跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.237.6.124) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/24 04:28
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:呂奇松
研究生(外文):Chi-Song Lu
論文名稱:奈米碳管薄膜成膜之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Investigation in Thin Film Process of Carbon Nanotube
指導教授:薛英家
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:精密工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:多層奈米碳管靜電吸附自我組裝自組裝透明導電薄膜
外文關鍵詞:multi-walled carbon nanotubeelectrostatic absorptionseIf- assemblingtransparent conductive film
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:220
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
透明導電膜之應用很廣,從液晶顯示器、太陽電池、觸控面板、發光二極體到隔熱玻璃,都有透明導電膜的需求,台灣整體經濟發展競爭力以製造業為主,光電產業製造產量又為領先世界,ITO玻璃自是使用甚多,如能有其替代的產品,自可增加我國工業競爭力。
本論文將利用一種薄膜成膜技術逐層靜電吸附自我組裝(Layer-by-Layer, LBL)技術,要使用多層奈米碳管為主要材料,需要先表面處理產生官能基,才能分散於純水溶劑中,本研究不採用介面活性劑,亦能達到分散良好之目的。而逐層靜電吸附自我組裝(Layer-by-Layer, LBL)技術,以靜電吸附原理將表面有官能基化之多層奈米碳管Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWNTs)沉積在選用的不同材質基板上 。
對這些薄膜之光學特性,進行光穿透率之逐一比對分析,發現隨著成膜層數增加會有下降趨勢,而片電阻值的比對卻相反的增加其導電率。
空白頁
書名頁
審核頁
授權書
誌謝辭…………………………………………………………………..i
摘要…………………………………………………………………….ii
Abstract………………………………………………………………iii
目錄…………………………………………………………………….iv
表目錄. ……………………………………………………………..vii
圖目錄……………………………………………………………….viii
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………1
 一、 前言……………………………………………………………2
 二、 研究動機與目的………………………………………………3
 三、 奈米碳管簡介…………………………………………………3
  (一) 單層奈米碳管(MWNTs) …………………………………3
  (二) 多層奈米碳管(SWNTs) …………………………………4
  (三) 雙層奈米碳管(DWNTs) …………………………………4
第二章 文獻回顧………………………………………………………6
 一、 奈米碳管的結構與特性………………………………………8
 二、 奈米碳管的成長機制……………………………………….13
 三、 奈米碳管的主要製備方法………………………………….15
  (一) 電弧氣化法…………………………………………….17
  (二) 化學氣相沈積法……………………………………….17
  (三) 雷射蒸發沈積法……………………………………….19
  (四) 觸煤熱裂解法………………………………………….20
  (五) 火焰合成法…………………………………………….21
 四、 奈米碳管之純化技術……………………………………….21
  (一) 以氧化法純化多層奈米碳管………………………….21
  (二) 以嵌入觸媒後進行氧………………………………….22
  (三) 以離心、過濾及色層析法純化……………………….23
  (四) 純化單層奈米碳管…………………………………….23
 五、 多層靜電吸附自我組裝(Layer-By-Layer, LBL)…………25
第三章 實驗設備及步驟實驗架構………………………………….27
 一、 實驗材料與設備儀器……………………………………….27
  (一) 實驗材料與藥品……………………………………….27
  (二) 實驗設備..…………………………………………….28
  (三) 檢測儀器……………………………………………….31
 二、 實驗步驟方法……………………………………………….34
  (一) 奈米碳管之純化程序………………………………….34
  (二) 基材表面靜電電荷生成準備………………………….37
  (三) 逐層靜電吸附自我組裝……………………………….38
 三、 實驗流程圖………………………………………………….39
 四、 增加單層奈米碳管比對組………………………………….40
第四章 實驗結果與討論…………………………………………….41
 一、 SEM表面型態…………………………………………………41
 二、 酸化處理後粒徑分析……………………………………….48
 三、 表面官能基鑑定…………………………………………….53
 四、 光穿透率百分比Transmittance(%)分析………………….58
  (一) 不同純化時間之奈米碳管成膜於GLASS玻璃基材之光穿透率%與各波長曲線圖…………………………………………………59
  (二) 不同純化時間奈米碳管成膜於PC Sheet基材之光穿透率%與各波長曲線圖……………………………………………………61
  (三) 不同純化時間奈米碳管成膜於PET Film基材之光穿透率%與各波長曲線圖……………………………………………………62
  (四) 單層奈米碳管50分純化成膜於三種基材之光穿透率%與各波長曲線圖………………………………………………………….64
 五、 光學能隙…………………………………………………….69
 六、 片電阻分析………………………………………………….71
  (一) 在GLASS玻璃基板上之片電阻Ω/□與成膜次數之比較……………………………………………………………………….73
  (二) 不同純化時間之多層奈米碳管成膜於PC Sheet之片電阻……………………………………………………………………….73
  (三) 不同純化時間之多層奈米碳管成膜於PET Film之片電阻……………………………………………………………………….74
第五章 結論與未來展望…………………………………………….75
 一、 結論………………………………………………………….75
 二、 未來展望…………………………………………………….77
參考文獻……………………………………………………………….78
[1] L. X. Zheng et al. (2004), “Ultralong Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes”, Nature Materials 3, 673–676.
[2] Dresselhaus M S, Dresselhaus G, Eklund P C.(1996), “Science of fullerenes and carbon nanotubes.”, Academic Press; 756-8.
[3] Powell W H, Cozzi F, Moss G P, Thilgen C, Hwu R J R, Yerin A.(2003) , “Nomenclature for theC60-Ih and C70-D5h (6) fullerenes”, Pure and Applied Chemistry; 74, 629-695.
[4] Saito R, Dresselhaus G, Dresselhaus M S.(1998), “Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes.”, London:Imperial College Press; 1-221.
[5.] A. K. Geim & K. S. Novoselov(2007), “The rise of graphene.”, Nature Materials 6, 183-191.
[6] Mintmire J.W.; Dunlap, B.I.; White, C.T.(1992), “Are fullerene tubulesmetallic?”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 68, 631-634.
[7] Dekker, Cees.(1999), "Carbon nanotubes as molecular quantum wires", Physics Today, 52(5), 22–28.
[8] Martel, R.; V. Derycke, C. Lavoie, J. Appenzeller, K. K. Chan, J. Tersoff, and Ph. Avouris (2001), “Ambipolar Electrical Transport in Semiconducting Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes”, Physical Review Letters Vol. 87(25), 256805.
[9] Flahaut, E.; Bacsa R, Peigney A, Laurent C. (2003), “Gram-Scale CCVD Synthesis of Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes”, Chemical Communications, 12, 1442–1443
[10] http://www.pa.msu.edu/cmp/csc/nttimeline.html
[11] S. Iijima(1991), “Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon”, Nature, 354, 56.
[12] Dresselhaus, M.S.; Dresselhaus, G.; Eklund, P.C.(1996), Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes, Academic, San Diego, 758.
[13]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_nanotube
[14] 黃建盛(2006),〝奈米碳管簡介〞,科學新天地,第十三期,4-9。
[15] 韋進全、張先鋒、王坤林著、楊明勳校訂 (2009),奈米碳管巨觀體(初版),台北:五南。
[16]高騏、丁志華、陳守得(2004),“以微波電漿化學氣相沉積法低溫合成奈米碳管”,中國機械工程學會第二十一屆全國學術研討會論文集,國立中山大學,高雄,民國九十三年十一月二十六日、二十七日。
[17] W. Z. Li, J. G. Wen, and Z. F. Rena(2001), “Straight carbon nanotube Y junctions”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 79(12), 1879.
[18] C. J. Lee, J. H. Park and J. Park.(2000), “Synthesis of bamboo-shaped multiwalled carbon nanotubes using thermal chemical vapor deposition,” Chemical Physics Letters, 323(5-6), 560-5659.
[19] C. Journet, W. K. Maser, P. Bernier, A. Loiseau, M. L. D. L. Chapelle, S. Lefrant,
P. Deniard, R. Lee, and J. E. Fisxher(1997), “Large-scale production of single-walled carbon nanotubes by the electric-arc technique”, Nature 388, 756.
[20] Z. F. Ren et al.(1998), “Synthesis of large arrays of well-aligned carbon nanotubes on glass”, Science, 282(5391), 1105 – 1107.
[21] A. M. Rao et al.(1997), “Diameter-selective raman scattering from vibrational modes in carbon nanotubes.”, Science 275, 187.
[22] D. S. Bethune, C. H. Kiang, M. S. de Vries, G. Gorman, R. Savoy, J.vazquez, R. Beyers(1993), “Cobalt-catalysed growth of carbon nanotubes with single-atomic-layer walls”, Nature, 363, 605-609.
[23] J. Kong, M. Cassell and H. G. Dai(1998), “Chemical vapor deposition of methane for single-walled carbon nanotubes”, Chemical Physics Letters, 292, 567-574.
[24] A. C. Dillon, P. A. Parilla, J. L. Alleman, J. D. Perkins and M. J. Heben(2000), “Controlling single-wall nanotube diameters with variation in laser pulse power”, Chemical Physics Letters, 316, 13-18.
[25] T. Baird, J. R. Fryer, and B. Grant(1972), "Carbon for mation oniron and nickel foiels by hydrocarbon pyrolysis-rractions at 700 ℃," Carbon 12, 591.
[26] Matsushima M, Araki H, Kamide K, et al.(2003), “Field emission from bamboo-like multiwalled carbon nanotube arrays enhanced by mild oxidation” Jpn J Appl Phys Part 2, Vol.42, No.8B, pp.L1036-L1038.
[27] Z. W. Pan, S. S. Xie, B. H. Chang, L. F. Sun, W. Y. Zhou and G. Wang(1999), “Direct growth of aligned open carbon nanotubes by chemical vapor deposition”, Chemical Physics Letters, 299, 97-102.
[28] Jiao, S. Seraphin (2000), “Single-walled tubes and encapsulated nanoparticles: comparison of structural properties of carbon nanoclusters prepared by three different methods”, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 61, 1055-1067.
[29]. Morishita K, Takarada T(1999), “Scanning electron microscope observation of the purification behaviour of carbon nanotubes”J Mater Sci, 34(6), 1169-1174.
[30]. M. Yudasaka, R. Kikuchi, Y. Ohki and S. Yoshimura (1997), “Nitrogen-containing carbon nanotube growth from Ni phthalocyanine by chemical vapor deposition”, Carbon 35, 195-201.
[31].Cheung CL, Hafner JH, Lieber CM (2000), “Carbon nanotube atomic force microscopy tips: Direct growth by chemical vapor deposition and application to high-resolution imaging” Proc Natl Acad Sci., 97(8), 3809–3813.
[32] C. Journet, P. Bernier (1998), "Production of carbon nanotubes," Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing, Vol. 67, pp.1-9.
[33] Ivanov, V. ,Nagy, J. B. et al.(1994), “The study of Carbon Nanotubules Produced by Catalytic Method”, Chem. Phys. Lett., 223, 329.
[34] R. Sen, A. Govindaraj and C. N. R. Rao (1997), “Carbon nanotubes by the metallocene route”, Chem. Phys. Lett., 267, 276.
[35] 黃建良,黃淑娟(2003),“奈米碳纖與奈米碳管合成技術簡介”,奈米製程專刊,化工,50(2),18-26。
[36] H.M. Cheng, F. Li, G. Su, H.Y. Pan, L.L. He, X. Sun, M. S. Dresselhaus (1998), “Large-scale and low-cost synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes by the catalytic pyrolysis of hydrocarbons”, Applied Physics Letters, 72(25), 3282-3284.
[37] Pavel Nikolaev, Michael J. Bronikowski, R. Kelley Bradley, Frank Rohmund, Daniel T. Colbert, K.A. Smith, Richard E. Smalley(1999), “Gas-phase catalytic growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes from carbon monoxide”, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 313, Issues 1-2, 91-97.
[38]. Randall L. Vander Wal(2000), “Flame Synthesis of Substrate‐Supported Metal‐ Catalyzed Carbon Nanotubes,”, Chemical Physics Letters, 324, 217-223.
[39]. Randall L. Vander Wal, Thomas M. Ticich, Valerie E. Curtis(2000), “Diffusion flame synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes”, Chemical Physics Letters, 323, 217.
[40] T. W. Ebbesen, P. M. Ajayan, H. Hiura and K. Tanigaki(1994), "Purification. of carbon nanotubes", Nature, 367, 519.
[41] F. lkazaki, S. Ohshima, K. Uchida, Y. Kuriki, H. Hayakawa, M. Yumura, K. Takahashi and K. Tojima(1994), "Chemical purification of carbon nanotubes by the use of graphite intercalation compounds", Carbon, 32, 1539.
[42] P.X.Hou, S.Bai, Q.H.Yang, C.Liu, H.M.Cheng (2002), ”Multi-step purification of carbon nanotubes”, Carbon, 40, 81-85.
[43] J.-M. Bonard, T. Stora, J.-P. Salvetat, F. Maier, T, Stockli, C. Duschi, L. Forro, W. A. de Heer and A. Chatelain(1997), "Purification and size-selection of carbon nanotubes". Advanced Materials 9, 827.
[44] Shelimov, K.B.; Esenaliev, R.O.; Rinzler, A.G.; Huffman, C. B.; Smalley, R.E.(1998), “Purification of single-wall carbon nanotubes by ultrasonically assisted filtration”, Chem. Phys. Lett., 282, 429.
[45] Z. Shi, Y. Lian, F. Liao, X. Zhou, Z. Gu, Y. Zhang, S. Iijima(1999), “Purification of single-wall carbon nanotubes”, Solid State Communications, 112, 35-37.
[46] G. S. Duesberg, M. Burghard, J. Muster and G. Philipp (1998), “Separation of carbon nanotubes by size exclusion chromatography”, Chem. Commun., 1998, 435-436.
[47] T. Ramanathan, Frank T. Fisher, Rodney S. Ruoff, L. Catherine Brinson,(2008) “Apparent Enhanced Solubility of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes in a Deuterated AcidMixture”, Research Letters in Nanotechnology , 2008, 1-4.
[48] S. Bandow, S. Asaka, X. Zhao, and Y. Ando. (1998), “Purification and magnetic properties of carbon nanotubes”, Appl. Phys. A 67(1), 23-27.
[49] Rinzler A., Liu J., Dai H., Nikolaev P., Huffman C., Rodrigues-Macias F., Boul P., Lu A., Heymann D., Colbert D.T., Lee R.S., Finscher J., Rao A., Eklund P.C., Smalley R.E.(1998), “Large-scale purification of single-wall carbon nanotubes: process, product, and characterization”, Appl. Phys. A , 67(1), 29-37.
[50] Zimmerman, J.L.; Bradley, R. K.; Huffman, C.B.; Hauge, R.H.; Margrave, J.L. (2000), “Gas-Phase Purification of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes”, Chem. Mater., 12(5), 1361-1366.
[51] I. W. Chiang, B. E. Brinson, R. E. Smalley, J. L. Margrave,R. H. Hauge (2001), “Purification and Characterization of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 105(6), 1157-1161.
[52] K. Tohji, T. Goto, H. Takahashi, Y. Shinoda, N. Shimizu, B. Jeyadevan, 1. Matsuoka, Y. Saito, A. Kasuya, T. Ohsuna, H. Hiraga and Y. Nishina(1996) , “Purifying single-walled nanotubes”, Nature, 383, 679.
[53] K. B. Shelirnov, R. O. Esenaliev, A. G. Rinzier, C. B. Huffman and. R. E. Smalley(1998), "Purification of single-wall nanotubes by ultrasonically assisted filtration", Chem. Phys. Lett., 282, 429-434.
[54] G. S. Duesberg, J. Muster, V. Krstic, M. Burghard and S. Roth (1998), “Chromatographic size separation of single-wall carbon nanotubes”, Appl. Phys. A, 67, 117.
[55] Gero Decher, et al.(1997), “Fuzzy Nanoassemblies:Toward Layered Polymeric Multicomposites”, Science, 277(5330), 1232 – 1237.
[56] W. Chen, T.J. McCarthy(1997), “Layer-by-layer deposition: a tool for polymer surface modification.”, Macromolecules, 30, 78-86.
[57] X. Yu, R. Rajamani, K.A. Stelson, T. Cui (2008), “Fabrication of carbon nanotube based transparent conductive thin films using layer-by-layer technology”, Surface & Coatings Technology, 202, 2002–2007.
[58] A.M. Kannan et al.(2008), “Wire Rod Coating Process of Gas Diffusion Layers Fabrication for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells”, Journal of Power Sources, 178, 231-237.
[59]謝汎鈞、賴信介、謝瑞青(2006),“藉由毛細力於基板上之自組裝微結構”, 機械工業雜誌,285期,105~107。
[60] A. Kuznetsova, I. Popova, J. T. Yates, M. J. Bronikowski, C. B. Huffman, J. Liu, R. E. Smalley, H. H. Hwu, J. G. Chen(2001), “Oxygen-containing functional groups on single-wall carbon nanotubes: NEXAFS and vibrational spectroscopic studies”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 123, 10699.
[61] A. Kusnetzova, D. B. Mawhinney, V. Naumenko, J. T. Yates, J. Liu and R. E. Smalley(2000) , “Enhancement of adsorption inside of single-walled nanotubes: Opening the entry ports”,Chem. Phys. Lett., 321, 292-296.
[62] Jian Chen, et al.(1998), “Solution Properties of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes”, Science, 282(5386), 95-98.
[63] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infrared_spectroscopy
[64] Ralph Krupke, et al.(2003), “Separation of Metallic from Semiconducting Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes”, Science, 301(5631), 344-347.
[65] 蔡淑慧(1995),“拉曼光譜在奈米碳管檢測上之應用”,奈米通訊,12(2),47~51。
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top