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研究生:蔡振南
研究生(外文):Chen-Nan Tsai
論文名稱:性別困擾:娥蘇拉.勒瑰恩《黑暗的左手》中異性戀與同性戀的反轉
論文名稱(外文):Gender Trouble: Reversal of Heterosexuality into Homosexuality in Ursula K. Le Guin’s Left Hand of Darkness
指導教授:林建光林建光引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Kuang Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系所
學門:人文學門
學類:語言學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:108
中文關鍵詞:性別
外文關鍵詞:gender
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本文以娥蘇拉•勒瑰恩的小說《黑暗的左手》為文本,探討外於異性戀架構下的“男”與“女”的其它“性別”可能性,經由異性戀的性別基準與同性戀的性別異常之反置,反駁“男”在父權體制下的正當性,並以書中直男與雌雄同體的邂逅,進一步產生同性戀與異性戀兩種性別體制的對立,此對立所產生的衝突揭穿了異性戀性別模式的建構,並使其在父權體制中的正統與理所當然性重新被檢視。經由書中同性戀與異性戀的反轉中,得以重現“性別”多變且尚未被異性戀架構所固定的原來面貌,也就是所謂的“無性”。
Based on Ursual K. Le Guin’s The Left Hand of Darkness, this thesis explores the potentiality of “gender” other than the heterosexual “man” and “woman”. With the reversal of the heterosexual norm into the homosexuality-like perversion, the novel contradicts “man” orthodoxy in patriarchy. And with the further encounter of a straight man and an androgyne, it produces the potential homosexual relationship which counters heterosexual gender modes. The gender conflicts resulting from the encounter thus reveal the artificial construction of heterosexual gender mode and disable the naturalization and orthodox of “man” in patriarchy. Through the reversal, gender which is fixed in the mode of heterosexuality is thus loosened and displays its diversity, or non-gender.
Acknowledgement…………………………………………………………i
Chinese Abstract………………………………………………………ii
English Abstract……………………………………………………iii
Table of Contents……………………………………………………iv
Introduction……………………………………………………………1
Chapter 1: Reversal of Heterosexual Norm………………………17
Ⅰ. Gender Reversal through Androgynies………………………18
Ⅱ. Gender Performance………………………………………………21
Ⅲ. Reversal of Heterosexual World into Homosexual World…27
Ⅳ. Separation through Xenophobia………………………………31
Ⅴ. Unlearning Heterosexuality……………………………………35
Ⅵ. Taoist Gender Wholeness………………………………………37
Ⅶ. Conclusion…………………………………………………………41
Chapter 2: Betrayal of Heterosexuality through Gender Imitation………………………………………………………………46
Ⅰ. Betrayal of Heterosexuality…………………………………47
Ⅱ. Homosexuals as Traitors………………………………………54
Ⅲ. Gender Imitation…………………………………………………58
Ⅳ. Traitor or Ambassador…………………………………………65
Ⅴ. Heterosexual Nationalism………………………………………67
Ⅵ. Conclusion…………………………………………………………70
Chapter 3: Coming-in and Coming-out of Gender Closet………73
Ⅰ. The Closet of Ignorance………………………………………74
Ⅱ. Homosexuals as Criminals………………………………………81
Ⅲ. Power Situation of the Closet………………………………86
Ⅳ. The Reduction of Heterosexuality……………………………89
Ⅴ. The Impossibility of Gender…………………………………93
Ⅵ. Conclusion…………………………………………………………98
Conclusion……………………………………………………………100
Works Cited……………………………………………………………105
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