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研究生:高煜翔
研究生(外文):Yu-Hsiang Gao
論文名稱:區域創新及創業之研究-以台灣科學園區為例
論文名稱(外文):Measuring Regional Innovation and Entrepreneurship: The Case of Taiwan Science Parks
指導教授:陳明惠陳明惠引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:科技管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:創意層級區域創新系統智慧資本產業群聚
外文關鍵詞:Creative ClassRegional Innovation SystemIntellectual CapitalIndustrial Cluster
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區域創新系統漸成為各國最主要的科技與產業政策的顯學,在面臨國際化與產業快速轉型的環境下,如何持續發展區域創新與創業的活動,保持台灣科學園區的競爭優勢,成為目前科學園區策略規劃的重要議題。
本研究回顧創意階級理論(Creative Class)、智慧資本(Intellectual Capital)、區域創新系統(Regional Innovation System)與產業群聚(Industrial Cluster)四項理論,並經科學園區管理局主管以及相關研究領域的教授訪談後,歸納修正成四項構面,十五個指標,來衡量區域創新與創業發展指標與問卷。該問卷共發放100個台灣北、中、南科學園區管理局主管、相關研究領域的教授、創新育成中心經理以及企業的研發主管,共計回收46份有效問卷,回卷率為46%。經AHP(層級分析方法)的資料分析,本研究結果顯示:(1)在四個構面間,以「產業聚落」最為重要,其次為「區域創業」,第三是「區域文化」,最後是「區域財務」;(2) 最重要的三個指標分別為「上中下游產業的完整性」(產業群聚)、「區域創新育成的協助」(區域創業)、「區域人才庫的充足性」(產業群聚);(3)在各構面中,產業群聚構面的「上中下游產業的完整性」指標最為重要,區域創業構面的「區域創新育成的協助」指標最為重要,區域文化構面的「鼓勵自我創業」指標最為重要,區域財務構面中「區域創投資金充裕度」的指標最為重要。本研究的結果可對台灣科學園區管理局發展完善區域創新與創業發展政策提出建言。
Regional innovation system has gradually become the hottest research topic of technological and industrial policies to every government. In the face of internationalization and rapid industrial transformation environment, how to sustain a regional innovation and entrepreneurship has become an important issue of science park strategic planning.
Having reviewed four theoretical building blocks: the creative class theory, intellectual capital, regional innovation system, and industrial clusters, plus the comments from directors and experts via interviews, the study developed a survey instruments with four dimensions and 15 indicators to measure the regional innovation and entrepreneurship. This questionnaire were distributed to 100 experts such as managers of Taiwan North, Central, and South Science Park Administrations, and related research areas professors, managers of Innovation Incubator Center and corporate R&D managers. There are total 46 valid returned questionnaires, an overall respondent rate 46%. By AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Method) analysis, this study has shown that: (1) between the four dimensions "Industrial Cluster" is the most important, followed by "Regional Entrepreneurship", the third is "Regional Culture", and finally is "Regional Financing"; (2) the first three indicators of global priority are "Upstream, midstream, and downstream industries integrity", "Assistance of Regional Innovation Incubator", and "Abundant regional talents pool"; (3) in each dimensions, "Abundant Regional venture capital" is the most important indicator in regional financing dimension, "Upstream, midstream, and downstream industries integrity" is the most important indicator in industry cluster dimension, "Assistance of Regional Innovation Incubator" is the most important indicator in regional entrepreneurship dimension, "Encourage self-entrepreneurship" is the most important indicator in regional culture dimension. The results are helpful to policy guides Taiwan Science-based Industrial Park Administrations to sustain healthy regional innovation and entrepreneurship system in the island.
Table of Contents
致 謝 ii
摘 要 iii
Abstract iv
Table of Contents vi
List of Tables viii
List of Figures ix
Chapter1. Introduction 1
1.1 Research Background and Motives 1
1.2 Research Objectives 3
1.3 Research Structure 4
Chapter2. Measuring Regional innovation and entrepreneurship 6
2.1 Creative class 6
2.1.1 Definition 6
2.1.2 The measures: Talents, Technologies and Tolerance 7
2.2 Intellectual capital in regions 11
2.2.1 Definition of Intellectual Capital in a region 11
2.2.2 Measuring Intellectual Capital in a region 14
2.3 Regional innovation systems 16
2.3.1 Definition of regional innovation systems 16
2.3.2 Measuring regional innovation systems performance 19
2.4 Industrial clusters 20
2.4.1 Definition of industrial clusters 20
2.4.2 Measuring industrial clusters performance 25
Chapter3. Research Methodology 26
3.1 Research Framework 26
3.1.1 Personal Interviewing 27
3.2 Analytical Hierarchy Process 28
3.2.1 Definition of AHP 28
3.2.2 Four basic stages of AHP 30
3.2.3 Advantages of AHP 34
3.3 AHP Questionnaire Design 36
3.3.1 Questionnaire Design 36
3.3.2 Survey Scope 38
Chapter4. Results 40
4.1 AHP Analysis 40
4.1.1 Sample Analysis 40
4.1.2 Weight Analysis 42
4.1.3 Global Priority Analysis 46
Chapter5. Discussions 48
5.1 The weights among the four dimensions (Level 2) 48
5.2 The global priority among the fifteen factors (Level 3) 51
Chapter6. Conclusions 56
References 59
Appendix 65
Appendix 1: AHP questionnaire 65

List of Tables
Table 2.1 The measurement of Talents, Technologies and Tolerance 10
Table 2.2 Measuring Intellectual Capital in a region 15
Table 2.3 Measuring regional innovation systems performance 19
Table 2.4 The measurement of performance for industrial clusters 25
Table 3.1 Introduction of Mr. Ma Wei-Yang and Dr. Chi Yu-Lan 28
Table 3.2 The scales of preference between the two elements 32
Table 3.3 The average consistencies of random matrices (RI values) 34
Table 3.4 Denomination of each factor 36
Table 3.5 Compare the indicators in regional financing dimension 38
Table 3.6 Research Range 38
Table 4.1 Demographics of Respondents 41
Table 4.2 Matrix of criteria comparison 42
Table 4.3 Matrix of sub-criteria comparison under Regional financing dimension 43
Table 4.4 Matrix of sub-criteria comparison under Industrial cluster dimension 44
Table 4.5 Matrix of sub-criteria comparison under Regional entrepreneurship dimension 45
Table 4.6 Matrix of sub-criteria comparison under Regional culture dimension 46
Table 4.7 Overall rating of four dimensions 47
Table 5.1 WEF Global Competitiveness Report for state of cluster development 49

List of Figures
Figure 1.1 Research Procedures 5
Figure 2.1 Relationships of Tolerance, Creativity & Economic Growth 8
Figure 2.2 IC Navigator house metaphors 12
Figure 2.3 IC of nations 13
Figure 2.4 The Diamond Model 21
Figure 3.1 Dimensions of Measuring Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Regions 26
Figure 3.2 Select the most desirable alternative 31
Figure 3.3 Advantages of the Analytic Hierarchy Process 35
Figure 3.4 Measuring innovation and entrepreneurship in regions under AHP structure 37
Figure 4.1 The dimensions of measuring innovation and entrepreneurship in regions 42
Figure 5.1 The model for measuring innovation and entrepreneurship in regions 48
新竹科學工業園區管理局網站 http://www.sipa.gov.tw/
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