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研究生(外文):Chia-Jung Wu
論文名稱(外文):How do Suppliers Respond to Retailer''s IT Adoption?─A Case of RFID
外文關鍵詞:IOSRSIInstitution theoryDOIRFIDPLS
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本研究的發展模型包涵了7個主要構面,總共由34個衡量項目來衡量這些構面以及建立了7 個研究假設驗證個研究模型。在大約600家的一般商品連鎖零售通路的供應商中,本研究選定與零售商關係較緊密的176家供應廠商進行問卷發放,在刪除無效問卷後,有效問卷數共計130份,問卷回收率為73%。本研究採用部份最小平方法(PLS)來驗證研究假設、構面之間的關係。而研究構面題項的信度與效度是採用VisualPLS 1.04b1版本來進行驗證。
The purpose of this study is to propose a combined framework to bridge the gap between the antecedents and the consequences of RSI with respect to IOS systems adoption. Based on a broad array of RFID, IOS and RSI literature, we identified six major underlying factors affecting RFID adoption, including coercion, mimesis, norm, relationship-specific investment (RSI), benefit and complexity. The model developed involved 7 constructs, 34 measurement items and 7 hypotheses. Of all approximately 600 suppliers of general merchandise retailers, 176 targeted suppliers that have close cooperation with retailers were chosen from, and 130 valid data were obtained, representing a response rate of 73%. Partial least square (PLS) was established to calibrate the effects of those constructs identified. Reliability and validity of data were tested and path analysis was conducted by using VisualPLS version1.04b1.
The result of this research justifies the role that must be played by relationship-specific investment (RSI) on the issue of inter-organizational systems adoption. Further, it testifies institutional isomorphic pressures as the cause of suppliers’ RSI on retailers, and justifies benefit and complexity as the outcomes of RSI. Hence, this research provides theoretic lens to examine and elucidate an organization’s RFID adoption within an inter-organizational information system. Eventually, the conclusions of this research could provide insights into theoretic testaments and empirical suggestions for both researchers and practitioners.
2.1. IOS system 6
2.1.1. Inter-organizational information systems 6
2.1.2. IOS within the supply chain 8
2.2. Radio Frequency Identification 9
2.2.1. RFID technology 10
2.2.2. How RFID system work 11
2.2.3. RFID applications and developments 12
2.2.4. RFID usage in the IOS systems 13 Retailers 13 Suppliers 14 RFID benefits 14 RFID challenges 15
2.3. Organization theories 17
2.3.1. Diffusion of innovation 17
2.3.2. Institution isomorphic theory 18
2.3.3. Transaction cost theory 21
2.3.4. Social exchange theory 23
2.3.5. Dependence theory 26
2.4. Relationship specific investment 26
3.1. The framework of the research 30
3.2. Definitions of variables and theoretical hypotheses 33
3.2.1. Definitions of variable 33
3.2.2. Theoretical hypotheses 34 Inter-organizational institutional context 34 Relationship specific investment 41 Innovation characteristics 44
4.1. RFID development in the study 49
4.2. Survey profile 50
5.1. Reliability and validity tests 55
5.2. Path analysis 60
6.1. Findings and managerial implications 65
6.1.1. Theoretical implications 65
6.1.2. Practical implications 67
6.2. Limitations and future research 68
Appendix A. PLS with bootstrapping size of 500 82
Appendix B. PLS with bootstrapping size of 800 82
Appendix C 83

Fig.1 A typical RFD system and tag 12
Fig. 2 Analytical Model 32
Fig. 3 The market value of RFID 50
Fig. 4 Analytical Model 61

Table 3.1 Description of Variables 45
Table 4.1 Survey Profile 53
Table 5.1 Construct correlations, composite reliability, and AVE 58
Table 5.2 PLS Component-Based Analysis: Cross-Loadings 59
Table 5.3 Analytical results of PLS 62
Table 5.4 Analytical results of hypotheses tests 64
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