2-5-7 進流負荷 46
2-5-8 產業類別 47
第三章 試驗設備及操作 48
3-1 實驗室試驗 48
3-1-1 模場生物濾床 48
3-1-2 操作條件及進行步驟 53
3-2 實場試驗 53
3-2-1 實場簡介 53
3-2-2 操作條件及進行步驟 57
3-3 分析項目 57
第四章 結果與討論 62
4-1 實驗室試驗 62
4-1-1 實驗室試驗之溫度與濕度 62
4-1-2 進流負荷與去除效率之關係 62
4-1-3 進流負荷與處理容量之關係 63
4-2 實場試驗 67
4-2-1 實場逐日採樣監測之結果 67
4-2-2 實場試驗之溫度與濕度 72
4-2-3 實場二氧化碳產生量 74
4-2-4 實場全日採樣監測結果 75
第五章 結論與建議 82
5-1結論 82
5-2建議 84
第六章 生物濾床全尺寸設計 85
參考文獻-國內 86
參考文獻-國外 88
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