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研究生:郭礎嘉
研究生(外文):Chu-Chia Kuo
論文名稱:七家灣溪濱岸植群動態
論文名稱(外文):Dynamics of Riparian Vegetation in Cijiawan Stream
指導教授:蔡尚惪蔡尚惪引用關係曾喜育曾喜育引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shang-Te TzengHsy-Yu Tzeng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:森林學系所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:林業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:127
中文關鍵詞:七家灣溪濱岸植群動態種豐富度地形演替
外文關鍵詞:Cijiawan Streamriparian vegetationdynamicsspecies abundancelandformsuccession
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本研究為瞭解濱岸植群之組成與結構變化,於七家灣溪的桃山北溪(#1)、桃山西溪(#2)、一號壩(#4)、繁殖場(#5)、高山溪(#8)以及有勝溪(#9)等6個測站,分別設置2個10×25 m2之永久樣區,並於2005、2007-2008年進行喬木、地被層植物之監測調查。為進一步瞭解濱岸植群與微環境間的關聯性,於七家灣溪主河段設置8條線截樣區,並於2008年、2009年進行喬木、地被層植物之監測調查。2005、2007-2008年,永久樣區的喬木層物種組成並無太大變化,其群團分析的結果相似,皆可分為蓪草-臺灣紫珠型,栓皮櫟-化香樹型,臺灣二葉松-臺灣赤楊亞型,臺灣二葉松-栓皮櫟亞型,以及臺灣二葉松-臺灣赤楊-臺灣紫珠亞型,優勢物種多以先驅物種為主。在2005、2007-2008年間,喬木層的種豐富度指數無顯著性差異。乾濕季間地被層的種豐富度指數多具有顯著性差異,且濕季的種豐富度多大於乾季。線截樣區的喬木層植物,以臺灣赤楊為最優勢,其次為臺灣二葉松。地被層植物依群團分析可分為五節芒型、臺灣蘆竹型、臺灣澤蘭型、小梣葉懸鉤子型、臺灣何首烏型、小金櫻型、小苗型。在複迴歸分析中,岩石裸露率與溪岸地形對種數具有顯著性的效應,顯示岩石的覆蓋會阻礙植物生長,而距溪高度與距溪距離則反映出植物豐富度受洪氾頻率干擾的程度。降趨對應分析的排序圖顯示的可能是七家灣溪濱岸植群地被層的演替方向。又典型對應分析結果顯示由高頻率洪氾區域往低頻率洪氾區域之植被分布趨勢為1年生草本植物、2年生至多年生草本植物、灌木至喬木。濱岸植群的特性與動態,與水文息息相關。掌握其動態與特性,可以提供保育與生態經營上的重要訊息。
In order to realize the change of composition, structure, and characteristic of riparian vegetation, 12 permanent plots (10×25 m2) and 8 transect plots were set near by the riparian surveying stations in the major segment of Cijiawan Stream, Taoshang North Stream, Taoshang North Stream and Yousheng Stream form 2005 to 2009.The results revealed the most of dominant species in overstory were pioneer plants, and that could be distinguished into 7 types by the matrix cluster analysis (MCA). They were Hydrangea aspera-Alnus formosana Type, Tetrapanax papyriferus-Callicarpa formosana Type, Litsea akoensis Type, Pinus taiwanensis-Gordonia axillaris Type, Quercus variabilis-Pinus taiwanensis Type. In overstory, it showed the species abundance hasn’t significance different between 2005 and 2007, but there is significance diffident between wet season and dry season in understory abundance both in 2005 and 2007-2008 Moreover, the species abundance in dry season was lower than that in wet season.In transect plots, the most of dominant species in overstory was Alnus formosana, and Pinus taiwanensis was secondary. It could be distinguished into 7 types of vegetation by MCA. There are Miscanthus floridulus type, Arundo formosana type, Eupatorium formosanum type, Rubus parviaraliifolius type, Polygonum multiflorum var. hypoleucum type, Rosa taiwanensis type, and seedings type. The multiple regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between environment factors and species composition and abundance. Species distribution and abundance were affected by stoniness and landform significantly, and it showed that the percentage of ston coverage would be obstruct the establishment of plants. The high above stream and the distance form stream were related to the disturbance of vegetation by flood frequency. The results of detrended correspondence analysis (DCA) probably provided an index of succeesion, and cannonical correspondence analysis (CCA) supplied the association between flood frequency from high to low and life-forms of annual herbs, biennial and perennial herbs, shrubs to trees.
目次
【摘要】 i
【ABSTRACT】 ii
目次 iii
表次 iv
圖次 v
壹、前言 1
貳、文獻探討 2
參、材料與方法 11
肆、結果與討論 23
一、永久樣區 23
(一)物種組成 23
(二)植群型 25
(三)種豐富度指數 29
二、線截樣區 34
(一)物種組成與植群型 34
(二)地被層結構變化 48
(三)植群與環境之關聯性 77
陸、引用文獻 91
附錄一 100
附錄二 124
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1. 田永柔、鄧書麟、呂福原、何坤益、張坤城,2005。嘉義縣低海拔地區崩塌地先驅植群之調查研究。中華林學季刊 38(1), 49-65。
2. 田永柔、鄧書麟、呂福原、何坤益、張坤城,2005。嘉義縣低海拔地區崩塌地先驅植群之調查研究。中華林學季刊 38(1), 49-65。
3. 陳志豪、陳明義、陳文民、陳恩倫,2009。合歡溪流域植群分類與製圖。林業研究季刊 30(1), 1-15。
4. 陳志豪、陳明義、陳文民、陳恩倫,2009。合歡溪流域植群分類與製圖。林業研究季刊 30(1), 1-15。
5. 陳德仁、李金玲、許炳修、陳和田、薛燕璘、呂福原,2007。臺大實驗林沙里仙區楠櫧林帶之臺灣赤楊植群研究。中華林學季刊 40(2), 165-183。
6. 陳德仁、李金玲、許炳修、陳和田、薛燕璘、呂福原,2007。臺大實驗林沙里仙區楠櫧林帶之臺灣赤楊植群研究。中華林學季刊 40(2), 165-183。
7. 蔡尚惪,林志銓,黃立彥,呂金誠,歐辰雄,2007。惠蓀林場紅檜人工林與闊葉樹次生林之種豐富度模式分析。臺灣林業科學 22(2), 193-204。
8. 蔡尚惪,林志銓,黃立彥,呂金誠,歐辰雄,2007。惠蓀林場紅檜人工林與闊葉樹次生林之種豐富度模式分析。臺灣林業科學 22(2), 193-204。
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